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Region: Global

Total results with these characteristics: 982

Epidemiology of Japanese encephalitis in Context With Indian Scenario

This article provides a historical overview of Japanese encephalitis (JE) in India since the first detection of JE virus activity in 1952 until the 2006 introduction of JE vaccine in high-risk states and expansion of vaccination efforts in …

Author: Dhillon GP, Raina VK

Published: 2008

The Epidemiology of JE

This slide presentation gives an overview of the epidemiology of JE and can be adapted for individual use.

Author: PATH

Published: 2007

The Epidemiology of Meningococcal Disease and the Impact of Vaccines

Neisseria meningitidis causes meningococcal disease, a severe bacterial infection of the bloodstream or meninges, worldwide. The disease is most common among young children, but the existing polysaccharide vaccines have been sparsely used because …

Author: Khatami A, Pollard AJ

Published: 2010

Escherichia coli Infections

This web page provides general information on Escherichia coli bacteria and symptoms of disease. It also includes links to other World Health Organization web pages related to E. coli.

Author: World Health Organization

Essential Training Package for HPV Vaccine Introduction for Countries Introducing Cervarix™ 2 Dose Vaccine

These eight training modules relate to key aspects of the introduction of the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine Cervarix™. They are intended for use by health workers during vaccine introduction training sessions and contain facilitator notes …

Author: World Health Organization

Published: 2013

Establishment of a New Human Pneumococcal Standard Reference Serum 007sp

This article, published in Clinical and Vaccine Immunology, reports on a study that resulted in the development of a new pneumococcal reference serum to replace the dwindling stocks of Lot 89SF, the reference standard serum pool used since 1990. The …

Author: Goldblatt D, Plikaytis BD, Akkoyunlu M, et al.

Published: 2011

Estimated Global Mortality Associated With the First 12 Months of 2009 Pandemic Influenza A H1N1 Virus Circulation: A Modelling Study

This article, published in The Lancet Infectious Diseases, estimates the global mortality associated with the first 12 months of the 2009 influenza A/H1N1 virus pandemic. Results of the analysis estimate that respiratory and cardiovascular …

Author: Dawood FS, Iuliano AD, Reed C, et al.

Published: 2012

Estimated Hib and Pneumococcal Deaths for Children Under 5 Years of Age, 2008

This web page provides an estimate of child mortality due to Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) and pneumococcal infections in 2008. It also contains a link to a chart of death rates due to these infections, broken down by region and HIV status.

Author: World Health Organization

Published: 2013

Estimates of World-Wide Distribution of Child Deaths From Acute Respiratory Infections

To establish a relation between deaths due to acute respiratory infections (ARI) and all-cause deaths in children under 5 years we show that the proportion of deaths directly attributable to ARI declines from 23% to 18% and then 15% (95% confidence …

Author: Williams B, Gouws E, Boschi-Pinto C, Bryce J, Dye C

Published: 2002

Estimating Age-Specific Cumulative Incidence for the 2009 Influenza Pandemic: A Meta-analysis of A(H1N1)pdm09 Serological Studies From 19 Countries

This article, published in Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses, details the results of a meta-analysis conducted to provide insights into the global impact of the 2009 influenza A(H1N1) pandemic. The study estimates overall and age-specific …

Author: Van Kerkhove MD, Hirve S, Koukounari A, Mounts AW

Published: 2013

Estimating the Burden of Pneumococcal Pneumonia Among Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Diagnostic Techniques

This article, published in PLOS One, summarizes a study to develop a conceptual and quantitative strategy for estimating the non-bacteremic disease burden among adults with community-acquired pneumonia. The authors conclude that the adult burden of …

Author: Said MA, Johnson HL, Nonyane BAS, Deloria-Knoll M, O′Brien KL

Published: 2013

Estimating the Costs of Achieving the WHO-UNICEF Global Immunization Vision and Strategy, 2006 - 2015

This paper estimates the costs of achieving the Global Immunization Vision and Strategy, 2006 - 2015, which aims to immunize more people, from infants to seniors, with a greater range of vaccines, and whose chief goal is to, by 2015 or earlier, …

Author: Wolfson LJ, Gasse F, Lee-Martin S, et al.

