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Subject: Vaccines and immunization > Malaria

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Directions in Global Health (Volume 2, Issue 1)

The April 2005 issue of Directions in Global Health features five PATH projects: efforts to improve health among migrant communities in China, Thailand, and Cambodia; the Global Campaign for Microbicides, PATH's Woman's Condom, procurement of safe-injection supplies under the PEPFAR program, and the Rotavirus Vaccine Program.

Author: PATH

Publication date: April 2005

Region: Global

Part of series: Directions in Global Health

PATH's Use of Flexible Funding: 2005–2006 Report to Donors

This document is the first annual report to donors on PATH's use of flexible funding (the "Catalyst Fund") and includes highlights of our work to pursue state-of-the-art diagnostic tools for low-resource settings, strengthen avian influenza prevention in countries at high risk of epidemics, and move forward with a fortified rice premix that is being adopted in several countries in Asia.

Publication date: October 2007

Region: Global

Part of series: Reports to contributors

Validation and Stability of Retinol-Binding Protein: Evidence From Tanzania

This document assesses the correspondence between retinol and retinol-binding protein (RBP), as well as the stability of RBP subjected to varying temperature conditions over time, the effect of light, and the feasibility of using dried blood spots. The assessment is part of a larger project examining the use of the RBP enzyme immunoassay (RBP-EIA) to test for vitamin A deficiency.

Publication date: 2006

Region: Africa

Women's Right to Choose: Partnerships for Safe Abortion in Nepal

This booklet documents the early steps and achievements in the process of implementing the reformed abortion law in Nepal, highlighting the roles and activities of the many stakeholders involved. A range of issues and initiatives are covered, related to the establishment of services, training of staff, monitoring of services, legal points, advocacy and information dissemination, and behavior change communication.

Publication date: 2005

Region: Asia

Directions in Global Health (Volume 6, Issue 3)

This issue of Directions in Global Health features PATH’s work to optimize vaccine supply systems, advance development of malaria vaccine candidates, prevent postpartum hemorrhage to save mothers’ lives, address health needs in Tanzania, and use monitoring and evaluation systems to further PATH’s mission. It also highlights two prestigious awards that PATH recently received.

Publication date: December 2009

Region: Global

Part of series: Directions in Global Health

HIV/AIDS Technologies: A Review of Progress to Date and Current Prospects

This paper was commissioned as an introductory landscape analysis for the aids2031 Science and Technology Working Group as part of a series of working papers under the aids2031 initiative. The paper builds on other recent landscape analysis work in the fields of HIV prevention technologies, therapeutics, and diagnostics and is intended to serve as a resource on the current status of research and development for biomedical and other technological interventions to prevent, treat, and diagnose HIV/AIDS.

Author: Alcorn K

Publication date: October 2008

Region: Global

Part of series: aids2031 working papers

Surveillance and Control of Human Cases of Avian Influenza: Provisional Guidelines for Public Health Services in Georgia

Outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza are occurring in domestic fowl in many countries, posing a considerable human public health risk. The guidelines outlined in this report are the first attempt to provide comprehensive recommendations to help Georgian health workers promptly identify, report, confirm, and classify potential cases of avian influenza in humans; analyze data; investigate and respond to cases and outbreaks; and improve other aspects of an early warning system for humans. They are most appropriate for the current stage of pandemic preparedness (phases 3 to 4 of the World Health Organization [WHO] Pandemic Alert Period) and designed primarily for health personnel working at rayon and regional public health centers. In addition to general recommendations for the human avian influenza surveillance system as a whole, the guidelines include specific sections devoted to communication with the public as well as infection control in health facilities.

Publication date: 2006

Region: Eastern Europe

Directions in Global Health (Volume 1, Issue 3)

The September 2004 issue of PATH's programmatic newsletter focuses on five projects: PATH's Children's Vaccine Program, which is strengthening immunization in Senegal, Cambodia, and India; evaluation of the SolarChill refrigerator, which is using solar power to fuel the cold chain; our cervical cancer work in Kenya and Peru, as part of the Alliance for Cervical Cancer Prevention; the Program for Advancement of Commercial Technology–Child and Reproductive Health (PACT-CRH), which is transferring health technologies to India's private sector; and results from three evaluations of clean home delivery kits used in Nepal and Tanzania.

Author: PATH

Publication date: September 2004

Region: Global

Part of series: Directions in Global Health

Publication date:

Stop Freezing Vaccine!

This series describes the serious risk of freezing vaccines and provides tools to reduce freezing in the cold chain. The materials contain current WHO-recommended freeze-prevention strategies targeted toward all levels of storage and transport of vaccines.

Publication date: 2003

Region: Global

10 Key Findings and Recommendations for Effective Cervical Cancer Screening and Treatment Programs

In early 2007, partners of the Alliance for Cervical Cancer Prevention met to assess newly analyzed results of key studies in India, Peru, South Africa, and Thailand. These new data spurred the partners to outline ten key findings and recommendations for global policy and practice related to cervical cancer screening and treatment in low-resource settings.

Publication date: April 2007

Region: Global

Training Vaccinators in a Time of Change

This article, from the October 2001 issue of Immunization Focus, describes one nongovernmental organization's experience of training with partners in countries. The article also includes examples of training initiatives developed by PATH's Children's Vaccine Program.

Publication date: 2001

Region: Global

Training Manual: Training Providers on Packaging Nevirapine Oral Suspension Using the Nevirapine Infant-Dose Pouch

This manual assists programs in training staff for the introduction of the nevirapine infant-dose pouch into programs for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT). It is intended for adaptation based on individual program needs.

Author: Berman A; Brooke S

Publication date: 2006

Region: Global

Preventing Accidental Freezing in the Cold Chain: An Introduction to Cold Chain Freezing and Some Options for Reducing It

This document is part of a series that describes the serious risk of freezing vaccines and provides tools to reduce freezing in the cold chain. The materials contain current WHO-recommended freeze-prevention strategies targeted toward all levels of storage and transport of vaccines.

Publication date: 2003

Region: Global

Policy and Advocacy Efforts for HIV and AIDS Prevention: The AIDS Surveillance and Education Project in the Philippines

Author: Aquino C; D'Agnes L; Castro J; Borromeo M; Schmidt K; Gill K

Publication date: 2003

Region: Global

Ukraine: What do Providers Know About Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission (PMTCT)?

This poster presentation illustrates a survey administered by PATH in 2005, in order to identify the knowledge, attitudes and practices among 517 providers (ob/gyns, gynecologists, and midwives) working in a total of 16 health care facilities in southern Ukraine.This poster was presented at the XVI AIDS conference in Toronto, August 13-18, 2006.

Author: Mogilevkina I; Kramer C; Winkler J; Bishop A; Stekhin K

Publication date: 2006

Region: Eastern Europe

Use of the Clean Home Delivery Kit: A Qualitative Study

Qualitative research study to gather detailed information about how the clean home delivery kit helps various types of birth attendants and/or cord-cutters in Nepal to maintain the principles of clean delivery. The main objective of this study was to understand the context of kit use and non-use by women for their own deliveries and by women assisting them during delivery.

Author: Beun M; Wood S

Publication date: 2002

Region: Asia

Strengthening Vietnam's immunization program

PATH, in close partnership with Vietnam's National Expanded Program on Immunization (NEPI), has worked to increase the quality, safety, and efficiency of immunization services through the Iris Project. This fact sheet describes the project's process of testing province-wide systems improvements, identifying best practices, and encouraging other provinces to adopt the improvements. Work included updating and improving policies, training staff, and increasing community knowledge and demand for vaccination, particularly through technical updates, training of trainers, an introduction to supportive supervision, an out-of-the-cold-chain study, and an injection safety project with needle removers.

Publication date: 2007

Region: Asia

Research on Adolescent Health in Kenya and Uganda

This report summarizes the results of a formative assessment conducted with Kenyan and Ugandan youth 12 to 15 years of age on their behavior, knowledge, opinions, social experiences, and information sources regarding sexuality and HIV. The report also offers recommendations for refining program activities and developing appropriate messages and educational materials. The report was produced by PATH and the Kenya and Uganda Scouts Associations as part of the Scouting for Solutions project.

Author: Winkler J; Wood S

Publication date: 2006

Region: Africa

Vaccine Stabilization

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes PATH's work on vaccine stabilization, including the development of a method to protect vaccines containing an aluminum adjuvant from freeze damage, the identification of a technology to improve the heat stability of certain vaccines, and the improvement of vaccine stability through reformulation involving glass-forming sugars plus other excipients and processing via spray drying.

Publication date: May 2012

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

HIV-SRH Convergence: Policy and Practice Update 2

This document is the second in a series of periodic policy and practice updates about work undertaken by PATH on the convergence of HIV services and sexual and reproductive health services in India.

Author: Sellers T; Saha A; Panda M; Bidla RK; Virk AK

Publication date: March 2007

Region: Asia

Part of series: HIV-SRH Convergence newsletters

Directions in Global Health (Volume 1, Issue 1)

The January 2004 issue of PATH's programmatic newsletter focuses on five projects: preventing HIV and AIDS in the Philippines, evaluating a malaria vaccine candidate, increasing youth access to services through pharmacies, advancing the Ultra Rice technology, and using theater to encourage social change.

Publication date: January 2004

Region: Global

Part of series: Directions in Global Health

Lymphedema Information Booklet [Ukrainian]

Specific information on the symptoms and prevention of lymphedema for breast cancer survivors.

Publication date: 1998

Region: Eastern Europe

Helping Yourself During Chemotherapy: 4 Steps for Patients [Ukrainian]

Publication date: 1998

Region: Eastern Europe

Health of the Woman [Ukrainian]

Publication date: 1998

Region: Eastern Europe

What You Need to Know About Breast Cancer [Ukrainian]

For women interested in knowing more about breast cancer, this brochure provides an overview with some specifics on diagnosis, treatment and recovery.

Publication date: 1998

Region: Eastern Europe

Radiation Therapy and You: A Guide for Patients [Ukrainian]

Specific information for women undergoing radiation therapy on the procedure and use of radiation to treat breast cancer.

Publication date: 1998

Region: Eastern Europe

Physical Exercises for Patients After Breast Cancer Surgery [Ukrainian]

Recommends several exercises for women recovering from breast cancer.

Publication date: 1998

Region: Eastern Europe

Mammogram and You [Ukrainian]

A brief brochure for all women explaining the role of mammograms in early detection.

Publication date: 1998

Region: Eastern Europe

Information About Clinical Breast Examination [Ukrainian]

Publication date: 1998

Region: Eastern Europe

Information About Clinical Breast Examination: Supporting the One You Love [Ukrainian]

Provides insight and advice to the relatives and friends of women survivors of breast cancer.

