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Total results with these characteristics: 339

Subject: Emerging and epidemic diseases

Page 11 of 17
MDR/XDR-TB Assessment and Monitoring Tool

The MDR/XDR-TB Assessment and Monitoring Tool was designed to help national tuberculosis program staff, consultants, and donors conduct a baseline assessment for use in preparing a plan or funding application, monitoring progress, or identifying needs for technical assistance. It addresses two key questions: are there high-priority gaps in the DOTS program that must be corrected to prevent the development of cases of multidrug-resistant/extensively drug-resistant (MDR/XDR-TB), and what high-priority areas should be addressed to improve diagnosis and treatment of MDR/XDR-TB? The tool is available in English, Russian, and Spanish as a Microsoft Word file (for users who wish to modify it) and as an Adobe PDF file (recommended for printing). This 2009 tool informed the 2012 MDR-TB Planning Toolkit, which can be found here.

Author: Migliori GB, Richardson D

Publication date: February 2009

Region: Global

Preventing Prevention Trial Failures: A Case Study and Lessons for Future Trials from the 2004 Tenofovir Trail in Cambodia

Between August 2004 and February 2005, the HIV prevention world was rocked by the suspension and cancellation of PrEP effectiveness trials in Cambodia and Cameroon. Acknowledging that no single version of the events constitutes the “real story,” the case studies are built from extensive interviews with researchers, policymakers, other government officials, donors, nongovernmental organization staff, and advocates to reconstruct often incompatible accounts of what eventually led to government intervention that halted the research. The case studies capture the political context and backdrop against which the controversies arose, the underlying and unaddressed conflicts that led to the costly collapse of two trials, and the lessons they provide for current and future research.

Author: Forbes A, Mudaliar S

Publication date: February 2009

Region: Global

Research Rashomon: Lessons from the Cameroon Pre-exposure Prophylaxis Trial Site

From August 2004 to February 2005, the HIV prevention world was rocked by the suspension and cancellation of PrEP effectiveness trials in Cambodia and Cameroon. Acknowledging that no single version of the events constitutes the “real story,” the case studies in this document are built from extensive interviews with many stakeholders to reconstruct accounts of what eventually led to government intervention that halted the research. The case studies capture the political context and backdrop, the underlying and unaddressed conflicts that led to the costly collapse of two trials, and the lessons they provide for current and future research.

Author: McGrory E, Irvin A, Heise L

Publication date: February 2009

Region: Global

Supporting Progress on Advocacy, Communication, and Social Mobilization for Tuberculosis Control: A Report on Outcomes of Regional ACSM Workshops for Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria Recipient Countries

This report describes lessons learned and recommendations from regional advocacy, communication, and social mobilization (ACSM) workshops for Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria recipient countries. The report describes the follow-on ACSM activities and outputs that have been generated at the country level as a result of participation in the workshops and makes recommendations for next steps in the development of effective ACSM interventions to support tuberculosis control goals and objectives.

Publication date: February 2009

Region: Global

Thogomelo Project

This project brief describes the Thogomelo project, which is designed to build South Africa's capacity to care for its community caregivers and protect children left vulnerable by the AIDS pandemic.

Publication date: February 2009

Region: Africa

Making Advocacy, Communication, and Social Mobilization (ACSM) Work for TB Control: A Facilitator's Guide to an ACSM Action Planning Workshop

This is the facilitator’s guide for the Advocacy, Communication, and Social Mobilization (ACSM) action planning workshop. Its primary goal is to assist the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria recipient countries in developing ACSM strategic action plans to scale up, enhance, and integrate ACSM activities into ongoing tuberculosis control work.

Publication date: January 2009

Region: Global

APHIA II Western Newsletter (Issue 2)

This is the newsletter of APHIA II Western, a USAID-funded project that aims to promote the adoption of healthier behaviors, increase the use of HIV and AIDS health services, and promote family planning/reproductive, maternal and child health, tuberculosis, and malaria prevention services in Western Kenya. It also aims to work with communities to enhance access to health services for pregnant mothers, comprehensive care for orphans and vulnerable children, and fight HIV-related stigma and discrimination and gender-based violence.

Publication date: 2009

Region: Africa

Part of series: APHIA II Western Newsletter

Jua Afya Yako: Community Health Newsletter (Issue 1)

In an effort to support community interventions and health service utilization, APHIA II Western produces Jua Afya Yako, a community health newsletter, to help reinforce HIV and AIDS, reproductive health, tuberculosis, diarrhea, maternal and child health, and malaria messages passed through community outreach activities and health facilities; stimulate public discussions; reinforce behavior change; and promote use of health services.

Publication date: 2009

Region: Africa

Part of series: Jua Afya Yako: Community Health Newsletter

Strengthening Private-Sector Involvement in TB and HIV in Vietnam

This factsheet introduces PATH’s work in Vietnam to design and implement approaches to working with private-sector providers as a way to increase access to existing TB and HIV case detection, treatment, and prevention services.

