Intradermal Delivery of Vaccines: A Review of the Literature and the Potential for Development for Use in Low- and Middle-Income Countries
The purpose of this report is: (1) to summarize the clinical evidence supporting the intradermal route for vaccine administration and the devices being developed for this purpose; (2) to determine whether intradermal delivery broadly holds promise for vaccine applications for low- and middle-income countries in the future; and (3) to begin to prioritize vaccine targets and device strategies that best fit the public health needs in these countries and likely merit further investigation.
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Diseases/vaccines: Hepatitis B, Shigellosis and enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC), Influenza, Polio