Browse resources

Region: Africa

Total results with these characteristics: 207

Human Rotavirus Vaccine Rotarix Provides Protection Against Diverse Circulating Rotavirus Strains in African Infants: A Randomized Controlled Trial

This article, published in BMC Infectious Diseases, discusses a study where Rotarix® vaccine demonstrated efficacy against severe gastroenteritis caused by diverse circulating rotavirus types. These data add to evidence that the vaccine …

Author: Steele AD, Neuzil KM, Cunliffe NA, et al.

Published: 2012

A Hypothetical Explanatory Model for Meningococcal Meningitis in the African Meningitis Belt

Currently, no explanation exists for the epidemic pattern of meningitis in the African meningitis belt, in spite of recent progress in disease surveillance. Such a model would be conducive to mathematically mapping vaccine strategies or predicting …

Author: Mueller JE, Gessner BD

Published: 2010

Immune Response to Revaccination With Meningococcal A and C Polysaccharides in Gambian Children Following Repeated Immunization During Early Childhood

This article, published in the journal Vaccine, discusses a study of 42 Gambian children revaccinated at age five with meningococcal A/C polysaccharide vaccine (MPS) after receiving two doses of MPS in infancy and either MPS, meningococcal A/C …

Author: MacLennan J, Obaro S, Deeks J, et al.

Published: 1999

Immunogenicity and Safety of a Meningococcal A Conjugate Vaccine in Africans

This article, published in The New England Journal of Medicine, discusses the methods and results of two studies conducted in Africa to evaluate a new meningococcal A conjugate vaccine. The conclusion of the studies is that the new vaccine has a …

Author: Sow SO, Okoko BJ, Diallo A, et al.

Published: 2011

Impact of Rotavirus Vaccine on Childhood Diarrheal Hospitalization Following Introduction Into the South African Public Immunization Program

This article, published in the Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, describes a study in South Africa that demonstrated dramatic decreases in diarrhea-related hospitalizations in infants and young children in both rural and urban settings in the …

Author: Msimang VMY, Page N, Groome MJ, et al.

Published: 2013

The Impact of Routine Infant Immunization With Haemophilus influenzae type b Conjugate Vaccine in Malawi, a Country With High Human Immunodeficiency Virus Prevalence

Malawi has extreme poverty and high HIV prevalence. Following Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) conjugate vaccine introduction during 2002, this study evaluated vaccine impact by reviewing hospital surveillance data for acute bacterial …

Author: Daza P, Banda R, Misoya K, et al.

Published: 2006

Impact of the Serogroup A Meningococcal Conjugate Vaccine, MenAfriVac, on Carriage and Herd Immunity

The conjugate vaccine against serogroup A Neisseria meningitidis (NmA), MenAfriVac, was first introduced in mass vaccination campaigns of 1 to 29-year-olds in Burkina Faso in 2010. The authors of this article, published in Clinical Infectious …

Author: Kristiansen PA, Diomandé F, Ba AK, et al.

Published: 2013

Implementation of Standard Operating Procedures for Enhanced Meningitis Surveillance in 13 Countries of the African Meningitis Belt from 2003 to 2008

This poster, presented at the 2008 International Pathogenic Neisseria Conference, displays the results of a study to determine the effectiveness of the Standard Operating Procedures that were developed in 2001 to 2002 to codify and enhance …

Author: Djingarey MH, Konde K, Kandolo D, et al.

Published: 2008

Improved Cervical Cancer Prevention: Planning Now for a Better Future

This report documents an African regional conference on cervical cancer prevention held in September 2010 in Kampala, Uganda. Representatives from nine African countries met to share updates on cervical cancer vaccination and screening programs, and …

Author: PATH, Association of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Uganda, Uganda Ministry of Health

Published: 2010

Improved Injection Practices After the Introduction of Treatment and Sterility Guidelines in Tanzania

From the journal of Tropical Medicine and International Health, this article follows a training program at health centers, observations included increased health worker knowledge and improved sterilization practices, along with reductions …

Author: Vos J, Gumodoka B, van Asten HA, et al.

Published: 1998

Improving Vaccine Delivery Through Moving Warehouses

This fact sheet details a collaboration between Project Optimize and the Senegalese Ministry of Health to implement and validate a "moving warehouse" that will streamline the vaccine supply chain from the regional to the peripheral level. A moving …

Author: PATH, World Health Organization

Published: 2012

Increased Incidence of Meningococcal Disease in HIV-Infected Individuals Associated With Higher Case-Fatality Ratios in South Africa

This article, published in AIDS, describes a cohort surveillance study conducted in South Africa to compare the incidence of meningococcal disease among HIV-infected individuals versus uninfected individuals. The authors also evaluated the extent to …

Author: Cohen C, Singh E, Wu HM, et al.