Publication date: 1998

Region: Eastern Europe

Recommendations for Breast Self-Exam [Ukrainian]

Publication date: 1998

Region: Eastern Europe

Eighteen Steps to Prevention of Lymphedema [Ukrainian]

Publication date: 1998

Region: Eastern Europe

Lymphatic Infection [Ukrainian]

Publication date: 1998

Region: Eastern Europe

Three Methods of Early Detection of Breast Cancer [Ukrainian]

Publication date: 1998

Region: Eastern Europe

Information About the Lymphatic System [Ukrainian]

Publication date: 1998

Region: Eastern Europe

Optimize: Tunisia Report

This report presents the results and findings of three demonstration projects undertaken in Tunisia as part of a partnership between project Optimize and the Tunisian Ministry of Health. Between 2009 and 2012, the partnership aimed to demonstrate innovations in the supply chain that can help the national immunization program meet the demands of an increasingly large and costly portfolio of vaccines.

Publication date: April 2013

Region: Africa

Part of series: Project Optimize country reports

Preventing Cervical Cancer in Low-Resource Settings (Outlook, vol. 18, no. 1)

Author: Sherris JD; Herdman C

Publication date: September 2000

Region: Global

Part of series: Outlook

Visual Screening Approaches: Promising Alternative Screening Strategies

Publication date: 2002

Region: Global

Pap Smears: An Important But Imperfect Screening Method

Publication date: 2002

Region: Global

The Case for Childhood Immunization

Author: Kane M; Lasher H

Publication date: 2002

Region: Global

Part of series: CVP Occasional Papers

Hepatitis B Vaccine Introduction: Lessons Learned in Advocacy, Communication and Training

Author: Wittet S

Publication date: 2001

Region: Global

Part of series: CVP Occasional Papers

Realizing the Full Potential of Childhood Immunization: How Health Professionals Can Make a Difference

This eight-page paper on local advocacy was written for doctors, nurses, and health educators. It provides practical suggestions for grassroots initiatives supporting immunization and incorporates the insights of co-author Dr. Robert Aston, an immunization advocate from the U.K.

Author: Wittet S; Aston R

Publication date: 2000

Region: Global

Part of series: CVP Occasional Papers

Investigating Live Attenuated Influenza Vaccine Efficacy in Senegal

This fact sheet describes a phase 3 clinical study that PATH and our partners are conducting in Senegal to evaluate the clinical efficacy of a seasonal, trivalent live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV). By providing evidence on how well this type of vaccine works among young children in Senegal, this study will help inform efforts in the scientific community to develop optimal LAIVs for the world’s most vulnerable children, as well as policy decisions for potential future LAIV use in Senegal and other tropical, low-resource countries in Africa.

Publication date: May 2013

Region: Africa

RBP-EIA: Validation and Establishment of a Rapid, Field-Based Tool for the Assessment of Vitamin A Deficiency: A Summary of Available Evidence

This document summarizes available evidence for the validation and establishment of a rapid, field-based tool for the assessment of vitamin A deficiency using the retinol-binding protein immunoassay (RBP-EIA) test.

Publication date: 2006

Region: Global

Initial Country Assessments for depo-subQ provera 104™ in the Uniject™ Injection System

These executive summaries reveal findings and recommendations from initial assessments conducted in Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Nigeria, Pakistan, Rwanda, and Senegal. These countries were evaluated in terms of service delivery, supply systems, and stakeholder perspectives with respect to the feasibility and appropriateness of introducing depo-subQ in Uniject.

Publication date: 2009

Region: Global

START-UP: Innovation in Cervical Cancer Screening

This fact sheet describes how the START-UP project is working with private-sector partners to develop two new tests that detect infection with the types of human papillomavirus (HPV) that cause cervical cancer. Designed for use in low-resource settings, these screening tools are an innovative answer to the challenge of early detection of the precursors of cervical cancer.

Publication date: July 2009

Region: Global

PATH's Guiding Principles for Private-Sector Collaboration

Publication date: 2005

Region: Global

Part of series: Guiding principles

PATH's Guiding Principles for Managing Conflict of Interest

Publication date: 2005

Region: Global

Part of series: Guiding principles

Preventing Postpartum Hemorrhage: Managing the Third Stage of Labor (Outlook, vol. 19, no. 3)

Author: Shane B

Publication date: September 2001

Region: Global

Part of series: Outlook

Caring for People Living with HIV/AIDS (Outlook, vol. 19, no. 2)

Author: Kols A

Publication date: August 2001

Region: Global

Part of series: Outlook

Preventing HIV/AIDS in Low-Resource Settings (Outlook, vol. 19, no. 1)

Author: Castro W; Lande R; Burns M

Publication date: May 2001

Region: Global

Part of series: Outlook

Meeting the Reproductive Health Needs of Refugees (Outlook, vol. 17, no. 4)

Author: Kols A; Kilbourne-Brook M

Publication date: December 1999

Region: Global

Part of series: Outlook

Improving Interactions with Clients: A Key to High-Quality Services (Outlook, vol. 17, no. 2)

Author: Murphy E; Rudy S; Steele C; Kilbourne-Brook M

Publication date: July 1999

Region: Global

Part of series: Outlook

Hormonal Contraception, IUDS, and HIV Risk (Outlook, vol. 17, no. 1)

Author: Bishop A; Kilbourne-Brook M; Wells E

Publication date: April 1999

Region: Global

Part of series: Outlook

New Approaches to Early Abortion (Outlook, vol. 16, no. 2)

Author: Nguyen T; Wells E

Publication date: October 1998

Region: Global

Part of series: Outlook

Infertility in Developing Countries (Outlook, vol. 15, no. 3)

Author: Kols A; Nguyen T

Publication date: November 1997

Region: Global

Part of series: Outlook

Hormonal Contraception and Breast Cancer: Convincing New Conclusions (Outlook, vol. 15, no. 1)

Author: Kilbourne-Brook M; Wells S

Publication date: June 1997

Region: Global

Part of series: Outlook

Reproductive Health: Women in Their Middle Years and Beyond (Outlook, vol. 14, no. 4)

Author: Kilbourne-Brook M

Publication date: March 1997

Region: Global

Part of series: Outlook

Involving Men in Reproductive Health (Outlook, vol. 14, no. 3)

Author: Wells E

Publication date: January 1997

Region: Global

Part of series: Outlook

Convergence of HIV and SRH Services in India: Impacts on and Implications for Key Populations

This document reviews global literature on the impacts and implications for converging HIV and sexual and reproductive health services for people most at risk: young men and women, sex workers, and HIV-positive people.

Publication date: January 2007

Region: Asia

Winning Through Caring - An HIV and AIDS Behavior Change Communication Program in Eritrea: Implementation Case Study

This document describes the implementation challenges, success and impact of behavior change communication activities in Eritrea.

Publication date: 2004

Region: Africa

PATH's Work in HIV and AIDS

This fact sheet provides a brief overview of PATH's work in HIV/AIDS prevention, treatment, care, and advocacy.

Publication date: 2006

Region: Global

Strengthening Immunization Services Through Service Delivery Support: The Andhra Pradesh Experience

Publication date: 2006

Region: Asia

Update: Infant and Young Child Feeding Practices in the Context of HIV/AIDS in Rwanda

The purpose of this document is to provide an update on the "Infant and Young Child Feeding Practices in the Context of HIV/AIDS in Rwanda" study conducted by UNICEF and partners in Rwanda in 2005. The document discusses the results of the Rwanda study in light of more recent research and program findings and includes the new WHO guidelines on HIV and infant feeding, which were published in October 2006. The study was published in French as "Evaluation des pratiques d'alimentation des nourrissons et des jeunes enfants dans le contexte du VIH/SIDA au Rwanda."

Author: Thiaru L

Publication date: 2007

Region: Africa

Reproductive Health Supplies Coalition Website

The Reproductive Health Supplies Coalition is a global partnership of public, private, and nongovernmental organizations dedicated to ensuring that all people in low- and middle-income countries can access and use affordable, high-quality supplies to ensure their better reproductive health.

Publication date: 2014

Region: Global

Part of series: Websites

Association Between Maternal, Birth, and Newborn Characteristics and Neonatal Mortality in Five Asian Countries

Questions about new interventions believed to improve neonatal survival have been added to the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) in five Asian countries: Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Nepal, and the Philippines. This document explores associations between these interventions and neonatal mortality and discusses implications for future research.

Author: Fort A, Kothari M, Abderrahim N

Publication date: August 2008

Region: Asia

Directions in Global Health (Volume 3, Issue 3)

This issue of Directions in Global Health features five PATH projects: preparing for an avian influenza outbreak in Ukraine and Georgia; improving nevirapine packaging for prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission; preventing postpartum hemorrhage through the POPPHI initiative; increasing access to safe abortion in Nepal; and supportive supervision of immunization programs in Vietnam.

Author: PATH

Publication date: December 2006

Region: Global

Part of series: Directions in Global Health

Directions in Global Health (Volume 2, Issue 2)

The August 2005 issue of Directions in Global Health features five PATH projects: our work with in- and out-of-school youth as part of the African Youth Alliance, a new test for vitamin A deficiency, HIV prevention among vulnerable groups in Georgia, cost analysis of rapid syphilis tests, and home-based care of people living with AIDS in South Africa.

Author: PATH

Publication date: August 2005

Region: Global

Part of series: Directions in Global Health

Proper Handling and Disposal of Auto-Disable Syringes and Safety Boxes: A Training Module for Clinic Managers and Immunization Providers

Author: Wittet S

Publication date: 2002

Region: Global

Options and Challenges for Converging HIV and SRH Services in India: Findings from an Assessment in Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Maharashtra, and Uttar Pradesh

This report shares findings from an assessment of how access to critical services for populations at risk of HIV and unintended pregnancy can be strengthened by converging HIV and sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services under the National Rural Health Mission and the National AIDS Control Programme in India. The report provides information on the demand for, opportunities for, and challenges of implementing HIV and SRH convergence in four Indian states—Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Maharashtra, and Uttar Pradesh. The report is available as one large file or as two smaller sections for easier downloading.

Author: PATH HIV-SRH Convergence Project in India

Publication date: June 2007

Region: Asia

Reproductive Health, Gender and Human Rights: A Dialogue

This document is available for downloading in one large file or by individual chapters. (There are 12 chapters plus appendices.)

Author: Murphy E; Ringheim K

Publication date: 2001

Region: Global

Special Report: 7th International Symposium on Pneumococci and Pneumococcal Diseases

This special report offers an overview of the proceedings at the 7th International Symposium on Pneumococci and Pneumococcal Diseases held in Tel Aviv, Israel, from March 14 to 18, 2010. The meeting brought together pneumococcal experts from around the world to discuss the latest advancements in the field of pneumococcal disease research and development. This report captures topics covered at the conference ranging from microbiology and epidemiology of the pneumococcus bacterium to existing and novel pneumococcal vaccines and  treatments, as well as updates on global advocacy efforts and serotype dynamics of pneumococcal disease.

Publication date: 2010

Region: Global

HPVflash

HPVflash is an email news bulletin that disseminates useful cervical cancer prevention information, including updates on vaccines against the human papillomavirus, to interested persons worldwide. HPVflash emails are emailed only a few times a year.

