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Total results with these characteristics: 1485

The Cost of Unsafe Injections

Unsafe injection practices are associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. Annually more than 1.3 million deaths and US$535 million in expenses are estimated to be due to unsafe injection practices. This article, published in the Bulletin …

Author: Miller MA, Pisani E

Published: 1999

Cost-Effectiveness and Economic Benefits of Vaccines in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Systematic Review

This review, published in Vaccine, documents the available evidence showing that vaccination in low- and middle-income countries brings important economic benefits. The cost-effectiveness studies reviewed suggest to policy makers that vaccines are …

Author: Ozawa S, Mirelman A, Stack ML, Walker DG, Levine OS

Published: 2012

Cost-Effectiveness and Potential Impact of Rotavirus Vaccination in the United States

This study, published in the journal Pediatrics, examines the costs and benefits of routine rotavirus vaccination for infants in the US, using a hypothetical cohort of unvaccinated infants. Researchers determined that, at current prices, …

Author: Widdowson MA, Meltzer MI, Zhang X, et al.

Published: 2007

Cost-Effectiveness of a New Rotavirus Vaccination Program in Pakistan: A Decision Tree Model

This article, published in Vaccine, reports on the expected public health impact of a national rotavirus vaccination program in Pakistan by performing a cost-effectiveness study from the perspective of the health care system. Across a range of …

Author: Patel HD, Roberts ET, Constenla DO

Published: 2013

Cost-Effectiveness of Childhood Rotavirus Vaccination in Taiwan

This paper, published in the journal Vaccine, investigates whether routine infant immunization with either currently licensed rotavirus vaccine could be cost-effective in Taiwan. The authors modeled specific disease outcomes …

Author: Wu CL, Yang YC, Huang LM, Chen KT

Published: 2009

Cost-effectiveness of Conjugate Meningococcal Vaccination Strategies in the United States

This article, published in the journal Pediatrics, discusses a study to evaluate and compare the projected health and economic impact of meningococcal conjugate A/C/Y/W-135 (MCV-4) vaccination of adolescents, toddlers, and infants in the United …

Author: Shepard CW, Ortega-Sanchez IR, Scott RD 2nd, Rosenstein NE; ABCs Team

Published: 2005

Cost-Effectiveness of Introducing a Rotavirus Vaccine in Developing Countries: The Case of Mexico

This study, published in BMC Infectious Diseases, developed a model to compare the cost and disease burden of rotavirus in unvaccinated children in Mexico. The study determined that it would be highly cost-effective to include rotavirus vaccine …

Author: Valencia-Mendoza A, Bertozzi SM, Gutierrez JP, Itzler R

Published: 2008

Cost-Effectiveness of Japanese Encephalitis Vaccination

This fact sheet summarizes methods and results of cost-effectiveness analyses performed by PATH and its partners to determine the economic implications of introducing JE vaccine programs. The fact sheet is an excerpt from a larger, comprehensive …

Author: PATH

Published: 2009

The Cost-Effectiveness of Rotavirus Vaccination in Armenia

This article, published in Vaccine, evaluates the cost-effectiveness of introducing infant rotavirus vaccination in Armenia in 2012 using Rotarix(R)® using a multiple birth cohort model. The model considered the cost and health implications of …

Author: Jit M, Yuzbashyan R, Sahakyan G, Avagyan T, Mosina L

Published: 2011

Cost-Effectiveness of Routine Immunization to Control Japanese Encephalitis in Shanghai, China

From the Bulletin of the World Health Organization, this article investigates the cost-effectiveness of JE immunization in China and demonstrates that a JE immunization program can be a cost-saving intervention for countries.

Author: Ding D, Kilgore PE, Clemens JD, Liu W, Xu Z

Published: 2003

Costs and Impact of Meningitis Epidemics for the Public Health System in Burkina Faso

Epidemic meningococcal meningitis remains a serious health threat in the African meningitis belt. New meningococcal conjugate vaccines are relatively costly and their efficiency will depend on cost savings realized from no longer having to respond …

Author: Colombini A, Badolo O, Gessner BD, Jaillard P, Seini E, Da Silva A

Published: 2011

Costs for Households and Community Perception of Meningitis Epidemics in Burkina Faso

This article, published in Clinical Infectious Diseases, discusses an anthropologic and economic study in Burkina Faso to understand perceptions and behavior relative to meningitis and to determine the cost of illness from bacterial …

Author: Colombini A, Bationo F, Zongo S, et al.

