Browse resources

Resource type: Peer-reviewed journal

Total results with these characteristics: 633

Efficacy of Pentavalent Rotavirus Vaccine Against Severe Rotavirus Gastroenteritis in Infants in Developing Countries in Asia: A Randomised, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial

This article, published in The Lancet, assesses the clinical efficacy of the pentavalent, live oral rotavirus vaccine for the prevention of severe rotavirus gastroenteritis in infants in Bangladesh and Vietnam. Study results demonstrated vaccine …

Author: Zaman K, Dang DA, Victor JC, et al.

Published: 2010

Efficacy of Pentavalent Rotavirus Vaccine Against Severe Rotavirus Gastroenteritis in Infants in Developing Countries in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Randomised, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial

This article, published in The Lancet, shares results of an efficacy study of the pentavalent, live oral rotavirus vaccine in Ghana, Kenya, and Mali. Results showed 39.3 percent efficacy against  severe rotavirus gastroenteritis. The authors …

Author: Armah GE, Sow SO, Breiman RF, et al.

Published: 2010

Efficacy of Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccines and Their Effort on Carriage and Antimicrobial Resistance

Pneumococcal conjugate vaccines have shown a high degree of success in preventing pneumococcal bacteraemia in children. They also reduce the acquisition of carriage of vaccine serotypes in the nasopharynx, and reduce otitis media caused by those …

Author: Klugman K

Published: 2001

Efficacy of RTS,S/AS01E Vaccine Against Malaria in Children 5 to 17 Months of Age

This study, published in the New England Journal of Medicine, evaluated the efficacy of the RTS,S malaria vaccine given with a more immunogenic adjuvant system (AS01E) than one used in a previous study (AS02A). The study was conducted in …

Author: Bejon P, Lusingu J, Olotu A, et al.

Published: 2008

Efficacy of the HPV-16/18 AS04-Adjuvanted Vaccine Against Low-Risk HPV Types (PATRICIA Randomized Trial): An Unexpected Observation

This article, published in the Journal of Infectious Diseases, reports on a post hoc analysis of the Phase 3 PATRICIA (PApilloma TRIal against Cancer In young Adults) trial that was performed to ascertain whether protection against low-risk human …

Author: Szarewski A, Skinner SR, Garland SM, et al.

Published: 2013

Efficacy of the Human Rotavirus Vaccine RIX4414 in Malnourished Children

This study, published in the Journal of Infectious Diseases, determined that the Rotarix® vaccine produced by GlaxoSmithKline decreased the incidence severe gastroenteritis caused by rotavirus at comparable rates among well-nourished and …

Author: Perez-Schael I, Salinas B, Tomat M, et al.

Published: 2007

Efficacy, Safety, and Immunogenicity of the Human Papillomavirus 16/18 AS04-Adjuvanted Vaccine in Women Older Than 25 Years: 4-Year Interim Follow-Up of the Phase 3, Double-Blind, Randomised Controlled VIVIANE Study

This article, published in The Lancet, discusses the results of an efficacy, safety, and immunogenicity study of the human papillomavirus (HPV) 16/18 vaccine in adult women. The results showed that in women older than 25 years, the HPV 16/18 vaccine …

Author: Skinner SR, Szarewski A, Romanowski B, et al.

Published: 2014

Eliminating Epidemic Group A Meningococcal Meningitis in Africa Through a New Vaccine

This article, published in Health Affairs, discusses a new affordable vaccine against Group A meningococcus, the most common cause of large and often fatal African epidemics of meningitis, that was introduced in Burkina Faso, Mali, and Niger in …

Author: LaForce FM, Okwo-Bele J-M

Published: 2011

Elimination of Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) Disease From The Gambia After the Introduction of Routine Immunisation With a Hib Conjugate Vaccine: A Prospective Study

Routine immunization of infants in The Gambia with a Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) polysaccharide-tetanus toxoid conjugate vaccine began in May 1997. This article, published in The Lancet, reports on a study that investigated the effectiveness …

Author: Adegbola RA, Secka O, Lahai G, et al.

Published: 2005

Emergence of a Novel Swine-Origin Influenza A (H1N1) Virus in Humans

This article, published in the New England Journal of Medicine, describes the findings of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Novel Swine-Origin Influenza A(H1N1) Virus Investigation Team from their assessment of the …

Author: Novel Swine-Origin Influenza A (H1N1) Virus Investigation Team

Published: 2009

Emergence of Serogroup X Meningococcal Disease in Africa: Need for a Vaccine

This article, published in Vaccine, describes how and why serogroup X meningococcal disease has emerged in Africa in recent years. It asserts that while no licensed vaccine is available against serogroup X meningococci, following the introduction of …

Author: Xie O, Pollard AJ, Mueller JE, Norheim G

Published: 2013

Emergency or Routine Vaccination Against Meningococcal Disease in Africa?

