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Topic: Disease/vaccine specific information

Total results with these characteristics: 979

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Enteric Infections and the Vaccines to Counter Them: Future Directions

Published in the journal Vaccine, this article discusses the importance of creating reliable, long-term demand for the next generation of enteric vaccines, including new rotavirus, Shigella, and ETEC vaccines and priorities for achieving this …

Author: Levine M

Published: 2006

Enteric Infections, Diarrhea, and Their Impact on Function and Development

Enteric infections, with or without overt diarrhea, have profound effects on intestinal absorption, nutrition, and childhood development as well as on global mortality. Oral rehydration therapy has reduced the number of deaths from dehydration …

Author: Petri Jr. WA, Miller M, Binder HJ, et al.

Published: 2008

Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli: Advances in Technical and Laboratory Aspects of Research and Development of Vaccines

From the Weekly Epidemiological Record, this report is from an international consultative meeting on ETEC to examine the most recent epidemiological data from the field, identify gaps in the laboratory methods for strain …

Author: World Health Organization

Published: 2008

Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC)

This web page provides information on ETEC, its transmission, prevention of the disease, and more.

Author: US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli in Developing Countries: Epidemiology, Microbiology, Clinical Features, Treatment, and Prevention

This article was published in Clinical Microbiology Reviews. ETEC is an underrecognized but extremely important cause of diarrhea in the developing world where there is inadequate clean water and poor sanitation. It is the most frequent bacterial …

Author: Qadri F, Svennerholm AM, Faruque AS, Sack RB

Published: 2005

Environmental Risk and Meningitis Epidemics in Africa

This study, published in Emerging Infectious Diseases, provides evidence that the relationship between the environment and the location of meningitis epidemics is quantifiable. The study proposes a model based on environmental …

Author: Molesworth AM, Cuevas LF, Connor SJ, Morse AP, Thomson MC

Published: 2003

Epidemic Meningitis Due to Group A Neisseria Meningitidis in the African Meningitis Belt: A Persistent Problem With an Imminent Solution

This article, published in the journal Vaccine, emphasizes Group A Neisseria meningitidis as a health problem in Africa and disccuses the potential for a proactive control strategy for epidemic meningitis with the use of …

Author: LaForce FM, Ravenscroft N, Djingarey M, et al

Published: 2009

An Epidemiologic Study of Altered Clinical Reactivity to Respiratory Syncytial (RS) Virus Infection in Children Previously Vaccinated With an Inactivated RS Virus Vaccine

This article, published in the American Journal of Epidemiology, describes a study that evaluated altered clinical reactivity to a formalin-inactivated respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) vaccine candidate administered to healthy infants and children …

Author: Kapikian AZ, Mitchell RH, Chanock RM, Shvedoff RA, Stewart CE

Published: 1969

Epidemiological Profile of Meningococcal Disease in the United States

Published in Clinical Infectious Diseases, this article discusses the current epidemiological profile of meningococcal disease and the vaccines that are currently available in the United States. The article also outlines what would be required for a …

Author: Harrison LH

Published: 2010

Epidemiology, Aetiology and Management of Childhood Acute Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Developing Countries--A Review

This article, published in the African Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences, provides an overview of the causes of clinical pneumonia in developing countries, available vaccines for fighting pneumonia, and efforts underway and planned to expand …

Author: Falade AG, Ayede AI

Published: 2011

Epidemiology and Burden of Disease from Japanese Encephalitis in Cambodia: Results From Two Years of Sentinel Surveillance

This article, published in Tropical Medicine & International Health, describes the results of two years of surveillance for Japanese encephalitis (JE) disease in Cambodian children aged 15 years and under at six sentinel …

Author: Touch S, Hills S, Sokhal B, et al.

Published: 2009

Epidemiology of Bacterial Meningitis in Niamey, Niger, 1981-96

This study, published in the Bulletin of the World Health Organization, used retrospective surveillance to identify cases of laboratory-diagnosed bacterial meningitis in Niamey, Niger, from 1981 to 1996. The study analyzed the cases …

Author: Campagne G, Schuchat A, Djibo S, et al.

