Topic: Disease burden and surveillance
Total results with these characteristics: 279
- Clonal Waves of Neisseria Colonisation and Disease in the African Meningitis Belt: Eight-Year Longitudinal Study in Northern Ghana
This study, published in PLoS Medicine, aimed to determine how levels of colonization with different bacterial meingococcal serogroups change over time, and how the patterns of disease relate to such changes in the Kassena-Nankana District of …
Author: Leimkugel J, Hodgson A, Forgor AA, et al.
- Clones of Neisseria meningitidis Strains in Mali
This article, published in Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses, provides an overview of a cross-sectional, descriptive study to identify strains of Neisseria meningitidis isolated from 2005 to 2007 in Mali. Neisseria meningitidis appeared in 144 …
Author: Guindo I, Coulibaly A, Dao S, et al.
- A Cohort Study to Assess the New WHO Japanese Encephalitis Surveillance Standards
From the Bulletin of the World Health Organization, researchers evaluated the clinical case definition of acute encephalitis syndrome, which the standards use for identification of JE patients, to determine its sensitivity and specificity.
Author: Solomon T, Thao TT, Lewthwaite P, et al.
- Committing to Child Survival: A Promise Renewed - Progress Report 2012
"A Promised Renewed" is a wide-ranging and ambitious initiative that seeks to unite a number of partners around the goal of ending preventable child deaths. This first annual progress report on child survival aims to stimulate public dialogue and …
Author: United Nations Children’s Fund
- Committing to Child Survival: A Promise Renewed—Progress Report 2013
The annual number of deaths of children under five years of age fell from 12.6 million in 1990 to 6.6 million in 2012. But much faster progress is needed to reduce preventable diseases that cause child mortality. This report follows the 2012 …
Author: United Nations Children’s Fund
- Common Virus and Senseless Killer: Briefing Paper on Rotavirus
This briefing paper underscores the burden of rotavirus disease and highlights the promise of vaccines to combat the virus as the global health community prepares for worldwide introduction.
- Comparative Evaluation of the Potential Impact of Rotavirus Versus HPV Vaccination in GAVI-Eligible Countries: A Preliminary Analysis Focused on the Relative Disease Burden
This article, published in BMC Infectious Diseases, reports on a study that aimed to provide early insight into how the comparative impact of different new vaccines could be assessed in resource-poor settings with respect to affordability, …
Author: Kim SY, Sweet S, Chang J, Goldie SJ
- Confirmation of Japanese Encephalitis as an Endemic Human Disease Through Sentinel Surveillance in Indonesia
Japanese encephalitis (JE) results in significant mortality and disability in children in Asia. In Indonesia, despite recognition of JE virus transmission, reports of human disease have been few and from limited geographic areas. Hospital-based …
Author: Ompusunggu S, Hills S, Sembiring Maha M, et al.
- Conjugate Vaccine Introduction in the African Meningitis Belt: Meeting Surveillance Objectives
This article, published in Tropical Medicine & International Health, asserts that surveillance systems and techniques for diagnosing bacterial meningitis and pneumococcal disease in the African meningitis belt have improved greatly over the …
Author: Mueller JE
- Coordinated Surveillance and Detection of Pneumococcal and Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) Disease in Developing Countries
This supplemental issue of Clinical Infectious Diseases provides numerous articles on the surveillance and detection of pneumococcal and Haemophilus influenzae type b disease in developing countries. Topics include progress and challenges in disease …
Author: Black S, Knoll MD, eds.
