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Total results with these characteristics: 339

Subject: Emerging and epidemic diseases

Page 12 of 17
Mapping the Standards of Care at Microbicide Clinical Trial Sites

In 2006, the Global Campaign for Microbicides embarked on an exercise to map the standards of care and prevention provided to participants in late-stage microbicide trials. The resulting report provides an independent assessment of the health care and prevention services provided to women in the trials (and to some extent, their partners, family, and surrounding community), explores the factors that inform care-related decisions at trial sites, and offers recommendations to strengthen the HIV prevention research field’s ability to respond to care-related challenges in the future.

Author: Heise L, Shapiro K, West Slevin K

Publication date: November 2008

Region: Global

Spurring Innovation for the Development of HIV/AIDS Technologies

This paper was commissioned for the aids2031 Science and Technology Working Group as part of a series of working papers under the aids2031 initiative. This paper discusses mechanisms that promote innovation in early stage discovery science for HIV and, in particular, those that target existing gaps in research.

Author: International AIDS Vaccine Initiative

Publication date: November 2008

Region: Global

Part of series: aids2031 working papers

Community Health Volunteers Update: A Newsletter From the APHIA II Western Project (Issue 1)

In an effort to support community interventions and health service utilization, APHIA II Western produces the Community Health Volunteers Update to help reinforce HIV and AIDS, reproductive health, tuberculosis, diarrhea, maternal and child health, and malaria messages passed through community outreach activities and health facilities; stimulate public discussions; reinforce behavior change; and promote use of health services.

Publication date: October 2008

Region: Africa

Part of series: APHIA II Western Community Health Volunteers Update

HIV/AIDS Technologies: A Review of Progress to Date and Current Prospects

This paper was commissioned as an introductory landscape analysis for the aids2031 Science and Technology Working Group as part of a series of working papers under the aids2031 initiative. The paper builds on other recent landscape analysis work in the fields of HIV prevention technologies, therapeutics, and diagnostics and is intended to serve as a resource on the current status of research and development for biomedical and other technological interventions to prevent, treat, and diagnose HIV/AIDS.

Author: Alcorn K

Publication date: October 2008

Region: Global

Part of series: aids2031 working papers

Directions in Global Health (Volume 5, Issue 2)

This special issue of Directions in Global Health describes PATH's work on HIV/AIDS. Featured projects focus on implementing interactive communication techniques that promote healthier behaviors, strengthening health systems to address the dual epidemics of HIV and tuberculosis, protecting youth against HIV, challenging gender norms to reduce the spread of HIV, and advancing innovative technologies for the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of HIV/AIDS.

Publication date: August 2008

Region: Global

Part of series: Directions in Global Health

Meeting the Needs of People with Tuberculosis (TB) and HIV: Assessing TB-HIV Service Collaboration in Ukraine

This poster was prepared for the XVII International AIDS Conference in Mexico.

Publication date: July 2008

Region: Eastern Europe

Surveillance and Control of Seasonal and Avian Influenza in Humans: Guidelines for Public Health Services in Ukraine (second edition)

Outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza are occurring in domestic fowl in many countries, posing a considerable human public health risk. Based on the latest World Health Organization (WHO) standards and recommendations, this manual provides comprehensive recommendations to help Ukrainian health care workers establish sentinel site surveillance and promptly identify, report, confirm, and classify potential cases of avian influenza in humans. In addition, the document includes guidance on the basic parameters for surveillance data analysis, investigation of trigger cases and outbreaks, improvement of other aspects of an early warning system for humans, and communication with the public and infection-control professionals. The guidelines are most appropriate for the current and the next stages of pandemic preparedness (phases 3 and 4 of the WHO Pandemic Alert Period) and are designed primarily for health care personnel working at rayon and regional sanitary-epidemiological stations.

Publication date: July 2008

Region: Eastern Europe

Role of the Primary Care Providers in Early Detection and Response to Avian Influenza in Humans

This brochure provides recommendations for primary care providers on early detection and response to avian influenza in humans.

Publication date: June 2008

Region: Eastern Europe

Analysis of WHO Policy Development Process for a New Intervention

The PATH Malaria Vaccine Initiative commissioned this analysis to begin elucidating the World Health Organization (WHO) process for developing policy guidelines for a malaria vaccine. The analysis considered past WHO recommendations on new interventions and assessed potential implications for a malaria vaccine.

