Total results with these characteristics: 877
- Airborne Transmission of Influenza A/H5N1 Virus Between Ferrets
This article, published in Science, details a study investigating the potential of avian influenza A/H5N1 to become transmissible by aerosol or respiratory droplet between humans. Researchers genetically modified the virus and measured the degree to …
Author: Herfst S, Schrauwen EJA, Linster M, et al.
- All Kids Need Hepatitis B Shots
This informational brochure, created by the Immunization Action Coalition, provides parents with information on hepatitis B and vaccines against the disease. It also includes contact information for parents with questions about the hepatitis B …
Author: Immunization Action Coalition
- Analysis of Data Gaps Pertaining to Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli Infections in Low and Medium Human Development Index Countries, 1984-2005
Published in Epidemiology and Infection, this article examines both population- and facility-based studies of ETEC infections and identifies a need for additional large, population-based studies combined with facility-based studies …
Author: Gupta SK, Keck J, Ram PK, et al.
- Analysis of Data Gaps Pertaining to Shigella Infections in Low and Medium Human Development Index Countries, 1984-2005
Published in Epidemiology and Infection, this article seeks to identify contemporary gaps in the understanding of the global epidemiology of shigellosis, through a review of the English-language scientific literature from 1984 to 2005, …
Author: Ram PK, Crump JA, Gupta SK, Miller MA, Mintz ED
- An Analysis of Rotavirus Vaccine Reports to the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System: More Than Intussusception Alone?
This study, published in the journal Pediatrics, reviews cases presented to the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System in order to determine whether severe adverse events other than intussusception occurred after vaccination with an …
Author: Haber M, Chen R, Zanardi L, et al.
- Analysis of Strategies to Successfully Vaccinate Infants in Developing Countries Against Enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC) Disease
This article, published in Vaccine, outlines current candidates for a safe and effective vaccine against ETEC. The authors argue that a critical roadblock to achieving this goal has not been the science as much as the lack of a sufficiently funded …
Author: Walker RI, Steele D, Aguado T, Ad Hoc ETEC Technical Expert Committee
- Analysis of World Health Organization Policy Development Processes for a New Intervention: Malaria Vaccines
This document aims to elucidate the World Health Organization (WHO) process for developing policy guidelines for a malaria vaccine. The analysis considered past WHO recommendations on new interventions and assessed potential implications …
- Anthropological Perspectives on Injections: A Review
This article from the Bulletin of the World Health Organization discusses the popularity of injections, as well as the widespread practice of injections provided by both formal and informal health care providers. The authors also suggest …
Author: Reeler A
- Antibody-Independent, Interleukin-17A-Mediated, Cross-serotype Immunity to Pneumococci in Mice Immunized Intranasally with the Cell Wall Polysaccharide
Published in the journal Infection and Immunity, this article shows that C-Ps given intranasally with mucosal adjuvant increased the resistance of mice to experimental nasopharyngeal colonization by capsulated S. pneumoniae of serotype 6B.
Author: Malley R, Srivastava A, Lipsitch M, et al.
- Anti-immunization Scare: The Inconvenient Facts
Dr. Steve Basser analyses the "quality of science of one particular, very public, opponent of immunisation--Dr. Vera Scheibner." Dr. Basser finds that "the gaps in her research...call into question her objectivity and cast doubts on …
Author: Basser S
- Apical Membrane Antigen 1: A Malaria Vaccine Candidate in Review
This article, published in Trends in Parasitology, presents the current understanding of apical membrane antigen 1 (AMA1), particularly in relation to the potential of AMA1 as a malaria vaccine and the approaches being taken toward clinical …
Author: Remarque EJ, Faber BW, Kocken CH, Thomas AW
- An Approach to Formative Research in HPV Vaccine Introduction Planning in Low-Resource Settings
Formative research can inform country-level vaccine delivery strategies, communication messages, and advocacy plans. This article, published in The Open Vaccine Journal, describes the conceptual framework of the formative research conducted by …
Author: Bingham A, Janmohamed A, Bartolini R, et al.
- Ask the Experts: Update on the Safety of Rotavirus Vaccines
This article, published by the American Pharmacists Association, addresses the safety of rotavirus vaccines, including the latest information on possible contamination issues. The authors indicate that the documented benefits of RotaTeq and …
Author: Mojica B, Hess K
- Assessing Disease Burden of JE: Population-Based Surveillance
This slide presentation provides an overview of the components of a population-based surveillance system for JE. The presentation should be used in conjunction with the World Health Organization's Recommended Standards for Surveillance of Selected …
- Assessing New Vaccines for National Immunization Programs: A Framework to Assist Decision Makers
This 32-page paper helps to frame the questions program managers should ask themselves when considering new vaccine introduction, such as whether immunization is the best strategy to combat the disease, how the vaccine will be funded, and …
Author: World Health Organization
- Assessing Retrofit Solutions to Improve Domestic Refrigerator Performance for Vaccine Storage
This fact sheet describes PATH’s work to identify a set of low-cost technological modifications to domestic refrigerators to prevent the economic loss and unnecessary health risks from compromised vaccine storage conditions.
- "An Attempt to Swindle Nature": Anti-immunization Press Reports in Australia, 1993-1997
This interesting analysis of press coverage examines the most common anti-immunization "themes" in the Australian press and suggests possible advocacy strategies for countering the negative impact of such reportage. Adapted from: …
Author: Leask J, Chapman S
- Avian and Pandemic Influenza: An Overview
This brief overview, published in the journal Vaccine, reviews basic virologic, immunologic, and epidemiologic information relevant to understanding and preparing for a pandemic influenza threat. In particular, the role of avian influenza …
Author: Poland G, Jacobson R, Targonski P
- Avian Influenza (Bird Flu)
This web page provides important information for the public, health professionals, and travelers on avian influenza, including key facts on how the virus is spread and treatment for avian influenza.
Author: US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
- Bacterial Diarrhea
This article, published in the New England Journal of Medicine, provides a description of bacterial diarrhea and evidence supporting various strategies to combat this problem. Also included are a list of pathogens that cause bacterial diarrhea and …
Author: DuPont HL
- Bacterial Infections: Meningococcal Disease
This web page provides information on meningococcal disease, including disease burden and vaccines, as well as links to relevent meningococcal resources.
Author: World Health Organization
- Bacterial Pneumonia Vaccines and Childhood Pneumonia: Are We Winning, Refining, or Redefining?
Published in The Lancet Infectious Diseases, this article provides an overview of the diagnostic challenges of bacterial pneumonia and highlight the need for refining the current diagnostic approach to ensure adequate epidemiological surveillance of …
Author: Obaro S, Madhi S
- Basic Support for Institutionalizing Child Survival (BASICS)
BASICS, the US government's largest child survival project, works in collaboration with other international agencies, nongovernmental organizations, health systems, and academic institutions and provides technical assistance to public health …
- Best Infection Control Practices for Interdermal, Subcutaneous, and Intramuscular Needle Injections
From the Bulletin of the World Health Organization, this article discusses evidence-based guidelines for making injections safer. Abstracts are available in Spanish, French, and Arabic.
Author: Hutin Y, Hauri A, Chiarello L, et al.
- Best Infection Control Practices for Skin-Piercing Intradermal, Subcutaneous, and Intramuscular Needle Injections
This leaflet outlines the best practices for safe injections, with pictograms to aid in training. Topics include preventing needlestick injuries to the provider, using sterile equipment, preventing contamination of equipment and medication, and …
Author: World Health Organization, Safe Injection Global Network, and the International Council of Nurses