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Topic: Disease burden and surveillance

Total results with these characteristics: 279

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Hepatitis

This page provides links to WHO activities, reports, news, and events related to hepatitis, including hepatitis B. It also includes links to partners working on hepatitis B surveillance and vaccine introduction, and further information on …

Author: World Health Organization

High Disease Burden of Diarrhea Due to Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli Among Rural Egyptian Infants and Young Children

Published in the Journal of Clinical Microbiology, this article examins the burden of diarrheal disease due to enterotoxigenic E. coli among rural Egyptian infants and young children, whic has an incidence of 1.5 episodes per child per …

Author: Rao M, Abu-Elyazeed R, Savarino S, et al.

Published: 2003

A History of Vaccines

This fact sheet on the history of vaccines gives a brief overview of disease rates before and after the development of vaccines.

Author: PATH

Published: 2013

HPV Vaccine Infographic 2014

This infographic provides information on the scale of cervical cancer deaths around the world. It also distinguishes between countries with national human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine programs and countries that are eligible for HPV vaccine funding …

Author: GAVI Alliance

Published: 2014

HPV Vaccines and Screening in the Prevention of Cervical Cancer

This monograph, published in Vaccine, summarizes the present state of human papillomavirus vaccines and screening in the prevention of cervical cancer. It provides a number of articles covering epidemiological achievements, technical developments, …

Author: Bosch FX, Cuzick J, Schiller JT, et al., eds.

Published: 2006

Human Immunity to the Meningococcus: Development of Natural Immunity

This article, published in the Journal of Experimental Medicine, discusses a study in the United States that suggests that natural immunity to meningococcal disease is initiated, reinforced, and broadened by intermittent carriage of different …

Author: Goldschneider I, Gotschlich EC, Artenstein MS

Published: 1969

Human Immunity to the Meningococcus: The Role of Humoral Antibodies

This article, published in the Journal of Experimental Medicine, reviews an earlier study of the age-specific incidence of meningococcal meningitis in the United States that found that the proportion of individuals with serum bactericidal …

Author: Goldschneider I, Gotschlich EC, Artenstein MS

Published: 1969

Human Papillomavirus Vaccines: WHO Position Paper

This article, published in the Weekly Epidemiological Record, is the first World Health Organization (WHO) position paper on vaccines against diseases caused by human papillomaviruses (HPV). It provides essential background information on HPV and …

Author: World Health Organization

Published: 2009

A Hypothetical Explanatory Model for Meningococcal Meningitis in the African Meningitis Belt

Currently, no explanation exists for the epidemic pattern of meningitis in the African meningitis belt, in spite of recent progress in disease surveillance. Such a model would be conducive to mathematically mapping vaccine strategies or predicting …

Author: Mueller JE, Gessner BD

Published: 2010

ICO (Institut Català d'Oncologia) Information Centre on HPV and Cancer

This information center was developed to accelerate the development and introduction of prophylactic HPV vaccines in countries with the highest burden of cervical cancer and reduce the incidence of this disease and related lesions among women. It …

Author: Institut Català d’Oncologia

Immunization Surveillance, Assessment and Monitoring

This web page provides up-to-date information on regional and global incidence of vaccine-preventable diseases, as well as rates of immunization coverage. Most of the data is derived from official reports by World Health Organization (WHO) Member …

Author: World Health Organization

Impact of Rotavirus Vaccination in Germany: Rotavirus Surveillance, Hospitalization, Side Effects and Comparison of Vaccines

This article, published in the Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, examines the impact of national introduction of rotavirus vaccination in Germany. Rotavirus-related hospital admissions of children under one year of age decreased by 60 percent in …

Author: Uhlig U, Kostev K, Schuster V, Koletzko S, Uhlig HH

Published: 2014

Impact of the Serogroup A Meningococcal Conjugate Vaccine, MenAfriVac, on Carriage and Herd Immunity

The conjugate vaccine against serogroup A Neisseria meningitidis (NmA), MenAfriVac, was first introduced in mass vaccination campaigns of 1 to 29-year-olds in Burkina Faso in 2010. The authors of this article, published in Clinical Infectious …

Author: Kristiansen PA, Diomandé F, Ba AK, et al.

