Total results with these characteristics: 983
- DNA Vaccines Expressing Pneumococcal Surface Protein A (PspA) Elicit Protection Levels Comparable to Recombinant Protein
This article, published in the Journal of Medical Microbiology, provide results that show that DNA vaccines expressing PspA are able to elicit protection levels comparable to recombinant protein, even though total anti-PspA IgG response is …
Author: Ferreira DM, Miyaji EN, Oliveira MLS, et al.
- DOD and PATH: Collaborations Enhance Health for the World's Poorest People
This fact sheet describes how PATH and the US Department of Defense (DOD) collaborate to enhance the health of the world’s poorest people and presents a sampling of PATH projects, including work on vaccines to prevent diarrhea and vaccine …
- Economic Costs of Rotavirus Gastroenteritis and Cost-Effectiveness of Vaccination in Developing Countries
This article, published in The Journal of Infectious Diseases, evaluated the economic burden of rotavirus and the cost-effectiveness of vaccination from the health care perspective. The authors found that rotavirus vaccination would annually prevent …
Author: Rheingans RD, Antil L, Dreibelbis R, Podewils LJ, Bresee JS, Parashar UD
- Economic Evaluations of Rotavirus Immunization for Developing Countries: A Review of the Literature
This article, published in Expert Review of Vaccines, analyzes the cost-effectiveness of universal rotavirus immunization in developing countries. The authors identified and evaluated 15 cost-effectiveness studies conducted in the developing world. …
Author: Tu HA, Woerdenbag HJ, Kane S, Rozenbaum MH, Li SC, Postma MJ
- Economics of Immunization: A Guide to the Literature and Other Resources
This 87-page document identifies literature and web resources on costing, cost-benefit analyses, financing, and policy among other issues.
Author: World Health Organization, US Agency for International Development, and Partners in Health Reform Plus
- Edward Jenner and the Discovery of Vaccination
This online exhibition showcases rare books and historical documents dealing with immunization, with a focus on Edward Jenner's role in the discovery of vaccination. His research was based on careful case studies and clinical observation more than a …
Author: Thomas Cooper Library, University of South Carolina
- Effect of a Conjugate Pneumococcal Vaccine on the Occurrence of Respiratory Infections and Antibiotic Use in Day-Care Center Attendees
Published in the Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, this article examines whether the use of a pneumococcal conjugate vaccine could reduce the occurrence of respiratory infections and the ensuing antibiotic drug use in the day care. In this …
Author: Dagan R, Sikuler-Cohen M, Zamir O, et al.
- Effect of Combined Pneumococcal Conjugate and Polysaccharide Vaccination on Recurrent Otitis Media with Effusion
Published in the journal Pediatrics, this article assess the effect of combined pneumococcal conjugate and polysaccharide vaccinations on the recurrence of otitis media through a randomised, controlled trial.
Author: van Heerbeek N, Straetemans M, Wiertsema SP
- Effect of Vaccines on Bacterial Meningitis Worldwide
This article, published in The Lancet, focuses on the three most common causes of acute bacterial meningitis: Haemophilus influenzae, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and Neisseria meningitidis. The authors compare patterns of meningitis attributable to …
Author: McIntyre PB, O'Brien KL, Greenwood B, van de Beek D
- Effective Vaccine Management (EVM) Initiative
The Effective Vaccine Management (EVM) initiative provides materials and tools needed to monitor and assess vaccine supply chains and help countries to improve their supply chain performance. This web page provides links to EVM background and …
Author: World Health Organization
- Effects of Freezing on Vaccine Potency: Literature Review
This document provides a literature review of articles about the effects of freezing on vaccine potency of hepatitis B, tetanus toxoid, diphtheria, and pertussis vaccines. Also included is a review of stability data of these vaccines at …
- Efficacy and Safety of Human Papillomavirus Vaccine for Primary Prevention of Cervical Cancer: A Review of Evidence From Phase III Trials and National Programs
This article, published in the South Asian Journal of Cancer, discusses the justification of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination in the backdrop of the natural history of cervical cancer, the mechanism of action of the vaccines, and efficacy and …
Author: Basu P, Banerjee D, Singh P, Bhattacharya C, Biswas J
- Efficacy of a Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine Against Acute Otitis Media
This study, published in the New England Journal of Medicine, enrolled 1662 infants in a randomized, double-blind efficacy trial of a heptavalent pneumococcal polysaccharide conjugate vaccine in which the carrier protein is the nontoxic …
Author: Eskola J, Kilpi T, Palmu A, et al.
