Total results with these characteristics: 1411
- Eliminating Epidemic Group A Meningococcal Meningitis in Africa Through a New Vaccine
This article, published in Health Affairs, discusses a new affordable vaccine against Group A meningococcus, the most common cause of large and often fatal African epidemics of meningitis, that was introduced in Burkina Faso, Mali, and Niger in …
Author: LaForce FM, Okwo-Bele J-M
- Elimination of Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) Disease From The Gambia After the Introduction of Routine Immunisation With a Hib Conjugate Vaccine: A Prospective Study
Routine immunization of infants in The Gambia with a Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) polysaccharide-tetanus toxoid conjugate vaccine began in May 1997. This article, published in The Lancet, reports on a study that investigated the effectiveness …
Author: Adegbola RA, Secka O, Lahai G, et al.
- E-medicine: Japanese Encephalitis
This article provides a comprehensive overview of the disease.
Author: Kallen A
- Emergence of a Novel Swine-Origin Influenza A (H1N1) Virus in Humans
This article, published in the New England Journal of Medicine, describes the findings of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Novel Swine-Origin Influenza A(H1N1) Virus Investigation Team from their assessment of the …
Author: Novel Swine-Origin Influenza A (H1N1) Virus Investigation Team
- Emergence of Serogroup X Meningococcal Disease in Africa: Need for a Vaccine
This article, published in Vaccine, describes how and why serogroup X meningococcal disease has emerged in Africa in recent years. It asserts that while no licensed vaccine is available against serogroup X meningococci, following the introduction of …
Author: Xie O, Pollard AJ, Mueller JE, Norheim G
- Emergency or Routine Vaccination Against Meningococcal Disease in Africa?
This comment, published in The Lancet, is based on a review of the study "Emergency Vaccination Against Epidemic Meningitis in Ghana: Implications for the Control of Meningococcal Disease in West Africa." The author concludes that …
Author: Peltola H
- Emergency Vaccination Against Epidemic Meningitis in Ghana: Implications for the Control of Meningococcal Disease in West Africa
This article, published in The Lancet, assessed the potential effects of different vaccination strategies against meningococcal disease using data from the 1997 meningococcal outbreak in northern Ghana. Using a simple mathematical model, …
Author: Woods CW, Armstrong G, Sackey SO, et al.
- The Emerging Adolescent Agenda: HPV Vaccine, AIDS Prevention Research, and the New Opportunities for Reaching the Young People of the World
This chapter from an annual report explores why licensure of the vaccine against human papillomavirus (HPV) presents the AIDS vaccine field with new opportunities. The report discusses how to advocate for financing commitments to ensure widespread …
Author: AIDS Vaccine Advocacy Coalition
- Enhanced Pulmonary Histopathology is Observed in Cotton Rats Immunized with Formalin-Inactivated Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) or Purified F Glycoprotein and Challenged With RSV 3-6 Months After Immunization
The authors of this study, published in Vaccine, compared formalin-inactivated (FI) RSV, purified F glycoprotein in alum, and RSV infection (intranasal) for their immunogenicity, efficacy, and ability to enhance pulmonary histopathology during RSV …
Author: Murphy BR, Sotnikov AV, Lawrence LA, Banks SM, Prince GA
- Ensuring Access to HPV Vaccines Through Integrated Services: A Reproductive Health Perspective
This article, published in the Bulletin of the World Health Organization, describes avenues for service delivery of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines and critical information gaps that must be bridged in order to inform future sexual and …
Author: Pollack AE, Balkin M, Edouard L, Cutts F, and Broutet N on behalf of the WHO/United Nations Population Fund Working Group on Sexual and Reproductive Health and HPV Vaccines
- Ensuring That Developing Countries Have Access to New Healthcare Products: The Role of Product Development Partnerships
According to this article published in the eJournal Innovation Strategies Today, product development partnerships (PDPs) are generating an increasing flow of health products, including vaccines, for diseases prevalent in developing countries. …
Author: Brooks AD, Wells WA, McLean TD, et al.
- Enteric Diseases
This web page provides information in enteric diseases, including NIAID-supported research, meeting summaries, news releases, and resources for researchers.