Published: 2013

Implementation of Standard Operating Procedures for Enhanced Meningitis Surveillance in 13 Countries of the African Meningitis Belt from 2003 to 2008

This poster, presented at the 2008 International Pathogenic Neisseria Conference, displays the results of a study to determine the effectiveness of the Standard Operating Procedures that were developed in 2001 to 2002 to codify and enhance …

Author: Djingarey MH, Konde K, Kandolo D, et al.

Published: 2008

Improving Global Health by Preventing Pneumococcal Disease

This report summarizes the results of a six-month inquiry by the UK All-Party Parliamentary Group for Pneumococcal Disease Prevention in the Developing World (APPG) on the global disease burden of pneumococcal disease and pneumonia, …

Author: UK All-Party Parliamentary Group on Pneumococcal Disease Prevention in the Developing World

Published: 2008

Increased Incidence of Meningococcal Disease in HIV-Infected Individuals Associated With Higher Case-Fatality Ratios in South Africa

This article, published in AIDS, describes a cohort surveillance study conducted in South Africa to compare the incidence of meningococcal disease among HIV-infected individuals versus uninfected individuals. The authors also evaluated the extent to …

Author: Cohen C, Singh E, Wu HM, et al.

Published: 2010

Indirect Protection of Adults From Rotavirus by Pediatric Rotavirus Vaccination

Pediatric vaccination has resulted in declines in disease in unvaccinated individuals through decreasing pathogen circulation in the community. About two years after the implementation of pediatric rotavirus vaccination in the United States, …

Author: Anderson EJ, Shippee DB, Weinrobe MH, et al.

Published: 2013

Infectious Disease: Hitting Early, Epidemic Meningitis Ravages Nigeria and Niger

This commentary, published in the journal Science, discusses one of the worst meningococcal meningitis epidemics in years in Nigeria and Niger. ABSTRACT ONLY. (Learn how users in developing countries can gain free access to journal …

Author: Roberts L

Published: 2009

Influenza Vaccine for Pregnant Women in Resource-Constrained Countries: A Review of the Evidence to Inform Policy Decisions

While influenza vaccination of pregnant women may be justified on the basis of preventing maternal disease alone, demonstrating additional benefits to the newborn is important to inform policy decisions in areas with limited resources and many …

Author: Ortiz JR, Englund JA, Neuzil KM

Published: 2011

Influenza Virus Traceability Mechanism

In November 2007, the Intergovernmental Meeting on Pandemic Influenza Preparedness: Sharing of Influenza Viruses and Access to Vaccines and Other Benefits, requested that the World Health Organization (WHO) develop an Influenza Virus Traceability …

Author: World Health Organization

Intercountry Meningitis Meeting: Preparing for the Next Epidemic Seasons, Mali, October 2006

This article, published in the World Health Organization's Weekly Epidemiological Record, summarizes an intercountry meeting on enhanced surveillance and responses to meningitis epidemics held in October 2006 in Bamako, Mali. More than 80 …

Author: World Health Organization

Published: 2007

Invasive Meningococcal Disease Epidemiology and Control Measures: A Framework for Evaluation

This article, published in BMC Public Health, describes a discrete event simulation of the epidemiology of invasive meningococcal disease to quantify the potential impact of implementing routine vaccination of adolescents in the United States with a …

Author: Caro JJ, Möller J, Getsios D, et al.

Published: 2007

Japanese Encephalitis Disease Surveillance

This fact sheet summarizes efforts to develop and apply standardized surveillance methods to estimate the burden of JE disease in endemic regions. Reliable disease burden data will help policymakers as they consider JE vaccine introduction to …

Author: PATH

Published: 2009

Japanese Encephalitis Morbidity, Mortality, and Disability: Reduction and Control by 2015

This strategic plan, prepared by PATH from the contributions of 17 partner organizations, provides details on priority activities that must be sustained for continued momentum in Japanese encephalitis (JE) control, including improved …

Author: PATH, Armed Forces Research Institute of Medical Sciences, BIKEN, et al.

Published: 2009

Japanese Encephalitis Prevention Network

PATH launched this web portal to help countries track data about JE disease, record outbreaks, and exchange information on control strategies. The network is coordinated through technical support from Voxiva in New Delhi, India.

Author: PATH

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