Published: 2009

Costs of Community-Acquired Pediatric Rotavirus Gastroenteritis in 7 European Countries: The REVEAL Study

Investigators found that rotavirus gastroenteritis incurs considerable use of health care resources and results in substantial costs for families of patients and employers. Routine rotavirus vaccination could significantly reduce the related …

Author: Giaquinto C, Van Damme P, Huet F, Gothefors L, Van der Wielen M

Published: 2007

Costs of Meningitis Sequelae in Children in Dakar, Senegal

In economic evaluations of vaccines protecting against meningitis, treatment and productivity costs due to meningitis sequelae are rarely included in studies from low-income countries, mainly due to lack of data. This study, published in The …

Author: Griffiths UK, Dieye Y, Fleming J, Hajjeh R, Edmond K

Published: 2012

Cotton Rats Previously Immunized With a Chimeric RSV FG Glycoprotein Develop Enhanced Pulmonary Pathology When Infected With RSV, a Phenomenon not Encountered Following Immunization With Vaccinia-RSV Recombinants or RSV

In studies conducted in the 1960s, children previously immunized with a formalin-inactivated respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) vaccine (FI-RSV) developed a greater incidence and severity of pulmonary disease during subsequent natural RSV infection …

Author: Connors M, Collins PL, Firestone CY, et al.

Published: 1992

Coverage, Cost, and Safety Impacts of Primary Container Choice

A single decision on the size and type of a vaccine container can have significant implications on the safety, affordability, and coverage of vaccination in routine and campaign settings. Choosing a single-dose vial instead of a multi-dose container …

Author: International Vaccine Access Center

Published: 2013

Creating a Japanese Encephalitis Surveillance System in Vietnam

This document provides details on PATH's partnership with the National Expanded Program on Immunization in Vietnam to enhance surveillance of JE disease and inform future immunization program planning.

Author: PATH

Published: 2007

Critical Episodes in the Understanding and Control of Epidemic Meningococcal Meningitis

Epidemic meningococcal meningitis continues to be an important worldwide cause of morbidity and mortality, especially in developing countries. Throughout its history, a number of "critical episodes" have occurred that have enhanced understanding of …

Author: Artenstein AW, LaForce FM

Published: 2012

Cross-Reactive Antibody Responses to the 2009 Pandemic H1N1 Influenza Virus

This article, published in The New England Journal of Medicine, describes a study to assess preexisting immunity in humans to the new pandemic influenza A(H1N1) virus in order to evaluate seasonal vaccine strategies. Researchers used a …

Author: Hancock K, Veguilla V, Lu X, et al.

Published: 2009

The Cure That Kills

This paper examines the health risks posed by unsafe injections in Africa and outlines some of the programs that are helping reduce these risks.

Author: Practical Patient Care

Published: 2008

Current Concepts in Host-Microbe Interaction Leading to Pneumococcal Pneumonia

This article, published in Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases, reviews new insights into the pathogenesis of pneumococcal disease. The authors discuss new mechanisms by which microbial factors govern the ability of pneumococcus to progress from …

Author: Vernatter J, Pirofski L

Published: 2013

Current HPV Vaccines and Future AIDS Vaccines: Common Challenges and Unprecedented Opportunities

This issue brief discusses how ensuring swift and efficient HPV vaccine introduction in developing countries will not only help address the burden of cervical cancer, but will also provide a valuable opportunity for AIDS vaccine researchers and …

Author: AIDS Vaccine Advocacy Coalition, International AIDS Vaccine Initiative, PATH

Published: 2008

Current Knowledge Regarding the Investigational 13-valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine

This article, published in Expert Reviews of Vaccines, explains the latest knowledge about the investigational 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV-13). It outlines the composition of the vaccine and the trials it has undergone to date …

Author: Dinleyici EC, Yargic ZA

Published: 2009

Current PATH Initiatives in Cervical Cancer Prevention

This fact sheet summarizes PATH's current work in cervical cancer prevention. Since PATH began to focus on cervical cancer in 1991, its portfolio has expanded to cover the full range of technologies and approaches for the prevention of cervical …

Author: PATH

Published: 2014

Current Use and Development of Vaccines for Japanese Encephalitis

This literature review, published in Expert Opinion on Biological Therapy,¬†analyzes use of current JE vaccines and development of alternative vaccine candidates. ABSTRACT ONLY. (Learn how users in developing countries can gain free access to …

Author: Beasley D, Lewthwaite P, Solomon T.

Published: 2008