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Total results with these characteristics: 60

Subject: Health technologies > Health care waste management

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Small-Scale Autoclaves to Manage Medical Waste: A Buyer’s Guide to Selecting Autoclaves Manufactured in India

This guide provides technical information on small-scale affordable autoclaves manufactured in India that can be used for medical waste treatment. It includes issues to consider when purchasing an autoclave, technical specifications of some devices, and a list of Indian manufacturers of autoclaves. The guide is intended to be used to aid in decision-making for purchase of autoclaves for medical waste treatment. It is available in single-page format as well as booklet style.

Publication date: October 2008

Region: Global

Summary Report: Evaluation of Retractable Syringes in a Measles-Rubella Immunization Campaign in Peru

In 2006, UNICEF, the Peruvian Ministry of Health, and PATH performed an evaluation in Peru to assess perceptions of acceptability and safety of automatic retractable syringes in an immunization setting and their affect on waste disposal. The evaluation showed that retractable syringes were seen as a reliable, easy-to-use, preferred alternative to standard disposables in the campaign setting. The evaluation also found that retractable syringes have the potential to improve the safe management of sharps waste.

Publication date: October 2008

Region: Global

Framework for Conducting a Self-Assessment of National Progress in Injection Waste Management, Version 1

This tool was developed to provide a simple, efficient framework for conducting a self-assessment of health care waste-management (HCWM) planning at the national level. By collecting data on key achievements, knowledge, and practices at the district and national levels, the framework allows programs to quickly aggregate data, highlight trends, and identify gaps. A national-level workshop then provides the opportunity to outline next steps for moving the revised HCWM planning agenda forward.

Publication date: May 2008

Region: Global

Final Report: Evaluation of Three Reuse-Prevention Feature Reconstitution Syringes in Three Districts of Indonesia

In 2007, UNICEF asked PATH to conduct a field evaluation of three World Health Organization prequalified reuse-prevention feature syringes used for vaccine reconstitution during a measles campaign on Lombok, Indonesia. The evaluation sought to identify the training and introduction requirements of these syringes and establish an understanding of their acceptability, performance, and safety during field use.

Publication date: December 2007

Region: Global

Evaluation of a Retractable Syringe in South Africa: Acceptability, Safety, and Cost Implications

In 2006 and 2007, PATH assessed the acceptability, perception of safety, effect on waste management, and cost implications of using retractable syringes in immunization and curative settings in KwaZulu Natal, South Africa. The research included focus group discussions and individual interviews, observations, an anonymous questionnaire, and a spreadsheet-based model to estimate costs, benefits, and cost-effectiveness.

Publication date: October 2007

Region: Global

Field Evaluation of the Acceptability and Feasibility of Syringe Melters in Indonesia

In 2006, PATH conducted a field evaluation of three syringe melters temporarily placed in five health centers in Kulon Progo District, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. The evaluation assessed the performance of the devices, acceptability by health workers, fit into the existing waste-management system, and potential design modifications. The evaluation demonstrated that, while feasible, the introduction of syringe melting into an existing health care waste management system may require significant shifts in waste-management practices. 

Publication date: May 2007

Region: Global

Demonstrating Needle Remover Use to Improve Sharps Waste Management in Vietnam

PATH and Vietnam's National Expanded Program on Immunization pilot tested the use of a needle-remover device in rural Vietnam. This fact sheet reports on health workers' experience that needle removers were easy to operate, safe, and effective for treating contaminated syringes at health centers and in the community.

Publication date: 2007

Region: Asia

Developing an Introduction Strategy For Needle Removers

This document briefly describes the core components needed to introduce and use needle removers in a safe and sustainable manner.

Author: Berman A

Publication date: 2007

Region: Asia

Evaluation of a Needle Remover Demonstration Project: A Study From Huong Khe District, Ha Tinh Province, Vietnam

PATH and the Vietnam Ministry of Health implemented a six-month demonstration project in Huong Khe District, Ha Tinh Province, Vietnam, to assess the acceptability, performance, and impact on waste disposal of a manual needle remover introduced at commune health centers. The results of this demonstration project will enable the Vietnam National Immunization Program to explore alternative methods that may be more effective and appropriate than current practices for managing medical waste at the commune level. This report provides background, methodology, results, discussion, and references associated with an evaluation of the project.

Publication date: 2007

Region: Asia

Managing Sharps Waste in Andhra Pradesh: Introduction and Scale-Up of a Sharps Waste Management Program.

This case study reports on the five-year collaboration between PATH and the Government of Andhra Pradesh, India, as we worked to find solutions for appropriate, legal, and effective solutions for disposing of immunization waste from Andhra Pradesh?s 1,400 primary health centers and 12,500 health subcenters.

Publication date: 2007

Region: Asia

Small-Scale Incinerator Construction: Recommendations from the Rwanda Experience

This report documents a partnership in Rwanda to support infrastructure and systems development to ensure the safe handling, treatment, and final disposal of infectious medical waste.

Publication date: 2007

Region: Global

Personal Protective Equipment for Waste Handlers and Incinerator Operators

This training aid was developed as part of Training Health Workers in the Management of Sharps Waste. The aid includes a graphical representation of the equipment needed to help protect waste handlers and incinerators during the collection, treatment, and final disposal of health care waste.

Publication date: July 2006

Region: Global

Achieving Effective Sharps Waste Management in GAVI Host Countries

This document presents an analysis of safer sharps-waste management activities, including practical options using available or emerging technologies. The analysis includes an estimate of the baseline burden of disease from unsafe injection practices, the proposed solutions' potential impact on burden of disease, and a cost-effectiveness analysis of the proposed solutions.

Publication date: July 2006

Region: Global

Key Steps in Sharps Waste Disposal

This training aid was developed as part of Training Health Workers in the Management of Sharps Waste. The aid includes a graphical representation of the key steps involved in the safe management of health care waste: segregation, containment, handling and storage, transport, treatment or destruction, and disposal.

Publication date: July 2006

Region: Global

Segregation of Medical Waste

This training aid was developed as part of Training Health Workers in the Management of Sharps Waste. The aid includes a graphical representation of the segregation of medical waste into three categories: non-infectious, infectious, and sharps. Over the last few years, a number of countries have adapted the basic concepts and developed country-specific versions of this aid for training and for display in health facilities. The document available here is a link to an example adapted for Kenya.

Publication date: July 2006

Region: Global

Building a Protected Sharps Barrel

This document explains how to correctly build a protected sharps barrel for the disposal of waste.

Author: Berman A

Publication date: 2006

Region: Global

Building a Protected Sharps Pit

This document explains how to correctly build a protected sharps pit for the disposal of waste.

Author: Berman A

Publication date: 2006

Region: Global

Case Study: Andhra Pradesh -- Introducing and Scaling Up a Sharps Waste Management Program

Publication date: 2006

Region: Asia

Considerations for Building a Protected Sharps Pit Using a Plastic Barrel as a Pit Liner

In this document you will find a one page description and drawing of steps to consider when building a sharps pit with a plastic barrel as a pit liner.

Author: Berman A

Publication date: 2006

Region: Global

Evaluation of a Needle-Remover Device and Sharps Barrel in Health Posts in Senegal: Final Report

This publication provides a final report on the evaluation of needle-remover devices and sharps barrels in health posts in Senegal.

Publication date: 2006

Region: Africa

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