Topic: Disease burden and surveillance
Total results with these characteristics: 259
- Study of a Localized Meningococcal Meningitis Epidemic in Burkina Faso: Incidence, Carriage, and Immunity
To better understand localized meningococcal meningitis epidemics, the authors of this article, published in the Journal of Infectious Diseases, evaluated a serogroup A epidemic in Burkina Faso by surveillance, carriage, and seroprevalence …
Author: Mueller JE, Yaro S, Njanpop-Lafourcade BM, et al.
- A Study of Deafness in West Africa
This article, published in the International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, assessed profoundly deaf children from Nigeria in an attempt to identify the causes of deafness in this part of West Africa. The study found that measles, …
Author: Holborow C, Martinson F, Anger N
- A Study of Deafness in West Africa: The Gambian Hearing Health Project
This article, published in the International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, reviews data collected from several studies conducted in The Gambia to discover the incidence and causes of severe to profound hearing loss. The data shows that …
Author: McPherson B, Holborow CA
- A Study of Diarrhoea Among Children in Eastern Nepal with Special Reference to Rotavirus
Investigators tested samples from 160 children with acute gastroenteritis and determined that 38.7% of cases were due to rotavirus. The study also examines testing methodologies. This article was published in the Indian Journal of Medical …
Author: Shariff M, Deb M, Singh R
- Surveillance for Encephalitis in Bangladesh: Preliminary Results
Published in Health Science and Bulletin, this paper summarizes data from an ongoing study to identify the incidence of JE infection among encephalitis cases at three hospitals in order to inform future plans for JE control through immunization.
Author: International Center for Diarrheal Disease Research, Bangladesh
- Surveillance of Meningococcal Disease in Burkina Faso
This poster, presented at the 2008 International Pathogenic Neisseria Conference, displays the results of a study that gathered epidemiologic and laboratory data on meningitis cases in Burkina Faso, determined the causal pathogens of these …
Author: Badolo O, Tiendrebeogo E, Novak RT, et al.
- Survey of Rotavirus Surveillance, Laboratory Capacity and Disease Burden in the Eastern Part of the WHO European Region
This article, published in the journal Eurosurveillance, describes a survey conducted to determine country capacity for rotavirus surveillance and related activities, as well as intention to introduce rotavirus vaccines. The survey also identified …
Author: Williams CJ, Gray J, Pebody RG, Lobanov A
- Survival: The Struggle to Breathe
Part of the groundbreaking series on global health, Survival, this 45-minute documentary, filmed in the Philippines, focuses on the infections that lead to pneumonia. The film also highlights interventions to improve access to antibiotics …
Author: BBC World News and Rockhopper TV
- Sustained Reductions in Invasive Pneumococcal Disease in the Era of Conjugate Vaccine
This article, published in The Journal of Infectious Diseases, discusses a study examining invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) cases from 1998 to 2007 from eight sites across the United States to assess the impact of 7-valent …
Author: Pilishvili T, Lexau C, Farley MM, et al.
- Systematic Review: Impact of Meningococcal Vaccination on Pharyngeal Carriage of Meningococci
This article, published in Tropical Medicine and International Health, investigates the effect of meningococcal vaccines on pharyngeal carriage of meningococci through a systematic review. The review determines that only a few well-designed trials …
Author: Dellicour S, Greenwood B
- Systematic Review of Regional and Temporal Trends in Global Rotavirus Strain Diversity in the Pre-Rotavirus Vaccine Era: Insights for Understanding the Impact of Rotavirus Vaccination Programs
The authors of this article, published in Vaccine, provide comprehensive information on rotavirus strain surveillance in the pre-rotavirus vaccine era. This information was gathered by systematically reviewing rotavirus genotyping studies spanning a …
Author: Bányai K, László B, Duque J, et al.
- Transmission of Streptococcus pneumoniae in an Urban Slum Community
This article, published in the Journal of Infection, discusses a study of pneumococcal carriage among residents of a slum community in Salvador, Brazil. Inhabitants of slum settlements represent a significant proportion of the population at …
Author: Reis JN, Palma T, Ribeiro GS, et al.
- Trends in National Rotavirus Activity Before and After Introduction of Rotavirus Vaccine into the National Immunization Program in the United States, 2000 to 2012
Rotavirus vaccine introduction in the United States in 2006 led to substantial declines in rotavirus detections during 2007 to 2010. To further evaluate the long-term impact of the vaccine program, the authors of this article, published in the …
Author: Tate JE, Haynes A, Payne DC, et al.
- Understanding Influenza Vaccine Effectiveness in Senegal
This fact sheet describes a Phase 4, post-licensure influenza vaccine effectiveness study that PATH and its partners are conducting in Senegal. The study seeks to better understand the extent of the influenza disease burden in tropical Africa, …
- US Department of Health and Human Services and PATH: Partnering to Protect and Improve Global Health
PATH and the US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) work together to improve global health around the world. This fact sheet highlights PATH projects—including work to develop a stable vaccine supply to prevent a public health …
- Vaccination Against Pneumococcus in West Africa: Perspectives and Prospects
This article, published in the International Journal of General Medicine, provides epidemiological insights into pneumococcal conjugate vaccines in West Africa based on the prevailing pneumococcal serotypes in the subregion. The study covered …
Author: Donkor ES, Dayie NT, Badoe EV
- Vaccine-Preventable Haemophilus influenzae type B Disease Burden and Cost-Effectiveness of Infant Vaccination in Indonesia
This article, published in the Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, estimates total vaccine-preventable disease burden and the cost-effectiveness of Hib conjugate vaccine in Indonesia. The study concludes that routine infant Hib vaccination would …
Author: Gessner BD, Sedyaningsih ER, Griffiths UK, et al.
- Vaccines Against Influenza, WHO Position Paper – November 2012
This updated position paper from the World Health Organization (WHO), published in the Weekly Epidemiological Record, recommends that countries considering the initiation or expansion of seasonal influenza vaccination programs give the highest …
Author: World Health Organization
- Vaccines for Africa
The Vaccines for Africa website is intended to be an interactive forum for the exchange of accurate, up-to-date, and evidence-based information on vaccines and immunization practices relevant to Africa, and to be a strategic resource for health …
Author: University of Cape Town
- Vaccines for the Unvaccinated: Protecting the Herd
This editorial, published in The Journal of Infectious Diseases, provides commentary on the effect of vaccines in protecting the unvaccinated through herd immunity and using this effect as an important consideration in strategies for …
Author: Stephens DS
- Vesikari Clinical Severity Scoring System Manual
This manual provides a suggested standardized methodology for implementing the Vesikari Clinical Severity Scoring System across rotavirus vaccine studies and provides details on scoring system parameters, identifies implementation challenges, and …
Author: Kristen Lewis
- Weekly Epidemiological Record
Similar to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, these World Health Organization archives contain global disease surveillance information.
Author: World Health Organization
- What Would Happen if We Stopped Vaccinations?
This web page provides a summary of disease-related consequences of stopping immunizations. Vaccination programs have eliminated or significantly reduced many vaccine-preventable diseases in the United States and elsewhere. However, these diseases …
Author: US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
- WHO Immunization Work: 2006-07 Highlights
This report provides an overview of the wide range of immunization activities undertaken by the World Health Organization, both at global and regional levels, during the past two years. Topics covered in the report include global immunization …
Author: World Health Organization
- WHO/ICO Information Centre on Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) and Cervical Cancer
This information center was developed to accelerate the development and introduction of prophylactic HPV vaccines in countries with the highest burden of cervical cancer and reduce the incidence of this disease and related lesions among women. It …
Author: World Health Organization, Institut Català d’Oncologia