Intradermal Delivery of Vaccines: A Review of the Literature and the Potential for Development for Use in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

Produced by project Optimize and the vaccine technologies team at PATH, this report: (1) summarizes the clinical evidence supporting the intradermal route for vaccine administration and the devices being developed for this purpose; (2) determines whether intradermal delivery broadly holds promise for vaccine applications for low- and middle-income countries in the future; and (3) begins to prioritize vaccine targets and device strategies that best fit the public health needs in these countries and likely merit further investigation. The document is available as one large file or as four smaller files for easier downloading.

Publication date: August 2009

Available materials

    1. Intradermal Delivery of Vaccines (entire document) 1.2 MB PDF
      Hard copies are not available.
    2. Intradermal Delivery of Vaccines (front matter through chapter 4) 619.8 KB PDF
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    3. Intradermal Delivery of Vaccines (chapters 5 and 6) 694.6 KB PDF
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    4. Intradermal Delivery of Vaccines (chapters 7 and 8) 562.1 KB PDF
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    5. Intradermal Delivery of Vaccines (sources, references, appendices) 596 KB PDF
      Hard copies are not available.