Publication date: 2014

Region: Global

Part of series: E-newsletters

Safe Motherhood: Successes and Challenges (Outlook, vol. 16, special issue)

Publication date: July 1998

Region: Global

Part of series: Outlook

Adolescent Reproductive Health: Making a Difference (Outlook, vol. 16, no. 3)

Author: Kilbourne-Brook M

Publication date: December 1998

Region: Global

Part of series: Outlook

Gender Inequities and Women's Health (Outlook, vol. 16, no. 4)

Author: Kols A

Publication date: February 1999

Region: Global

Part of series: Outlook

Breast Cancer: Increasing Incidence, Limited Options (Outlook, vol. 19, no 4 revised)

Author: Kols A

Publication date: June 2002

Region: Global

Part of series: Outlook

Shower Card - Breast Self Exam [Ukrainian]

A brief brochure for all women explaining the role of mammograms in early detection.

Publication date: 1998

Region: Eastern Europe

Planning Appropriate Cervical Cancer Prevention Programs (2nd ed)

Author: Herdman C; Sherris J

Publication date: 2000

Region: Global

Current and Future HPV Vaccines: Promise and Challenges

This 72-page document offers an in-depth look at vaccines against human papillomavirus (HPV), both currently available vaccines and those in development, including therapeutic vaccines. The document includes an examination of programmatic issues relevant to developing countries.

Author: Kols A

Publication date: 2006

Region: Global

Summary of Proceeedings: Consultative Forum on Cervical Cancer Prevention in Low-resource Settings

Author: Castro W

Publication date: 2001

Region: Global

HPV DNA Testing: Technical and Programmatic Issues for Cervical Cancer Prevention in Low-resource Settings

Author: Sherris J; Herdman C; Malloy C

Publication date: 2000

Region: Global

Tools for Expanding Emergency Contraceptive Pill Access Through Pharmacies

This notebook includes a number of resources about emergency contraception (EC): EC Pills Information Packet, Collaborative Agreements for Public Health, Framework, Model Legislation, Quality Assurance/Quality Improvement Document, Pharmacist Training Manual, Public Relations/Continency Plans, "Sweet Nothings" Radio Transcript, Reources, Presenters'slides, EC Materials for Diverse Audiences, EC Contraception Resources for Providers

Publication date: 2000

Region: North America and Europe

Misoprostol Literature Review

Publication date: 2001

Region: Global

Giving Safe Injections: Using Auto-Disable Syringes for Immunization

Publication date: 2001

Region: Global

RBP-EIA: A New Approach to Assessing Vitamin A Deficiency

This guide introduces the retinol binding protein enzyme immunoassay (RBP-EIA) to potential advocates and users, and provides information about its prospective role in public health.

Author: Hix J; Levin C; Gorstein J

Publication date: 2003

Region: Global

Reaching Out-of-School Youth with Life-Planning Skills Education: The African Youth Alliance's Behaviour Change Communication Efforts in Arusha, Tanzania

This document highlights the experiences of one small Tanzanian NGO's efforts to improve the reproductive health of out-of-school youth in Arusha, Tanzania.

Author: Lyssikatos G

Publication date: 2005

Region: Africa

Alliance for Cervical Cancer Prevention Website

Launched in 2002, this website provides information on the Alliance for Cervical Cancer Prevention (ACCP), of which PATH was a member. Having accomplished its mission, the ACCP disbanded in 2013.

Publication date: 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Websites

Malaria Vaccine Initiative Website

Launched in 2002, this website provides information on the Malaria Vaccine Initiative at PATH.

Publication date: 2014

Region: Global

Part of series: Websites

Pilot Use of Oxytocin in a Uniject™ Device for AMTSL in Mali

This report describes use of the Uniject™ device prefilled with 10 international units (IU) of oxytocin for actively managing the third stage of labor in selected health centers in Mali. Although this single-dose, autodisable injection device has previously been used for tetanus toxoid vaccination in Mali, the Ministry of Health lacked documentation of the safety and feasibility of using the device to deliver oxytocin for active management of the third stage of labor (AMTSL).

Author: Prevention of Postpartum Hemorrhage Initiative (POPPHI)

Publication date: December 2008

Region: Global

Behavior Change Communication: Increasing Access to Safe Abortion in Nepal

This two-page fact sheet gives a brief overview of the behavior change communication (BCC) work PATH and its partners are doing to increase knowledge of and access to safe abortion in Nepal.

Publication date: 2005

Region: Asia

Comparative Study of the Functionality and Acceptability of Four Neonatal Resuscitation Devices

This report documents a participatory evaluation that sought to expand the accessibility, availability, and use of appropriate and effective neonatal resuscitator devices for South African populations.

Publication date: May 2008

Region: Africa

Prevention of Postpartum Hemorrhage Fact Sheets

The USAID-funded Prevention of Postpartum Hemorrhage Initiative (POPPHI) has developed numerous fact sheets on postpartum hemorrhage to educate individuals on its severity and how it can be avoided through active management of the third stage of labor.

Author: Prevention of Postpartum Hemorrhage Initiative (POPPHI)

Publication date: 2008

Region: Global

Workshop on Using the WHO Prequalification Programme in Procurement Practices

These workshop materials were developed to improve the knowledge and skills of procurement implementers to enable them to effectively use the WHO Prequalification Programme for Essential Reproductive Health Medicines. The materials include educational and skills-building components to convey the benefits of prequalification within the procurement context and to effectively incorporate prequalification into bidding documents and bidder assessments. If you intend to adapt these materials, it is recommended that experienced facilitators manage each session. For more information, contact info@path.org.

Publication date: April 2008

Region: Global

Workshop on the WHO Prequalification Programme for Male Latex Condoms

These workshop materials were designed for manufacturers of male latex condoms to introduce and solicit input on the new WHO Prequalification Programme for Male Latex Condoms. The objective is to increase the successful participation of manufacturers, thereby expanding the supplier base and expediting progress toward reproductive health supply security in low- and middle-income countries. If you intend to adapt these materials, it is recommended that experienced facilitators manage each session. For more information, contact info@path.org.

Publication date: April 2008

Region: Global

Sample International Reproductive Health Curricula

Publication date: 1999

Region: Global

Directions in Global Health (Volume 3, Issue 1)

This special issue of Directions in Global Health features PATH's work in malaria prevention and control. It describes PATH's partnerships, experience in Zambia, clinical trial activities, efforts to prepare for vaccine introduction, and advocacy efforts.

Author: PATH

Publication date: May 2006

Region: Global

Part of series: Directions in Global Health

What's in a Game? An Evaluation of Two Sexuality Education Board Games: Safari of Life and Young Man's Journey

Author: Hendrix-Jenkins A

Publication date: 2002

Region: Africa

Creating a Japanese Encephalitis Surveillance System in Vietnam

This document provides details on PATH's partnership with the National Expanded Program on Immunization in Vietnam to enhance surveillance of Japanese encephalitis disease and inform planning for immunization programs.

Author: Phillips D

Publication date: May 2007

Region: Asia

Reaching Out-of-School Youth in Uganda with Sexual and Reproductive Health Information and Services

This case study describes PATH's work with three implementing partners -- the Family Planning Association of Uganda, Uganda Red Cross Society, and Ndere Troupe -- that carried out the African Youth Alliance's out-of-school component in Uganda. The activity was designed to reach 22,000 youth in 12 districts with sexuality and reproductive health education, including HIV and AIDS, information about assessing youth-friendly services, and opportunities to strengthen developmental skills. This innovative and comprehensive strategy successfully reached thousands of Ugandan youth who were no longer in school.

Publication date: 2005

Region: Africa

Technology Solutions by the Numbers

This fact sheet highlights PATH's health technology solutions from the past 30 years.

Publication date: April 2014

Region: Global

Innovation in Enteric Vaccine Development: Addressing Bacterial Causes of Diarrhea

This fact sheet describes PATH's enteric vaccine project from a technical perspective. It includes an overview of PATH's vaccine development portfolio, research activities, and partners to support the development of effective and affordable vaccines against Shigella and enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli, the leading bacterial causes of diarrhea, for children in the developing world.

Publication date: October 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Diarrheal disease fact sheets

Preventing Cervical Cancer: Unprecedented Opportunities for Improving Women's Health (Outlook, vol. 23, no. 1)

This issue of Outlook provides the latest evidence-based information about cervical cancer prevention. It summarizes key issues related to transmission of human papillomavirus (HPV), new HPV vaccines, and strategies for introducing the vaccine in low-resource countries. This issue also identifies new methods for early detection and treatment of cervical cancer.

Author: Castilaw D, Wittet S

Publication date: June 2007

Region: Global

Part of series: Outlook

News From PATH

News From PATH provides timely and relevant updates on PATH, global health news, and ways to connect with us. Sign up to receive our monthly, mobile-friendly e-newsletter and other occasional updates about our work.

Publication date: 2014

Region: Global

Part of series: E-newsletters

A Workplace-Based Life-Planning Skills Training Program for Migrant Youth in Shenzhen, China

Out-of-school adolescent migrants in urban areas are a difficult group to reach. They are also more likely than students to need adolescent sexual and reproductive health information and services. These documents report on a study to evaluate the impact of a work-based training program in life-planning skills conducted with young, unmarried migrants in Shenzhen, China. A full report is provided in English, with summaries in both English and Chinese.

Publication date: August 2005

Region: Asia

Building the Future of Immunization: The Children's Vaccine Program Annual Report

Publication date: 2002

Region: Global

Cervical Cancer Project in Vietnam

This fact sheet provides an overview of PATH's work to prevent and treat cervical cancer in Vietnam, including human papillomavirus vaccine introduction research, vaccine demonstration, a screening and treatment pilot model, and advocacy.

Publication date: May 2011

Region: Asia

SA 14-14-2 Live Japanese Encephalitis (JE) Vaccine

This fact sheet provides important information on the SA 14-14-2 JE vaccine manufactured by the Chengdu Institute of Biological Products. Topics include vaccine presentation, dosage, safety, and history of use.

Publication date: October 2013

Region: Asia

Using Uniject to Increase the Safety and Effectiveness of Hepatitis B Immunization

Author: Nelson C; Widjaya A; Wittet S

Publication date: 2002

Region: Global

Part of series: CVP Occasional Papers

Violence Against Women: Effects on Reproductive Health (Outlook, vol. 20, no. 1)

Author: Shane B; Ellsberg M

Publication date: September 2002

Region: Global

Part of series: Outlook

Medabon for Medical Abortion: Resource Materials for Health Care Providers and Program Managers

Medical abortion—an approach that uses medication rather than surgical intervention to end a pregnancy—may be one way to help women get the safe services they need. Until recently, the two medications most widely approved for safe and effective medical abortion (mifepristone and misoprostol) were packaged and licensed separately. They are now licensed and packaged together as one product: Medabon®. This information package helps health care providers, program managers, policymakers, the media, and women understand the new product.

Publication date: August 2009

Region: Global

Effectiveness, Safety and Acceptability of Cryotherapy: A Systematic Literature Review

The main objective of the review was to examine the available data on the effectiveness, safety, and acceptability of cryotherapy, and to communicate the evidence base to health professionals and policy makers in developing countries.