- The Cost and Public Health Burden of Invasive Meningococcal Disease Outbreaks: A Systematic Review
Invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) is a serious disease with a rapid onset, high mortality rate, and risk of long-term complications. The authors of this article, published in Pharmacoeconomics, systematically reviewed the literature on the costs …
Author: Anonychuk A, Woo G, Vyse A, Demarteau N, Tricco AC
- Cost-Effectiveness of Childhood Rotavirus Vaccination in Taiwan
This paper, published in the journal Vaccine, investigates whether routine infant immunization with either currently licensed rotavirus vaccine could be cost-effective in Taiwan. The authors modeled specific disease outcomes …
Author: Wu CL, Yang YC, Huang LM, Chen KT
- Cost-effectiveness of Conjugate Meningococcal Vaccination Strategies in the United States
This article, published in the journal Pediatrics, discusses a study to evaluate and compare the projected health and economic impact of meningococcal conjugate A/C/Y/W-135 (MCV-4) vaccination of adolescents, toddlers, and infants in the United …
Author: Shepard CW, Ortega-Sanchez IR, Scott RD 2nd, Rosenstein NE; ABCs Team
- Cost-Effectiveness of Introducing a Rotavirus Vaccine in Developing Countries: The Case of Mexico
This study, published in BMC Infectious Diseases, developed a model to compare the cost and disease burden of rotavirus in unvaccinated children in Mexico. The study determined that it would be highly cost-effective to include rotavirus vaccine …
Author: Valencia-Mendoza A, Bertozzi SM, Gutierrez JP, Itzler R
- Creating a Japanese Encephalitis Surveillance System in Vietnam
This document provides details on PATH's partnership with the National Expanded Program on Immunization in Vietnam to enhance surveillance of JE disease and inform future immunization program planning.
- Critical Episodes in the Understanding and Control of Epidemic Meningococcal Meningitis
Epidemic meningococcal meningitis continues to be an important worldwide cause of morbidity and mortality, especially in developing countries. Throughout its history, a number of "critical episodes" have occurred that have enhanced understanding of …
Author: Artenstein AW, LaForce FM
- A Decade of Japanese Encephalitis Surveillance in Sarawak, Malaysia: 1997-2006
From the journal Tropical Medicine and International Health, this summary of surveillance data from Malaysia reveals seasonal peak incidence, age distribution of JE cases, and effect of the JE immunization program on disease incidence.
Author: Wong SC, Ooi MH, Abdullah AR, et al.
- Decline in Severe Diarrhea Hospitalizations After the Introduction of Rotavirus Vaccination in Ghana: A Prevalence Study
This article, published in BMC Infectious Diseases, reports on the results of a study that examined diarrheal hospitalizations of children aged 59 months and younger before and after the introduction of rotavirus vaccination in Ghana. The results …
Author: Enweronu-Laryea CC, Boamah I, Sifah E, Diamenu SK, Armah G
- Definition and Characterization of Localised Meningitis Epidemics in Burkina Faso: A Longitudinal Retrospective Study
The epidemiology of meningococcal meningitis in the African meningitis belt is characterized by seasonality, localized epidemics, and epidemic waves. To facilitate research and surveillance, the authors of this article, published in BMC Infectious …
Author: Tall H, Hugonnet S, Donnen P, et al.
- Development and Implementation of a National Programme for the Management of Severe and Very Severe Pneumonia in Children in Malawi
This article, published in PLoS Medicine, provides an overview of the development and implementation of a national program for the management of severe and very severe childhood pneumonia in Malawi. Based on a successful delivery model used by the …
Author: Enarson PM, Gie R, Enarson DA, Mwansambo C
- Diarrheal Disease: Solutions to Defeat a Global Killer
Diarrheal Disease: Solutions to Defeat a Global Killer presents scientific evidence to support strategies to scale up use of interventions, including safe water, improved sanitation and hygiene, breastfeeding and optimal complementary feeding, …
- Diarrhoea: Why Children Are Still Dying and What Can Be Done
This joint report from the World Health Organization and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) focuses attention on the prevention and management of diarrheal diseases. It examines the latest available information on the burden of childhood …
Author: World Health Organization, United Nations Children's Fund
- Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries, Second Edition
A comprehensive global health examination, this book contributes substantially to global initiatives to improve the health of all peoples by providing a multidisciplinary understanding of fundamental issues and challenges, as well as effective …
Author: Disease Control Priorities Project
- Disease Outbreak News
This web page provides frequently updated information about current disease outbreaks, as well as disease-specific archives of past alerts and links to related resources.
Author: World Health Organization
- Economic Evaluation of Delivering Haemophilus influenzae type b Vaccine in Routine Immunization Services in Kenya
This study, published in Bulletin of the World Health Organization, discusses the introduction of Hib vaccine in Kenya, one of the first nine countries to receive financial support from GAVI for Hib vaccine introduction. The objective of this study …
Author: Oloo Akumu A, Englisha M, Scott JAG, Griffiths UK