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Misoprostol Use in Obstetrics and Gynecology (Outlook, vol. 21, no. 4)

This issue of Outlook provides evidence-based information on the emerging use of misoprostol in obstetrics and gynecology. It describes current research, regulatory issues, availability, and administration, as well as misoprostol's use during labor and delivery for labor induction and for prevention and treatment of postpartum hemorrhage. It also describes its use in inducing or managing abortion, including for treatment of incomplete abortion, preabortion cervical ripening, and pregnancy termination. Finally, it outlines safety issues and implications for research and practice.

Author: Burns M

Publication date: April 2005

Region: Global

Part of series: Outlook

Evaluation of the Impact of Life-Planning Skills Training in the Harbin City Education System

These documents report on a study to evaluate the impact of the ChinaYouth Reproductive Health Project implemented in Harbin City. The study included (1) documenting cooperation with the Education Bureau and institutionalization of life-planning skills (LPS) training in schools, (2) documenting the process of facilitator training, the effect of the training, and the role of trained facilitators in the project, and (3) assessing the impact of LPS education on school students. A full report is provided in English, with summaries in both English and Chinese.

Publication date: March 2005

Region: Asia

Rethinking the Ethical Roadmap for Clinical Testing of Microbicides: Report on an International Consultation

On October 23–24, 2003, the Global Campaign for Microbicides brought together 64 people from 12 countries to rethink the issues and ethical dilemmas facing the field of microbicide development. The consultation comprised a broad range of stakeholders, including advocates, ethicists, clinical investigators, community members, drug regulatory authorities, and past participants in microbicide clinical trials. The report is available as one large file and as multiple smaller files for easier downloading.

Publication date: March 2005

Region: Global

Guiding Principles for Managing Medical Waste

This document provides a brief overview of key considerations for developing a medical waste-management plan at the facility, district, and national levels.

Publication date: February 2005

Region: Global

Becoming a Man During AmaXhosa Ceremonial Rites of Initiation: A Manual for Teaching Traditional Surgeons and Attendants About Safe Circumcision and Social and Sexual Responsibility

This manual is designed for teaching traditional surgeons/circumcisers (ingcibis) and attendants (amakhankatha) about safe male circumcision (MC) practices and how to talk to initiates about social and sexual responsibility during the amaXhosa ceremonial rites of initiation (ulwaluko) into manhood. It is used as part of a training program in the Eastern Cape of South Africa that provides extended post-MC education to young initiates during ulwaluko. In the program, ingcibis and amakhakatha learn key messages of social and sexual responsibility that are intended to be passed on to young initiates as they heal from their circumcision and go through their traditional initiation rites.

Publication date: 2005

Region: Africa

Behavior Change Communication: Increasing Access to Safe Abortion in Nepal

This two-page fact sheet gives a brief overview of the behavior change communication (BCC) work PATH and its partners are doing to increase knowledge of and access to safe abortion in Nepal.

Publication date: 2005

Region: Asia

Bringing Youth and Adults Together to Improve Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health in Uganda

This case study describes the African Youth Alliance's youth-adult partnerships to improve adolescent sexual and reproductive health in Uganda. It includes a description of PATH's behavior change communication intervention in association with the Making Positive Living Attractive to Youth (Ma-PLAY) group that leveraged adults' important role and young people's imagination, wisdom, and power to create a "culture of health" among Kampala's youth.

Publication date: 2005

Region: Africa

Cleaning and Disinfection of Thermal Cautery Equipment

This job aid discusses cleaning and disinfection of thermal cautery equipment for vasectomy.

Author: Y. Seamans

Publication date: 2005

Region: Global

EC and Beyond, Issue #2

The four issues of this newsletter address emergency contraception (EC) and reproductive health (RH) topics of interest to health care providers, program managers, and decision-makers in the Eastern Europe and Newly Independent States region. The content is based in part (with permission) on the Emergency Contraception Newsletter published twice a year by the International Consortium for Emergency Contraception and the American Society for Emergency Contraception. Topics include questions and answers, international EC news, regional EC and RH news, research results and technical updates, recent publications, meetings and events listings, and links to further resources. Available in English and Russian.