Author: Castro W; Gage J; Gaffikin L; Ferreccio C; Sellors J; Sherris J; Blumenthal P

Publication date: 2003

Region: Global

Part of series: Cervical Cancer Prevention: Issues in Depth

Program Capacity Assessment Tool: Integrating Cervical Cancer Prevention into Reproductive Health Services

Publication date: 2001

Region: Global

Reducing Postpartum Hemorrhage in Vietnam

This fact sheet describes a collaboration between PATH and the Vietnamese Ministry of Health to study in six districts of Thanh Hoa Province, Vietnam, the use of single-dose Uniject™ devices prefilled with oxytocin in the active management of the third stage of labor in order to reduce the rates of postpartum hemorrhage.

Publication date: 2007

Region: Asia

Developing Cervical Cancer Screening Programs that Meet Women's Needs

Publication date: 2003

Region: Global

Women's Frequently Asked Questions About Cervical Cancer Screening: Helping Health Care Providers Anticipate and Answer Common Questions

Publication date: 2003

Region: Global

Directions in Global Health (Volume 4, Issue 1)

This special issue of Directions in Global Health highlights PATH's vaccine partnership efforts: PATH Malaria Vaccine Initiative (MVI), pneumococcal vaccine development project, Meningitis Vaccine Project, cervical cancer vaccine project, and Rotavirus Vaccine Program. The issue also features a case study of the vaccine vial monitor.

Author: PATH

Publication date: May 2007

Region: Global

Part of series: Directions in Global Health

The Radically Simple Uniject Device

This four-page brochure tells the story of the Uniject device--how it grew from a concept to an easy-to-use, all-in-one injection device that will be used to vaccinate every newborn in Indonesia against hepatitis B and to help eliminate maternal and neonatal tetanus globally. The publication covers the development, evaluation, licensing, production, and design and function of Uniject. Photographs and a timeline of Uniject's history included.

Author: E.Simpson

Publication date: 2003

Region: Global

Protecting the Promise of Youth: PATH's Adolescent Health Strategic Program

This brochure describes the approach and activities of PATH's adolescent health program.

Author: E.Simpson

Publication date: 2003

Region: Global

Palliative Care: Supporting Women With Advanced Cancer

Publication date: 2003

Region: Global

Indonesia's Healthy Start Program

Publication date: 2003

Region: Asia

PATH: 25 Years of Innovation in Global Health

Publication date: 2003

Region: Global

Promoting Gender Equity: PATH's Gender, Violence and Rights Strategic Program

Publication date: 2003

Region: Global

Improving Global Health Through Technology Solutions

Publication date: 2003

Region: Global

Leading an Effective Response to HIV/AIDS

Publication date: 2003

Region: Global

Meeting the Needs of Women, Men, and Their Communities: PATH's Approach to Reproductive Health

Publication date: 2003

Region: Global

Natural History of Cervical Cancer: Even Infrequent Screening of Older Women Saves Lives

Publication date: 2003

Region: Global

Anemia Detection Methods in Low-Resource Settings: A Manual for Health Workers

Publication date: 1997

Region: Global

Treating Precancerous Cervical Lesions

Publication date: 2003

Region: Global

Questions Frequently Asked by Women

Publication date: 2003

Region: Global

Sourcing Guide: The Nevirapine Infant-Dose Pouch for Use in Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV/AIDS Programs. Version 1

This guide provides programs for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) with the information they need to independently procure nevirapine infant-dose pouches for use in their PMTCT services. (PATH is not a manufacturer or supplier of the pouch.)

Author: Berman A; Brooke S

Publication date: 2006

Region: Global

SILCS Diaphragm: Design History

This document provides an historical profile on the design of PATH's SILCS diaphragm, including clinical evaluations, user acceptability studies, and product features, specifications, and benefits.

Publication date: 2006

Region: Global

Sexually Transmitted Infections (job aid) [Vietnamese]

Developed as part of a project aimed at strengthening the provision of reproductive health services for young people at pharmacies, this job aid aims to strengthen the knowledge of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) for pharmacy staff, remind them of key points when talking with young clients about STIs, and provide a list of facilities providing youth friendly STI services in Thanh Hoa.

Publication date: 2004

Region: Asia

Sexually Transmitted Infection (leaflet) [Vietnamese]

Developed as part of a project aimed at strengthening the provision of reproductive health services for young people at pharmacies, this leaflet aims to provide information on definition, transmission, implications, common signs and prevention of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), help young people to assess their risks of STIs, and provide a list of youth friendly STI services in Thanh Hoa.

Publication date: 2004

Region: Asia

Ensuring Contraceptive Supply Security (Outlook, vol. 20, no. 3)

International assistance for family planning has been shrinking at a time when many family planning programs in developing countries are experiencing shortages of supplies. This issue of Outlook discusses contraceptive supply security, including its critical components, the current status of funding, causes of contraceptive shortages, and challenges and promising approaches to achieving supply security.

Author: Finkle C

Publication date: July 2003

Region: Global

Part of series: Outlook

Packaging Solutions for Nevirapine

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes PATH's current project to improve packaging of nevirapine used to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV.

Publication date: May 2010

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

"New Generation" Models for Asia's Youth: Strengthening Networks and Building Capacity

Publication date: 2003

Region: Asia

PATH's Guiding Principles for Achieving Programmatic Impact

Publication date: 2005

Region: Global

Part of series: Guiding principles

Profile of the Kenyan AIDS NGOs Consortium

Author: Waring B

Publication date: 2003

Region: Africa

An Investigation Into the Context of Use and Functionality of Neonatal Resuscitator Devices

A HealthTech report evaluating neonatal resuscitators.

Author: Coffey P; Seamans Y; Kelly K

Publication date: 2005

Region: Global

Fact Sheet: Meningococcal Meningitis

Key facts about meningococcal meningitis, including disease transmission, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention; outbreak trends; and global public response.

Publication date: February 2013

Region: Africa

Visual Inspection with Acetic Acid (VIA): Evidence to Date

The Alliance for Cervical Cancer Prevention (ACCP) has developed a set of presentation materials to help cervical cancer prevention advocates make presentations to policymakers, donors, clinicians, program managers, community health workers and others who may be interested or actively involved in cervical cancer prevention. The presentations are available on the ACCP web site in both PowerPoint and as PDF files.

Publication date: 2003

Region: Global

The Pap Test: Evidence to Date

The ACCP has developed a set of presentation materials to help cervical cancer prevention advocates make presentations to policymakers, donors, clinicians, program managers, community health workers and others who may be interested or actively involved in cervical cancer prevention. The presentations are available on the ACCP web site in both PowerPoint and as PDF files.

Publication date: 2003

Region: Global

Malaria Vaccine Market Consultation

Publication date: 2001

Region: Global

Fact Sheet: Plasmodium vivax Malaria

Author: Hooks C

Publication date: 2001

Region: Global

Profile of the Kenyan Youth Exchange Network

In March 1998, eight organizations working with youth in different Nairobi slums came together to form the Youth Exchange Network (YEN). The groups were motivated to join forces to better serve young people and other residents of these areas. This document describes the development of YEN and its key projects and programs. The document was created for NGO Networks at the request of the USAID Bureau of Africa to offer an example of a young network still establishing its identity and discovering its value.

Author: Waring B

Publication date: 2003

Region: Africa

Translating Advocacy to Action at the Country Level

PATH is an innovator, researcher, implementation catalyst, and influential advocate on the global and country levels. This document highlights PATH's experience and expertise in translating data, knowledge, and messages to stimulate action by decision-makers in support of health innovations, policies, and sustainable resources.

Publication date: December 2012

Region: Global

Scout Leaders Programme Handbook

Publication date: 2003

Region: Africa

A Rights-Based Approach to Reproductive Health (Outlook, vol. 20, no. 4)

Human rights and reproductive health advocates increasingly are working together to advance women's and men's well-being. This issue of Outlook discusses fundamental human rights principles and major developments; benefits of a rights-based approach to reproductive health; obligations and responsibilities at the international, national, health care system, and community levels; and how programs can implement a rights-based approach to reproductive health care.

Author: Kols A

Publication date: December 2003

Region: Global

Part of series: Outlook

Visual inspection with Lugol

The ACCP has developed a set of presentation materials to help cervical cancer prevention advocates make presentations to policymakers, donors, clinicians, program managers, community health workers and others who may be interested or actively involved in cervical cancer prevention. The presentations are available on the ACCP web site in both PowerPoint and as PDF files.

Publication date: 2003

Region: Global

ASUH (Awal Sehat Untuk Hidup Sehat): Improving the Health of Newborns in Indonesia: Final Report

Final report from PATH to USAID Jakarta for the ASUH or Healthy Start for a Healthy Life program. From 2000-2003, PATH, in collaboration with the Indonesian Ministry of Health and other partners, galvanized the participation of communities and the health system in four of Indonesia's districts.

Author: Muller N; Palmer A; Tsu V

Publication date: 2003

Region: Asia

Researching New Prevention Approaches for Cervical Cancer: Methodological Guidelines

The ACCP has developed a set of presentation materials to help cervical cancer prevention advocates make presentations to policymakers, donors, clinicians, program managers, community health workers and others who may be interested or actively involved in cervical cancer prevention. The presentations are available on the ACCP web site in both PowerPoint and as PDF files.

Publication date: 2004

Region: Global

Resources for Emergency Contraceptive Pill Programming: A Toolkit

Emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs) are special doses of birth control pills that can be used after unprotected intercourse to prevent pregnancy. Although ECPs offer a safe and effective contraceptive option, with some notable exceptions the method has yet to be widely integrated into developing-country family planning programs. The purpose of this toolkit is to facilitate the integration of ECPs into developing-country family planning and reproductive health programs. It includes resources for ECP advocacy, assessment, service provision, and evaluation. The planning and implementation tools represent best practices and experience that will help programs move through the steps required to make ECP services routinely available through health service delivery systems. The intent of the toolkit is to share widely an array of materials developed by PATH and by other organizations as they worked in a variety of settings to incorporate ECPs into family planning services. It is hoped that by bringing together these resources in a format that facilitates their use, the toolkit can reduce duplication of efforts, redundancy, and unnecessary expense.

Publication date: June 2004

Region: Global

Palliative Care for Women with Cervical Cancer: A Field Manual

This manual was developed for health care providers such as community nurses and medical doctors who care for women who are dying of advanced cervical cancer. It offers recommendations for providing supportive care for women with the disease and provides practical advice on managing physical signs and symptoms, using modern medications to relieve pain, promoting good nutrition, and addressing social, emotional, and spiritual issues.

Author: Herdman C; Levin K; Dzuba I; Castro W; Muhombe K; Sellors J

Publication date: 2003

Region: Global

Risk Factors for Cervical Cancer: Evidence to Date

Part of the ACCP's series of fact sheets, this document reviews available evidene on risk factors for cervical cancer.

Publication date: 2004

Region: Global

Working with District Health Offices in ASUH

Description of the work carried out with district health offices in Indonesia.

Publication date: 2003

Region: Asia

Clinical Training for ASUH Midwives

Description of clinical training provided to midwives in Indonesia.

Publication date: 2003

Region: Asia

Empowering Communities through ASUH

Description of how ASUH helped communities in Indonesia.

