Browse resources

Topic: Introduction and service delivery

Total results with these characteristics: 271

Perceptions About Injections and Private-Sector Injection Practices in Central Nepal

This eye-opening report documents provider injection practices and attitudes toward medical injections among providers and the general public. In spite of widespread use of disposible syringes and seemingly high awareness of the dangers of …

Author: PATH and the General Welfare Pratisthan

Published: 2000

The Pink Book—Epidemiology and Prevention of Vaccine-Preventable Diseases

This book provides physicians, nurses, nurse practitioners, physician assistants, pharmacists, and others with the most comprehensive information on vaccine-preventable diseases. In addition to chapters on more general vaccine-related topics, it …

Author: US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Published: 2012

Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine for Childhood Immunization - WHO Position Paper

This article, published in Weekly Epidemiological Record, is a summary of pneumococcal disease and its burden, as well as the official World Health Organization (WHO) position on use of conjugate vaccines in a global context. In 2012, the …

Author: World Health Organization

Published: 2007

Pneumococcal Vaccines: WHO Position Paper - 2012

This article, published in the Weekly Epidemiological Record, summarizes the World Health Organization's (WHO's) recommendations on pneumococcal vaccines and related issues, including disease surveillance, epidemiology, and studies to evaluate …

Author: World Health Organization

Published: 2012

Pneumonia and Diarrhoea: Tackling the Deadliest Diseases for the World’s Poorest Children

This report focuses on the huge potential to narrow the child survival gap between the richest and the poorest by focusing on pneumonia and diarrhea—the two primary killers of children under the age of five. It includes a review of the current …

Author: United Nations Children's Fund

Published: 2012

Policy Development for Human Papillomavirus Vaccine Introduction in Low-Resource Settings

This analysis, published in The Open Vaccine Journal, describes the policy environment related to human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine introduction, identifies the policy processes and key stakeholders in HPV vaccine introduction, summarizes specific …

Author: Tsui J, LaMontagne DS, Levin C, Bingham A, Menezes L

Published: 2009

Policy Making for New Vaccines in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

This supplement published by Health Policy and Planning is devoted to issues related to new vaccine introduction. It includes a number of articles examining the decision-making process that low- and middle-income countries must go through when …

Author: Mounier-Jack S, Burchett H, eds.

Published: 2012

Polio Vaccination

This web page provides information and resources for health professionals and the public about polio, vaccines against the disease, and eradication initiatives.

Author: US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


This website presents the latest polio campaign monitoring and communication data collected on behalf of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative Partners. This data is used to develop profiles of the priority polio countries, in order to guide the …

Author: UNICEF

Practical, Local Solutions for Safely Managing Contaminated Syringes and Other Medical Waste

Until recently little guidance had been available on practical, affordable, and safe waste storage and collection systems or on construction of effective burners. PATH partnered with Nepali nongovernmental organization General Welfare Pratistan and …

Author: PATH

Published: 2004

Pragmatic Management of Programmatic Vaccination Errors—Lessons Learnt from Incidents in London

Correct storage, handling, and administration of vaccines are vital components of a successful immunization program. However, with the large number of different healthcare professionals now involved in delivering vaccine programs on a daily …

Author: Craig L, Elliman D, Heathcock R, Turbitt D, Walsh B, Crowcroft N

Published: 2010

Preventing Mother-to-Child Transmission of Hepatitis B: Operational Field Guidelines for Delivery of the Birth Dose of Hepatitis B Vaccine

This manual developed for the Western Pacific region provides a menu of programmatic options for improving timely delivery of the first dose of hepatitis B vaccine in different birth contexts to reduce mother-to-child transmission of …

Author: World Health Organization

Published: 2006

Principles and Considerations for Adding a Vaccine to a National Immunization Programme: From Decision to Implementation and Monitoring

This report reviews the principles and issues to be considered when making decisions about, planning, and implementing the introduction of a vaccine into a national immunization program. It also highlights ways to use the opportunity provided by the …

Author: World Health Organization

Published: 2014

Procedures for Expedited Review of Imported Prequalified Vaccines for Use in National Immunization Programs

These guidelines are directed at countries that may lack resources to carry out a regulatory approval procedure for sourcing WHO prequalified vaccines either through UN agencies or directly from manufacturers.

Author: World Health Organization

Published: 2007

Progress in Cervical Cancer Prevention: The CCA Report Card

This report assesses global readiness to fight cervical cancer using new approaches and new technologies, especially in regions where the disease is a common killer. It underscores the urgent need for the global community to prioritize cervical …

Author: Cervical Cancer Action

Published: 2012

Progress in Improving the Safety of Injections in the EPI Western Pacific Region

Includes a "Guide for developing a national plan of action for injection safety" and a "Checklist for EPI supervisors—sterilization and injection practices."

Author: World Health Organization

Published: 1998

Progress in Preventing Cervical Cancer: Updated Evidence on Vaccination and Screening

This issue of Outlook provides information on opportunities for preventing cervical cancer through vaccination and screening. It summarizes evidence on the safety and efficacy of human papillomavirus vaccines as well as successful approaches for …

Author: PATH

Published: 2010

Proper Handling and Disposal of Auto-Disable Syringes and Safety Boxes

Part of the "Training Resource Series," this unique training module was specially designed to be easy to adapt for specific national programs. In addition to key technical content it includes quizzes, role plays, and creative ideas for trainers.

Author: PATH

Published: 2006

Prospective Assessment of the Effect of Needle Length and Injection Site on the Risk of Local Reactions to the Fifth Diphtheria-Tetanus-Acellular Pertussis Vaccination

Local reactions are relatively common after the fifthdiphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis vaccination, but factorsassociated with an increased risk of those reactions are notwell defined. The objective of this study was to assess therelationship …

Author: Jackson LA, Starkovich P, Dunstan M, et al.

Published: 2008

Protecting Children for a Healthy Tomorrow: Lessons From the Andhra Pradesh Partnership Project on Immunization

This publication outlines the activities undertaken in the five-year Partnership Project on Immunization by the Indian state government of Andhra Pradesh and PATH to strengthen routine immunization by introduction of the hepatitis B vaccine in …

Author: PATH; Government of Andhra Pradesh, India

Published: 2006

Protecting Children From Diarrheal Disease: PATH Takes a Comprehensive Approach to Combating This Leading Cause of Child Deaths

This fact sheet provides an overview of PATH's work, including vaccine development and introduction, in protecting children from diarrheal disease.

Author: PATH

Published: 2011

Protecting India's Children from Japanese Encephalitis

This fact sheet provides information about the partnerships and commitments that helped the Government of India introduce a landmark strategy to vaccinate children at highest risk. Campaigns in 2006 reached more than 9 million, and the target …

Author: PATH

Published: 2007

Protecting Newborns From Hepatitis B in Vietnam: Expanding Coverage of the Hepatitis B Vaccine Birth Dose

This fact sheet describes PATH's project to increase the coverage and timeliness of hepatitis B birth dose vaccination in Vietnam.

Author: PATH

Published: 2014

Protocol for Evaluating Freezing in the Vaccine Cold Chain

This protocol is designed to document the level of freezing in the cold chain and identify specific problem areas where corrective actions are warranted. It can be tailored to an individual program’s resources: a simple, low-cost study can be done …

Author: PATH

Published: 2003

ProVac Pneumococcal e-Learning Course

This online course is a practical tool designed to aid policy makers, national-level managers of immunization programs and other experts in making evidence-based decisions regarding the introduction of conjugate pneumococcal vaccines into national …

Author: Pan American Health Organization