This comment, published in The Lancet, is based on a review of the study "Emergency Vaccination Against Epidemic Meningitis in Ghana: Implications for the Control of Meningococcal Disease in West Africa." The author concludes that …

Author: Peltola H

Published: 2000

Emergency Vaccination Against Epidemic Meningitis in Ghana: Implications for the Control of Meningococcal Disease in West Africa

This article, published in The Lancet, assessed the potential effects of different vaccination strategies against meningococcal disease using data from the 1997 meningococcal outbreak in northern Ghana. Using a simple mathematical model, …

Author: Woods CW, Armstrong G, Sackey SO, et al.

Published: 2000

Enhanced Pulmonary Histopathology is Observed in Cotton Rats Immunized with Formalin-Inactivated Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) or Purified F Glycoprotein and Challenged With RSV 3-6 Months After Immunization

The authors of this study, published in Vaccine, compared formalin-inactivated (FI) RSV, purified F glycoprotein in alum, and RSV infection (intranasal) for their immunogenicity, efficacy, and ability to enhance pulmonary histopathology during RSV …

Author: Murphy BR, Sotnikov AV, Lawrence LA, Banks SM, Prince GA

Published: 1990

Ensuring Access to HPV Vaccines Through Integrated Services: A Reproductive Health Perspective

This article, published in the Bulletin of the World Health Organization, describes avenues for service delivery of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines and critical information gaps that must be bridged in order to inform future sexual and …

Author: Pollack AE, Balkin M, Edouard L, Cutts F, and Broutet N on behalf of the WHO/United Nations Population Fund Working Group on Sexual and Reproductive Health and HPV Vaccines

Published: 2007

Enteric Infections and the Vaccines to Counter Them: Future Directions

Published in the journal Vaccine, this article discusses the importance of creating reliable, long-term demand for the next generation of enteric vaccines, including new rotavirus, Shigella, and ETEC vaccines and priorities for achieving this …

Author: Levine M

Published: 2006

Enteric Infections, Diarrhea, and Their Impact on Function and Development

Enteric infections, with or without overt diarrhea, have profound effects on intestinal absorption, nutrition, and childhood development as well as on global mortality. Oral rehydration therapy has reduced the number of deaths from dehydration …

Author: Petri Jr. WA, Miller M, Binder HJ, et al.

Published: 2008

Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli in Developing Countries: Epidemiology, Microbiology, Clinical Features, Treatment, and Prevention

This article was published in Clinical Microbiology Reviews. ETEC is an underrecognized but extremely important cause of diarrhea in the developing world where there is inadequate clean water and poor sanitation. It is the most frequent bacterial …

Author: Qadri F, Svennerholm AM, Faruque AS, Sack RB

Published: 2005

Environmental Risk and Meningitis Epidemics in Africa

This study, published in Emerging Infectious Diseases, provides evidence that the relationship between the environment and the location of meningitis epidemics is quantifiable. The study proposes a model based on environmental …

Author: Molesworth AM, Cuevas LF, Connor SJ, Morse AP, Thomson MC

Published: 2003

Epidemic Meningitis Due to Group A Neisseria Meningitidis in the African Meningitis Belt: A Persistent Problem With an Imminent Solution

This article, published in the journal Vaccine, emphasizes Group A Neisseria meningitidis as a health problem in Africa and disccuses the potential for a proactive control strategy for epidemic meningitis with the use of …

Author: LaForce FM, Ravenscroft N, Djingarey M, et al

Published: 2009

An Epidemiologic Study of Altered Clinical Reactivity to Respiratory Syncytial (RS) Virus Infection in Children Previously Vaccinated With an Inactivated RS Virus Vaccine

This article, published in the American Journal of Epidemiology, describes a study that evaluated altered clinical reactivity to a formalin-inactivated respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) vaccine candidate administered to healthy infants and children …

Author: Kapikian AZ, Mitchell RH, Chanock RM, Shvedoff RA, Stewart CE

Published: 1969

Epidemiological Profile of Meningococcal Disease in the United States

Published in Clinical Infectious Diseases, this article discusses the current epidemiological profile of meningococcal disease and the vaccines that are currently available in the United States. The article also outlines what would be required for a …

Author: Harrison LH

Published: 2010

Epidemiology, Aetiology and Management of Childhood Acute Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Developing Countries--A Review

This article, published in the African Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences, provides an overview of the causes of clinical pneumonia in developing countries,¬†available vaccines for fighting pneumonia, and efforts underway and planned to expand …

Author: Falade AG, Ayede AI

Published: 2011

Epidemiology and Burden of Disease from Japanese Encephalitis in Cambodia: Results From Two Years of Sentinel Surveillance

This article, published in Tropical Medicine & International Health, describes the results of two years of surveillance for Japanese encephalitis (JE) disease in Cambodian children aged 15 years and under at six sentinel …

Author: Touch S, Hills S, Sokhal B, et al.

Published: 2009

Epidemiology of Japanese encephalitis in Context With Indian Scenario

This article provides a historical overview of Japanese encephalitis (JE) in India since the first detection of JE virus activity in 1952 until the 2006 introduction of JE vaccine in high-risk states and expansion of vaccination efforts in …

Author: Dhillon GP, Raina VK

Published: 2008