Published: 2010

Increasing Immunization Coverage in Uganda: The Community Problem-solving and Strategy Development Approach

This short paper describes in some detail how Ugandan communities were involved in improving immunization services. The paper includes an annex with common questions posed by community members, and suggested answers, in both English and French.

Author: BASICS II, Uganda Ministry of Health

Published: 2003

Incremental Costs of Introducing Jet Injection Technology for Delivery of Routine Childhood Vaccinations: Comparative Analysis From Brazil, India, and South Africa

This article, published in Vaccine, describes a study that estimated the incremental costs of transitioning from needles and syringes to delivering childhood vaccines with disposable-syringe jet injectors (DSJIs) in Brazil, India, and South Africa. …

Author: Griffiths UK, Santos AC, Nundy N, Jacoby E, Matthias D

Published: 2011

Infectious Disease: An Ill Wind, Bringing Meningitis

This commentary, published in the journal Science, discusses meningococcal meningitis epidemics in Africa that come with the onset of the dry season, and the vaccines in development that could limit the disease's impact. ABSTRACT ONLY. (Learn …

Author: Roberts L

Published: 2008

Infectious Disease: Hitting Early, Epidemic Meningitis Ravages Nigeria and Niger

This commentary, published in the journal Science, discusses one of the worst meningococcal meningitis epidemics in years in Nigeria and Niger. ABSTRACT ONLY. (Learn how users in developing countries can gain free access to journal …

Author: Roberts L

Published: 2009

Integrating the Supply Chains of Vaccines and Other Health Commodities

This evidence brief examines the benefits, challenges, and rationale for integrating vaccine supply chains with the supply chains of other health commodities. It provides agencies, donors, decision-makers, and partners with a brief overview of …

Author: PATH, World Health Organization

Published: 2013

Intercountry Meningitis Meeting: Preparing for the Next Epidemic Seasons, Mali, October 2006

This article, published in the World Health Organization's Weekly Epidemiological Record, summarizes an intercountry meeting on enhanced surveillance and responses to meningitis epidemics held in October 2006 in Bamako, Mali. More than 80 …

Author: World Health Organization

Published: 2007

Introduction to DPT-Hepatitis B Vaccine, Information for Health Care Workers

This document contains two booklets that provide information about the DTP-hepatitis B vaccine. One booklet is for health workers; the other targets community leaders.

Author: Mozambique Ministry of Health

Published: 2001

Investigating Live Attenuated Influenza Vaccine Efficacy in Senegal

This fact sheet describes a Phase 3 clinical study that PATH and its partners are conducting in Senegal to evaluate the clinical efficacy of a seasonal, trivalent live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV). By providing evidence on how well this type …

Author: PATH

Published: 2013

Kill or Cure: Meningitis

This 25-minute BBC World documentary, produced by Rockhopper TV, offers a poignant and revealing account of the devastating impact meningitis epidemics have on individuals, families, and communities. The film also takes viewers to Mali where PATH's …

Author: PATH; Rockhopper TV

Published: 2007

Kill or Cure: Pneumo

This 25-minute BBC World documentary, produced by Rockhopper TV, highlights the burden of pneumococcal disease in Asia and Africa and the importance of vaccines against this life-threatening disease.

Author: Rockhopper TV

Published: 2005

Knowledge and Awareness of HPV Vaccine and Acceptability to Vaccinate in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Systematic Review

This article, published in PLOS ONE, reports on an assessment of the knowledge and awareness of cervical cancer, human papillomavirus (HPV), and HPV vaccine, and willingness and acceptability to vaccinate in sub-Saharan African countries. The …

Author: Perlman S, Wamai RG, Bain PA, Welty T, Ogembo JG.

Published: 2014

Laboratory Quality Control in a Multicentre Meningococcal Carriage Study in Burkina Faso

To investigate the potential herd immunity effect of MenAfriVac™, a new conjugate vaccine against serogroup A Neisseria meningitidis, the authors of this article, published in Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical …

Author: Kristiansen PA, Ouédraogo AS, Sanou I, et al.

Published: 2012

Landscape Analysis of Routine Immunization in Nigeria: Identifying Barriers and Prioritizing Interventions

This white paper provides an analysis of supply-side constraints and demand-side determinants of routine immunization coverage in Nigeria. It emphasizes that tackling the basic barriers to routine immunization in Nigeria—cold chain, transport, …

Author: International Vaccine Access Center

Published: 2012