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Total results with these characteristics: 359

Topic: Disease burden and surveillance

Page 5 of 18
Emergence of Serogroup X Meningococcal Disease in Africa: Need for a Vaccine

This article, published in Vaccine, describes how and why serogroup X meningococcal disease has emerged in Africa in recent years. It asserts that while no licensed vaccine is available against serogroup X meningococci, following the introduction of …

Author: Xie O, Pollard AJ, Mueller JE, Norheim G

Publication date: 2013

Enteric Infections, Diarrhea, and Their Impact on Function and Development

Enteric infections, with or without overt diarrhea, have profound effects on intestinal absorption, nutrition, and childhood development as well as on global mortality. Oral rehydration therapy has reduced the number of deaths from dehydration …

Author: Petri Jr. WA, Miller M, Binder HJ, et al.

Publication date: 2008

Epidemic Meningitis Due to Group A Neisseria Meningitidis in the African Meningitis Belt: A Persistent Problem With an Imminent Solution

This article, published in the journal Vaccine, emphasizes Group A Neisseria meningitidis as a health problem in Africa and disccuses the potential for a proactive control strategy for epidemic meningitis with the use of …

Author: LaForce FM, Ravenscroft N, Djingarey M, et al

Publication date: 2009

Epidemiologic Survey of Japanese Encephalitis Virus Infection, Tibet, China, 2015

This article, published in Emerging Infectious Diseases, summarizes the findings of an epidemiologic survey of Japanese encephalitis (JE) virus prevalence in high-altitude regions of Tibet, China. Researchers used standard assays to test mosquitoes, …

Author: Zhang H, Rehman MU, Li K, et al.

Publication date: 2017

Epidemiology, Aetiology and Management of Childhood Acute Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Developing Countries--A Review

This article, published in the African Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences, provides an overview of the causes of clinical pneumonia in developing countries, available vaccines for fighting pneumonia, and efforts underway and planned to expand …

Author: Falade AG, Ayede AI

Publication date: 2011

Epidemiology and Burden of Disease From Japanese Encephalitis in Cambodia: Results From Two Years of Sentinel Surveillance

This article, published in Tropical Medicine & International Health, describes the results of two years of surveillance for Japanese encephalitis (JE) disease in Cambodian children aged 15 years and under at six sentinel meningoencephalitis …

Author: Touch S, Hills S, Sokhal B, et al.

Publication date: 2009

Epidemiology of Japanese encephalitis in Context With Indian Scenario

This article provides a historical overview of Japanese encephalitis (JE) in India since the first detection of JE virus activity in 1952 until the 2006 introduction of JE vaccine in high-risk states and expansion of vaccination efforts in …

Author: Dhillon GP, Raina VK

Publication date: 2008

Epidemiology of Japanese Encephalitis in the Philippines: A Systematic Review

This article, published in PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, provides results of a review of Japanese encephalitis (JE) surveillance data to better define the epidemiology of JE in the Philippines. The results demonstrate the endemicity and …

Author: Lopez AL, Aldaba JG, Roque Jr. VG, et al.

Publication date: 2015

Epidemiology of Meningococcal Disease in Latin America: Current Situation and Opportunities for Prevention

This article, published in Neurological Research, discusses the changes in the epidemiology of meningococcal disease in Latin America and comments on the development and potential impact of new vaccines for the prevention of the disease. The authors …

Author: Sáfadi MA, Cintra OA

Publication date: 2010

Estimated Global Incidence of Japanese Encephalitis: A Systematic Review

This article, published in the Bulletin of the World Health Organization, updates the estimated global incidence of Japanese encephalitis (JE) using recent data for the purpose of guiding prevention and control efforts. The authors found that …

Author: Campbell GL, Hills SL, Fischer M, et al.

Publication date: 2011

Estimated Global Mortality Associated With the First 12 Months of 2009 Pandemic Influenza A H1N1 Virus Circulation: A Modelling Study

This article, published in The Lancet Infectious Diseases, estimates the global mortality associated with the first 12 months of the 2009 influenza A/H1N1 virus pandemic. Results of the analysis estimate that respiratory and cardiovascular …

Author: Dawood FS, Iuliano AD, Reed C, et al.

Publication date: 2012

Estimated Hib and Pneumococcal Deaths for Children Under 5 Years of Age, 2008

This web page provides an estimate of child mortality due to Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) and pneumococcal infections in 2008. It also contains a link to a chart of death rates due to these infections, broken down by region and HIV status.

Author: World Health Organization

Publication date: 2013

Estimating Age-Specific Cumulative Incidence for the 2009 Influenza Pandemic: A Meta-analysis of A(H1N1)pdm09 Serological Studies From 19 Countries

This article, published in Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses, details the results of a meta-analysis conducted to provide insights into the global impact of the 2009 influenza A(H1N1) pandemic. The study estimates overall and age-specific …

Author: Van Kerkhove MD, Hirve S, Koukounari A, Mounts AW

Publication date: 2013

Estimating Diarrheal Illness and Deaths Attributable to Shigellae and Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli Among Older Children, Adolescents, and Adults in South Asia and Africa

This article, published in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, aims to quantify the overall burden of shigellosis and enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) diarrhea among older children, adolescents, and adults in Africa and South Asia, the two …

Author: Lamberti LM, Bourgeois AL, Fischer Walker CL, Black RE, Sack D

Publication date: 2014

Estimating Global, Regional and National Rotavirus Deaths in Children Aged <5 Years: Current Approaches, New Analyses and Proposed Improvements

This article, published in PLoS ONE, reports figures for global, regional, and national rotavirus-related deaths in children under five years of age, and discusses updated methodologies for data analysis. In order to reduce delays in …

Author: Clark A, Black R, Tate J, et al.

Publication date: 2017

Estimating the Burden of Pneumococcal Pneumonia Among Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Diagnostic Techniques

This article, published in PLOS One, summarizes a study to develop a conceptual and quantitative strategy for estimating the non-bacteremic disease burden among adults with community-acquired pneumonia. The authors conclude that the adult burden of …

Author: Said MA, Johnson HL, Nonyane BAS, Deloria-Knoll M, O′Brien KL

Publication date: 2013

Eurosurveillance

Similar to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, these archives contain euro-specific disease surveillance information.

Author: European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control

Evaluating Vaccination Strategies for Reducing Infant Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection in Low-Income Settings

Infants account for the majority of severe respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) burden, but they are a problematic RSV vaccine target population due to their immunological immaturity. This article, published in BMC Medicine, reports on a study that …

Author: Poletti P, Merler S, Ajelli M, et al.

Publication date: 2015

Evaluation of Meningitis Surveillance Before Introduction of Serogroup A Meningococcal Conjugate Vaccine—Burkina Faso and Mali

Before the 2010 to 2011 introduction of the first serogroup A meningococcal conjugate vaccine developed solely for Africa (MenAfriVac), evaluations of the existing meningitis surveillance in Burkina Faso and Mali were conducted to assess the …

Author: US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Publication date: 2012

Evaluation of the Meningitis Epidemics Risk Model in Africa

This study, published in Epidemiology and Infection, evaluated an ecological model based on absolute humidity and land cover type to predict the location of meningitis epidemics in the Sahelian region known as the African Meningitis Belt. The …

Author: Savory EC, Cuevas LE, Yassin MA, et al.

Publication date: 2006

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