Pneumonia and Diarrhoea: Tackling the Deadliest Diseases for the World’s Poorest Children

This report focuses on the huge potential to narrow the child survival gap between the richest and the poorest by focusing on pneumonia and diarrhea—the two primary killers of children under the age of five. It includes a review of the current coverage levels of various prevention and treatment interventions for these diseases, and estimates the potential declines in child deaths that could be achieved by scaling up coverage in poor countries. The report also identifies opportunities to narrow the child survival gap both among and within countries by increasing commitment to, attention on, and funding for these diseases.

Author(s): United Nations Children's Fund

Published: 2012