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Vaccine Carrier Water-Pack Freezing: Results From Studies on Visual Inspection Methods to Assess Freeze Status and on Water-Pack Temperature and Expansion During Freezing

This report summarizes experiments to develop a visual inspection method for determining whether water-packs are frozen, partially frozen, or unfrozen when removed from a freezer for use in vaccine carriers. It also examines water-pack temperature and expansion during freezing.

Author: PATH

Published: 2016

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931 KB PDF

Resource types: Report, PATH resource

Diseases/vaccines: Not disease/vaccine specific

Topics: Cold chain technologies

Regions: Global