Total results with these characteristics: 207
- Human Rotavirus Vaccine Rotarix Provides Protection Against Diverse Circulating Rotavirus Strains in African Infants: A Randomized Controlled Trial
This article, published in BMC Infectious Diseases, discusses a study where Rotarix® vaccine demonstrated efficacy against severe gastroenteritis caused by diverse circulating rotavirus types. These data add to evidence that the vaccine …
Author: Steele AD, Neuzil KM, Cunliffe NA, et al.
- A Hypothetical Explanatory Model for Meningococcal Meningitis in the African Meningitis Belt
Currently, no explanation exists for the epidemic pattern of meningitis in the African meningitis belt, in spite of recent progress in disease surveillance. Such a model would be conducive to mathematically mapping vaccine strategies or predicting …
Author: Mueller JE, Gessner BD
- Immune Response to Revaccination With Meningococcal A and C Polysaccharides in Gambian Children Following Repeated Immunization During Early Childhood
This article, published in the journal Vaccine, discusses a study of 42 Gambian children revaccinated at age five with meningococcal A/C polysaccharide vaccine (MPS) after receiving two doses of MPS in infancy and either MPS, meningococcal A/C …
Author: MacLennan J, Obaro S, Deeks J, et al.
- Immunogenicity and Safety of a Meningococcal A Conjugate Vaccine in Africans
This article, published in The New England Journal of Medicine, discusses the methods and results of two studies conducted in Africa to evaluate a new meningococcal A conjugate vaccine. The conclusion of the studies is that the new vaccine has a …
Author: Sow SO, Okoko BJ, Diallo A, et al.
- Impact of Rotavirus Vaccine on Childhood Diarrheal Hospitalization Following Introduction Into the South African Public Immunization Program
This article, published in the Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, describes a study in South Africa that demonstrated dramatic decreases in diarrhea-related hospitalizations in infants and young children in both rural and urban settings in the …
Author: Msimang VMY, Page N, Groome MJ, et al.
- The Impact of Routine Infant Immunization With Haemophilus influenzae type b Conjugate Vaccine in Malawi, a Country With High Human Immunodeficiency Virus Prevalence
Malawi has extreme poverty and high HIV prevalence. Following Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) conjugate vaccine introduction during 2002, this study evaluated vaccine impact by reviewing hospital surveillance data for acute bacterial …
Author: Daza P, Banda R, Misoya K, et al.
- Impact of the Serogroup A Meningococcal Conjugate Vaccine, MenAfriVac, on Carriage and Herd Immunity
The conjugate vaccine against serogroup A Neisseria meningitidis (NmA), MenAfriVac, was first introduced in mass vaccination campaigns of 1 to 29-year-olds in Burkina Faso in 2010. The authors of this article, published in Clinical Infectious …
Author: Kristiansen PA, Diomandé F, Ba AK, et al.
- Implementation of Standard Operating Procedures for Enhanced Meningitis Surveillance in 13 Countries of the African Meningitis Belt from 2003 to 2008
This poster, presented at the 2008 International Pathogenic Neisseria Conference, displays the results of a study to determine the effectiveness of the Standard Operating Procedures that were developed in 2001 to 2002 to codify and enhance …
Author: Djingarey MH, Konde K, Kandolo D, et al.
- Improved Cervical Cancer Prevention: Planning Now for a Better Future
This report documents an African regional conference on cervical cancer prevention held in September 2010 in Kampala, Uganda. Representatives from nine African countries met to share updates on cervical cancer vaccination and screening programs, and …
Author: PATH, Association of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Uganda, Uganda Ministry of Health
- Improved Injection Practices After the Introduction of Treatment and Sterility Guidelines in Tanzania
From the journal of Tropical Medicine and International Health, this article follows a training program at health centers, observations included increased health worker knowledge and improved sterilization practices, along with reductions …
Author: Vos J, Gumodoka B, van Asten HA, et al.
- Improving Vaccine Delivery Through Moving Warehouses
This fact sheet details a collaboration between Project Optimize and the Senegalese Ministry of Health to implement and validate a "moving warehouse" that will streamline the vaccine supply chain from the regional to the peripheral level. A moving …
Author: PATH, World Health Organization
- Increased Incidence of Meningococcal Disease in HIV-Infected Individuals Associated With Higher Case-Fatality Ratios in South Africa
This article, published in AIDS, describes a cohort surveillance study conducted in South Africa to compare the incidence of meningococcal disease among HIV-infected individuals versus uninfected individuals. The authors also evaluated the extent to …
Author: Cohen C, Singh E, Wu HM, et al.
