Topic: Disease burden and surveillance
Total results with these characteristics: 270
- Rotavirus Vaccination: Cost-Effectiveness and Impact on Child Mortality in Developing Countries
This article, published in The Journal of Infectious Diseases, aimed to project the uptake, health impact, and cost-effectiveness of introducing rotavirus vaccination in GAVI-eligible countries. The authors used a demand forecast model to predict …
Author: Atherly D, Dreibelbis R, Parashar UD, Levin C, Wecker J, Rheingans RD
- Routine Laboratory Testing Data for Surveillance of Rotavirus Hospitalizations to Evaluate the Impact of Vaccination
Researchers used laboratory and hospital data of children admitted to two US hospitals with acute gastroenteritis to assess the need for routine rotavirus testing and determine disease burden. Findings confirmed the need for continued surveillance …
Author: Patel MM, Tate JE, Selvarangan R, et al.
- Sentinel Site Surveillance of Japanese Encephalitis
These guidelines were developed to assist program managers considering the implementation of JE sentinel site surveillance.
- Sentinel Surveillance for Japanese Encephalitis: Fact Sheet
This document outlines the rationale and summarizes considerations for sentinel surveillance of JE disease burden.
- Sequelae of Epidemic Meningococcal Meningitis in Africa
This article, published in Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, reviews audiological and other long-term neurological sequelae in 157 cases and their controls 6 to 12 months after an epidemic of group A meningococcal …
Author: Smith AW, Bradley AK, Wall RA, et al.
- Serogroup W135 Meningococcal Disease, The Gambia, 2012
This article, published in Emerging Infectious Diseases, reports on a 2012 outbreak of Neisseria meningitidis serogroup W135 which occurred in The Gambia. The attack rate was highest among young children. The associated risk factors were male sex, …
Author: Hossain MJ, Roca A, Mackenzie GA, et al.
- Setting Research Priorities to Reduce Global Mortality From Childhood Diarrhea by 2015
To assist donors in understanding the potential of different research avenues to contribute to reducing the burden of disease and disability, the Child Health and Nutrition Research Initiative (CHNRI) of the Global Forum for Health Research recently …
Author: Fontaine O, Kosek M, Bhatnagar S, et al.
- Special Report: 7th International Symposium on Pneumococci and Pneumococcal Diseases
This special report offers an overview of the proceedings at the 7th International Symposium on Pneumococci and Pneumococcal Diseases held in Tel Aviv, Israel, from March 14 to 18, 2010. The meeting brought together pneumococcal experts from around …
Author: PATH, Sabin Vaccine Institute, Pneumococcal Awareness Council of Experts
- State of the World's Children 2008
The State of the World’s Children 2008 provides a wide-ranging assessment of the current state of child survival and primary health care for mothers, newborns and children. It examines lessons learned in child health during the past few …
- State of the World's Vaccines and Immunization, Third Edition
This report focuses on the major developments in vaccines and immunization since 2000. Part 1 examines the impact of immunization on efforts to meet the Millennium Development Goals. It looks at the development and use of vaccines and the …
Author: World Health Organization, United Nations Children's Fund, World Bank
- Study of a Localized Meningococcal Meningitis Epidemic in Burkina Faso: Incidence, Carriage, and Immunity
To better understand localized meningococcal meningitis epidemics, the authors of this article, published in the Journal of Infectious Diseases, evaluated a serogroup A epidemic in Burkina Faso by surveillance, carriage, and seroprevalence …
Author: Mueller JE, Yaro S, Njanpop-Lafourcade BM, et al.
- A Study of Deafness in West Africa
This article, published in the International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, assessed profoundly deaf children from Nigeria in an attempt to identify the causes of deafness in this part of West Africa. The study found that measles, …
Author: Holborow C, Martinson F, Anger N
- A Study of Deafness in West Africa: The Gambian Hearing Health Project
This article, published in the International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, reviews data collected from several studies conducted in The Gambia to discover the incidence and causes of severe to profound hearing loss. The data shows that …
Author: McPherson B, Holborow CA
- Surveillance for Encephalitis in Bangladesh: Preliminary Results
Published in Health Science and Bulletin, this paper summarizes data from an ongoing study to identify the incidence of JE infection among encephalitis cases at three hospitals in order to inform future plans for JE control through immunization.
