Epidemiology of Bacterial Meningitis in Niamey, Niger, 1981-96

This study, published in the Bulletin of the World Health Organization, used retrospective surveillance to identify cases of laboratory-diagnosed bacterial meningitis in Niamey, Niger, from 1981 to 1996. The study analyzed the cases and determined that the majority were caused by Neisseria meningitidis, followed by Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib). Based on the analysis, the study concluded that the use of the available vaccines against meningitis due to N. meningitidis, S. pneumoniae, and Hib could prevent substantial endemic illness and deaths in sub-Saharan Africa, and potentially prevent recurrent meningococcal epidemics.

Author: Campagne G, Schuchat A, Djibo S, et al.

Published: 1999

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Resource types: Newsletter/article

Diseases/vaccines: Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib), Meningococcus, Pneumococcus

Topics: Disease burden and surveillance, Disease/vaccine specific information

Regions: Africa