Publication date: 2005

Region: Eastern Europe

EC and Beyond, Issue #3

The four issues of this newsletter address emergency contraception (EC) and reproductive health (RH) topics of interest to health care providers, program managers, and decision-makers in the Eastern Europe and Newly Independent States region. The content is based in part (with permission) on the Emergency Contraception Newsletter published twice a year by the International Consortium for Emergency Contraception and the American Society for Emergency Contraception. Topics include questions and answers, international EC news, regional EC and RH news, research results and technical updates, recent publications, meetings and events listings, and links to further resources. Available in English and Russian.

Publication date: 2005

Region: Eastern Europe

EC and Beyond, Issue #4

The four issues of this newsletter address emergency contraception (EC) and reproductive health (RH) topics of interest to health care providers, program managers, and decision-makers in the Eastern Europe and Newly Independent States region. The content is based in part (with permission) on the Emergency Contraception Newsletter published twice a year by the International Consortium for Emergency Contraception and the American Society for Emergency Contraception. Topics include questions and answers, international EC news, regional EC and RH news, research results and technical updates, recent publications, meetings and events listings, and links to further resources. Available in English and Russian.

Publication date: 2005

Region: Eastern Europe

Evaluation of a Clean Delivery Kit Intervention in Preventing Cord Infection and Puerperal Sepsis in Mwanza, Tanzania

This is the final research report on the evaluation of clean delivery kits in Tanzania. The purpose of the study was to determine the impact of a delivery kit intervention on reducing cord infection and puerperal sepsis among newborns and their mothers. Study results indicate that use of the clean delivery kit had a positive effect on reducing both cord infection and puerperal sepsis. The effect of the kit on reducing cord infection was much greater than on puerperal sepsis, but both were significant.

Author: Winani S; Coffey P; Wood S; Mosha F; Chirwa T; Changalucha J

Publication date: 2005

Region: Africa

Evaluation of a Disposable Needle-Removal Device in Uganda: A HealthTech Report

This report summarizes a three-month evaluation of a disposable needle removal device in Uganda in an effort to collect information on injection safety in the context of delivery of injectable contraceptives.

Publication date: 2005

Region: Africa

Examination of Venous and Capillary Blood Specimens for Assessment of Vitamin A Deficiency (Thailand Study)

This study provided the first evidence of the biological comparability between serum retinol levels estimated from venous blood and capillary blood. This critical observation provides empirical evidence that this important indicator of vitamin A status may be measured from capillary blood, which has important implications for nonclinical population-based research.

Author: Gorstein J; Dary O; Pongtorn; Shell-Duncan B; Quick T; Hix J; Kandavasee; Wasanwisut E

Publication date: 2005

Region: Asia

Female Genital Mutilation in Africa: An Analysis of Current Abandonment Approaches

This report explores female genital mutilation (FGM) practices, evaluates approaches to abandoning the practice, describes the roles of various stakeholders in the abandonment process, and shares lessons learned from FGM abandonment programs.

Author: Mateshi J; Sass J

Publication date: 2005

Region: Africa

A Guide to Participatory Monitoring of Behavior Change Communication for HIV/AIDS: Getting the Community and Program Staff Involved in Assessing and Improving Programs

This guide was designed to help managers and behavior change communication specialists support program staff, particularly those in the field, by providing a step-by-step process for how to develop a monitoring system that is responsive to the needs of local partners, program staff, and managers.

Author: Gill K; Emah E; Fua I

Publication date: 2005

Region: Global

Immunizing Children against Japanese Encephalitis Using SA 14-14-2 JE Vaccine

Publication date: 2005

Region: Global

Improving Condom Utilization Among Young People in Ukraine

Ukraine project descriptions

Author: Bishop A

Publication date: 2005

Region: Eastern Europe

Improving Maternal and Child Health

This is a two-page fact sheet on PATH's maternal and child health activities.

Author: Krasovec K

Publication date: 2005

Region: Global

Infectious Disease Surveillance and Management Information Systems Strengthening

Ukraine project descriptions

Author: Bishop A

Publication date: 2005

Region: Eastern Europe

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