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Topic: Disease/vaccine specific information

Total results with these characteristics: 958

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Community Perceptions of Malaria and Vaccines in Two Districts of Mozambique

Malaria is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity in Mozambique, with nearly three-quarters of the country’s malaria-related deaths occurring in children younger than five years. A malaria vaccine is not yet available, but planning is …

Author: Bingham A, Gaspar F, Lancaster K, Conjera J, Collymore Y, Ba-Nguz A

Published: 2012

Comparative Evaluation of the Potential Impact of Rotavirus Versus HPV Vaccination in GAVI-Eligible Countries: A Preliminary Analysis Focused on the Relative Disease Burden

This article, published in BMC Infectious Diseases, reports on a study that aimed to provide early insight into how the comparative impact of different new vaccines could be assessed in resource-poor settings with respect to affordability, …

Author: Kim SY, Sweet S, Chang J, Goldie SJ

Published: 2011

Comparative Review of Three Cost-Effectiveness Models for Rotavirus Vaccines in National Immunization Programs: A Generic Approach Applied to Various Regions in the World

This article, published in BMC Medicine, critically reviews available cost-effectiveness models for rotavirus vaccination, comparing their designs using a standardized approach and studying the similarities and differences in cost-effectiveness …

Author: Postma MJ, Jit M, Rozenbaum MH, Standaert BA, Tu HA, Hutubessy RCW

Published: 2011

Comparison of Cost-of-Illness with Willingness-to-Pay Estimates to Avoid Shigellosis: Evidence from China

Published in Health Policy and Planning, this compares cost-of-illness (COI) with stated preference estimates of willingness-to-pay associated with shigellosis in a rural area of China to evaluate the economic benefits of disease …

Author: Guh S, Xingbao C, Poulos C, et al.

Published: 2008

Comparison of the Immunogenicity and Safety of Measles Vaccine Administered Alone or With Live, Attenuated Japanese Encephalitis SA 14-14-2 Vaccine in Philippine Infants

This article, published in the journal Vaccine, presents data generated through a PATH-supported study that demonstrated safe and immunogenic coadministration of measles vaccine and the live, attenuated japanese …

Author: Gatchalian S, Yao Y, Zhoub B, et al.

Published: 2008

The Compelling Need for Game-Changing Influenza Vaccines: An Analysis of the Influenza Vaccine Enterprise and Recommendations for the Future

This report provides a review of all aspects of influenza vaccine research and development, financing, manufacturing, efficacy, safety, regulatory issues, procurement, distribution, usage, public education, consumer acceptance, and public policy. …

Author: Center for Infectious Disease Research & Policy

Published: 2012

A Comprehensive Approach to Rotavirus Vaccines

This fact sheet highlights PATH's work to address rotavirus and includes general information about its efforts to increase access to and effectiveness of existing vaccines, as well as to develop new vaccines.

Author: PATH

Published: 2011

Comprehensive Cervical Cancer Prevention and Control: A Healthier Future for Girls and Women

This World Health Organization Guidance Note advocates for a comprehensive approach to cervical cancer prevention and control and is aimed at senior policy makers and programme managers. It describes the need to deliver effective interventions …

Author: World Health Organization

Published: 2013

Conducting Formative Research for HPV Vaccination Program Planning: Practical Experience from PATH

From 2006 to 2011, PATH conducted demonstration projects in four low- and middle-income countries—India, Peru, Uganda, and Vietnam—to provide evidence for decision-making about public-sector introduction of human papillomavirus (HPV) …

Author: PATH

Published: 2012

Conducting Vaccine Clinical Trials in Sub-Saharan Africa: Operational Challenges and Lessons Learned From the Meningitis Vaccine Project

The Meningitis Vaccine Project (MVP) was established with the goal of developing, testing, licensing, and introducing an affordable group A meningococcal conjugate vaccine for Africa. The authors of this article, published in Vaccine, describe the …

Author: Marchetti E, Mazarin-Diop V, Chaumont J, et al.

Published: 2012

Confirmation of Japanese Encephalitis as an Endemic Human Disease Through Sentinel Surveillance in Indonesia

Japanese encephalitis (JE) results in significant mortality and disability in children in Asia. In Indonesia, despite recognition of JE virus transmission, reports of human disease have been few and from limited geographic areas. Hospital-based …

Author: Ompusunggu S, Hills S, Sembiring Maha M, et al.