Publication date: 2003

Region: Asia

HIV-SRH Convergence: Policy and Practice Update 4

This policy and practice update provides an overview of the demonstration project implemented by PATH and partners in the Patna and Muzaffarpur districts of Bihar and in the Srikakulam district in Andhra Pradesh. In this issue, we describe the project and field activities and share some selected findings from our interactions with communities and health care providers.

Publication date: December 2009

Region: Asia

Part of series: HIV-SRH Convergence newsletters

Male Circumcision: Current Epidemiological and Field Evidence

This conference report provides information on program and policy implications for HIV prevention and reproductive health.

Author: USAID Office of HIV/AIDS, AIDSMark (PSI, PATH, MSH), JHPIEGO

Publication date: 2002

Region: Global

How Can We Prevent Cervical Cancer? A Guide for Community Facilitators

The community facilitator's guide, How Can We Prevent Cervical Cancer? was developed for use by community promotion teams as part of a cervical cancer prevention program in San Mart

Publication date: 2002

Region: Latin America

Palliative Care for Women With Cervical Cancer: A Kenya Field Manual

This field manual was developed for visiting nurses or health facility-based nurses and physicians in Kenya to use when caring for women with terminal cervical cancer. It focuses on understanding cervical cancer, relieving the physical problems associated with it, and addressing social, emotional, and spiritual issues faced by women with terminal disease and their families. It offers the reader simple, practical advice on the drugs and techniques that are effective in the management of the most common problems confronting women and their families.

Author: Sellors J; Muhombe K; Castro W

Publication date: 2004

Region: Africa

RHO Cervical Cancer Website

RHO Cervical Cancer is an online resource for health program managers and decision-makers seeking to prevent cervical cancer in low-resource settings. The site contains information about human papillomavirus and cervical cancer, cervical cancer screening and treatment, and the role of vaccination in cervical cancer prevention.

Publication date: 2014

Region: Global

Part of series: Websites

Introducing TT Uniject in Maternal and Neonatal Tetanus Elimination

This document provides materials to assist health workers and program managers in the introduction, training, and proper use of TT-Uniject.

Author: Fleming J; Nelson C

Publication date: 2003

Region: Global

Contraceptive Methods in Focus: IUDs, Implants, and Oral Contraceptives (Outlook, vol. 21, no. 1)

Despite an increase in demand and availability, access to contraceptive use remains a challenge to many due to a variety of barriers. For health care providers and counselors, providing the most up-to-date information concerning contraceptive choices is critical for ensuring clients are able to make the best decisions about their reproductive needs. This issue of Outlook addresses several topics related to contraceptive methods, including trends in contraceptive use, the underutilization of IUDs, the increase in options for contraceptive implants, combined oral contraceptives, and new options in hormonal contraception.

Author: Castro W

Publication date: May 2004

Region: Global

Part of series: Outlook

ACCP Strategies for Supporting Women With Cervical Cancer

This report provides an overview of current issues relating to cancer treatment in developing countries, followed by descriptions of existing support for cancer patients in countries where ACCP has worked and the support provided by ACCP projects. Finally, this report provides recommendations, based on ACCP experiences, for the provision of basic assistance at the national or local level to women with cervical cancer, within the context of a prevention-based intervention in low-resource settings.

Author: White SC; Winkler JL; ACCP Community Involvement Affinity Group

Publication date: 2004

Region: Global

Health and Hope for People in Need

This brochure provides a general overview of PATH's approach and focus areas. It is designed for distribution to general audiences.

Publication date: 2004

Region: Global

Women's Stories, Women's Lives: Experiences with Cervical Cancer Screening and Treatment

Women's Stories, Women's Lives: Experiences with Cervical Cancer Screening and Treatment is a collection of stories based on interviews with women who participated in the Alliance for Cervical Cancer Prevention (ACCP) screening and (when applicable) treatment programs. These women's stories illustrate the unnecessary suffering cervical cancer can cause women and their families and how prevention programs can save women's lives.

Author: ACCP

Publication date: 2004

Region: Global

Conclusions From ACCP Clinical Research in Developing Countries

This ACCP Cervical Cancer Prevention Fact Sheet summarizes the major findings and conclusions from ACCP research on organized cervical cancer prevention programs, alternative screening methods, treatment methods for precancerous lesions, and cost-effectiveness of screen-and-treat programs.

Author: ACCP

Publication date: 2004

Region: Global

Meningitis Vaccine Project Website

Launched in 2004, this website provides information on meningitis and the work of PATH and the World Health Organization's Meningitis Vaccine Project to eliminate epidemic meningitis as a public health problem in sub-Saharan Africa.

Publication date: 2014

Region: Africa

Part of series: Websites

The Case for Investing in Cervical Cancer Prevention

This document provides evidence on cervical cancer's burden of disease and the importance of women

Author: Sherris J; Castro W; Levin C; Dzuba I; Arossi S

Publication date: 2004

Region: Global

Part of series: Cervical Cancer Prevention: Issues in Depth

Choosing Male Sterilization (Outlook, vol. 21, no. 3)

This issue of Outlook looks primarily at vasectomy as a contraceptive option for men. A number of important topics related to this theme are addressed, including no-scalpel vasectomy, no-scalpel vs. conventional vasectomy, choosing vasectomy, cost, vasectomy in developing countries, possible side effects and complications, regret, reversibility, and other strategies for male contraception.

Author: Weil B

Publication date: December 2004

Region: Global

Part of series: Outlook

Improving Screening Coverage Rates of Cervical Cancer Prevention Programs: A Focus on Communities

This paper describes the community focus taken by ACCP projects from 1999 to 2004 in eight countries: El Salvador, India, South Africa, Thailand, Ghana, Kenya, Peru, and Bolivia. We include an overview of the various community involvement strategies that were used to increase screening coverage, and we present lessons learned about how to meet women

Author: Coffey P; Arossi S; Bradley J; Dzuba I; White SC; ACCP Community Involvement Affinity Group

Publication date: 2004

Region: Global

Part of series: Cervical Cancer Prevention: Issues in Depth

Western Kenya Cervical Cancer Prevention Project (WKCCPP) Final Report December 2004

The WKCCPP Project, implemented from 2000 to 2004, was a collaborative effort to develop and evalulate a model cervical cancer prevention program suitable for rural, low-resource settings in Africa. During the life of the project nearly 2,400 women were screened using visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA), visual screening using Lugol's iodine (VILI), and a combination of both screening tests, followed by cryotherapy. WKCCPP clearly demonstrated that cervical cancer prevention services based on these tests can be established and sustained in rural Kenya with relatively modest start-up requirements and support. With commitment at national and local levels, an affordable and effective cervical cancer prevention service could be phased in over the next five to ten years, and thousands of women's lives could be spared.

Author: Tsu V; Lewis K; Bignham A; Levin C; Sellors J

Publication date: 2004

Region: Africa

Preventing Cervical Cancer Worldwide

This report highlights the major findings, lessons, and recommendations from the Alliance for Cervical Cancer Prevention

Publication date: 2004

Region: Global

Let's Get Ready for Departure: Life-Planning Skills Training Among Migrant Youth From Peixian Couny, Jiangsu Province

This case study briefly documents the process of conducting a vocational school–based training course in life-planning skills for rural, young migrants from Peixian County, Jiangsu Province, China, and shares the lessons learned from this intervention as well as the possibility and necessity of expanding the program.

Publication date: June 2005

Region: Asia

Highlights of 25 Years of Youth Sexual and Reproductive Health Programming

This publication is a "look back" at highlights of some of PATH's work in youth sexual and reproductive health over the last 20+ years, and also a "look forward," outlining its vision for the future.

Author: Mueller L; Gerber W; Newton N

Publication date: 2003

Region: Global

Surveillance and Control of Communicable Diseases: Guidelines for Public Health Services in Georgia

The Georgian National Health Policy, adopted in 1999, declares the reduction of communicable and socially dangerous diseases a major priority for maintaining and improving the health of the Georgian population over the next decade. This report helps Georgian health workers comply with the above goal. It outlines how to identify and register cases of infectious diseases; confirm and classify cases; notify and report; analyze data; investigate outbreaks; and use available information for making decisions to prevent and control infectious diseases and improve the functioning of the surveillance system.

Publication date: 2005

Region: Eastern Europe

Supporting National TB Programs to Expand DOTS

Brochure describing PATH's national TB programs to expand DOTS. Created for a global meeting on TB in Paris, Oct/Nov. 2004.

Author: Hanson C; Gerber W

Publication date: 2004

Region: Global

Malaria and the Military

This fact sheet provides a historical perspective on malaria’s impact on the US military, from the Revolutionary War up until 2003. Malaria illness and death estimates for various wars are provided.

Publication date: 2004

Region: Global

Misoprostol Use in Obstetrics and Gynecology (Outlook, vol. 21, no. 4)

This issue of Outlook provides evidence-based information on the emerging use of misoprostol in obstetrics and gynecology. It describes current research, regulatory issues, availability, and administration, as well as misoprostol's use during labor and delivery for labor induction and for prevention and treatment of postpartum hemorrhage. It also describes its use in inducing or managing abortion, including for treatment of incomplete abortion, preabortion cervical ripening, and pregnancy termination. Finally, it outlines safety issues and implications for research and practice.

Author: Burns M

Publication date: April 2005

Region: Global

Part of series: Outlook

Meeting the Global Demand for Supplies

This two-page summary describes the Reproductive Health Supplies Coalition (RHSC). PATH serves as the secretariat for the RHSC, which provides global leadership in making essential reproductive health products available in developing and transitional countries.

Publication date: July 2010

Region: Global

Outlook and RHO Report on Evaluation Activities in 2003

This document reports on 2003 Outlook and RHO reader evaluations, which included surveys, focus group discussions, and key-informant interviews. The report discusses evaluation methods and results, compares results to a 1997 Outlook reader survey and a 1999 RHO user survey, and outlines recommendations and outcomes. Appendices include a copy of the surveys and responses, key-informant questionnaire, focus group discussion guide, and sample pages of Outlook's design, pre- and post-evaluation.

Author: Boyd A; Kirshbaum J

Publication date: 2005

Region: Global

PATH's Work in Tuberculosis

Fact sheet describing some of PATH's global HIV/AIDS and TB.

Author: Crawford K; Gerber W

Publication date: 2005

Region: Global

Smart Electrochlorinator 200

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes PATH's work, in collaboration with Cascade Designs, to develop a prototype of a portable, battery-powered, easy-to-use device that delivers consistent concentrations of chlorine to treat water in low-resource settings.

Publication date: September 2011

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

Iron-Fortified Rice Is As Efficacious As Supplemental Iron Drops in Infants and Young Children

Improving iron status among infants and young children is of continued concern in low- to middle-income countries. This article, published in The Journal of Nutrition, reports on a double-blind, randomized trial among mildly anemic children in Brazil that compared use of rice fortified with micronized ferric pyrophosphate using the Ultra Rice technology with identical nonfortified rice. The study found that, in populations where young children are routinely fed approximately 100 grams of cooked rice daily, fortifying rice with iron may improve iron status at least as well as providing free iron drops.

