Browse resources

Topic: Disease burden and surveillance

Total results with these characteristics: 279

The Pneumonia Etiology Research for Child Health Project: A 21st Century Childhood Pneumonia Etiology Study

This article, published in Clinical Infectious Diseases, details the Pneumonia Etiology Research for Child Health (PERCH) project, which is a seven-country, standardized, comprehensive evaluation of the etiologic agents causing severe …

Author: Levine OS, O'Brien KL, Deloria-Knoll M, et al.

Published: 2012

The Polio Endgame

In 1988 the World Health Assembly initiated a global effort to eradicate poliovirus. Although there is still much distance to cover to eradicate the remaining wild polioviruses, recent progress has generated new confidence in the eradication effort. …

Author: Aylward B, Yamada T

Published: 2011

Potential Impact of Accelerating the Primary Dose of Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine in Infants

This article, published in Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, estimates the potential effect of the acceleration of administration of the first dose of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine from two months to six weeks of age. The …

Author: Stancil JM, Peters TR, Givner LB, Poehling KA

Published: 2009

Prevenar™ Vaccination: Review of the Global Data, 2006

This article, published in the journal Vaccine, reviews the incidence of vaccine-serotype invasive pneumococcal disease and other pneumococcal-associated respiratory tract diseases following the routine use of the seven-valent pneumococcal conjugate …

Author: Center KJ

Published: 2007

Prevention of Secondary Cases of Meningococcal Disease in Household Contacts by Vaccination

This article, published in The British Medical Journal, describes a study of secondary meningococcal disease infection in which researchers used either meningococcal or tetanus toxoid vaccine to immunize household contacts of patients with …

Author: Greenwood BM, Hassan-King M, Whittle HC

Published: 1978

Projecting the Effectiveness of RotaTeq® Against Rotavirus-Related Hospitalizations and Deaths in Six Asian Countries

This article, published in Human Vaccines, describes the projected effectiveness of RotaTeq®, which is an oral pentavalent rotavirus vaccine (RV5), against rotavirus gastroenteritis (RGE)-related hospitalizations and deaths in six Asian …

Author: El Khoury AC, Mast TC, Ciarlet M, Markson LE, Goveia MG

Published: 2011

Prospective Cohort Study of Disabling Sequelae and Quality of Life in Children With Bacterial Meningitis in Urban Senegal

This article, published in the Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, describes a study to investigate disabling sequelae among a cohort of children diagnosed with bacterial meningitis in urban Dakar, Senegal. Data from the study suggest …

Author: Edmond K, Dieye Y, Griffiths UK, et al.

Published: 2010

Prospects for Vaccine Prevention of Meningococcal Infection

This article, published in Clinical Microbiology Reviews, reviews the changing epidemiology of meningococcal disease in the United States, issues related to vaccine prevention, and recommendations on the use of the polysaccharide conjugate …

Author: Harrison LH

Published: 2006

ProVac Pneumococcal e-Learning Course

This online course is a practical tool designed to aid policy makers, national-level managers of immunization programs and other experts in making evidence-based decisions regarding the introduction of conjugate pneumococcal vaccines into national …

Author: Pan American Health Organization

ProVac Rotavirus e-Learning Course

This online course is a practical tool designed to aid health care administrators in making evidence-based decisions regarding rotavirus vaccine introduction into national immunization programs. The module provides training on topics ranging from …

Author: Pan American Health Organization

The Rationale for Integrated Childhood Meningoencephalitis Surveillance: A Case Study From Cambodia

This paper, published in The Bulletin of the World Health Organization, provides an example of development of an integrated meningoencephalitis surveillance system in Cambodia and, on the basis of this case study, presents the rationale …

Author: Touch S, Grundy J, Hills S, et al.

