Resource type: Peer-reviewed journal
Total results with these characteristics: 626
- Estimates of World-Wide Distribution of Child Deaths From Acute Respiratory Infections
To establish a relation between deaths due to acute respiratory infections (ARI) and all-cause deaths in children under 5 years we show that the proportion of deaths directly attributable to ARI declines from 23% to 18% and then 15% (95% confidence …
Author: Williams B, Gouws E, Boschi-Pinto C, Bryce J, Dye C
- Estimating Age-Specific Cumulative Incidence for the 2009 Influenza Pandemic: A Meta-analysis of A(H1N1)pdm09 Serological Studies From 19 Countries
This article, published in Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses, details the results of a meta-analysis conducted to provide insights into the global impact of the 2009 influenza A(H1N1) pandemic. The study estimates overall and age-specific …
Author: Van Kerkhove MD, Hirve S, Koukounari A, Mounts AW
- Estimating Diarrheal Illness and Deaths Attributable to Shigellae and Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli Among Older Children, Adolescents, and Adults in South Asia and Africa
This article, published in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, aims to quantify the overall burden of shigellosis and enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) diarrhea among older children, adolescents, and adults in Africa and South Asia, the two …
Author: Lamberti LM, Bourgeois AL, Fischer Walker CL, Black RE, Sack D
- Estimating the Burden of Pneumococcal Pneumonia Among Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Diagnostic Techniques
This article, published in PLOS One, summarizes a study to develop a conceptual and quantitative strategy for estimating the non-bacteremic disease burden among adults with community-acquired pneumonia. The authors conclude that the adult burden of …
Author: Said MA, Johnson HL, Nonyane BAS, Deloria-Knoll M, O′Brien KL
- Estimating the Costs of Achieving the WHO-UNICEF Global Immunization Vision and Strategy, 2006 - 2015
This paper estimates the costs of achieving the Global Immunization Vision and Strategy, 2006 - 2015, which aims to immunize more people, from infants to seniors, with a greater range of vaccines, and whose chief goal is to, by 2015 or earlier, …
Author: Wolfson LJ, Gasse F, Lee-Martin S, et al.
- Estimating the Costs of Cervical Cancer Screening in High-Burden Sub-Saharan African Countries
This article, published in the International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics, reports on a study that aimed to estimate the capital investment and recurrent costs of national cervical cancer screening and precancer treatment programs in 23 …
Author: Mvundura M, Tsu V
- Estimating the Protective Concentration of Anti-pneumococcal Capsular Polysaccharide Antibodies
Published in the journal Vaccine, this article describes a method for correlating pneumococcal anticapsular antibody responses of infants immunized with pneumococcal conjugate (PnC) vaccine (Prevenar) with clinical protection from invasive …
Author: Siber G, Chang I, Baker S, et al.
- Estimation of the Potential Overall Impact of Human Papillomavirus Vaccination on Cervical Cancer Cases and Deaths
This article, published in Vaccine, reports on a study that aimed to estimate the potential real-life impact of the AS04-adjuvanted HPV-16/18 vaccine on cervical cancer cases and deaths at the country level. The authors found that HPV vaccination …
Author: Van Kriekinge G, Castellsagué X, Cibula D, Demarteau N
- Evaluaciónde Costo-Efectividad de la Vacuna Anti-rotavirus en Chile
This article, published in Revista Médica de Chile, outlines an economic model that determined rotavirus vaccination is a cost-effective intervention that can effectively reduce the disease burden and healthcare costs of rotavirus …
Author: Constenla D, O'Ryan M, Navarrete M, Antil L, Rheingans R
- Evaluating the Potential Risks and Benefits of Infant Rotavirus Vaccination in England
This article, published in Vaccine, reports on a risk-benefit analysis of rotavirus vaccination that compared potential vaccine-related risks with estimated vaccine benefits in the 2012 birth cohort in England. The authors estimate that rotavirus …
Author: Clark A, Jit M, Andrews N, Atchison C, Edmunds WJ, Sanderson C
- Evaluation of Anatomic Changes in Young Children with Natural Rotavirus Infection: Is Intussusception Biologically Plausible?
This study, published in the Journal of Infectious Diseases, explores the biological plausibility of intussusception caused by natural rotavirus infection.
Author: Robinson C, Hernanz-Schulman M, Zhu Y, et al.
