Total results with these characteristics: 1437
- Diarrhoea: Why Children Are Still Dying and What Can Be Done
This joint report from the World Health Organization and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) focuses attention on the prevention and management of diarrheal diseases. It examines the latest available information on the burden of childhood …
Author: World Health Organization, United Nations Children's Fund
- Direct and Indirect Effects of Rotavirus Vaccination Upon Childhood Hospitalizations in 3 US Counties, 2006–2009
This article, published in Clinical Infectious Diseases, is about an active, population-based surveillance for rotavirus gastroenteritis hospitalizations in three United States counties to assess the impact of rotavirus vaccines. The study …
Author: Payne DC, Staat MA, Edwards KM, et al.
- Direct-Drive Solar Vaccine Refrigerators—A New Choice for Vaccine Storage
This evidence brief developed by project Optimize is directed toward supply chain managers in low- and middle-income countries and provides information about direct-drive solar refrigerators, which may be a good option for vaccine storage in areas …
Author: PATH, World Health Organization
- Directory of Immunization Resources
This web page provides an extensive directory of immunization resources for health care professionals, including information on particular diseases and vaccines, immunization schedules, and frequently asked questions. The resources are gathered from …
Author: Immunization Action Coalition
- Disease Burden Due to Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) in the First Two Years of Life in an Urban Community in Bangladesh
Published in Infection and Immunity, a cohort of 321 children were followed from birth up to two years to determine the incidence of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) in Bangladesh. Children with ETEC diarrhea were underweight and stunted …
Author: Qadri F, Saha A, Ahmed T
- Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries, Second Edition
A comprehensive global health examination, this book contributes substantially to global initiatives to improve the health of all peoples by providing a multidisciplinary understanding of fundamental issues and challenges, as well as effective …
Author: Disease Control Priorities Project
- Disease Outbreak News
This web page provides frequently updated information about current disease outbreaks, as well as disease-specific archives of past alerts and links to related resources.
Author: World Health Organization
- Diseases and the Vaccines That Prevent Them
This series of fact sheets describes symptoms of infection as well as the benefits and risk of vaccination for 14 diseases, including hepatitis B, Haemophilus influenzae type b, influenza, pneumococcal disease, polio, and rotavirus. There …
Author: US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
- Disposable-Syringe Jet Injectors
Jet injectors deliver vaccines and medicines without using needles. PATH has worked with several disposable-syringe jet injector developers to advance designs that are suitable and affordable for routine and campaign immunization programs in …
- Disposal and Destruction of Syringes and Needles in Vietnam and the Philippines
The paper reports on a field trial of disposal and destruction methods (including autocombustion incinerators) in the two countries.
Author: World Health Organization
- Dissociation Between Serum Neutralizing and Glycoprotein Antibody Responses of Infants and Children Who Received Inactivated Respiratory Syncytial Virus Vaccine
In the 1960s a respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) vaccine was evaluated in infants and young children. Vaccinees who received formalin-inactivated RSV during early infancy developed more serious lower-respiratory-tract disease when infected with the …
Author: Murphy BR, Prince GA, Walsh EE, et al.
- Distribution of Rotavirus Genotypes in Europe, 2004-2005: The REVEAL Study
Rotavirus genotypes were identified in several European countries using ELISA tests, and investigators determined that G1–G4 and G9 genotypes were responsible for the majority of cases. Citing these results, the authors suggest that rotavirus …
Author: Van Damme P, Giaquinto C, Maxwell M, Todd P, Van der Wielen M
- Distributional Impact of Rotavirus Vaccination in 25 GAVI Countries: Estimating Disparities in Benefits and Cost-Effectiveness
This article, published in Vaccine, reports on an analysis that combines the results of a country-level model of rotavirus vaccination published elsewhere with data from Demographic and Health Surveys on within-country patterns of vaccine coverage …
Author: Rheingans R, Atherly D, Anderson J
- DNA Vaccine Delivery by Densely-Packed and Short Microprojection Arrays to Skin Protects Against Vaginal HSV-2 Challenge
This article, published in Vaccine, reports on a study that investigates the tolerability, immunogenicity, and efficacy of a plasmid DNA vaccine encoding the extracellular domain of gD2 using the Nanopatch™, a recently devised silicon …
Author: Kask AS, Chen X, Marshak JO, et al.
