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Understanding Consumers and the Market for Household Water Treatment Products in Cambodia

PATH’s Safe Water Project is exploring the effectiveness of commercial strategies for providing household water treatment and storage products to low-income consumers in Cambodia and other developing countries. This project brief summarizes the results of three studies—a consumer study, a product scan, and an analysis of distribution channels—conducted from April to December 2008 to inform the development and implementation of a safe water pilot project in Cambodia.

Author: Kols A

Publication date: December 2009

Region: Asia

Understanding Influenza Vaccine Effectiveness in Senegal

This fact sheet describes a phase 4, post-licensure influenza vaccine effectiveness study that PATH and its partners are conducting in Senegal. The study seeks to better understand the extent of the influenza disease burden in tropical Africa, as well as the potential of current seasonal influenza vaccines to reduce influenza-related deaths in the developing world. Ultimately, study data could help public health officials decide how to best use influenza vaccines in Senegal and in similar tropical countries.

Publication date: May 2011

Region: Africa

Understanding Influenza Vaccine Performance Among Children in Senegal

This fact sheet describes a phase 2 influenza vaccine clinical study that PATH and our partners are conducting in Senegal. The study seeks to better understand the performance of seasonal influenza vaccines in a tropical, low-resource region of the country. Overall, the results from this study will provide evidence to support larger research efforts to determine the most feasible and efficient ways of protecting populations in tropical, developing Africa from influenza through the use of vaccines.

Publication date: April 2013

Region: Africa

Understanding Vaccines

This fact sheet on understanding vaccines describes how vaccines work and lists the different types of vaccines.

Publication date: May 2013

Region: Global

Understanding Why Women Adopt and Sustain Home Water Treatment: Insights From Qualitative Research in Malawi

PATH’s Safe Water Project is implementing innovative methods to enable commercial enterprises to produce, distribute, sell, and maintain effective household water treatment and safe storage products for low-income populations in multiple developing countries around the world. This poster summarizes the findings of PATH's work with the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to investigate the effects of an innovative program that promoted a chlorine disinfectant for treatment of water at home to pregnant women seeking antenatal care. This poster was presented at the Water and Health: Where Science Meets Policy conference hosted by the University of North Carolina Water Institute in October 2011.

Author: Foster J, Wood S

Publication date: October 2011

Region: Africa

The Uniject Injection System: Multi-country Experience and Evidence

This brief summarizes key findings from a literature review conducted by PATH to identify published and gray literature reporting international experiences with the Uniject injection system. The findings shed light on user acceptability and highlight potential cost savings in terms of training time, waste management, and reduction in drug wastage when Uniject is used instead of a standard autodisable syringe. This document synthesizes the experience and evidence on the use of Uniject worldwide with medicines such as the injectable contraceptive Cyclofem®, hepatitis B and tetanus toxoid vaccines, as well as the drug oxytocin, which is used to prevent postpartum hemorrhage.

Publication date: February 2011

Region: Global

Unplugged and Keeping Cool—Testing Off-Grid Vaccine Storage Solutions in Vietnam

Keeping heat-sensitive vaccines at the right temperature is crucial yet often difficult in areas with limited or no electrical power. Project Optimize collaborated with the Vietnam National Expanded Programme on Immunization to evaluate two technologies to respond to this challenge. One was a direct-drive solar refrigerator and the other a passive cooling device. This fact sheet describes the lessons learned from the demonstration—information which can be used by other country programs considering these devices for long-term storage of vaccines.

Publication date: January 2013

Region: Asia

Update: Infant and Young Child Feeding Practices in the Context of HIV/AIDS in Rwanda

The purpose of this document is to provide an update on the "Infant and Young Child Feeding Practices in the Context of HIV/AIDS in Rwanda" study conducted by UNICEF and partners in Rwanda in 2005. The document discusses the results of the Rwanda study in light of more recent research and program findings and includes the new WHO guidelines on HIV and infant feeding, which were published in October 2006. The study was published in French as "Evaluation des pratiques d'alimentation des nourrissons et des jeunes enfants dans le contexte du VIH/SIDA au Rwanda."

Author: Thiaru L

Publication date: 2007

Region: Africa

US Department of Defense and PATH: Collaborations Enhance Health for the World's Poorest People

This fact sheet describes how PATH and the US Department of Defense (DOD) collaborate to enhance the health of the world’s poorest people and presents a sampling of PATH projects that are DOD-funded.

Publication date: April 2013

Region: North America and Europe

US Department of Health and Human Services and PATH: Partnering to Protect and Improve Global Health

PATH and the US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) work together to improve global health around the world. This fact sheet highlights the PATH projects—some with a global reach and some working within specific regions—that are supported by HHS.

Publication date: April 2013

Region: Global

USAID and PATH: Working Together to Improve Global Health

PATH and USAID work together to improve global health around the world. This fact sheet highlights the many PATH projects—some with a global reach and some working within specific regions—that are supported by USAID.

Publication date: April 2013

Region: Global

Use of the Clean Home Delivery Kit: A Qualitative Study

Qualitative research study to gather detailed information about how the clean home delivery kit helps various types of birth attendants and/or cord-cutters in Nepal to maintain the principles of clean delivery. The main objective of this study was to understand the context of kit use and non-use by women for their own deliveries and by women assisting them during delivery.

Author: Beun M; Wood S

Publication date: 2002

Region: Asia

Use of Vaccines Outside of the Cold Chain: A Literature Review

This project Optimize study is a compilation of the literature available on the use of vaccines outside of the cold chain. Most of the studies analyzed in this review focus on hepatitis B, with one exception—a study examining meningococcal C vaccine.

Author: Villadiego S

Publication date: August 2008

Region: Global

User Testing of Household Water Treatment and Storage Products in Andhra Pradesh, India

PATH’s Safe Water Project is implementing an innovative project with the goal of enabling commercial enterprises to produce, distribute, sell, and maintain effective household water treatment and storage products for low-income populations in multiple developing countries around the world. This report shares the findings from user testing conducted for five such products in Andhra Pradesh, India, in 2009.

Publication date: March 2011

Region: Asia

User-Friendly Product Presentation: Amoxicillin Dispersible Tablets for the Treatment of Childhood Pneumonia

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes PATH’s work to evaluate existing package designs for amoxicillin dispersible tablets for the treatment of childhood pneumonia. The project will develop preliminary concepts for improved product design to facilitate distribution and clear instructions to facilitate treatment adherence.

Publication date: June 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

Using a Needle Remover

This document provides the user with guidelines on how to use a Balcan type needle remover safely.

Author: Berman A

Publication date: 2006

Region: Global

Using a Protected Sharps Barrel

This document provides a set of guidelines for correctly using a protected sharps barrel.

Author: Berman A

Publication date: 2006

Region: Global

Using a Protected Sharps Pit

This document provides a list of steps to follow for correctly using a protected sharps pit.

Author: Berman A

Publication date: 2006

Region: Global

Using Culture to Change Behavior

This fact sheet describes how the Culture and Health Program (CHAPS) uses a small grants program to catalyze local action.

Publication date: June 2006

Region: Africa

Using Oxytocin in the Uniject™ Injection System (10 IU in 1 ml)

This job aid provides written and pictoral instruction for health workers for the administration of oxytocin in the Uniject™ injection system.

Publication date: August 2011

Region: Global