Risk and Protective Factors for Meningococcal Disease in Adolescents: Matched Cohort Study
This article, published in The British Medical Journal, discusses a study examining biological and social risk factors for meningococcal disease in adolescents in six regions of England. The study finds that significant independent risk factors for meningococcal disease include history of preceding illness, intimate kissing with multiple partners, being a university student, and preterm birth. Additionally, religious observance and meningococcal vaccination are associated with protection. The study concludes that the activities and events increasing risk of meningococcal disease are different for adolescents than for children, with students being at higher risk. The authors note that altering personal behaviors could moderate the risk.
Author(s): Tully J, Viner RM, Coen PG, et al.
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Citation: Tully J, Viner RM, Coen PG, et al. Risk and Protective Factors for Meningococcal Disease in Adolescents: Matched Cohort Study. BMJ. 2006;332(7539):445-450.