- Evaluation of Cost-Effectiveness of Live Oral Pentavalent Reassortant Rotavirus Vaccine Introduction in Ghana
This article, published in Vaccine, estimates the cost-effectiveness of introducing the rotavirus vaccine RotaTeq® in Ghana. The authors estimated the average costs of treating children with diarrhea in the Ashanti region of Ghana as inpatients …
Author: Abbott C, Tiede B, Armah G, Mahmoud A
- Evaluation of Serogroup A Meningococcal Vaccines in Africa: A Demonstration Project
This article, published in The Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition, summarizes the general steps required for meningococcal vaccine development, reviews the use of immunogenicity criteria as a licensing strategy for new meningococcal …
Author: Soriano-Gabarró M, Rosenstein N, LaForce FM
- An Evaluation of the Emerging Interventions Against Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV)-Associated Acute Lower Respiratory Infections in Children
This article, published in BMC Public Health, summarizes the results of a literature review and an expert opinion exercise to evaluate the best course of protection against respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) for children in the developing world, …
Author: Nair H, Verma VR, Theodoratou E, et al.
- Evaluation of the Meningitis Epidemics Risk Model in Africa
This study, published in Epidemiology and Infection, evaluated an ecological model based on absolute humidity and land cover type to predict the location of meningitis epidemics in the Sahelian region known as the African Meningitis Belt. The …
Author: Savory EC, Cuevas LE, Yassin MA, et al.
- Evaluation of Three Immunoglobulin M Antibody Capture Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assays for Diagnosis of Japanese Encephalitis
From the American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, this study evaluates the sensitivity, specificity, and usability of three commercially-available kits for Japanese encephalitis laboratory diagnostics.
Author: Jacobson J, Hills S, Winkler J, et al.
- Evaluation of Vaccines Against Enteric Infections: A Clinical and Public Health Research Agenda for Developing Countries
This article, from the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, provides a review of the enteric vaccines currently available and their lack of use in developing countries. The author purports that the reasons for this are multiple and …
Author: Clemens J
- The Evidence for Using Conjugate Vaccines to Protect HIV-Infected Children Against Pneumococcal Disease
Published in The Lancet, this review summarises available data on the burden of pneumococcal disease and the safety and efficacy of PCVs in HIV-infected children. ABSTRACT ONLY. (Learn how users in developing countries can gain free access to …
Author: Bliss SJ, O'Brien KL, Janoff EN, et al.
- Evolution of Streptococcus Pneumoniae Serotypes and Penicillin Susceptibility in Latin America, Sireva-Vigia Group, 1993-1999
Since 1993 the Pan American Health Organization has coordinated a surveillance network with the National Reference Laboratories of Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Uruguay aimed at monitoring capsular types and antimicrobial …
Author: Di Fabio JL, Castañeda E, Agudelo CI, et al.
- Expanding Prevention of Invasive Meningococcal Disease
This article, published in Expert Review of Vaccines, discusses morbidity and mortality due to meningococcal serogroups A, C, Y, and W-135 and the ability of monovalent meningococcal serogroup C conjugate (MCC) vaccines to reduce the burden of …
Author: Pelton SI, Gilmet GP
- Exploitation of Physiology and Metabolomics to Identify Pneumococcal Vaccine Candidates
This article, published in Expert Review of Vaccines, summarizes ways in which genome-wide techniques can help decipher factors associated with the fitness, metabolism, and virulence of Streptococcus pneumoniae that could help lead to the …
Author: Schulz C, Hammerschmidt S
- Exposure to Heat and Freezing in the Vaccine Cold Chain in Thailand
Good cold chain practice is essential to maintain full immunogenicity of vaccines. This article, published in Vaccine, reports on a study that aimed to identify the likelihood and extent of exposure to inappropriate temperatures in the vaccine cold …
Author: Techathawat S, Varinsathien P, Rasdjarmrearnsook A, Tharmaphornpilas P
- Field Evaluation of a Respiratory Syncytial Virus Vaccine and a Trivalent Parainfluenza Virus Vaccine in a Pediatric Population
This article, published the American Journal of Epidemiology, describes a field study conducted in California, United States, that evaluated two formalin inactivated respiratory virus vaccines, a respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) vaccine and a …
Author: Chin J, Magoffin RL, Shearer LA, Schieble JH, Lennette EH
- First Results of Phase 3 Trial of RTS,S/AS01 Malaria Vaccine in African Children
A malaria vaccine, deployed in combination with current malaria-control tools, could play an important role in future control and eventual elimination of malaria in Africa. This article, published in the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM), …
Author: The RTS,S Clinical Trials Partnership
- Formulation of a Killed Whole Cell Pneumococcus Vaccine—Effect of Aluminum Adjuvants on the Antibody and IL-17 Response
This article, published in the Journal of Immune Based Therapies and Vaccines, describes preclinical research which demonstrates that a vaccine composed of killed whole cell, nonencapsulated pneumococci and formulated with aluminum hydroxide induces …
Author: HogenEsch H, Dunham A, Hansen B, Anderson K, Maisonneuve JF, Hem SL