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Definition and Characterization of Localised Meningitis Epidemics in Burkina Faso: A Longitudinal Retrospective Study

The epidemiology of meningococcal meningitis in the African meningitis belt is characterized by seasonality, localized epidemics, and epidemic waves. To facilitate research and surveillance, the authors of this article, published in BMC Infectious Diseases, aimed to develop a definition for localized epidemics to be used in real-time surveillance based on weekly case reports at the health center level. This definition of localized epidemics at the health center level will be useful for risk factor and modelling studies to understand the meningitis belt phenomenon and help document vaccine impact against epidemic meningitis where no widespread laboratory surveillance exists for quantifying disease reduction after vaccination.

Author: Tall H, Hugonnet S, Donnen P, et al.

Published: 2012

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Citation: Tall H, Hugonnet S, Donnen P, et al. Definition and Characterization of Localised Meningitis Epidemics in Burkina Faso: A Longitudinal Retrospective Study. BMC Infectious Diseases. 2012;12:2

Resource types: Peer-reviewed journal

Diseases/vaccines: Meningococcus

Topics: Disease burden and surveillance

Regions: Africa