- Increasing Immunization Coverage in Uganda: The Community Problem-solving and Strategy Development Approach
This short paper describes in some detail how Ugandan communities were involved in improving immunization services. The paper includes an annex with common questions posed by community members, and suggested answers, in both English and French.
Author: BASICS II, Uganda Ministry of Health
- Incremental Costs of Introducing Jet Injection Technology for Delivery of Routine Childhood Vaccinations: Comparative Analysis From Brazil, India, and South Africa
This article, published in Vaccine, describes a study that estimated the incremental costs of transitioning from needles and syringes to delivering childhood vaccines with disposable-syringe jet injectors (DSJIs) in Brazil, India, and South Africa. …
Author: Griffiths UK, Santos AC, Nundy N, Jacoby E, Matthias D
- Infectious Disease: An Ill Wind, Bringing Meningitis
This commentary, published in the journal Science, discusses meningococcal meningitis epidemics in Africa that come with the onset of the dry season, and the vaccines in development that could limit the disease's impact. ABSTRACT ONLY. (Learn …
Author: Roberts L
- Infectious Disease: Hitting Early, Epidemic Meningitis Ravages Nigeria and Niger
This commentary, published in the journal Science, discusses one of the worst meningococcal meningitis epidemics in years in Nigeria and Niger. ABSTRACT ONLY. (Learn how users in developing countries can gain free access to journal …
Author: Roberts L
- Integrating the Supply Chains of Vaccines and Other Health Commodities
This evidence brief examines the benefits, challenges, and rationale for integrating vaccine supply chains with the supply chains of other health commodities. It provides agencies, donors, decision-makers, and partners with a brief overview of …
Author: PATH, World Health Organization
- Intercountry Meningitis Meeting: Preparing for the Next Epidemic Seasons, Mali, October 2006
This article, published in the World Health Organization's Weekly Epidemiological Record, summarizes an intercountry meeting on enhanced surveillance and responses to meningitis epidemics held in October 2006 in Bamako, Mali. More than 80 …
Author: World Health Organization
- Introduction to DPT-Hepatitis B Vaccine, Information for Health Care Workers
This document contains two booklets that provide information about the DTP-hepatitis B vaccine. One booklet is for health workers; the other targets community leaders.
Author: Mozambique Ministry of Health
- Investigating Live Attenuated Influenza Vaccine Efficacy in Senegal
This fact sheet describes a Phase 3 clinical study that PATH and its partners are conducting in Senegal to evaluate the clinical efficacy of a seasonal, trivalent live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV). By providing evidence on how well this type …
- Kill or Cure: Meningitis
This 25-minute BBC World documentary, produced by Rockhopper TV, offers a poignant and revealing account of the devastating impact meningitis epidemics have on individuals, families, and communities. The film also takes viewers to Mali where PATH's …
Author: PATH; Rockhopper TV
- Kill or Cure: Pneumo
This 25-minute BBC World documentary, produced by Rockhopper TV, highlights the burden of pneumococcal disease in Asia and Africa and the importance of vaccines against this life-threatening disease.
Author: Rockhopper TV
- Knowledge and Awareness of HPV Vaccine and Acceptability to Vaccinate in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Systematic Review
This article, published in PLOS ONE, reports on an assessment of the knowledge and awareness of cervical cancer, human papillomavirus (HPV), and HPV vaccine, and willingness and acceptability to vaccinate in sub-Saharan African countries. The …
Author: Perlman S, Wamai RG, Bain PA, Welty T, Ogembo JG.
- Laboratory Quality Control in a Multicentre Meningococcal Carriage Study in Burkina Faso
To investigate the potential herd immunity effect of MenAfriVac™, a new conjugate vaccine against serogroup A Neisseria meningitidis, the authors of this article, published in Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical …
Author: Kristiansen PA, Ouédraogo AS, Sanou I, et al.
- Landscape Analysis of Routine Immunization in Nigeria: Identifying Barriers and Prioritizing Interventions
This white paper provides an analysis of supply-side constraints and demand-side determinants of routine immunization coverage in Nigeria. It emphasizes that tackling the basic barriers to routine immunization in Nigeria—cold chain, transport, …
Author: International Vaccine Access Center