Author: International Center for Diarrheal Disease Research, Bangladesh
- Surveillance for Respiratory Syncytial Virus in CDC's Global Disease Detection Network: Epidemiology, Disease Burden and Clinical Characteristics
This supplement to The Journal of Infectious Diseases features articles on respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) surveillance data through the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC's) Global Disease Detection Network . The 12 articles …
Author: Iwane MK, Garnon EC, Gerber SI, eds.
- Surveillance of Meningococcal Disease in Burkina Faso
This poster, presented at the 2008 International Pathogenic Neisseria Conference, displays the results of a study that gathered epidemiologic and laboratory data on meningitis cases in Burkina Faso, determined the causal pathogens of these …
Author: Badolo O, Tiendrebeogo E, Novak RT, et al.
- Survey of Rotavirus Surveillance, Laboratory Capacity and Disease Burden in the Eastern Part of the WHO European Region
This article, published in the journal Eurosurveillance, describes a survey conducted to determine country capacity for rotavirus surveillance and related activities, as well as intention to introduce rotavirus vaccines. The survey also identified …
Author: Williams CJ, Gray J, Pebody RG, Lobanov A
- Survival: The Struggle to Breathe
Part of the groundbreaking series on global health, Survival, this 45-minute documentary, filmed in the Philippines, focuses on the infections that lead to pneumonia. The film also highlights interventions to improve access to antibiotics …
Author: BBC World News and Rockhopper TV
- Sustained Reductions in Invasive Pneumococcal Disease in the Era of Conjugate Vaccine
This article, published in The Journal of Infectious Diseases, discusses a study examining invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) cases from 1998 to 2007 from eight sites across the United States to assess the impact of 7-valent …
Author: Pilishvili T, Lexau C, Farley MM, et al.
- Systematic Review: Impact of Meningococcal Vaccination on Pharyngeal Carriage of Meningococci
This article, published in Tropical Medicine and International Health, investigates the effect of meningococcal vaccines on pharyngeal carriage of meningococci through a systematic review. The review determines that only a few well-designed trials …
Author: Dellicour S, Greenwood B
- Systematic Review of Regional and Temporal Trends in Global Rotavirus Strain Diversity in the Pre-Rotavirus Vaccine Era: Insights for Understanding the Impact of Rotavirus Vaccination Programs
The authors of this article, published in Vaccine, provide comprehensive information on rotavirus strain surveillance in the pre-rotavirus vaccine era. This information was gathered by systematically reviewing rotavirus genotyping studies spanning a …
Author: Bányai K, László B, Duque J, et al.
- Training for Mid-Level Managers (MLM)
This eight-module training manual aims to help mid-level immunization managers effectively deliver vaccines to their communities. The modules are focused on: cold chain, vaccines, and safe-injection equipment management; partnering with the …
Author: World Health Organization
- Transmission of Streptococcus pneumoniae in an Urban Slum Community
This article, published in the Journal of Infection, discusses a study of pneumococcal carriage among residents of a slum community in Salvador, Brazil. Inhabitants of slum settlements represent a significant proportion of the population at …
Author: Reis JN, Palma T, Ribeiro GS, et al.
- Trends in National Rotavirus Activity Before and After Introduction of Rotavirus Vaccine into the National Immunization Program in the United States, 2000 to 2012
Rotavirus vaccine introduction in the United States in 2006 led to substantial declines in rotavirus detections during 2007 to 2010. To further evaluate the long-term impact of the vaccine program, the authors of this article, published in the …
Author: Tate JE, Haynes A, Payne DC, et al.
- Understanding Influenza Vaccine Effectiveness in Senegal
This fact sheet describes a Phase 4, post-licensure influenza vaccine effectiveness study that PATH and its partners are conducting in Senegal. The study seeks to better understand the extent of the influenza disease burden in tropical Africa, …