Author: US National Institute for Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
- Enteric Infections and the Vaccines to Counter Them: Future Directions
Published in the journal Vaccine, this article discusses the importance of creating reliable, long-term demand for the next generation of enteric vaccines, including new rotavirus, Shigella, and ETEC vaccines and priorities for achieving this …
Author: Levine M
- Enteric Infections, Diarrhea, and Their Impact on Function and Development
Enteric infections, with or without overt diarrhea, have profound effects on intestinal absorption, nutrition, and childhood development as well as on global mortality. Oral rehydration therapy has reduced the number of deaths from dehydration …
Author: Petri Jr. WA, Miller M, Binder HJ, et al.
- Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli: Advances in Technical and Laboratory Aspects of Research and Development of Vaccines
From the Weekly Epidemiological Record, this report is from an international consultative meeting on ETEC to examine the most recent epidemiological data from the field, identify gaps in the laboratory methods for strain …
Author: World Health Organization
- Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC)
This web page provides information on ETEC, its transmission, prevention of the disease, and more.
Author: US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
- Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli in Developing Countries: Epidemiology, Microbiology, Clinical Features, Treatment, and Prevention
This article was published in Clinical Microbiology Reviews. ETEC is an underrecognized but extremely important cause of diarrhea in the developing world where there is inadequate clean water and poor sanitation. It is the most frequent bacterial …
Author: Qadri F, Svennerholm AM, Faruque AS, Sack RB
- Environmental Risk and Meningitis Epidemics in Africa
This study, published in Emerging Infectious Diseases, provides evidence that the relationship between the environment and the location of meningitis epidemics is quantifiable. The study proposes a model based on environmental …
Author: Molesworth AM, Cuevas LF, Connor SJ, Morse AP, Thomson MC
- Epidemic Meningitis Due to Group A Neisseria Meningitidis in the African Meningitis Belt: A Persistent Problem With an Imminent Solution
This article, published in the journal Vaccine, emphasizes Group A Neisseria meningitidis as a health problem in Africa and disccuses the potential for a proactive control strategy for epidemic meningitis with the use of …
Author: LaForce FM, Ravenscroft N, Djingarey M, et al
- An Epidemiologic Study of Altered Clinical Reactivity to Respiratory Syncytial (RS) Virus Infection in Children Previously Vaccinated With an Inactivated RS Virus Vaccine
This article, published in the American Journal of Epidemiology, describes a study that evaluated altered clinical reactivity to a formalin-inactivated respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) vaccine candidate administered to healthy infants and children …
Author: Kapikian AZ, Mitchell RH, Chanock RM, Shvedoff RA, Stewart CE
- Epidemiological Profile of Meningococcal Disease in the United States
Published in Clinical Infectious Diseases, this article discusses the current epidemiological profile of meningococcal disease and the vaccines that are currently available in the United States. The article also outlines what would be required for a …
Author: Harrison LH
- Epidemiology, Aetiology and Management of Childhood Acute Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Developing Countries--A Review
This article, published in the African Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences, provides an overview of the causes of clinical pneumonia in developing countries, available vaccines for fighting pneumonia, and efforts underway and planned to expand …
Author: Falade AG, Ayede AI
- Epidemiology and Burden of Disease from Japanese Encephalitis in Cambodia: Results From Two Years of Sentinel Surveillance
This article, published in Tropical Medicine & International Health, describes the results of two years of surveillance for Japanese encephalitis (JE) disease in Cambodian children aged 15 years and under at six sentinel …
Author: Touch S, Hills S, Sokhal B, et al.
- Epidemiology of Bacterial Meningitis in Niamey, Niger, 1981-96
This study, published in the Bulletin of the World Health Organization, used retrospective surveillance to identify cases of laboratory-diagnosed bacterial meningitis in Niamey, Niger, from 1981 to 1996. The study analyzed the cases …
Author: Campagne G, Schuchat A, Djibo S, et al.
- Epidemiology of Japanese encephalitis in Context With Indian Scenario
This article provides a historical overview of Japanese encephalitis (JE) in India since the first detection of JE virus activity in 1952 until the 2006 introduction of JE vaccine in high-risk states and expansion of vaccination efforts in …
Author: Dhillon GP, Raina VK