- DNA Vaccines Expressing Pneumococcal Surface Protein A (PspA) Elicit Protection Levels Comparable to Recombinant Protein
This article, published in the Journal of Medical Microbiology, provide results that show that DNA vaccines expressing PspA are able to elicit protection levels comparable to recombinant protein, even though total anti-PspA IgG response is …
Author: Ferreira DM, Miyaji EN, Oliveira MLS, et al.
- DOD and PATH: Collaborations Enhance Health for the World's Poorest People
This fact sheet describes how PATH and the US Department of Defense (DOD) collaborate to enhance the health of the world’s poorest people and presents a sampling of PATH projects, including work on vaccines to prevent diarrhea and vaccine …
- Domestic Refrigerators for Vaccine Storage in Tunisia: Conclusion and Recommendations
This project Optimize document summarizes a laboratory report on performance testing of four models of domestic refrigerators that are available on the Tunisian market. Project Optimize contracted the tests to demonstrate to the government the …
Author: PATH, World Health Organization
- A Dose-Escalation Safety and Immunogenicity Study of Live Attenuated Oral Rotavirus Vaccine 116E in Infants: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial
This study, published in the Journal of Infectious Diseases, tested the neonatal rotavirus candidate vaccine 116E in a double-blind, placebo-controlled dose-escalation trial in India. Two doses of the Vero cell-adapted vaccine were evaluated in …
Author: Bhandari N, Sharma P, Taneja S, et al.
- Duration of Protection of Pentavalent Rotavirus Vaccination in Nicaragua
This article, published in Pediatrics, summarizes a case-control study conducted at four hospitals in Nicaragua to evaluate the duration of protection after rotavirus vaccination among eligible infants. The pentavalent rotavirus vaccine …
Author: Patel M, Pedreira C, De Oliveira LH, et al.
- Dynamic Models of Meningococcal Carriage, Disease, and the Impact of Serogroup C Conjugate Vaccination
The authors of this article, published in The American Journal of Epidemiology, use data on immunization with serogroup C meningococcal conjugate vaccines in England and Wales to develop and apply a mathematical model that investigates the …
Author: Trotter CL, Gay NJ, Edmunds WJ
- Early Thimerosal Exposure and Neuropsychological Outcome at 7 and 10 Years
Investigators assessed neurological outcomes by testing more than 1,000 children aged 7 to 10 years and determined that early exposure to mercury from thimerosal-containing vaccines was not associated with deficits in neuropsychological functioning. …
Author: Thompson W, Price C, Goodson B, et al.
- Economic Costs of Rotavirus Gastroenteritis and Cost-Effectiveness of Vaccination in Developing Countries
This article, published in The Journal of Infectious Diseases, evaluated the economic burden of rotavirus and the cost-effectiveness of vaccination from the health care perspective. The authors found that rotavirus vaccination would annually prevent …
Author: Rheingans RD, Antil L, Dreibelbis R, Podewils LJ, Bresee JS, Parashar UD
- Economic Evaluation of Delivering Haemophilus influenzae type b Vaccine in Routine Immunization Services in Kenya
This study, published in Bulletin of the World Health Organization, discusses the introduction of Hib vaccine in Kenya, one of the first nine countries to receive financial support from GAVI for Hib vaccine introduction. The objective of this study …
Author: Oloo Akumu A, Englisha M, Scott JAG, Griffiths UK
- Economic Evaluation of Haemophilus influenzae type b Vaccination in Indonesia: A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis
This paper, published in the Journal of Public Health, evaluates the cost-effectiveness of introducing Hib vaccine in Indonesia as an addition to the country's current DTP–Hepatitis B vaccination program.
Author: Broughton E
- Economic Evaluation of the Routine Childhood Immunization Program in the United States, 2009
This article, published in Pediatrics, presents an economic analysis of the US childhood immunization schedule. The study used population-based vaccination coverage, vaccine efficacy data, historical data on disease incidence before vaccination, and …
Author: Zhou F, Shefer A, Wenger J, et al.