Browse resources

Topic: Introduction and service delivery

Total results with these characteristics: 272

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Landscape Analysis of Routine Immunization in Nigeria: Identifying Barriers and Prioritizing Interventions

This white paper provides an analysis of supply-side constraints and demand-side determinants of routine immunization coverage in Nigeria. It emphasizes that tackling the basic barriers to routine immunization in Nigeria—cold chain, transport, …

Author: International Vaccine Access Center

Published: 2012

Landscape Analysis Synopsis: An Initial Investigation of the Drivers of Routine Immunization System Performance in Africa

The Africa Routine Immunization System Essentials (ARISE) project documents successful interventions that drive strong routine immunization system performance in Africa and analyzes their potential for diffusion throughout the region. ARISE …

Author: John Snow, Inc.

Published: 2011

Landscape Analysis: Trends in Vaccine Availability and Novel Vaccine Delivery Technologies: 2008–2025

This landscape analysis identifies trends in the availability of vaccines and novel vaccine delivery technologies that are and will be of relevance to low- and middle-income countries from the present through 2025.

Author: PATH, World Health Organization

Published: 2008

Lessons from Polio Eradication

This article, published in Nature, discusses what the authors believe can be learned from the polio eradication initiative; in particular, why some children remain unvaccinated. Their research points to three key lessons for the endgame of polio …

Author: Larson HJ, Ghinai I

Published: 2011

A Long and Winding Road: Getting the HPV Vaccine to Women in the Developing World

This article, published in the Guttmacher Policy Review, discusses the incidence of cervical cancer in developing countries and addresses some of the challenges associated with broader use of HPV vaccines in these countries, including cost, public …

Author: Cohen SA

Published: 2007

Malaria Vaccine Decision-Making Framework

As the development of malaria vaccines accelerates, work is also underway on the policy front to pave the way for decisions on possible malaria vaccine use. Early planning is crucial to the successful adoption and introduction of a vaccine. To …

Author: PATH

Published: 2012

The Manager's Electronic Resource Center

This web resource center provides management tools and information across an international network of health professionals. The site is run by MSH, a nonprofit organization geared toward strengthening health programs worldwide.

Author: Management Sciences for Health

Measuring Impact of Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae type b Conjugate Vaccination

This manual describes approaches to measuring pneumococcal and Haemophilus influenzae type b conjugate vaccine impact on disease incidence and provides a framework for determining the best methodology in a specific country setting. It details a …

Author: World Health Organization

Published: 2012

Meeting Report: Third Biregional Meeting on Control of Japanese Encephalitis

This report provides an update on JE surveillance, diagnostics, and immunization programs in Southeast Asia and the Western Pacific.

Author: World Health Organization

Published: 2007

Meningitis Vaccine Project

The Meningitis Vaccine Project (MVP), a collaboration between PATH and the World Health Organization, works to eliminate epidemic meningitis as a public health problem in sub-Saharan Africa. The MVP website includes information on …

Author: PATH and World Health Organization

Meningococcal Disease From the Public Health Policy Perspective

Given the availability of conjugate vaccines against meningococcal disease there is now the potential to effectively control meningococcal disease globally. The authors of this article, published in Vaccine, discuss how optimal control of …

Author: Black SB, Plotkin SA

Published: 2012

Microbiological and Epidemiological Investigation of the Neisseria Meningitidis Serogroup A Epidemic in Niger in 2009: Last Wave Before the Introduction of the Serogroup A Meningococcal Conjugate Vaccine?

The authors of this article, published in Epidemiology and Infection, analyzed cerebrospinal fluid samples during the 2009 meningitis season in Niger, the largest epidemic observed in Niger since those of  to 1996 …

Author: Collard JM, Maman Z, Abani A, et al.

Published: 2011

Mid-level Management Course for EPI Managers

This set of training modules is aimed at mid-level EPI program managers at district and province levels and covers a spectrum of activities, from planning through program implementation and evaluation.

Author: World Health Organization

Published: 2004

Monitoring Adverse Events Following Immunization With a New Conjugate Vaccine Against Group A Meningococcus in Niger, September 2010

In Niger, the introduction campaign of MenAfriVac™, a new conjugate vaccine against Neisseria meningitidis serogroup A, was conducted in the District of Filingue, during September 2010. The authors of this article, published in …

Author: Chaibou MS, Bako H, Salisou L, et al.

Published: 2012

National Immunization Technical Advisory Group (NITAG) Resource Center

The National Immunization Technical Advisory Group (NITAG) Resource Center provides information, tools, and briefings to NITAGs and the global immunization community to improve evidence-based decision making on vaccines and immunization at the …

Author: Supporting National Independent Immunization and Vaccine Advisory Committees (SIVAC) Initiative

New Decade of Vaccines

In December 2010, global health leaders committed to making the next 10 years the Decade of Vaccines - to ensure discovery, development, and delivery of lifesaving vaccines globally, especially to the poorest countries. This special series of …

Author: Horton R, ed.

Published: 2011

New Vaccine Post-Introduction Evaluation (PIE) Tool

This post-introduction evaluation (PIE) tool provides a systematic method for evaluating the impact of the introduction of a vaccine on the existing immunization system in a country. The PIE tool is designed for immunization managers in countries …

Author: World Health Organization

Published: 2010

Nigeria: Breaking Down Barriers to Immunization Coverage

This infographic highlights key interventions that can help Nigeria scale up its immunization coverage and save children's lives.

Author: International Vaccine Access Center

Published: 2012

Optimal Intramuscular Needle-Penetration Depth

The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has needle-length recommendations for intramuscular vaccinations in the thigh and shoulder on the basis of the age of the child. Underpenetration of the intramuscular layer with short needles …

Author: Lippert WC, Wall E

Published: 2008

Optimize: Guatemala Report

This report presents the results and lessons learned from a collaborative effort between the Guatemala Ministry of Public Health and Social Assistance, the Pan American Health Organization, and project Optimize. This demonstration project attempted …

Author: PATH, World Health Organization

Published: 2013

Optimum Dosing of Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine For Infants: A Landscape Analysis of Evidence Supporting Different Schedules

This supplement of the Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal features nine articles on the considerations for pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) dosing schedules. This systematic literature review and corresponding analyses support the dosing …

Author: O’Brien KL, Goldblatt D, Whitney CG, eds.

Published: 2014

Oral Delivery Technologies

Vaccines against some pathogens can be more efficacious when delivered by the oral route, particularly if these are the routes of infection. This fact sheet describes PATH's approach to technologies for the oral delivery of vaccines and their …

Author: PATH

Published: 2014

Outbreak Communication Guidelines

A 13-page paper describing best communication practices for rapid disease outbreak control.

Author: World Health Organization

Published: 2005

The Pandemic Influenza Vaccine Challenge

This editorial, published in the journal Vaccine, discusses some of the challenges of meeting influenza vaccine demand in the event of a pandemic, including vaccine technology, manufacturing capacity, demand for seasonal influenza …

Author: Kieny MP, Fukuda K

Published: 2008

Partnering for Successful Introduction of Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine in India

Presented at the 11th Annual Scientific Conference of the International Center for Diarrheoal Disease Research, Bangladesh, this poster describes the role of partnership in planning and implementing a groundbreaking JE vaccination campaign that …

Author: PATH; Government of India

Published: 2007

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