Total results with these characteristics: 920
- Analysis of Data Gaps Pertaining to Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli Infections in Low and Medium Human Development Index Countries, 1984-2005
Published in Epidemiology and Infection, this article examines both population- and facility-based studies of ETEC infections and identifies a need for additional large, population-based studies combined with facility-based studies …
Author: Gupta SK, Keck J, Ram PK, et al.
- Analysis of Data Gaps Pertaining to Shigella Infections in Low and Medium Human Development Index Countries, 1984-2005
Published in Epidemiology and Infection, this article seeks to identify contemporary gaps in the understanding of the global epidemiology of shigellosis, through a review of the English-language scientific literature from 1984 to 2005, …
Author: Ram PK, Crump JA, Gupta SK, Miller MA, Mintz ED
- Analysis of Strategies to Successfully Vaccinate Infants in Developing Countries Against Enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC) Disease
This article, published in Vaccine, outlines current candidates for a safe and effective vaccine against ETEC. The authors argue that a critical roadblock to achieving this goal has not been the science as much as the lack of a sufficiently funded …
Author: Walker RI, Steele D, Aguado T, Ad Hoc ETEC Technical Expert Committee
- Analysis of World Health Organization Policy Development Processes for a New Intervention: Malaria Vaccines
This document aims to elucidate the World Health Organization (WHO) process for developing policy guidelines for a malaria vaccine. The analysis considered past WHO recommendations on new interventions and assessed potential implications …
- Anthropological Perspectives on Injections: A Review
This article from the Bulletin of the World Health Organization discusses the popularity of injections, as well as the widespread practice of injections provided by both formal and informal health care providers. The authors also suggest …
Author: Reeler A
- Antibody-Independent, Interleukin-17A-Mediated, Cross-serotype Immunity to Pneumococci in Mice Immunized Intranasally with the Cell Wall Polysaccharide
Published in the journal Infection and Immunity, this article shows that C-Ps given intranasally with mucosal adjuvant increased the resistance of mice to experimental nasopharyngeal colonization by capsulated S. pneumoniae of serotype 6B.
Author: Malley R, Srivastava A, Lipsitch M, et al.
- Anti-immunization Scare: The Inconvenient Facts
Dr. Steve Basser analyses the "quality of science of one particular, very public, opponent of immunisation--Dr. Vera Scheibner." Dr. Basser finds that "the gaps in her research...call into question her objectivity and cast doubts on …
Author: Basser S
- Apical Membrane Antigen 1: A Malaria Vaccine Candidate in Review
This article, published in Trends in Parasitology, presents the current understanding of apical membrane antigen 1 (AMA1), particularly in relation to the potential of AMA1 as a malaria vaccine and the approaches being taken toward clinical …
Author: Remarque EJ, Faber BW, Kocken CH, Thomas AW
- An Approach to Formative Research in HPV Vaccine Introduction Planning in Low-Resource Settings
Formative research can inform country-level vaccine delivery strategies, communication messages, and advocacy plans. This article, published in The Open Vaccine Journal, describes the conceptual framework of the formative research conducted by …
Author: Bingham A, Janmohamed A, Bartolini R, et al.
- Ask the Experts: Update on the Safety of Rotavirus Vaccines
This article, published by the American Pharmacists Association, addresses the safety of rotavirus vaccines, including the latest information on possible contamination issues. The authors indicate that the documented benefits of RotaTeq and …
Author: Mojica B, Hess K
- Assessing Disease Burden of JE: Population-Based Surveillance
This slide presentation provides an overview of the components of a population-based surveillance system for JE. The presentation should be used in conjunction with the World Health Organization's Recommended Standards for Surveillance of Selected …
- Assessing New Vaccines for National Immunization Programs: A Framework to Assist Decision Makers
This 32-page paper helps to frame the questions program managers should ask themselves when considering new vaccine introduction, such as whether immunization is the best strategy to combat the disease, how the vaccine will be funded, and …
Author: World Health Organization
- Assessing Retrofit Solutions to Improve Domestic Refrigerator Performance for Vaccine Storage
This fact sheet describes PATH’s work to identify a set of low-cost technological modifications to domestic refrigerators to prevent the economic loss and unnecessary health risks from compromised vaccine storage conditions.
- "An Attempt to Swindle Nature": Anti-immunization Press Reports in Australia, 1993-1997
This interesting analysis of press coverage examines the most common anti-immunization "themes" in the Australian press and suggests possible advocacy strategies for countering the negative impact of such reportage. Adapted from: …
Author: Leask J, Chapman S
- Avian and Pandemic Influenza: An Overview
This brief overview, published in the journal Vaccine, reviews basic virologic, immunologic, and epidemiologic information relevant to understanding and preparing for a pandemic influenza threat. In particular, the role of avian influenza …
Author: Poland G, Jacobson R, Targonski P
- Avian Influenza (Bird Flu)
This web page provides important information for the public, health professionals, and travelers on avian influenza, including key facts on how the virus is spread and treatment for avian influenza.
Author: US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
- Bacterial Diarrhea
This article, published in the New England Journal of Medicine, provides a description of bacterial diarrhea and evidence supporting various strategies to combat this problem. Also included are a list of pathogens that cause bacterial diarrhea and …
Author: DuPont HL
- Bacterial Pneumonia Vaccines and Childhood Pneumonia: Are We Winning, Refining, or Redefining?
Published in The Lancet Infectious Diseases, this article provides an overview of the diagnostic challenges of bacterial pneumonia and highlight the need for refining the current diagnostic approach to ensure adequate epidemiological surveillance of …
Author: Obaro S, Madhi S
- Basic Support for Institutionalizing Child Survival (BASICS)
After more than 15 years of providing technical assistance for child survival programs in developing countries, BASICS concluded most of its country programs on September 29, 2009. This website is dedicated to ensuring access to the tools and …
- Best Infection Control Practices for Interdermal, Subcutaneous, and Intramuscular Needle Injections
From the Bulletin of the World Health Organization, this article discusses evidence-based guidelines for making injections safer. Abstracts are available in Spanish, French, and Arabic.
Author: Hutin Y, Hauri A, Chiarello L, et al.
- Best Infection Control Practices for Skin-Piercing Intradermal, Subcutaneous, and Intramuscular Needle Injections
This leaflet outlines the best practices for safe injections, with pictograms to aid in training. Topics include preventing needlestick injuries to the provider, using sterile equipment, preventing contamination of equipment and medication, and …
Author: World Health Organization, Safe Injection Global Network, and the International Council of Nurses
- Biological Challenges and Technological Opportunities for Respiratory Syncytial Virus Vaccine Development
This article, published in Immunological Reviews, provides an overview of the barriers that have challenged and delayed the development of vaccines against respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and identifies opportunities that could help overcome these …
Author: Graham B
- BioVentures for Global Health
BioVentures for Global Health (BVGH) is a nonprofit organization whose mission is to save lives by accelerating the development of novel biotechnology-based drugs, vaccines, and diagnostics to address the unmet medical needs of the developing world. …
Author: BioVentures for Global Health
- Breaking the Cycle With Vaccines: The Malaria Life Cycle
This graphic displays the malaria parasite's life cycle and highlights where three different types of vaccines could interrupt various stages of the life cycle.
- Bridging the "Know-Do" Gap: Meeting on Knowledge Translation in Global Health
This meeting report provides guidance on knowledge translation strategies that can "harness the power of scientific evidence and leadership to inform and transform policy and practice." The report includes examples of country and regional …
Author: World Health Organization