Published: 2008

Estimating the Protective Concentration of Anti-pneumococcal Capsular Polysaccharide Antibodies

Published in the journal Vaccine, this article describes a method for correlating pneumococcal anticapsular antibody responses of infants immunized with pneumococcal conjugate (PnC) vaccine (Prevenar) with clinical protection from invasive …

Author: Siber G, Chang I, Baker S, et al.

Published: 2007

Estimation of the Potential Overall Impact of Human Papillomavirus Vaccination on Cervical Cancer Cases and Deaths

This article, published in Vaccine, reports on a study that aimed to estimate the potential real-life impact of the AS04-adjuvanted HPV-16/18 vaccine on cervical cancer cases and deaths at the country level. The authors found that HPV vaccination …

Author: Van Kriekinge G, Castellsagué X, Cibula D, Demarteau N

Published: 2014

Evaluating Clinical Trial Data and Guiding Future Research for Rotavirus Vaccines

This article, published in the Weekly Epidemiological Record, discusses the outcome of a meeting of global, regional, and country-level rotavirus experts and immunization opinion leaders who gathered to provide guidance on evaluating and …

Author: World Health Organization

Published: 2008

Evaluating Immunization Information on the Web

This website provides tips on how to evaluate information on the internet regarding diseases and vaccines.

Author: National Network for Immunization Information

Evaluation of Anatomic Changes in Young Children with Natural Rotavirus Infection: Is Intussusception Biologically Plausible?

This study, published in the Journal of Infectious Diseases, explores the biological plausibility of intussusception caused by natural rotavirus infection.

Author: Robinson C, Hernanz-Schulman M, Zhu Y, et al.

Published: 2004

An Evaluation of the Emerging Interventions Against Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV)-Associated Acute Lower Respiratory Infections in Children

This article, published in BMC Public Health, summarizes the results of a literature review and an expert opinion exercise to evaluate the best course of protection against respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) for children in the developing world, …

Author: Nair H, Verma VR, Theodoratou E, et al.

Published: 2011

Evaluation of Vaccines Against Enteric Infections: A Clinical and Public Health Research Agenda for Developing Countries

This article, from the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, provides a review of the enteric vaccines currently available and their lack of use in developing countries. The author purports that the reasons for this are multiple and …

Author: Clemens J

Published: 2011

Every Child by Two

This organization, founded by Former First Lady of the United States Rosalynn Carter and Former First Lady of Arkansas Betty Bumpers, focuses on reducing infant mortality through timely immunization.

Author: Every Child by Two

The Evidence for Using Conjugate Vaccines to Protect HIV-Infected Children Against Pneumococcal Disease

Published in The Lancet, this review summarises available data on the burden of pneumococcal disease and the safety and efficacy of PCVs in HIV-infected children. ABSTRACT ONLY. (Learn how users in developing countries can gain free access to …

Author: Bliss SJ, O'Brien KL, Janoff EN, et al.

Published: 2008

Evidence of Support for Improved Cervical Cancer Prevention in Developing Countries

This web page contains a dossier that includes statements of support for improved cervical cancer control from governments, organizations, and individuals in Africa, Asia, Latin America, and other regions. The letters, video messages, editorials, …

Author: Cervical Cancer Action, International Union Against Cancer, PATH

Published: 2008

Expanding Paradigms for Cervical Cancer Screening: The Impact of the Alliance for Cervical Cancer Prevention

This report documents the accomplishments and impact of the Alliance for Cervical Cancer Prevention (ACCP). It presents the state of knowledge about alternative screening strategies prior to the establishment of the partnership, as well as …

Author: Gaffikin L, Wittet S, Sherris J

Published: 2013

Expanding Prevention of Invasive Meningococcal Disease

This article, published in Expert Review of Vaccines, discusses morbidity and mortality due to meningococcal serogroups A, C, Y, and W-135 and the ability of monovalent meningococcal serogroup C conjugate (MCC) vaccines to reduce the burden of …

Author: Pelton SI, Gilmet GP

Published: 2009

Expanding Vaccine Solutions Against Influenza

This fact sheet highlights PATH's multifaceted approach to expanding vaccine solutions against pandemic and seasonal influenza that are optimal for the developing world. It describes our efforts to advance the development of promising new influenza …

Author: PATH

Published: 2013