Published: 2008

Conjugate Vaccine Introduction in the African Meningitis Belt: Meeting Surveillance Objectives

This article, published in Tropical Medicine & International Health, asserts that surveillance systems and techniques for diagnosing bacterial meningitis and pneumococcal disease in the African meningitis belt have improved greatly over the …

Author: Mueller JE

Published: 2013

Conjugate Vaccines

This review, published in Expert Review of Vaccines, looks at what has been learned from developing conjugate vaccines against Haemophilus influenzae type b, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and group C Neisseria meningitidis that could be useful for the …

Author: Lockhart S

Published: 2003

Conjugate Vaccines and the Carriage of Haemophilus influenzae type b

Many junior doctors today have not had occasion to treat a child for Hib disease. The remarkable absence of cases of this disease is due to the use of conjugate vaccines. In countries with established Hib vaccination programs the incidence of …

Author: Barbour M

Published: 1996

The Contribution of Specific Pneumococcal Serogroups to Different Disease Manifestations: Implications for Conjugate Vaccine Formulation and Use, Part II

To assess whether certain serogroups of Streptococcus pneumoniae are preferentially associated with specific disease manifestations, we analyzed all recent pneumococcal disease studies and assessed the relative frequency of isolation of each …

Author: Hausdorff WP, Bryant J, Paradiso P, Siber G

Published: 2000

Control of Epidemic Meningococcal Disease. WHO Practical Guidelines. 2nd Edition

These guidelines, designed for physicians, laboratory workers, and health care administrators, provide comprehensive information on epidemiology and standard techniques for diagnosis, treatment, prevention, and control of meningococcal disease …

Author: World Health Organization

Published: 1998

Control of Japanese Encephalitis--Within Our Grasp?

The article, from the New England Journal of Medicine, provides an up-to-date summary of JE disease incidence, epidemiology, and vaccines against JE.

Author: Solomon T

Published: 2006

Coordinated Surveillance and Detection of Pneumococcal and Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) Disease in Developing Countries

This supplemental issue of Clinical Infectious Diseases provides numerous articles on the surveillance and detection of pneumococcal and Haemophilus influenzae type b disease in developing countries. Topics include progress and challenges in disease …

Author: Black S, Knoll MD, eds.

Published: 2009

Correlates of Protection: Novel Generations of Influenza Vaccines

This article, published in the journal Vaccine, reviews potential correlates of protection against influenza and discusses some of the vaccination strategies that could result in optimal protection against epidemic and pandemic influenza. ABSTRACT …

Author: Rimmelzwaan GF, McElhaney JE

Published: 2008

The Cost and Public Health Burden of Invasive Meningococcal Disease Outbreaks: A Systematic Review

Invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) is a serious disease with a rapid onset, high mortality rate, and risk of long-term complications. The authors of this article, published in Pharmacoeconomics, systematically reviewed the literature on the costs …

Author: Anonychuk A, Woo G, Vyse A, Demarteau N, Tricco AC

Published: 2013

A Cost Effectiveness and Capacity Analysis for the Introduction of Universal Rotavirus Vaccination in Kenya: Comparison Between Rotarix and RotaTeq Vaccines

The authors of this article, published in PLoS ONE, applied cost-effectiveness modeling and a cold-chain impact assessment to aid decision-making on rotavirus vaccine introduction in Kenya. They conclude that use of either vaccine is cost-effective, …

Author: van Hoek AJ, Ngama M, Ismail A, et al.

Published: 2012

Cost Effectiveness of Rotavirus Vaccines and Other Interventions for Diarrhoeal Diseases: Meeting Report 2006

This report from the WHO's Weekly Epidemiologic Record summarizes a meeting convened by PATH, WHO, and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) on the economic burden of rotavirus disease and cost-effectiveness of vaccines. The …

Author: World Health Organization

Published: 2006

A Cost Function Analysis of Shigellosis in Thailand

This article, published in Value in Health, discusses a study to develop a cost function model to estimate the public treatment cost of shigellosis patients in Thailand. The study was an incidence-based cost-of-illness …

Author: Riewpaiboon A, Youngkong S, Sreshthaputra N, et al.

Published: 2008

Cost-Effectiveness and Potential Impact of Rotavirus Vaccination in the United States

This study, published in the journal Pediatrics, examines the costs and benefits of routine rotavirus vaccination for infants in the US, using a hypothetical cohort of unvaccinated infants. Researchers determined that, at current prices, …

Author: Widdowson MA, Meltzer MI, Zhang X, et al.

Published: 2007

Cost-Effectiveness of a New Rotavirus Vaccination Program in Pakistan: A Decision Tree Model

This article, published in Vaccine, reports on the expected public health impact of a national rotavirus vaccination program in Pakistan by performing a cost-effectiveness study from the perspective of the health care system. Across a range of …

Author: Patel HD, Roberts ET, Constenla DO

Published: 2013

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