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Vaccine Vial Monitor (VVM) Availability and Use in the African, Eastern Mediterranean, Southeast Asian, and Western Pacific Regions

This document reports on a study of vaccine vial monitor (VVM) availability and use in developing countries in four regions. The study included three aspects: the total proportion of vaccines with VVMs in the regions with detailed information by …

Author: PATH, World Health Organization

Publication date: 2010

Vaccine Vial Monitors

Vaccine vial monitors (VVMs) are small stickers that adhere to vaccine vials and change color as the vaccine is exposed to heat, letting health workers know whether the vaccine can be safely used for immunization. This fact sheet describes PATH's …

Author: PATH

Publication date: 2014

Vaccine Vial Monitors: FAQs

Vaccine vial monitors (VVMs) are small stickers that adhere to vaccine vials and change color as the vaccine is exposed to heat, letting health workers know whether the vaccine can be safely used for immunization. This fact sheet answers the most …

Author: PATH, World Health Organization

Publication date: 2011

Vaccine Vial Stopper Performance for Fractional Dose Delivery of Vaccines

This article, published in Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics, examines the performance of three types of vaccine vial stopper used in World Health Organization (WHO)-prequalified inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV) and yellow fever vaccine …

Author: Jarrahian C, Myers D, Creelman B, Saxon E, Zehrung D

Publication date: 2017

Vaccine-Enhanced Respiratory Syncytial Virus Disease in Cotton Rats Following Immunization with Lot 100 or a Newly Prepared Reference Vaccine

A formalin-inactivated respiratory syncytial virus vaccine was used to immunize infants in the mid-1960s; when these children later were naturally infected by the virus they developed markedly accentuated disease, and two died. For the present work, …

Author: Prince GA, Curtis SJ, Yim KC, Porter DD

Publication date: 2001

Vaccines

This thematic issue of the journal Health Affairs focuses on vaccines. Its 26 articles explore the current environment for vaccine discovery, production, and delivery. The issue covers a wide range of topics including the value of vaccines; …

Author: Weil AR, ed.

Publication date: 2016

Vaccines Against Influenza, WHO Position Paper – November 2012

This updated position paper from the World Health Organization (WHO), published in the Weekly Epidemiological Record, recommends that countries considering the initiation or expansion of seasonal influenza vaccination programs give the highest …

Author: World Health Organization

Publication date: 2012

Vaccines Against Respiratory Syncytial Virus: The Time Has Finally Come

This article, published in Vaccine, provides an overview of respiratory syncytial virus disease and the efforts to develop a vaccine. It details different vaccine development approaches and outlines the goals of vaccination in different target …

Author: Graham BS

Publication date: 2016

Vaccines Against Seasonal and Avian Influenza: Recent Advances

This editorial, published in the journal Vaccine, discusses the importance of advances in influenza vaccines in light of the emergence of the avian influenza strain.

Author: Osterhaus A, Poland GA

Publication date: 2008

Vaccines Against Seasonal and Pandemic Influenza and the Implications of Changes in Substrates for Virus Production

This article, published in Clincial Infectious Diseases, examines the challenges of producing influenza vaccines. Influenza virus changes contantly, which means vaccines must change to keep up—a complex collaboration between surveillance …

Author: Plotkin S, Minor PD

Publication date: 2010

Vaccines and Autism: A Tale of Shifting Hypotheses

This article, published in the journal Clinical Infectious Diseases, summarizes the many studies refuting the claim of a link between vaccines and autism. The review examines three main hypotheses of how vaccines are purported to cause autism and …

Author: Gerber J, Offit P

Publication date: 2009

Vaccines and Autism Revisited--The Hannah Poling Case

In this article, published in the New England Journal of Medicine, Dr. Paul Offit discusses the vaccine safety case of a nine-year-old girl named Hannah Poling.

Author: Offit P

Publication date: 2008

Vaccines and Your Baby

This 27-minute video explains how vaccines work, the science behind them, immunity, and 11 diseases that vaccines prevent. It also includes stories from parents of children who suffered from vaccine-preventable diseases.

Author: Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Vaccines for Africa (VACFA)

This website provides information on the Vaccines for Africa Initiative (VACFA), a partnership that aims to increase awareness and promote uptake of vaccines on the African continent. VACFA's website provides a forum for the exchange of accurate, …

Author: University of Cape Town

Vaccines for Children - A Guide for Parents and Caregivers

This online guide for parents and caregivers provides information on the benefits and risks of vaccination, the types of routinely administered vaccines for children, steps to take when your child is vaccinated, and common questions about vaccines.

Author: US Food and Drug Administration

Vaccines for Children: Supply at Risk

This report warns of vaccine shortages serious enough to jeopardize immunization programs for children throughout the world.

Author: United Nations Children's Fund

Publication date: 2002

Vaccines for Preventing Rotavirus Diarrhoea: Vaccines in Use

This review, published in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, evaluates three rotavirus vaccines currently in use: Rotarix and RotaTeq, which have been evaluated in several large trials and are approved for use in many countries; and …

Author: Soares-Weiser K, MacLehose H, Ben-Aharon I, Goldberg E, Pitan F, Cunliffe N

Publication date: 2010

Vaccines for Preventing Typhoid Fever

This article, published in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, evaluates the safety and efficacy of vaccines used to prevent typhoid. The review includes information on the two licensed and globally available typhoid vaccines—the oral …

Author: Anwar E, Goldberg E, Fraser A, Acosta CJ, Paul M, Leibovici L

Publication date: 2014

Vaccines for the Future

Published from 2007 to 2015, this quarterly e-newsletter provided updates on PATH’s efforts to accelerate the development of innovative, safe, effective, and affordable vaccines against the leading causes of childhood deaths in developing-world …

Author: PATH

Vaccines for the Unvaccinated: Protecting the Herd

This editorial, published in The Journal of Infectious Diseases, provides commentary on the effect of vaccines in protecting the unvaccinated through herd immunity and using this effect as an important consideration in strategies for vaccine …

Author: Stephens DS

Publication date: 2008

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