Subject: Emerging and epidemic diseases
Publication date: All
- Research Rashomon: Lessons from the Cameroon Pre-exposure Prophylaxis Trial Site
From August 2004 to February 2005, the HIV prevention world was rocked by the suspension and cancellation of PrEP effectiveness trials in Cambodia and Cameroon. Acknowledging that no single version of the events constitutes the “real story,” the case studies in this document are built from extensive interviews with many stakeholders to reconstruct accounts of what eventually led to government intervention that halted the research. The case studies capture the political context and backdrop, the underlying and unaddressed conflicts that led to the costly collapse of two trials, and the lessons they provide for current and future research.
Author: McGrory E, Irvin A, Heise L
Publication date: February 2009
- Rethinking the Ethical Roadmap for Clinical Testing of Microbicides: Report on an International Consultation
On October 23–24, 2003, the Global Campaign for Microbicides brought together 64 people from 12 countries to rethink the issues and ethical dilemmas facing the field of microbicide development. The consultation comprised a broad range of stakeholders, including advocates, ethicists, clinical investigators, community members, drug regulatory authorities, and past participants in microbicide clinical trials. The report is available as one large file and as multiple smaller files for easier downloading.
Publication date: March 2005
- Role of the Primary Care Providers in Early Detection and Response to Avian Influenza in Humans
This brochure provides recommendations for primary care providers on early detection and response to avian influenza in humans.
Publication date: June 2008
Region: Eastern Europe
- Saving Lives With Malaria Control: Counting Down to the Millennium Development Goals
The third report of the Roll Back Malaria Progress & Impact Series analyzes the impact of malaria control scale-up on child mortality over the last decade in 34 malaria-endemic African countries. Using the Lives Saved Tool, this report demonstrates the dramatic progress made toward achieving the Millennium Development Goals related to malaria and child survival—and the potential consequences of decreasing our commitment to fighting the disease.
Author: Eisele T, Larsen D, Walker N, Steketee R, Cibulskis R
Publication date: September 2010
Part of series: Roll Back Malaria Progress & Impact Series
- Saving Lives With Multipurpose Prevention Technologies: Turning Ideas Into Solutions for Sexual and Reproductive Health
This publication describes the public health potential of multipurpose prevention technologies -- that is, technologies that prevent unintended pregnancy; sexually transmitted infections, including HIV; and/or other reproductive tract infections. While a few such technologies exist, greater collaboration and resources are needed to accelerate research and development efforts and bring new technologies into widespread use.
Author: Holt BY, Kilbourne-Brook M, Cohen J, Burns M
Publication date: May 2010
- Scaling Up Integrated TB and HIV Services in Kenya
PATH, with support from the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), the Global Fund, and the Capacity Project, is currently working in Kenya to scale up tuberculosis and HIV activities in 15 districts and at the national level. This fact sheet details PATH's achievements in the field, with a special focus on community involvement.
Author: Kembe J
Publication date: November 2007
- Scouting for Solutions to HIV
This is one of a series of fact sheets that describe PATH's current and past work in Kenya. The fact sheets focus on specific projects as well as unique approaches that cut across projects. This fact sheet describes the Scouting for Solutions project's work to promote abstinence until marriage and avoidance of unhealthy sexual behaviors among Scouts in Kenya and Uganda.
Publication date: June 2006
- Selected Abstracts on HIV and Infant Feeding From the XVIII International AIDS Conference
This report is a compilation of abstracts on HIV and infant feeding presented at the XVIII International AIDS Conference in Vienna, Austria. The collection is organized by theme.
Publication date: September 2010
- Simple and Affordable Testing for Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis
Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes PATH's work to develop a simple, affordable test for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis.
Publication date: July 2013
Part of series: Technology Updates
- Sourcing Guide: The Nevirapine Infant-Dose Pouch for Use in Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV/AIDS Programs. Version 1
This guide provides programs for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) with the information they need to independently procure nevirapine infant-dose pouches for use in their PMTCT services. (PATH is not a manufacturer or supplier of the pouch.)
