Browse resources

Region: Africa

Total results with these characteristics: 207

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Rotavirus Disease Burden in Africa

Rotavirus surveillance helps measure the proportion of diarrhea hospitalizations and deaths due to rotavirus, the age distribution of rotavirus cases, the seasonality of rotavirus disease, and it monitors the diversity of circulating strains. …

Author: Mwenda JM, Tate JE, Steele AD, Parashar UD, eds.

Published: 2014

Rotavirus Infection in Africa: Epidemiology, Burden of Disease, and Strain Diversity

This supplemental issue of the Journal of Infectious Diseases illustrates the continued expansion of knowledge on rotavirus circulation, strain diversity, and disease patterns in Africa. The supplement contains articles on regional perspectives from …

Author: Steele AD, Armah GE, Page NA, Cunliffe NA, eds.

Published: 2010

Rotavirus Vaccine—A Powerful Tool to Combat Deaths From Diarrhea

This editorial, published in The New England Journal of Medicine, comments on recent efficacy trials of rotavirus vaccine in South Africa and Malawi and a postmarketing study in Mexico. Based on the data, the author recommends the introduction …

Author: Santosham M

Published: 2010

Safety and Immunogenicity of RTS,S/AS02D Malaria Vaccine in Infants

This study, published in the New England Journal of Medicine, assessed the feasibility of integrating the RTS,S/AS02D malaria vaccine into a standard expanded program on immunization (EPI) schedule for infants. The study, conducted in …

Author: Abdulla S, Oberholzer R, Juma O, et al.

Published: 2008

Safety of Immunization Injections in Africa: Not Simply a Problem of Logistics

From the Bulletin of the World Health Organization, this report is an evaluation of a "logistic approach" on immunization injection safety. The investigators found that unsafe injection practices were generally due to a failure to integrate …

Author: Dicko M, Oni AQ, Ganivet S, et al.

Published: 2000

Safety of the RTS,S/AS02A Malaria Vaccine in Mozambican Children During a Phase IIb Trial

This study, published in the journal Vaccine, evaluated the safety of the RTS,S/AS02A malaria vaccine in a proof of concept Phase IIb trial in Mozambican children aged one to four years. Overall, the study results indicate that the …

Author: Sacarlal J, Aponte JJ, Aide P, et al.

Published: 2008

Seasonality of Meningitis in Africa and Climate Forcing: Aerosols Stand Out

The determinants of the disease dynamics of bacterial meningitis in the African meningitis belt are still poorly understood; nevertheless, it is often advocated that climate and mineral dust have a large impact. Several studies have investigated …

Author: Agier L, Deroubaix A, Martiny N, Yaka P, Djibo A, Broutin H

Published: 2013

Senegal: Changing the Face of Immunization in West Africa

This report discusses the work of PATH's Children's Vaccine Program in conjunction with the Senegalese government, health care workers, and local communities to introduce innovative, practical technologies to improve vaccine delivery …

Author: PATH

Published: 2004

Senegal: Integrating and Streamlining Health Supply Chains

This document describes how project Optimize is collaborating with the Senegalese Ministry of Health to demonstrate innovations in the supply chain that can help to increase efficiency and improve performance, preparing the country for the …

Author: PATH; World Health Organization

Published: 2012

Sequelae of Epidemic Meningococcal Meningitis in Africa

This article, published in Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, reviews audiological and other long-term neurological sequelae in 157 cases and their controls 6 to 12 months after an epidemic of group A meningococcal …

Author: Smith AW, Bradley AK, Wall RA, et al.

Published: 1988

Serogroup W135 Meningococcal Disease, The Gambia, 2012

This article, published in Emerging Infectious Diseases, reports on a 2012 outbreak of Neisseria meningitidis serogroup W135 which occurred in The Gambia. The attack rate was highest among young children. The associated risk factors were male sex, …

Author: Hossain MJ, Roca A, Mackenzie GA, et al.