Published: 1999

Epidemiology of Japanese encephalitis in Context With Indian Scenario

This article provides a historical overview of Japanese encephalitis (JE) in India since the first detection of JE virus activity in 1952 until the 2006 introduction of JE vaccine in high-risk states and expansion of vaccination efforts in …

Author: Dhillon GP, Raina VK

Published: 2008

The Epidemiology of JE

This slide presentation gives an overview of the epidemiology of JE and can be adapted for individual use.

Author: PATH

Published: 2007

The Epidemiology of Meningococcal Disease and the Impact of Vaccines

Neisseria meningitidis causes meningococcal disease, a severe bacterial infection of the bloodstream or meninges, worldwide. The disease is most common among young children, but the existing polysaccharide vaccines have been sparsely used because …

Author: Khatami A, Pollard AJ

Published: 2010

Epidemiology of Meningococcal Disease in Latin America: Current Situation and Opportunities for Prevention

This article, published in Neurological Research, discusses the changes in the epidemiology of meningococcal disease in Latin America and comments on the development and potential impact of new vaccines for the prevention of the disease. The authors …

Author: Sáfadi MA, Cintra OA

Published: 2010

Escherichia coli Infections

This web page provides general information on Escherichia coli bacteria and symptoms of disease. It also includes links to other World Health Organization web pages related to E. coli.

Author: World Health Organization

Essential Training Package for HPV Vaccine Introduction for Countries Introducing Cervarix™ 2 Dose Vaccine

These eight training modules relate to key aspects of the introduction of the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine Cervarix™. They are intended for use by health workers during vaccine introduction training sessions and contain facilitator notes …

Author: World Health Organization

Published: 2013

Establishment of a New Human Pneumococcal Standard Reference Serum 007sp

This article, published in Clinical and Vaccine Immunology, reports on a study that resulted in the development of a new pneumococcal reference serum to replace the dwindling stocks of Lot 89SF, the reference standard serum pool used since 1990. The …

Author: Goldblatt D, Plikaytis BD, Akkoyunlu M, et al.

Published: 2011

Estimated Global Mortality Associated With the First 12 Months of 2009 Pandemic Influenza A H1N1 Virus Circulation: A Modelling Study

This article, published in The Lancet Infectious Diseases, estimates the global mortality associated with the first 12 months of the 2009 influenza A/H1N1 virus pandemic. Results of the analysis estimate that respiratory and cardiovascular …

Author: Dawood FS, Iuliano AD, Reed C, et al.

Published: 2012

Estimated Hib and Pneumococcal Deaths for Children Under 5 Years of Age, 2008

This web page provides an estimate of child mortality due to Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) and pneumococcal infections in 2008. It also contains a link to a chart of death rates due to these infections, broken down by region and HIV status.

Author: World Health Organization

Published: 2013

Estimates of World-Wide Distribution of Child Deaths From Acute Respiratory Infections

To establish a relation between deaths due to acute respiratory infections (ARI) and all-cause deaths in children under 5 years we show that the proportion of deaths directly attributable to ARI declines from 23% to 18% and then 15% (95% confidence …

Author: Williams B, Gouws E, Boschi-Pinto C, Bryce J, Dye C

Published: 2002

Estimating Age-Specific Cumulative Incidence for the 2009 Influenza Pandemic: A Meta-analysis of A(H1N1)pdm09 Serological Studies From 19 Countries

This article, published in Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses, details the results of a meta-analysis conducted to provide insights into the global impact of the 2009 influenza A(H1N1) pandemic. The study estimates overall and age-specific …

Author: Van Kerkhove MD, Hirve S, Koukounari A, Mounts AW

Published: 2013

Estimating Diarrheal Illness and Deaths Attributable to Shigellae and Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli Among Older Children, Adolescents, and Adults in South Asia and Africa

This article, published in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, aims to quantify the overall burden of shigellosis and enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) diarrhea among older children, adolescents, and adults in Africa and South Asia, the two …

Author: Lamberti LM, Bourgeois AL, Fischer Walker CL, Black RE, Sack D

Published: 2014

Estimating the Burden of Pneumococcal Pneumonia Among Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Diagnostic Techniques

This article, published in PLOS One, summarizes a study to develop a conceptual and quantitative strategy for estimating the non-bacteremic disease burden among adults with community-acquired pneumonia. The authors conclude that the adult burden of …

Author: Said MA, Johnson HL, Nonyane BAS, Deloria-Knoll M, O′Brien KL

Published: 2013

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