Author: Berman A; Brooke S
Publication date: 2006
- South Africa Country Program
This website about PATH’s South Africa country program provides an overview of the program and its featured projects. See other PATH program websites.
Publication date: 2013
Part of series: PATH's program websites
- Spurring Innovation for the Development of HIV/AIDS Technologies
This paper was commissioned for the aids2031 Science and Technology Working Group as part of a series of working papers under the aids2031 initiative. This paper discusses mechanisms that promote innovation in early stage discovery science for HIV and, in particular, those that target existing gaps in research.
Author: International AIDS Vaccine Initiative
Publication date: November 2008
Part of series: aids2031 working papers
- SRH-HIV Convergence Newsletter (Volume 1, Issue 1)
This document is the first in a series of periodic policy and practice updates about work undertaken by PATH on the convergence of HIV services and sexual and reproductive health services (SRH) in India.
Author: Sellers T, Saha A, Panda M, Pauchauri A
Publication date: April 2006
Part of series: HIV-SRH Convergence newsletters
- Stabilizing Influenza Vaccines
If a highly virulent pandemic strain were to emerge in today’s interconnected world, influenza has the potential to kill millions of people, especially in developing countries with limited to no resources for pandemic planning, preparedness, and outbreak response. PATH's work in developing thermostable influenza vaccines holds promise for extending product shelf life and easing logistics during introduction and rapid deployment to hard-to-reach populations—markedly improving developing-country preparedness and ability to contain the virus at its point of origin. This fact sheet describes our latest research achievements and next steps in product development.
Publication date: September 2013
- Standards of Prevention in HIV Prevention Trials
This report covers a 2009 consultation in Kampala, Uganda, that was convened by the Global Campaign for Microbicides, the Joint UN Programme on HIV/AIDS, and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It includes recommendations related to key ethical and practical questions on the design and implementation of clinical trials.
Author: McGrory E, Philpott S, Hankins C, Paxton L, Heise L
Publication date: May 2010
- Staying the Course? Malaria Research and Development in a Time of Economic Uncertainty
This report details malaria research and development funding from 2004 to 2009, including how much funding went to each product area, who provided the funding, and how investments flowed from funders to recipients. The report assesses progress against the Global Malaria Action Plan funding goals to identify what is needed in the next decade.
Publication date: June 2011
- STD Management for HIV and AIDS Prevention: The AIDS Surveillance and Education Project in the Philippines
Author: Aquino C; D'Agnes L; Castro J; Borromeo M; Schmidt K; Gill K
Publication date: 2003
- Strengthening Access to Sexual and Reproductive Health Services for People With HIV and for People at Risk of HIV
This policy brief describes the study objectives, methodology, and findings from the PATH Convergence Project in India. The brief includes recommendations for developing a national policy in India to converge HIV and reproductive health services for people with HIV and for those most at risk.
Publication date: January 2008
- Strengthening Communities' Responses to HIV/AIDS in Ethiopia
The Strengthening Communities’ Responses to HIV/AIDS project is a 3-year contract funded by USAID, with two 1-year option periods. PATH is the prime contractor and is joined by four international partners and several local partners. The goal of the project is to strengthen the capacity of civil-society organizations to improve access and quality of HIV care and support services, including counseling and testing and treatment-adherence activities within communities, so that health outcomes for HIV-positive Ethiopians and their dependents are improved.
Publication date: August 2010
- Strengthening Lifesaving Tuberculosis Laboratories in India
This is the story of how PATH’s work to upgrade tuberculosis (TB) laboratories in India helps ensure that laboratories have the equipment, training, and procedures in place to diagnose TB, including drug-resistant forms, so that people who are sick can access the lifesaving treatment they need as quickly as possible. It is one of a series of success stories that showcase some of the ways that PATH’s work in TB is having an impact on people’s lives in a variety of settings around the world. This work was made possible through generous funding from the US Agency for International Development.
Publication date: February 2012
Part of series: Tuberculosis success stories