Publication date: July 2008

Region: Asia

Detection and Characterization of Acute Febrile Illness in Western Kenya

This poster presents a study to collect and characterize specimens from febrile patients who were suspected to have malaria, pedigree specimens against a panel of nucleic acid and serological markers, and draw early insights into data that would be generated by a multiplex diagnostic platform. Presented at The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, December 7, 2008; New Orleans, LA.

Author: Gerlach JL, Waitumbi J, Koros J, et al

Publication date: December 2008

Region: Global

Directions in Global Health (Volume 5, Issue 3)

This issue of Directions in Global Health describes PATH's work to control and prevent diarrheal disease, reach out to young scouts in Kenya and Uganda with HIV/AIDS information, assess the impact of malaria control efforts in Zambia, conduct DHS surveys, and shape HPV vaccine introduction in Peru.

Author: PATH

Publication date: December 2008

Region: Global

Part of series: Directions in Global Health

Integrating Tuberculosis and HIV Services in Tanzania

This case profile highlights a project in Tanzania as an example of PATH's efforts to deliver critical services while strengthening health systems. Key issues related to the delivery of integrated TBHIV services in low-resource settings are summarized along with PATH’s efforts to deliver innovative service models, address human resource constraints, and improve management of these diseases in the region.

Publication date: December 2008

Region: Global

Integration of Sexual and Reproductive Health and HIV/AIDS Services

This fact sheet provides an overview of sexual and reproductive health and HIV/AIDS service integration and PATH’s experience in this area.

Publication date: December 2008

Region: Global

PATH Today (Winter 2008)

This issue of PATH Today features a profile of PATH donor Diana Carey and her family, a report from PATH Journeys travelers to Vietnam, and brief updates on the 25th anniversary of Outlook, Forbes’ "most efficient charities" list, and more. The issue also highlights the year-end matching challenge.

Publication date: December 2008

Region: Global

Part of series: PATH Today

Antiretroviral Products for HIV Prevention: Looking Toward 2031

This paper was commissioned for the aids2031 Science and Technology Working Group as part of a series of working papers under the aids2031 initiative. This paper explores issues surrounding the use of antiretroviral products for the prevention of HIV, including how antiretrovirals might be used to prevent infection and potential issues emerging from such use.

Author: Mastro T, Cates W, Cohen M

Publication date: November 2008

Region: Global

Part of series: aids2031 working papers

Are You Experienced? Using the Lessons Learned From Marketing Research on Consumer Experience to Improve the Research and Development of New HIV Prevention Technologies

This paper was commissioned for the aids2031 Science and Technology Working Group as part of a series of working papers under the aids2031 initiative.  This paper examines the process of research and development for new HIV prevention technologies and their eventual adoption by consumers of such technologies.

Author: Ruiz M

Publication date: November 2008

Region: Global

Part of series: aids2031 working papers

Community Engagement in HIV Prevention Trials: Evolution of the Field and Opportunities for Growth

This paper was commissioned for the aids2031 Science and Technology Working Group as part of a series of working papers under the aids2031 initiative. The paper explores progress made in engaging communities in biomedical research and highlights areas where continued progress is needed.

Author: West Slevin K, Ukpong M, Heise L

Publication date: November 2008

Region: Global

Part of series: aids2031 working papers

Emerging Trends in HIV Pathogenesis and Treatment

This paper was commissioned for the aids2031 Science and Technology Working Group as part of a series of working papers under the aids2031 initiative. This paper explores issues that could be included in a future research agenda to enhance drug development for HIV/AIDS, including the optimal time to begin antiretroviral therapy, appropriate dosing of antiretrovirals, possible implications of HIV on advanced aging, and an exploration of recent challenges in drug development.

Author: Becker S

Publication date: November 2008

Region: Global

Part of series: aids2031 working papers

HIV Eradication: Is it Feasible?

This paper was commissioned for the aids2031 Science and Technology Working Group as part of a series of working papers under the aids2031 initiative. This paper explores the scientific feasibility of finding a cure for HIV/AIDS, and charts opportunities for areas where scientific progress is both possible and likely.

Author: Deeks S

Publication date: November 2008

Region: Global

Part of series: aids2031 working papers

Increased Access to Diagnostic Tests for HIV Case Management

This paper was commissioned for the aids2031 Science and Technology Working Group as part of a series of working papers under the aids2031 initiative. In line with thinking about the future development of new tools for diagnosis of HIV infection, this paper presents an analysis of issues related to diagnostic tests for HIV case management and explores four possible scenarios in which these tests could be performed.

Author: Gerlach J, Boyle D, Domingo G, Weigl B, Free M

Publication date: November 2008

Region: Global

Part of series: aids2031 working papers

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