Author: Beinner M, Velasquez-Meléndez G, Pessoa MC, Greiner T

Publication date: November 2009

Region: Global

Retinol Binding Protein Enzyme Immunoassay (RBP-EIA)

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes PATH's work to develop a rapid, low-cost test to detect vitamin A deficiency.

Publication date: April 2012

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

Renewing US Leadership: Policies to Advance Global Health Research

The fourth annual policy report from the Global Health Technologies Coalition outlines actions the United States can take to help reduce deaths, extend lives, and secure healthier futures by supporting research for new health tools.

Publication date: February 2013

Region: North America and Europe

Part of series: GHTC's annual policy reports

SoloShot

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes the SoloShot project at PATH.

Publication date: October 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

Injectable Contraceptives in Uniject

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes PATH's work on Uniject for use with injectable contraceptives.

Publication date: May 2010

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

BIRTHweigh III

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes PATH's work on the BIRTHweigh III scale.

Publication date: May 2012

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

Emergency Contraceptive Pills: Medical and Service Delivery Guidelines [Russian]

This is a Russian translation of the second edition (2004) of the "Emergency Contraceptive Pills: Medical and Service Delivery Guidelines." The International Consortium for Emergency Contraception compiled these service delivery guidelines to give family planning and other reproductive health programs and practitioners the information they need to provide ECPs safely and effectively. The recommendations in these guidelines reflect the latest available research on emergency contraception and have been reviewed by internationally recognized reproductive health experts. Local programs can adapt these guidelines as necessary to comply with national or other requirements.

Publication date: 2004

Region: Eastern Europe

Lives Renewed: The Emergence of a Breast Cancer Survivor Movement in Ukraine

Ukraine project descriptions

Author: Bishop A

Publication date: 2005

Region: Eastern Europe

Vaccine-Preventable Bacterial Meningitis Program in Ukraine

Ukraine project descriptions

Author: Bishop A

Publication date: 2005

Region: Eastern Europe

Infectious Disease Surveillance and Management Information Systems Strengthening

Ukraine project descriptions

Author: Bishop A

Publication date: 2005

Region: Eastern Europe

Support to Ukraine in Implementing Its National TB Program

In this document you will find a fact sheet describing the tuberculosis (TB) Project in Ukraine.

Author: Gamazina K; Tsarenko A; Bishop A

Publication date: 2006

Region: Eastern Europe

Maximizing the Benefits of Public-Private Partnerships

This document describes PATH's approach to maximizing the availability, accessibility, and affordability of global health technologies through private-sector collaboration. This approach is critical in enabling global access of the results of our private-sector partnerships. This edition is a condensed version of the 12-page document, Bringing New Health Technologies Within Reach for Everyone. It is supported by six case studies illustrating how PATH has applied this approach to a food-fortification technology, pneumococcal vaccines, human papillomavirus screening, Japanese encephalitis vaccines, malaria vaccines, and the Uniject® prefilled injection device.

Publication date: November 2009

Region: Global

Reaching Women in Latin America with Misoprostol Use Instructions

This two-page fact sheet provides a brief overview of the results of an exploratory study conducted by PATH, Ipas, and research partners in Latin America to identify appropriate channels through which misoprostol use instructions could be disseminated to women safely and effectively, without causing legal risk to individuals or restrictions to the availability of the drug in Latin America.

Publication date: 2005

Region: Latin America

Cambodia: "Coverage Improvement Planning" Pays Off - Expanding Services and Increasing Financial Sustainablity

Publication date: 2004

Region: Asia

Vietnam: Progress Beyond High Coverage - Increasing Immunization Program Quality, Safety, and Efficiency

Publication date: January 2007

Region: Asia

Introducing HPV Vaccines in Developing Countries: Overcoming the Challenges

This fact sheet focuses on the challenges of introducing HPV vaccines into developing countries.

Author: Herdman C; Demspey M

Publication date: 2005

Region: Global

Management of Unintended Pregnancies [Vietnamese]

Developed as part of a project aimed at strengthening the provision of reproductive health services for young people at pharmacies, this leaflet emphasizes the importance of early pregnancy confirmation, provides three options for unintended pregnancies and a list of youth friendly services in Thanh Hoa.

Publication date: 2004

Region: Asia

Public-Private Mix: Involving Pharmacies and Other Providers in TB Control - A Cambodia Case Study

This document describes the successful introduction of a public-private mix program designed to increase the detection of tuberculosis in Cambodia. It is hoped that health programs in other high-burden countries will find this a useful guide for introducing or scaling up their own public-private mix activities.

Publication date: September 2011

Region: Asia

A Qualitative Assessment of the Ethno-Medical Perspectives on Intestinal Parasite Infections in Vietnam

Infection with intestinal parasites is very common in rural Vietnam, with rates of Ascariasis approaching 100 percent amongst children aged two years and older. Trichuris and hookworm infections also highly prevalent. This document reports on research that was conducted at four communes of Ba Thuoc and Hau Loc districts, Thanh Hoa Province, Vietnam. It provides a comprehensive overview of awareness as well as behaviors and practices of local people in health and intestinal parasite infection management and control.

Publication date: 2002

Region: Asia

Improving Abortion Care in Thanh Hoa Province, Vietnam

This report documents a review of the Abortion Care Project, administered by PATH under a grant from the Hewlett Foundation. The project goals were to reduce abortion related infection and complications by improving the quality of health care facilities and community-based postabortion services; sustain behavior change among community members in seeking treatment of postabortion complications and preventing sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV; establish linkages and referrals on abortion-related complications, STIs, and HIV between district health services and provincial institutions and other community health facilities.

Publication date: 2004

Region: Asia

A HealthTech Historical Profile: Vaccine Vial Monitors

Historical profile on the PATH development and advancement of vaccine vial monitors.

Publication date: June 2005

Region: North America and Europe

A HealthTech Historical Profile: The Uniject Device

Historical profile on the PATH development and advancement of the Uniject device.

Publication date: June 2005

Region: North America and Europe

WHO Multi-country Study on Women's Health and Domestic Violence against Women

Author: Garcia-Moreno C; Jansen HA; Ellsberg M; Heise L; Watts C

Publication date: 2005

Region: Global

Assessing Ultra Rice

This document briefly examines some of the research that has been conducted on Ultra Rice. From positive consumer acceptance and nutrient retention studies to impressive efficacy trials on improving vitamin A and iron levels, Ultra Rice has been proven to be an effective, low-cost rice fortification technology.

Publication date: November 2007

Region: Global

Improving Maternal and Child Health

This is a two-page fact sheet on PATH's maternal and child health activities.

Author: Krasovec K

Publication date: 2005

Region: Global

Status Report on Human Papillomavirus Vaccines

Status report on HPV vaccines

Author: Herdman C

Publication date: 2005

Region: Global

Attitudes Toward Tuberculosis (TB) Services Among People Living With HIV and AIDS (PLHA) in Ukraine

This poster presentation describes the results of the exit interviews conducted with 312 tuberculosis (TB) patients who may or may not be HIV-positive and five focus group discussions conducted with people living with HIV and AIDS (PLHA) in Kyiv City and Donetsk Oblast, Ukraine. This poster was presented at the XVI AIDS conference in Toronto, August 13-18, 2006.

Author: Gamazina K; Zaika N; Bishop A

Publication date: 2006

Region: Eastern Europe

Global Health Technologies Coalition Website

The Global Health Technologies Coalition's website offers information and resources on research and development for new global health tools. It also serves as a clearinghouse of information about coalition activities and global health research and development.

Publication date: 2014

Region: Global

Part of series: Websites

Anemia Detection in Health Services: Guidelines for Program Managers

Anemia detection is often used as a screening test for iron deficiency. These guidelines are intended to help program managers establish anemia detection services or enhance existing services.

Publication date: 1996

Region: Global

Vaccines in the Uniject™ Injection System

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes PATH's work on the Uniject™ injection system for use with vaccines.

Publication date: August 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

Directions in Global Health (Volume 3, Issue 2)

This issue of Directions in Global Health features five PATH projects: our collaboration with the World Health Organization on the Meningitis Vaccine Project; prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission in Ukraine; a small grants program that is catalyzing behavior change in Africa; the Inter-Act project, which is training truck drivers to slow the HIV epidemic in India; and an evaluation of neonatal resuscitators.

Author: PATH

Publication date: August 2006

Region: Global

Part of series: Directions in Global Health

Sure Start

Publication date: 2006

Region: Asia

Part of series: Sure Start publications

A HealthTech Historical Profile: Technologies for Injection Safety

This document provides an historical overview of PATH's work on technologies for injection safety.

Publication date: January 2006

Region: Global

Directions in Global Health (Volume 1, Issue 2)

This issue of Directions in Global Health profiles five PATH projects: Entre Amigas, which is reaching young adolescent girls in Nicaragua with reproductive health and life skills; the Healthy Start for a Healthy Life project, which is improving the care of newborns in Indonesia; the Ukraine TB project, which is implementing training and IEC activities to control tuberculosis; PATH's Children's Vaccine Program, which is managing medical waste in Nepal; and the Horizons program, which is influencing gender norms among young men in Brazil.

Publication date: May 2004

Region: Global

Part of series: Directions in Global Health

Senegal: Changing the Face of Immunization in West Africa - Practical Solutions Transform Vaccine Delivery and Injection Safety

Publication date: 2004

Region: Africa

Accelerating New Vaccine Development Against Pneumonia and Other Pneumococcal Diseases: Advancing Vaccines Against the Leading Cause of Childhood Deaths

This fact sheet highlights PATH's work to develop new vaccines against pneumococcal disease, one of the leading causes of death in children less than five years old in the developing world.

Publication date: August 2013

Region: Global

Rapid Screening Test for Gestational Diabetes

The global diabetes epidemic impacts pregnant women and their babies. This poster describes a rapid, low-cost, non-fasting screening assay proposed by PATH to be used at antenatal care visits. The test would enable interventions to prevent or delay diabetes in the mother and child.

Publication date: July 2012

Region: Global

Kill or Cure? Japanese Encephalitis

The film provides a glimpse of the serious Japanese encephalitis outbreak in India in 2005, along with innovative diagnostic work in Malaysia, and it explains why vaccination is the only effective way to control the disease.

Publication date: 2005

Region: Asia

Part of series: Kill or Cure? videos

Shadow Lives

Publication date: 2005

Region: Asia

A Healthy Start for a Healthy Life - Overview

Overview of the ASUH (Healthy Start for a Healthy Life) program in Indonesia.

Publication date: 2003

Region: Asia

Fragile Lives - Immunization at Risk

Publication date: 2004

Region: Global

Immunizing Children against Japanese Encephalitis Using SA 14-14-2 JE Vaccine

Publication date: 2005

Region: Global

Attitudes Toward Immunization in Cambodia: A Qualitative Study of Health Worker and Community Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices in Kampong Chhnang

Childhood immunization is a major public health concern in Cambodia. A study of the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of communities and health workers was conducted to identify barriers to immunization and inform future information, education, and communication strategies.

Publication date: 2002

Region: Asia

Key Facts About Rotavirus Disease and Vaccines

Publication date: 2006

Region: Global

Rotavirus Questions and Answers

Publication date: 2006

Region: Global

SILCS Diaphragm

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes the SILCS diaphragm project at PATH.