Author: Milstien J, Brooks A, Cardenas V, Cheyne J

Publication date: May 2008

Region: Global

Chemically-Heated Non-Instrumented Nucleic-Acid Amplification Assay Platform

An overview of a diagnostic platform that PATH is developing based on nucleic-acid amplification that will require no instrumentation. It has the dual purpose of providing molecular diagnostics at the point of care as well as stabilizing nucleic-acid specimens for further analysis via a centralized surveillance system. Presented at the American Association for Clinical Chemistry 40th Annual Oak Ridge Conference, April 17, 2008; San Jose, CA.

Author: Weigl B, Domingo G, Gerlach J, et al

Publication date: April 2008

Region: Global

Challenging Assumptions: Breastfeeding and HIV/AIDS

This two-page policy brief discusses the benefits of breastfeeding in light of the risk of perinatal HIV transmission. Recommendations include increasing adoption of recent World Health Oragnization guidelines on infant feeding and HIV and extending support to cover the first two years of life.

Publication date: March 2008

Region: Global

Developing a Point-of-Care Multiplexed Diagnostic System for Low-Resource Settings in Developing Countries

A report on the selection and evaluation of target markers for a multiplex diagnostic platform under development. Based on the DxBox platform being developed as part of a public-private consortium lead by the University of Washington. Presented at the Molecular Medicine Tri-Conference, March 25, 2008; San Francisco, CA.

Author: Gerlach JL, Anyona S, Koros J, et al

Publication date: March 2008

Region: Global

Directions in Global Health (Volume 4, Issue 3)

This issue of Directions in Global Health profiles five aspects of PATH's work: our regional efforts to control tuberculosis, the development of and new applications for the Uniject device, a study evaluating storage of hepatitis B vaccine outside of the cold chain, promotion of condom use among young people, and PATH's procurement team.

Publication date: January 2008

Region: Global

Part of series: Directions in Global Health

Strengthening Access to Sexual and Reproductive Health Services for People With HIV and for People at Risk of HIV

This policy brief describes the study objectives, methodology, and findings from the PATH Convergence Project in India. The brief includes recommendations for developing a national policy in India to converge HIV and reproductive health services for people with HIV and for those most at risk.

Publication date: January 2008

Region: Asia

APHIA II Western Newsletter (Issue 1)

This is the newsletter of APHIA II Western, a USAID-funded project that aims to promote the adoption of healthier behaviors, increase the use of HIV and AIDS health services, and promote family planning/reproductive, maternal and child health, tuberculosis, and malaria prevention services in Western Kenya. It also aims to work with communities to enhance access to health services for pregnant mothers, comprehensive care for orphans and vulnerable children, and fight HIV-related stigma and discrimination and gender-based violence.

Publication date: 2008

Region: Africa

Part of series: APHIA II Western Newsletter

Interpersonal Communication for Action on HIV (InterAct IPC): A Guide to Dialogue-Based Communication Methods to Help Key Populations Put HIV Messages Into Practice in India

This toolkit aims to provide interpersonal communication methods to help key population communities identify and address barriers to putting HIV prevention messages into practice in their own lives and within their own contexts. This toolkit was developed by PATH for nongovernmental and community-based organizations and for government health care providers working with key populations on targeted interventions. The methods can also be adapted for use by organizations working on HIV care, support, and treatment.

Publication date: 2008

Region: Asia

Ears to the Ground: An Exploration of African Culture and Health

This book contains descriptions of selected CHAPS projects from Egypt, Kenya, Nigeria, and South Africa. CHAPS aimed to improve health, well being, and gender relations of communities by identifying, revising, and promoting cultural practices and beliefs through a small grants program. The stories contained in this book are more than project descriptions; they provide an opportunity to discuss and reflect on culture and health.

Publication date: December 2007

Region: Africa

PATH and Tuberculosis Control

This four-page brochure describes PATH's work in tuberculosis, including our project portfolio, project locations, and key partners.

Publication date: November 2007

Region: Global

PATH Tanzania TB/HIV Project

PATH's TB/HIV Project in Tanzania spearheads the scale-up of tuberculosis (TB) and HIV services in four different regions of the country. The project works in collaboration with the National TB and Leprosy Programme, the National AIDS Control Programme, the Association of Private Health Facilities in Tanzania, the US Agency for International Development, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and other stakeholders. This article is a snapshot of PATH's TB/HIV work in Tanzania.

Author: Makame M

Publication date: November 2007

Region: Africa

PATH’s Ukraine TB and TB/HIV Projects

PATH has worked successfully in tuberculosis control in Ukraine in close collaboration with local, national, and international partners since its work as a subcontractor to the World Health Organization (WHO). With support from the US Agency for International Development, PATH is now expanding comprehensive activities to expand DOTS in eight regions of the country. This article outlines project goals, accomplishments, and partners.

Author: Gamazina K, Okromeshko S

Publication date: November 2007

Region: Eastern Europe

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