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Total results with these characteristics: 359

Topic: Disease burden and surveillance

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Critical Episodes in the Understanding and Control of Epidemic Meningococcal Meningitis

Epidemic meningococcal meningitis continues to be an important worldwide cause of morbidity and mortality, especially in developing countries. Throughout its history, a number of "critical episodes" have occurred that have enhanced understanding of …

Author: Artenstein AW, LaForce FM

Publication date: 2012

Current Global Status and Impact of Human Papillomavirus Vaccination: Implications for India

This article, published in the Indian Journal of Medical Research, discusses the efficacy and safety of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines, the current status of their introduction in National Immunization Programmes (NIPs), and the relevance of …

Author: Sankaranarayanan R, Bhatla N, Basu P

Publication date: 2016

A Decade of Japanese Encephalitis Surveillance in Sarawak, Malaysia: 1997-2006

From the journal Tropical Medicine and International Health, this summary of surveillance data from Malaysia reveals seasonal peak incidence, age distribution of JE cases, and effect of the JE immunization program on disease incidence.

Author: Wong SC, Ooi MH, Abdullah AR, et al.

Publication date: 2008

Decline in Severe Diarrhea Hospitalizations After the Introduction of Rotavirus Vaccination in Ghana: A Prevalence Study

This article, published in BMC Infectious Diseases, reports on the results of a study that examined diarrheal hospitalizations of children aged 59 months and younger before and after the introduction of rotavirus vaccination in Ghana. The results …

Author: Enweronu-Laryea CC, Boamah I, Sifah E, Diamenu SK, Armah G

Publication date: 2014

Definition and Characterization of Localised Meningitis Epidemics in Burkina Faso: A Longitudinal Retrospective Study

The epidemiology of meningococcal meningitis in the African meningitis belt is characterized by seasonality, localized epidemics, and epidemic waves. To facilitate research and surveillance, the authors of this article, published in BMC Infectious …

Author: Tall H, Hugonnet S, Donnen P, et al.

Publication date: 2012

Development and Implementation of a National Programme for the Management of Severe and Very Severe Pneumonia in Children in Malawi

This article, published in PLoS Medicine, provides an overview of the development and implementation of a national program for the management of severe and very severe childhood pneumonia in Malawi. Based on a successful delivery model used by the …

Author: Enarson PM, Gie R, Enarson DA, Mwansambo C

Publication date: 2009

Diarrheal Disease: Solutions to Defeat a Global Killer

Diarrheal Disease: Solutions to Defeat a Global Killer presents scientific evidence to support strategies to scale up use of interventions, including safe water, improved sanitation and hygiene, breastfeeding and optimal complementary feeding, …

Author: PATH

Publication date: 2009

Diarrhoea: Why Children Are Still Dying and What Can Be Done

This joint report from the World Health Organization and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) focuses attention on the prevention and management of diarrheal diseases. It examines the latest available information on the burden of childhood …

Author: World Health Organization, United Nations Children's Fund

Publication date: 2009

Disease Burden of Group B Streptococcus Among Infants in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Systematic Literature Review and Meta-Analysis

Group B streptococcus (GBS) is a leading neonatal sepsis pathogen, and investment in disease prevention, such as maternal vaccination, requires evidence of disease burden. This article, published in The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, reports …

Author: Sinha A, Russell LB, Tomczyk S, et al.

Publication date: 2016

Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries, Second Edition

A comprehensive global health examination, this book contributes substantially to global initiatives to improve the health of all peoples by providing a multidisciplinary understanding of fundamental issues and challenges, as well as effective …

Author: Disease Control Priorities Project

Publication date: 2008

Disease Control Priorities, Third Edition: Volume 2. Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn, and Child Health

This book focuses on maternal conditions, childhood illness, and malnutrition. Specifically, the chapters address acute illness and undernutrition in children, principally under age five. Of particular interest may be chapters 9, 10, and 19, which …

Author: Black RE, Laxminarayan R, Temmerman M, Walker N, eds.

Publication date: 2016

Disease Outbreak News

This web page provides frequently updated information about current disease outbreaks, as well as disease-specific archives of past alerts and links to related resources.

Author: World Health Organization

The Economic Burden of Childhood Pneumococcal Diseases in The Gambia

This article, published in Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation, presents the results of a study that aimed to estimate, from a societal perspective, the costs incurred by health providers and families of children with pneumococcal diseases in …

Author: Usuf E, Mackenzie G, Sambou S, Atherly D, Suraratdecha C

Publication date: 2016

The Economic Impact of Childhood Acute Gastroenteritis on Malawian Families and the Healthcare System

This article, published in BMJ Open, reports on a study that found significant financial burden from childhood diarrheal disease to the healthcare system and to households in Malawi. The latter face the risk of consequent impoverishment, as the …

Author: Hendrix N, Bar-Zeev N, Atherly D, et al.

Publication date: 2017

Effect of a Serogroup A Meningococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PsA—TT) on Serogroup A Meningococcal Meningitis and Carriage in Chad: A Community Study

A serogroup A meningococcal polysaccharide—tetanus toxoid conjugate vaccine (PsA—TT, MenAfriVac) was licensed in India in 2009, and prequalified by the World Health Organization in 2010, on the basis of its safety and immunogenicity. This …

Author: Daugla DM, Gami JP, Gamougam K, et al.

Publication date: 2014

Effect of Pentavalent Rotavirus Vaccine Introduction on Hospital Admissions for Diarrhoea and Rotavirus in Children in Rwanda: A Time-Series Analysis

This article, published in The Lancet Global Health, reports on the results of a time-series analysis that examined hospital admissions of children under five years of age due to diarrhea in Rwanda from 2009 to 2014. The authors compared hospital …

Author: Ngabo F, Tate JE, Gatera M, et al.

Publication date: 2016

Effect of Rotavirus Vaccination on Death From Childhood Diarrhea in Mexico

This article, published in The New England Journal of Medicine, discusses a study on the effectiveness of rotavirus vaccine in Mexico. The study examined the impact of vaccination on diarrheal deaths in Mexican children between 2008 and 2009 …

Author: Richardson V, Hernandez-Pichardo J, Quintanar-Solares M, et al.

Publication date: 2010

Effect of Rotavirus Vaccine on Diarrhea Mortality in Different Socioeconomic Regions of Mexico

This article, published in Pediatrics, concludes that after the 2007 introduction of rotavirus vaccine in Mexico, marked and sustained declines in diarrhea deaths were seen among children in all regions of the country, including in the least …

Author: Gastañaduy PA, Sánchez-Uribe E, Esparza-Aguilar M, et al.

Publication date: 2013

Effect of Vaccines on Bacterial Meningitis Worldwide

This article, published in The Lancet, focuses on the three most common causes of acute bacterial meningitis: Haemophilus influenzae, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and Neisseria meningitidis. The authors compare patterns of meningitis attributable to …

Author: McIntyre PB, O'Brien KL, Greenwood B, van de Beek D

Publication date: 2012

Emergence of a Novel Swine-Origin Influenza A (H1N1) Virus in Humans

This article, published in the New England Journal of Medicine, describes the findings of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Novel Swine-Origin Influenza A(H1N1) Virus Investigation Team from their assessment of the …

Author: Novel Swine-Origin Influenza A (H1N1) Virus Investigation Team

Publication date: 2009

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