Published: 2009

Reaching a Consensus on Management Practices and Vaccine Development Targets for Mitigation of Infectious Diarrhoea Among Deployed US Military Forces

Published in the Journal of Evalution in Clinical Practice, this study was part of a research effort to identify and quantify factors related to the cost-effectiveness of a vaccine acquisition strategy to reduce the burden of infectious diarrhea on …

Author: Riddle MS, Tribble DR

Published: 2008

Real World Impact of Rotavirus Vaccination

This special supplement of the Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal presents a collection of studies on the impact of rotavirus vaccines. The data demonstrate dramatic and rapid reductions in childhood hospitalizations in several countries after …

Author: Patel MM, Parashar UD, eds.

Published: 2011

Reduction in Acute Gastroenteritis Hospitalizations Among US Children After Introduction of Rotavirus Vaccine: Analysis of Hospital Discharge Data from 18 US States

This study, published in The Journal of Infectious Diseases, shows a dramatic reduction of acute gastroenteritis hospitalizations in the United States following the 2006 introduction of the RotaTeq® rotavirus vaccine. The study gathered …

Author: Curns AT, Steiner CA, Barrett M, et al.

Published: 2010

Report of the Second WHO Consultation on the Global Action Plan for Influenza Vaccines (GAP)

This report of the second World Health Organization Consultation on the Global Action Plan for Influenza Vaccines (GAP-II) held July 12 to 14, 2011, summarizes the overview of GAP activities in the first five years and proposed action points …

Author: World Health Organization

Published: 2012

Report on "Consultative Meeting on Japanese Encephalitis (JE) Prevention and Control"

The Consultative Meeting on JE Prevention and Control was convened by the Institute of Epidemiology, Disease Control and Research (IEDCR) in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on February 12. This official meeting record includes participants, objectives, and …

Author: Institute of Epidemiology, Disease Control & Research

Published: 2009

Report on the Japanese Encephalitis Disability Assessment

The burden of disability among JE survivors has been a neglected area of study. This assessment, performed by the Government of Cambodia in partnership with PATH, found one in four children infected with JE either died or suffered severe sequelae …

Author: Cambodian Ministry of Health

Published: 2008

Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection (RSV)

This web page provides a wide spectrum of information about respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) in the United States. It offers a general overview of the disease as well as clinical, research, and surveillance information. Specific topics include, …

Author: US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Response to the 2009 Pandemic: Effect on Influenza Control in Wealthy and Poor Countries

The authors of this article, published in Vaccine, address the hard choices that must be made early in a pandemic and explore the context in which these decisions were made during the 2009 influenza pandemic. They argue that the only way to assure …

Author: Monto AS, Black S, Plotkin SA, Orenstein WA

Published: 2011

RHO Cervical Cancer Library

This website is designed to provide easy access to science-based information for health program managers and decision-makers seeking to prevent cervical cancer in developing countries and low-resource settings. The wide range of materials appearing …

Author: PATH

Risk and Protective Factors for Meningococcal Disease in Adolescents: Matched Cohort Study

This article, published in The British Medical Journal, discusses a study examining biological and social risk factors for meningococcal disease in adolescents in six regions of England. The study finds that significant independent risk factors …

Author: Tully J, Viner RM, Coen PG, et al.

Published: 2006

Risk of Epidemic Meningitis in Africa: A Cause for Concern

This article, featured in the World Health Organization's Weekly Epidemiological Record, presents what the potential scenarios were for meningitis epidemics in Africa in the 2007-2008 seasons and provides information on the expected availability of …

Author: World Health Organization

Published: 2007


This web page provides general information about rotavirus from the CDC, including details on US and global surveillance, reports on currently available vaccines against rotavirus, and links to articles and news about rotavirus.

Author: US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Rotavirus and Severe Childhood Diarrhea

Study authors reviewed literature on hospitalizations related to severe diarrhea and rotavirus and found that, while diarrheal disease incidence has reduced in recent years, due in part to improved hygiene practices, incidence of rotavirus infection …

Author: Parashar UD, Gibson CJ, Bresee JS, Glass RI

Published: 2006

Rotavirus Disease and Vaccines in Africa

This fact sheet provides an overview of rotavirus disease and vaccines in Africa. It includes information about the tremendous burden of rotavirus diarrhea in African children, rotavirus diarrhea treatment and prevention strategies, and the …

Author: PATH

Published: 2013