Publication date: July 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

Ultra Rice® Technology

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes the Ultra Rice project at PATH.

Publication date: August 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

Oxytocin in the Uniject™ Injection System

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes the oxytocin in Uniject project at PATH.

Publication date: April 2012

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

Installing and Testing Battery-Free Solar Refrigerators in Vietnam

This photo set contains photographs by project Optimize of the installation and initial testing of two battery-free solar refrigerators in May 2011 in Vietnam.

Publication date: April 2013

Region: Asia

Part of series: Project Optimize photo sets

Microbicide Delivery Device

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes PATH's work on microbicide delivery devices.

Publication date: April 2012

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

Emergency Contraception: It's Not Too Late To Prevent Pregnancy

This brochure, which is available in 14 languages, helps health care providers communicate with clients about emergency contraception. The brochure is formatted so that it can be downloaded, printed, photocopied (double-sided), and then folded. There are two versions for each language: one for letter-size paper, the other for A4-size paper. A new version of the brochure will be ready in early 2012.

Publication date: 1998

Region: North America and Europe

Evaluation of a Clean Delivery Kit Intervention in Preventing Cord Infection and Puerperal Sepsis in Mwanza, Tanzania

This is the final research report on the evaluation of clean delivery kits in Tanzania. The purpose of the study was to determine the impact of a delivery kit intervention on reducing cord infection and puerperal sepsis among newborns and their mothers. Study results indicate that use of the clean delivery kit had a positive effect on reducing both cord infection and puerperal sepsis. The effect of the kit on reducing cord infection was much greater than on puerperal sepsis, but both were significant.

Author: Winani S; Coffey P; Wood S; Mosha F; Chirwa T; Changalucha J

Publication date: 2005

Region: Africa

Kill or Cure? Cervical Cancer

This short film shows how simple screening tests and community mobilization are saving lives across India. And how Costa Rican scientists—and young female volunteers—are helping us understand the exciting potential of a new vaccine against human papillomavirus.

Publication date: 2004

Region: Global

Part of series: Kill or Cure? videos

Neonatal Resuscitator

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet descibes the neonatal resuscitator project funded by USAID under the HealthTech program at PATH.

Publication date: August 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

Global Inventory of Neonatal Resuscitators

The purpose of this global inventory is to provide manufacturer and product information on all neonatal/infant manual resuscitators available worldwide. This inventory includes information on two types of resuscitators: bag and mask, and tube and mask.

Author: Coffey P; Seamans Y

Publication date: 2006

Region: Global

Andhra Pradesh, India - Building a Model Immunization Program

This document describes how an Indian state protects millions and demonstrates what new vaccines and technologies can achieve.

Publication date: 2004

Region: Asia

PATH Children's Vaccine Program - The Big Picture

This publication provides an overview of the PATH Children's Vaccine Program's achievements worldwide, with a special focus on China, India, and Indonesia.

Publication date: 2004

Region: Global

Innovation in Biochemical Cervical Cancer Screening

This fact sheet gives an update regarding the two START project biochemical tests being developed to advance cervical cancer screening.

Author: START Team

Publication date: 2006

Region: Global

Meeting the Need: Strengthening Family Planning Programs

This report is designed as a general resource to help family planning program managers strengthen their programs and meet growing family planning needs. It offers a broad overview of key programmatic considerations, lists of practical specialized resources, and hands-on tools that are available online.

Author: Kols A

Publication date: 2006

Region: Global

Evaluating HPV Vaccine Delivery Strategies in Vietnam

This report is a synthesis of the project Evaluating HPV Vaccine Delivery Strategies in Vietnam, which aimed to identify appropriate strategies for human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine delivery in different geographic and socioeconomic conditions. The report summarizes results of both the implementation and research aspects of the project. The document is available as one large file or as four smaller files for easier downloading.

Publication date: December 2010

Region: Asia

Planning and Implementing Cervical Cancer Prevention and Control Programs: A Manual for Managers

This manual is designed to help health professionals develop a new cervical cancer prevention program or strengthen an existing program. The manual provides information on how to organize and implement a program, recognizing that various service delivery options are needed for different geographic and cultural settings and a range of resource levels. The manual offers practical information on how to develop a program; ensure availability and accessibility of services; build and maintain effective service delivery linkages; reach eligible women; train health professionals; monitor program performance; and improve linkages between prevetion, treatment, and palliative care services.

Publication date: 2004

Region: Global

Convergence of HIV and Sexual and Reproductive Health Services for People Living With or Most at Risk of HIV: A Toolkit for Building Capacity

This toolkit provides practical guidance for building the capacity of various institutions to converge (or integrate) HIV and sexual and reproductive health services strategically. Developed in India, the toolkit is designed for program managers of nongovernmental organizations and community-based organizations; health care providers in the public sector at the national, district, and facility levels; and those running private-sector programs. The document is available as one large file or as two smaller files for easier downloading.

Publication date: December 2009

Region: Asia

Tuko Pamoja: A Guide for Talking With Young People About Their Reproductive Health

This guide was developed for Public Health Technicians working with the Ministry of Health as part of the Kenya Adolescent Reproductive Health Project. However, it can be used by anyone wishing to broaden his or her understanding of adolescent reproductive health issues and improve his or her ability to communicate with young people.

Author: Martin S

Publication date: 2006

Region: Africa

Tuko Pamoja: Adolescent Reproductive Health and Life Skills Curriculum

In this document you will find ways in which the Kenya Adolescent Health Project curriculum helps facilitate dialogue between adults and young people on issues related to adolescent reproductive health. It is for teachers; community, religious, and youth group leaders; health care professionals; and anyone working with young people. The curriculum is designed to delay sexual debut, promote sexual and reproductive health and equip adolescents with life skills. Within this curriculum, facilitators can examine and clarify their own values and attitudes toward gender and relationships, build knowledge on sexual and reproductive health, and develop participatory facilitation skills to impart crucial life-saving information to young people. This curriculum is for use with adolescents aged 10 to19. It contains 30 sessions that focus on life skills and adolescent health. Each session has clear learning objectives that are addressed through a variety of participatory learning activities. Background notes are also provided to enhance the facilitator

Author: Behague S, Christenson K, Martin S, Wysong M

Publication date: 2006

Region: Africa

Public-Private Partnerships for Global Health: How PATH Advances Technologies Through Cross-Sector Collaboration

This policy report highlights the essential role that public-private partnerships play in driving global health product development and offers insights into the key components of successful multi-sector partnerships led by PATH. For examples of our European public-private partnerships, see Public-Private Partnerships for Global Health: PATH's Collaborations With European Partners.

Publication date: March 2013

Region: Global

Directions in Global Health (Volume 2, Issue 3)

The December 2005 issue of Directions in Global Health features five projects: PATH's Japanese encephalitis project, our collaboration with WHO on gender-based violence, a "lab-on-a-card" technology for detecting enteric disease, new HPV DNA tests for detecting cervical cancer, and an innovative behavior-change project that is helping prevent HIV in Eritrea.

Author: PATH

Publication date: December 2005

Region: Global

Part of series: Directions in Global Health

Exploring the Role of the US Government in a Future Advance Market Commitment: Recommendations for Policymakers

This fact sheet from the Global Health Technologies Coalition provides specific recommendations to US policymakers about the role and engagement of the US government in a future advance market commitment.

Publication date: March 2011

Region: North America and Europe

Optimal Settings for Needle Removers

This document reviews the site characteristics of both health facilities and injection settings in order to determine the optimal use of a needle-remover device.

Author: Berman A

Publication date: 2006

Region: Global

Enhancing Voluntary Counseling and Testing (VCT) for Vulnerable Populations in Ukraine: Facing the Challenge

This poster presentation describes the results of a baseline Voluntary Counseling and Testing (VCT) knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) provider survey. A total of 893 medical and social service providers offering (VCT) services to populations engaged in risky behavior from 12 project sites in Ukraine participated in the survey. This poster was presented at the XVI AIDS conference in Toronto, August 13-18, 2006.

Author: Leontyeva S; Winkler J; Okromeshko S; Bishop A; Gamazina K

Publication date: 2006

Region: Eastern Europe

Planning for Safe Syringe Disposal

In this document you will find a guide that provides assistance with planning sharps waste disposal systems through the five important steps: review existing legislation and policy, collection of data in your district; review sharps collection options; review options for disposal in non-incineration areas; complete map by assigning disposal systems to non-incinerator health facilities; and create a district planning guide to calculate needs and plan implementation.

Publication date: 2004

Region: Global

Needle Remover Technical Overview

This document provides technical overview of the needle remover project at PATH and includes information such as links to related materials available on the PATH website.

Publication date: 2006

Region: Global

Streamlining Immunization Logistics in the Provinces of Central Java and Yogyakarta, Indonesia

This document describes the Streamlining Immunization Logistics project, implemented between April 2005 and March 2006 in eight districts of Central Java and Yogyakarta, Indonesia. This project has demonstrated qualitative improvements in the efficiency of sub-national logistic systems supporting the delivery of immunization services.

Author: Lloyd J

Publication date: 2006

Region: Asia

Managing Health Care Waste Disposal: Guidelines on How to Construct, Use, and Maintain a Waste Disposal Unit

This publication provides guidelines on how to construct, use, and maintain a waste disposal unit.

Publication date: 2005

Region: Global

Managing Health Care Waste Disposal: Operator's Manual

In this document you will find an operator's manual on how to use the waste disposal unit.

Publication date: 2005

Region: Global

AMKENI: Engaging Communities in Coast and Western Provinces

This fact sheet describes PATH's work in behavioral change communication as part of AMKENI, a program of integrated family planning, reproductive health, and child survival services.

Publication date: June 2006

Region: Africa

APHIA Projects: Eastern and Nyanza Provinces

This fact sheet describes PATH's work on APHIA projects, focusing on HIV and AIDS service delivery, as well as broader reproductive health issues.

Publication date: June 2006

Region: Africa

Using Culture to Change Behavior

This fact sheet describes how the Culture and Health Program (CHAPS) uses a small grants program to catalyze local action.

Publication date: June 2006

Region: Africa

Eritrea: Winning Through Caring

This is one of a series of fact sheets that describe PATH's current and past work in Kenya. The fact sheets focus on specific projects as well as unique approaches that cut across projects. This fact sheet describes PATH's work with the Eritrean government and the World Bank’s HIV/AIDS, Malaria, Sexually Transmitted Infections, and Tuberculosis Control Project (HAMSET). As part of the FHI/IMPACT project, PATH created Winning Through Caring, behavior change communication that provided information about HIV prevention, care, and support.

Publication date: June 2006

Region: Africa

eQuest: Encouraging Youth to Seek Their Own Answers to HIV

This is one of a series of fact sheets that describe PATH's current and past work in Kenya. The fact sheets focus on specific projects as well as unique approaches that cut across projects. This fact sheet describes work on the eQuest project, using SMS technology to engage young people in authentic dialogue with their peers and adults about HIV.