- Efficacy of Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccines and Their Effort on Carriage and Antimicrobial Resistance
Pneumococcal conjugate vaccines have shown a high degree of success in preventing pneumococcal bacteraemia in children. They also reduce the acquisition of carriage of vaccine serotypes in the nasopharynx, and reduce otitis media caused by those …
Author: Klugman K
- Efficacy of the Human Rotavirus Vaccine RIX4414 in Malnourished Children
This study, published in the Journal of Infectious Diseases, determined that the Rotarix® vaccine produced by GlaxoSmithKline decreased the incidence severe gastroenteritis caused by rotavirus at comparable rates among well-nourished and …
Author: Perez-Schael I, Salinas B, Tomat M, et al.
- Efficacy, Safety, and Immunogenicity of the Human Papillomavirus 16/18 AS04-Adjuvanted Vaccine in Women Older Than 25 Years: 4-Year Interim Follow-Up of the Phase 3, Double-Blind, Randomised Controlled VIVIANE Study
This article, published in The Lancet, discusses the results of an efficacy, safety, and immunogenicity study of the human papillomavirus (HPV) 16/18 vaccine in adult women. The results showed that in women older than 25 years, the HPV 16/18 vaccine …
Author: Skinner SR, Szarewski A, Romanowski B, et al.
- E-medicine: Japanese Encephalitis
This article provides a comprehensive overview of the disease.
Author: Kallen A
- Enhanced Pulmonary Histopathology is Observed in Cotton Rats Immunized with Formalin-Inactivated Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) or Purified F Glycoprotein and Challenged With RSV 3-6 Months After Immunization
The authors of this study, published in Vaccine, compared formalin-inactivated (FI) RSV, purified F glycoprotein in alum, and RSV infection (intranasal) for their immunogenicity, efficacy, and ability to enhance pulmonary histopathology during RSV …
Author: Murphy BR, Sotnikov AV, Lawrence LA, Banks SM, Prince GA
- Ensuring Access to HPV Vaccines Through Integrated Services: A Reproductive Health Perspective
This article, published in the Bulletin of the World Health Organization, describes avenues for service delivery of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines and critical information gaps that must be bridged in order to inform future sexual and …
Author: Pollack AE, Balkin M, Edouard L, Cutts F, and Broutet N on behalf of the WHO/United Nations Population Fund Working Group on Sexual and Reproductive Health and HPV Vaccines
- Ensuring That Developing Countries Have Access to New Healthcare Products: The Role of Product Development Partnerships
According to this article published in the eJournal Innovation Strategies Today, product development partnerships (PDPs) are generating an increasing flow of health products, including vaccines, for diseases prevalent in developing countries. …
Author: Brooks AD, Wells WA, McLean TD, et al.
- Enteric Diseases
This web page provides information in enteric diseases, including NIAID-supported research, meeting summaries, news releases, and resources for researchers.
Author: US National Institute for Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
- Enteric Infections and the Vaccines to Counter Them: Future Directions
Published in the journal Vaccine, this article discusses the importance of creating reliable, long-term demand for the next generation of enteric vaccines, including new rotavirus, Shigella, and ETEC vaccines and priorities for achieving this …
Author: Levine M
- Enteric Infections, Diarrhea, and Their Impact on Function and Development
Enteric infections, with or without overt diarrhea, have profound effects on intestinal absorption, nutrition, and childhood development as well as on global mortality. Oral rehydration therapy has reduced the number of deaths from dehydration …
Author: Petri Jr. WA, Miller M, Binder HJ, et al.
- Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli: Advances in Technical and Laboratory Aspects of Research and Development of Vaccines
From the Weekly Epidemiological Record, this report is from an international consultative meeting on ETEC to examine the most recent epidemiological data from the field, identify gaps in the laboratory methods for strain …
Author: World Health Organization
- Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC)
This web page provides information on ETEC, its transmission, prevention of the disease, and more.
Author: US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention