Resource type: Peer-reviewed journal
Total results with these characteristics: 548
- Eliminating Epidemic Group A Meningococcal Meningitis in Africa Through a New Vaccine
This article, published in Health Affairs, discusses a new affordable vaccine against Group A meningococcus, the most common cause of large and often fatal African epidemics of meningitis, that was introduced in Burkina Faso, Mali, and Niger in …
Author: LaForce FM, Okwo-Bele J-M
- Elimination of Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) Disease From The Gambia After the Introduction of Routine Immunisation With a Hib Conjugate Vaccine: A Prospective Study
Routine immunization of infants in The Gambia with a Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) polysaccharide-tetanus toxoid conjugate vaccine began in May 1997. This article, published in The Lancet, reports on a study that investigated the effectiveness …
Author: Adegbola RA, Secka O, Lahai G, et al.
- Emergence of a Novel Swine-Origin Influenza A (H1N1) Virus in Humans
This article, published in the New England Journal of Medicine, describes the findings of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Novel Swine-Origin Influenza A(H1N1) Virus Investigation Team from their assessment of the …
Author: Novel Swine-Origin Influenza A (H1N1) Virus Investigation Team
- Emergence of G12 Rotavirus Strains in Delhi, India, in 2000 to 2007
In this article, published in the Journal of Clinical Microbiology, researchers identified a broad diversity of rotavirus strains among children in India, including several unusual strains and two novel strains. The study highlights the great …
Author: Sharma S, Ray P, Gentsch JR, Glass RI, Kalra V, Bhan MK
- Emergency or Routine Vaccination Against Meningococcal Disease in Africa?
This comment, published in The Lancet, is based on a review of the study "Emergency Vaccination Against Epidemic Meningitis in Ghana: Implications for the Control of Meningococcal Disease in West Africa." The author concludes that …
Author: Peltola H
- Emergency Vaccination Against Epidemic Meningitis in Ghana: Implications for the Control of Meningococcal Disease in West Africa
This article, published in The Lancet, assessed the potential effects of different vaccination strategies against meningococcal disease using data from the 1997 meningococcal outbreak in northern Ghana. Using a simple mathematical model, …
Author: Woods CW, Armstrong G, Sackey SO, et al.
- Enhanced Pulmonary Histopathology is Observed in Cotton Rats Immunized with Formalin-Inactivated Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) or Purified F Glycoprotein and Challenged With RSV 3-6 Months After Immunization
The authors of this study, published in Vaccine, compared formalin-inactivated (FI) RSV, purified F glycoprotein in alum, and RSV infection (intranasal) for their immunogenicity, efficacy, and ability to enhance pulmonary histopathology during RSV …
Author: Murphy BR, Sotnikov AV, Lawrence LA, Banks SM, Prince GA
- Ensuring Access to HPV Vaccines Through Integrated Services: A Reproductive Health Perspective
This article, published in the Bulletin of the World Health Organization, describes avenues for service delivery of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines and critical information gaps that must be bridged in order to inform future sexual and …
Author: Pollack AE, Balkin M, Edouard L, Cutts F, and Broutet N on behalf of the WHO/United Nations Population Fund Working Group on Sexual and Reproductive Health and HPV Vaccines
- Enteric Infections and the Vaccines to Counter Them: Future Directions
Published in the journal Vaccine, this article discusses the importance of creating reliable, long-term demand for the next generation of enteric vaccines, including new rotavirus, Shigella, and ETEC vaccines and priorities for achieving this …
Author: Levine M
- Enteric Infections, Diarrhea, and Their Impact on Function and Development
Enteric infections, with or without overt diarrhea, have profound effects on intestinal absorption, nutrition, and childhood development as well as on global mortality. Oral rehydration therapy has reduced the number of deaths from dehydration …
Author: Petri Jr. WA, Miller M, Binder HJ, et al.
- Enteropathogens and Other Factors Associated with Severe Disease in Children with Acute Watery Diarrhea in Lima, Peru
This study, published in the Journal of Infectious Diseases, of children presenting with mild to severe diarrhea and dehydration at a hospital in Peru describes rotavirus serotypes and risk factors for infection, and offers support for the …
Author: Cama R, Parashar U, Taylor D, et al.
- Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli in Developing Countries: Epidemiology, Microbiology, Clinical Features, Treatment, and Prevention
This article was published in Clinical Microbiology Reviews. ETEC is an underrecognized but extremely important cause of diarrhea in the developing world where there is inadequate clean water and poor sanitation. It is the most frequent bacterial …
Author: Qadri F, Svennerholm AM, Faruque AS, Sack RB
- Environmental Risk and Meningitis Epidemics in Africa
This study, published in Emerging Infectious Diseases, provides evidence that the relationship between the environment and the location of meningitis epidemics is quantifiable. The study proposes a model based on environmental …
Author: Molesworth AM, Cuevas LF, Connor SJ, Morse AP, Thomson MC
- Epidemic Meningitis Due to Group A Neisseria Meningitidis in the African Meningitis Belt: A Persistent Problem With an Imminent Solution
This article, published in the journal Vaccine, emphasizes Group A Neisseria meningitidis as a health problem in Africa and disccuses the potential for a proactive control strategy for epidemic meningitis with the use of …
Author: LaForce FM, Ravenscroft N, Djingarey M, et al
- An Epidemiologic Study of Altered Clinical Reactivity to Respiratory Syncytial (RS) Virus Infection in Children Previously Vaccinated With an Inactivated RS Virus Vaccine
This article, published in the American Journal of Epidemiology, describes a study that evaluated altered clinical reactivity to a formalin-inactivated respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) vaccine candidate administered to healthy infants and children …
Author: Kapikian AZ, Mitchell RH, Chanock RM, Shvedoff RA, Stewart CE
- Epidemiological Profile of Meningococcal Disease in the United States
Published in Clinical Infectious Diseases, this article discusses the current epidemiological profile of meningococcal disease and the vaccines that are currently available in the United States. The article also outlines what would be required for a …
Author: Harrison LH
- Epidemiology and Burden of Disease from Japanese Encephalitis in Cambodia: Results From Two Years of Sentinel Surveillance
This article, published in Tropical Medicine & International Health, describes the results of two years of surveillance for Japanese encephalitis (JE) disease in Cambodian children aged 15 years and under at six sentinel …
Author: Touch S, Hills S, Sokhal B, et al.
- The Epidemiology of Human Rotavirus Associated with Diarrhoea in Kenyan Children: A Review
This review of 30 years worth of published data provided insight into the burden of disease and the emergence of new genotypes in Kenya, indicating a need for continued surveillance. ABSTRACT ONLY. (Learn how users in developing countries can …
Author: Kiulia NM, Kamenwa R, Irimu G, et al.
- Epidemiology of Japanese encephalitis in Context With Indian Scenario
This article provides a historical overview of Japanese encephalitis (JE) in India since the first detection of JE virus activity in 1952 until the 2006 introduction of JE vaccine in high-risk states and expansion of vaccination efforts in …
Author: Dhillon GP, Raina VK
- The Epidemiology of Meningococcal Disease and the Impact of Vaccines
Neisseria meningitidis causes meningococcal disease, a severe bacterial infection of the bloodstream or meninges, worldwide. The disease is most common among young children, but the existing polysaccharide vaccines have been sparsely used because …
Author: Khatami A, Pollard AJ
- Epidemiology of Meningococcal Disease in Latin America: Current Situation and Opportunities for Prevention
This article, published in Neurological Research, discusses the changes in the epidemiology of meningococcal disease in Latin America and comments on the development and potential impact of new vaccines for the prevention of the disease. The authors …
Author: Sáfadi MA, Cintra OA
- The Epidemiology of Rotavirus Diarrhea in Latin America: Anticipating Rotavirus Vaccines
This literature review, published in the Pan American Journal of Public Health, was performed to assess the disease burden and epidemiology of rotavirus diarrhea in Latin America. ABSTRACT ONLY. (Learn how users in developing countries can …
Author: Kane E, Turcios RM, Arvay M, et al.
- Epidemiology of Rotavirus Diarrhoea in Africa: A Review to Assess the Need for Rotavirus Immunization
This study, published in the Bulletin of the World Health Organization, reviews the epidemiology and disease burden of rotavirus diarrhea among children at hospitals and clinics in African countries, covering the period 1975–1992.
Author: Cunliffe N, Kilgore PE, Bresee JE, et al.
- Establishment of a New Human Pneumococcal Standard Reference Serum 007sp
This article, published in Clinical and Vaccine Immunology, reports on a study that resulted in the development of a new pneumococcal reference serum to replace the dwindling stocks of Lot 89SF, the reference standard serum pool used since 1990. The …
Author: Goldblatt D, Plikaytis BD, Akkoyunlu M, et al.
- Estimated Global Mortality Associated With the First 12 Months of 2009 Pandemic Influenza A H1N1 Virus Circulation: A Modelling Study
This article, published in The Lancet Infectious Diseases, estimates the global mortality associated with the first 12 months of the 2009 influenza A/H1N1 virus pandemic. Results of the analysis estimate that respiratory and cardiovascular …
Author: Dawood FS, Iuliano AD, Reed C, et al.