Published: 2013

Shaping a Strategy to Introduce HPV Vaccines in Uganda—Formative Research Results From the HPV Vaccines: Evidence for Impact Project

This report summarizes results from formative research in Uganda regarding the health systems and policy context that will affect human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine introduction, as well as beliefs, values, attitudes, knowledge, and behaviors …

Author: PATH

Published: 2009

Study of a Localized Meningococcal Meningitis Epidemic in Burkina Faso: Incidence, Carriage, and Immunity

To better understand localized meningococcal meningitis epidemics, the authors of this article, published in the Journal of Infectious Diseases, evaluated a serogroup A epidemic in Burkina Faso by surveillance, carriage, and seroprevalence …

Author: Mueller JE, Yaro S, Njanpop-Lafourcade BM, et al.

Published: 2011

A Study of Deafness in West Africa

This article, published in the International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, assessed profoundly deaf children from Nigeria in an attempt to identify the causes of deafness in this part of West Africa. The study found that measles, …

Author: Holborow C, Martinson F, Anger N

Published: 1982

A Study of Deafness in West Africa: The Gambian Hearing Health Project

This article, published in the International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, reviews data collected from several studies conducted in The Gambia to discover the incidence and causes of severe to profound hearing loss. The data shows that …

Author: McPherson B, Holborow CA

Published: 1985

Surveillance for Respiratory Syncytial Virus in CDC's Global Disease Detection Network: Epidemiology, Disease Burden and Clinical Characteristics

This supplement to The Journal of Infectious Diseases features articles on respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) surveillance data through the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC's) Global Disease Detection Network . The 12 articles …

Author: Iwane MK, Garnon EC, Gerber SI, eds.

Published: 2013

Surveillance of Meningococcal Disease in Burkina Faso

This poster, presented at the 2008 International Pathogenic Neisseria Conference, displays the results of a study that gathered epidemiologic and laboratory data on meningitis cases in Burkina Faso, determined the causal pathogens of these …

Author: Badolo O, Tiendrebeogo E, Novak RT, et al.

Published: 2008

Sustainable Immunization Financing (SIF) Program

This web page provides information about the Sabin Vaccine Institutes’ SIF program and the countries it serves. The program encourages key stakeholders—national governments (ministries of health and finance), parliamentarians, the domestic …

Author: Sabin Vaccine Institute

Sustaining Immunization Efforts Under Health Reform: Challenges for Africa

In this paper Dr. Khadija Ali Msambichaka looks at the current state of EPI programs in Africa and the effects that health care reform is having on them. She cautions that health care reforms must be implemented carefully to ensure that immunization …

Author: Msambichaka K

Published: 1999

Temperature Recording System in National Vaccine Stores of Khartoum, Sudan, and Tehran, Iran

Both Iran and Sudan utilize an alarm-based temperature recording system to monitor the performance of their national immunization cold stores. To better the utility and application of such systems in other countries, this report documents the …

Author: PATH, World Health Organization

Published: 2010

Tunisia: Demonstrating Innovative Health Supply Chain Solutions

This document describes how project Optimize and the Tunisian Ministry of Public Health are collaborating to explore new logistics and supply chain solutions that can optimize the vaccine supply chain.

Author: PATH; World Health Organization

Published: 2012

Understanding Influenza Vaccine Effectiveness in Senegal

This fact sheet describes a Phase 4, post-licensure influenza vaccine effectiveness study that PATH and its partners are conducting in Senegal. The study seeks to better understand the extent of the influenza disease burden in tropical Africa, …

Author: PATH

Published: 2011

Understanding Influenza Vaccine Performance Among Children in Senegal

This fact sheet describes a Phase 2 influenza vaccine clinical study that PATH and its partners are conducting in Senegal. The study seeks to better understand the performance of seasonal influenza vaccines in a tropical, low-resource region of the …

Author: PATH

Published: 2013

Use of MenAfriVac in a Controlled Temperature Chain (CTC) in Benin

This six-minute video describes the first campaign against meningitis A in Benin using MenAfriVac conjugate vaccine in a controlled temperature chain (CTC), conducted from November 15 to 25, 2012. The use of a CTC meant that the vaccine could be …

Author: Agence de Médecine Preventive, PATH, World Health Organization

Published: 2013

Use of MenAfriVac™ (Meningitis A Vaccine) in a Controlled Temperature Chain (CTC) During Campaigns

The need to keep vaccines in a 2°C to 8°C cold chain is a constraining factor for many immunization campaigns due to limited storage capacity and/or ice pack freezing capacity. In 2012, based on a thorough review of scientific data by regulatory …

Author: World Health Organization

Published: 2013

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