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Total results with these characteristics: 360

Topic: Disease burden and surveillance

Page 12 of 18
Pneumonia and Diarrhoea: Tackling the Deadliest Diseases for the World’s Poorest Children

This report focuses on the huge potential to narrow the child survival gap between the richest and the poorest by focusing on pneumonia and diarrhea—the two primary killers of children under the age of five. It includes a review of the current …

Author: United Nations Children's Fund

Publication date: 2012

Pneumonia Etiology Research for Child Health

The Pneumonia Etiology Research for Child Health (PERCH) study will characterize the etiologic distribution of pathogens that are causing severe pneumonia among children under five years of age who have been hospitalized for their illness in seven …

Author: Feikin DR, Deloria-Knoll M, Murdoch DR, eds.

Publication date: 2012

The Pneumonia Etiology Research for Child Health Project: A 21st Century Childhood Pneumonia Etiology Study

This article, published in Clinical Infectious Diseases, details the Pneumonia Etiology Research for Child Health (PERCH) project, which is a seven-country, standardized, comprehensive evaluation of the etiologic agents causing severe pneumonia in …

Author: Levine OS, O'Brien KL, Deloria-Knoll M, et al.

Publication date: 2012

The Polio Endgame

In 1988 the World Health Assembly initiated a global effort to eradicate poliovirus. Although there is still much distance to cover to eradicate the remaining wild polioviruses, recent progress has generated new confidence in the eradication effort. …

Author: Aylward B, Yamada T

Publication date: 2011

Polio Endgame & Legacy—Implementation, Best Practices, and Lessons Learned

This supplement issue of The Journal of Infectious Diseases contains 50 articles that together cover efforts by global partners to successfully launch polio endgame activities in alignment with the Polio Eradication and Endgame Strategic Plan, …

Author: Patel M, Cochi S, eds.

Publication date: 2017

Potential Impact of Accelerating the Primary Dose of Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine in Infants

This article, published in Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, estimates the potential effect of the acceleration of administration of the first dose of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine from two months to six weeks of age. The …

Author: Stancil JM, Peters TR, Givner LB, Poehling KA

Publication date: 2009

Prevalence of HPV After Introduction of the Vaccination Program in the United States

This article, published in Pediatrics, reports the results of a study that examined the prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) before and after the introduction of HPV vaccines in the United States. The authors found that there was a 64 percent …

Author: Markowitz LE, Liu G, Hariri S, Steinau M, Dunne EF, Unger ER

Publication date: 2016

Prevalence of Severe Acute Rotavirus Gastroenteritis and Intussusceptions in Ghanaian Children Under 5 Years of Age

This article, published in the Journal of Infection in Developing Countries, reports on a study that conducted pre-vaccine surveillance of the burden of rotavirus disease, prevalent rotavirus genotypes, and the association between rotavirus disease …

Author: Enweronu-Laryea CC, Sagoe KWC, Glover-Addy H, Asmah RH, Mingle JA, Armah GE

Publication date: 2012

Prevenar™ Vaccination: Review of the Global Data, 2006

This article, published in the journal Vaccine, reviews the incidence of vaccine-serotype invasive pneumococcal disease and other pneumococcal-associated respiratory tract diseases following the routine use of the seven-valent pneumococcal conjugate …

Author: Center KJ

Publication date: 2007

Preventing and Controlling Influenza With Available Interventions

This article, published in the New England Journal of Medicine, provides the author's perspective on current influenza patterns, populations most affected by the virus, interventions currently available and being used to prevent and control …

Author: Uyeki TM

Publication date: 2014

Preventing the Broad Spectrum of Perinatal Morbidity and Mortality Through Group B Streptococcal Vaccination

This article, published in Vaccine, presents the specific pregnancy-associated and neonatal conditions attributable, in part, to group B Streptococcus (GBS) in high- and lower-income countries. The authors provide a rationale for implementation of …

Author: Edwards MS, Gonik B

Publication date: 2013

Prevention of Group B Streptococcal Disease in the First 3 Months of Life: Would Routine Maternal Immunization During Pregnancy Be Cost-Effective?

This article, published in Vaccine, reports the results of a study that evaluated the potential cost-effectiveness of a trivalent group B streptococcal (GBS) vaccine candidate with a decision-analytic model. The authors found that the addition of a …

Author: Oster G, Edelsberg J, Hennegan K, et al.

Publication date: 2014

Prevention of Secondary Cases of Meningococcal Disease in Household Contacts by Vaccination

This article, published in The British Medical Journal, describes a study of secondary meningococcal disease infection in which researchers used either meningococcal or tetanus toxoid vaccine to immunize household contacts of patients with …

Author: Greenwood BM, Hassan-King M, Whittle HC

Publication date: 1978

Progress With the Implementation of Rotavirus Surveillance and Vaccines in Countries of the WHO African Region, 2007–2016

This article, published in the Weekly Epidemiological Record, summarizes progress made in rotavirus vaccine implementation in Africa following the World Health Organization's (WHO's) 2009 recommendation for routine childhood rotavirus vaccination …

Author: Mwenda JM, Burke RM, Shaba K, et al.

Publication date: 2017

Projecting the Effectiveness of RotaTeq® Against Rotavirus-Related Hospitalizations and Deaths in Six Asian Countries

This article, published in Human Vaccines, describes the projected effectiveness of RotaTeq®, which is an oral pentavalent rotavirus vaccine (RV5), against rotavirus gastroenteritis (RGE)-related hospitalizations and deaths in six Asian …

Author: El Khoury AC, Mast TC, Ciarlet M, Markson LE, Goveia MG

Publication date: 2011

Prospective Cohort Study of Disabling Sequelae and Quality of Life in Children With Bacterial Meningitis in Urban Senegal

This article, published in the Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, describes a study to investigate disabling sequelae among a cohort of children diagnosed with bacterial meningitis in urban Dakar, Senegal. Data from the study suggest …

Author: Edmond K, Dieye Y, Griffiths UK, et al.

Publication date: 2010

Prospects for Vaccine Prevention of Meningococcal Infection

This article, published in Clinical Microbiology Reviews, reviews the changing epidemiology of meningococcal disease in the United States, issues related to vaccine prevention, and recommendations on the use of the polysaccharide conjugate …

Author: Harrison LH

Publication date: 2006

Quantitative PCR for Detection of Shigella Improves Ascertainment of Shigella Burden in Children With Moderate-to-Severe Diarrhea in Low-Income Countries

This article, published in the Journal of Clinical Microbiology, reports on a study to estimate the prevalence of Shigella by using a new quantitative PCR (qPCR) assay to detect the bacteria in the stool samples of 3,533 children aged less than 59 …

Author: Lindsay B, Ochieng JB, Ikumapayi UN, et al.

Publication date: 2013

The Rationale for Integrated Childhood Meningoencephalitis Surveillance: A Case Study From Cambodia

This paper, published in The Bulletin of the World Health Organization, provides an example of development of an integrated meningoencephalitis surveillance system in Cambodia and, on the basis of this case study, presents the rationale and …

Author: Touch S, Grundy J, Hills S, et al.

Publication date: 2009

Reaching a Consensus on Management Practices and Vaccine Development Targets for Mitigation of Infectious Diarrhoea Among Deployed US Military Forces

Published in the Journal of Evalution in Clinical Practice, this study was part of a research effort to identify and quantify factors related to the cost-effectiveness of a vaccine acquisition strategy to reduce the burden of infectious diarrhea on …

Author: Riddle MS, Tribble DR

Publication date: 2008

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