Publication date: June 2006

Region: Africa

Understanding Consumers and the Market for Household Water Treatment Products in Cambodia

PATH’s Safe Water Project is exploring the effectiveness of commercial strategies for providing household water treatment and storage products to low-income consumers in Cambodia and other developing countries. This project brief summarizes the results of three studies—a consumer study, a product scan, and an analysis of distribution channels—conducted from April to December 2008 to inform the development and implementation of a safe water pilot project in Cambodia.

Author: Kols A

Publication date: December 2009

Region: Asia

Asking Questions for IMPACT

This fact sheet describes PATH's behavior change communication work as part of the IMPACT project in Kenya.

Publication date: June 2006

Region: Africa

Improving Adolescent Reproductive Health

This is one of a series of fact sheets that describe PATH's current and past work in Kenya. The fact sheets focus on specific projects as well as unique approaches that cut across projects. This fact sheet describes work on the Kenya Adolescent Reproductive Health Project (KARHP), a multi-sectoral approach to addressing adolescent reproductive health and HIV prevention in two districts in Western Province.

Publication date: June 2006

Region: Africa

Magnet Theater: Involving Audiences and Encouraging Change

This fact sheet describes PATH's work in community theater that entertains and educates, involving audience members in the action and encouraging sustained behavior change.

Publication date: June 2006

Region: Africa

An Advocacy Strategy for Adoption and Dissemination of the WHO Policy on TB Infection Control in Health Care Facilities, Congregate Settings, and Households

In 2010, the World Health Organization (WHO) issued a new policy to guide activities for controlling tuberculosis (TB) infection. This report provides guidance on advocacy for political and financial support for TB infection control from donors and countries, widespread adoption of the WHO policy, and incorporation of it into national and local policies. The report also addresses advocacy for linkages with civil society organizations in the field to ensure demand for and implementation of the WHO policy to protect health workers, patients, and communities from TB transmission.

Publication date: April 2010

Region: Global

Reaching Youth Through Creative Media

This fact sheet describes PATH's work on the Nuru comic book and Kati Yetu radio drama series encouraging African youth make informed, healthy choices about relationships, dating, and sex.

Publication date: June 2006

Region: Africa

Addressing Poor Health in Nairobi's Slums

This is one of a series of fact sheets that describe PATH's current and past work in Kenya. The fact sheets focus on specific projects as well as unique approaches that cut across projects. This fact sheet describes the work of the Nairobi Urban Health and Poverty Partnership to address the poor health outcomes associated with rapid urbanization and the related inaccessibility of adequate basic services.

Publication date: June 2006

Region: Africa

Delivering MenAfriVac Using the Controlled Temperature Chain Approach

In November 2012, the first immunization campaign to use a controlled temperature chain (CTC) took place in northern Benin. This photo set by project Optimize contains images taken during the campaign, where more than 155,000 people were vaccinated using the CTC approach.

Publication date: April 2013

Region: Africa

Part of series: Project Optimize photo sets

Improving Delivery of Nevirapine for Infants

This is one of a series of fact sheets that describe PATH's current and past work in Kenya. The fact sheets focus on specific projects as well as unique approaches that cut across projects. This fact sheet describes work to improve single-dose packaging of nevirapine for programs to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV.

Publication date: June 2006

Region: Africa

The Peer Family Experience

This is one of a series of fact sheets that describe PATH's current and past work in Kenya. The fact sheets focus on specific projects as well as unique approaches that cut across projects. This fact sheet describes work of the Peer Family Program, one of the most unique and successful interventions of AMKENI, a project aimed at increasing use of integrated HIV and AIDS, family planning, reproductive health, and child survival services in Western and Coast provinces.

Publication date: June 2006

Region: Africa

Dialogues for Life: Training Facilitators in Dialogue-Based Behavior Change Communication for Reproductive Health

This training course was developed as a component of the Dialogues for Life approach, which focuses on preventing unwanted pregnancy and unsafe abortion and increasing women’s access to safe, legal abortion to terminate unwanted pregnancy. The course prepares participants to lead activities such as dialogue groups, magnification of personal stories of behavior change, and facilitation of referrals for reproductive health services.

Publication date: June 2007

Region: Asia

HIV Prevention on the Roads of East Africa

This is one of a series of fact sheets that describe PATH's current and past work in Kenya. The fact sheets focus on specific projects as well as unique approaches that cut across projects. This fact sheet describes an innovative campaign to catch the attention of truck drivers on East African highways and get them thinking about ways to avoid AIDS.

Publication date: June 2006

Region: Africa

Reducing Postpartum Hemorrhage in Thanh Hoa

The study was undertaken to evaluate the acceptability and ease of use of the Uniject prefilled, single-use injection device by midwives at primary and secondary level facilities, the effectiveness of active management of the third stage of labor (AMTSL) in reducing rates of post partum hemorrhage (PPH) and the need for hemorrhage treatments, the cost-effectiveness of routine delivery of AMTSL, and the relative costs of using oxytocin in ampoules or in Uniject. The study was conducted in six districts of Thanh Hoa province from June to December 2004.

Publication date: 2003

Region: Asia

Reaching Youth Through Pharmacies

This fact sheet describes the work of the RxGen Project.

Publication date: June 2006

Region: Africa

Tuberculosis: A Global Health Emergency (Outlook, vol. 17, no. 3)

Author: Nguyen T

Publication date: November 1999

Region: Global

Part of series: Outlook

Making Marriage Safer

This is one of a series of fact sheets that describe PATH's current and past work in Kenya. The fact sheets focus on specific projects as well as unique approaches that cut across projects. This fact sheet describes work to bring awareness to the risks associated with early marriage, promote couples voluntary counseling and testing, and empower girls.

Publication date: June 2006

Region: Africa

Technologies for Injection Safety

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes PATH's work on safe injections and waste management.

Publication date: September 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

Scouting for Solutions to HIV

This is one of a series of fact sheets that describe PATH's current and past work in Kenya. The fact sheets focus on specific projects as well as unique approaches that cut across projects. This fact sheet describes the Scouting for Solutions project's work to promote abstinence until marriage and avoidance of unhealthy sexual behaviors among Scouts in Kenya and Uganda.

Publication date: June 2006

Region: Africa

Expanding Magnet Theater

This fact sheet describes PATH's work to bring magnet theater to Shikusa Juvenile Centre in Western Kenya.

Publication date: June 2006

Region: Africa

Integrating TB and HIV

This is one of a series of fact sheets that describe PATH's current and past work in Kenya. The fact sheets focus on specific projects as well as unique approaches that cut across projects. This fact sheet describes work to strengthen and integrate HIV and tuberculosis services.

Publication date: June 2006

Region: Africa

The Volunteer Spirit in Western Province

This is one of a series of fact sheets that describe PATH's current and past work in Kenya. The fact sheets focus on specific projects as well as unique approaches that cut across projects. This fact sheet describes work with local volunteers, EngenderHealth, and other organizations on AMKENI, an integrated family planning, reproductive health, and child survival project.

Publication date: June 2006

Region: Africa

Youth-Friendly Pharmacy Program Implementation Kit: Guidelines and Tools for Implementing a Youth-friendly Reproductive Health Pharmacy Program

The Youth-Friendly Pharmacy Program Implementation Kit is intended to guide the development of a sustainable, pharmacy-based initiative. Organizations can adapt the model and the materials as needed, to suit a variety of environments.

Author: Beitz J; Srimuangboon H; Lion-Coleman A; Transgrud R; Hutchings J; Weldin M

Publication date: 2003

Region: Global

Cervical Cancer Prevention in Western Province

This is one of a series of fact sheets that describe PATH's current and past work in Kenya. The fact sheets focus on specific projects as well as unique approaches that cut across projects. This fact sheet describes the work of the Western Kenya Cervical Cancer Prevention Project.

Publication date: June 2006

Region: Africa

A History of Vaccines

This fact sheet on the history of vaccines gives a brief overview of disease rates before and after the development of vaccines.

Publication date: May 2013

Region: Global

Youth Exchange Network

This fact sheet describes work to share information and experiences among members of the Youth Exchange Network, a group of organizations working with youth in Nairobi slums.

Publication date: June 2006

Region: Africa

Impact of an Improved Policy Environment on Youth Reproductive Health Programming in Shanghai

This document summarizes the results of a study conducted to assess the impact of the China Youth Reproductive Health (YRH) Project on the adolescent sexual and reproductive health (ASRH) policy environment in Shanghai, China and examines how ASRH policies affect YRH. Of special interest were the processes governing policy-making and implementation, the challenges that arose during project implementation and the changes that were necessary to address these challenges in Shanghai

Publication date: 2006

Region: Asia

Evaluation of the Impact of Parents' Reproductive Health Training in Tianjin City

These documents report on a study to evaluate the impact of simultaneous training of parents and students in Tianjin middle schools in sexual and reproductive health and life-planning skills. A full report is provided in English, with summaries in both English and Chinese.

Publication date: August 2005

Region: Asia

Examining the Costs of Providing Medical Abortion in Vietnam

Abortion is a widely available and extensively utilized legal medical procedure in Vietnam. However, there are still a number of serious concerns related to the quality of care associated with available abortion services, such as clinical practices, a woman

Author: Luu H; Gardner M; Levin C

Publication date: 2006

Region: Asia

AP Shares Lessons With Other States on Strengthening Routine Immunization and Introducing New Vaccines

Publication date: 2006

Region: Asia

Andhra Pradesh: Progress in Immunization Performance

Publication date: 2006

Region: Asia

Evaluation of Out-of-the-cold-chain Approaches for Improving On-time Delivery of the Hepatitis B Birth Dose in Rural Areas of China

This document summarizes the results of a study of out-of-the-cold-chain approaches for improving on-time delivery of birth doses of the hepatitis B vaccine in rural areas of China.

Publication date: 2006

Region: Asia

Considerations for Building a Protected Sharps Pit Using a Plastic Barrel as a Pit Liner

In this document you will find a one page description and drawing of steps to consider when building a sharps pit with a plastic barrel as a pit liner.

Author: Berman A

Publication date: 2006

Region: Global

Investing in Stronger Vaccine Supply Chains: Reaching Children With Immunization, Saving Lives

This brochure describes how advances in vaccine supply chain systems can accelerate the delivery of lifesaving immunizations to people who need them. The document offers recommendations for global policymakers to support countries in building more effective supply chain systems.

Publication date: September 2012

Region: Global

Optimize: Immunization Systems and Technologies for Tomorrow

Project Optimize, a collaboration between the World Health Organization and PATH, has been given a unique mandate to think far into the future: to put technological and scientific advances to work, helping define the ideal characteristics and specifications for health products; and to create a vaccine supply chain that is flexible and robust enough to handle an increasingly large and costly portfolio of vaccines. This brochure provides an overview of Optimize's areas of focus and activities.

Publication date: August 2009

Region: Global

*Advocacy to Improve Global Health: A Training Course for Advocacy Strategy Development

The Advocacy to Improve Global Health training course provides global health practitioners with the basic tools and concepts necessary to plan an advocacy initiative, either as a stand-alone project or as part of a larger program.

Publication date: March 2012

Region: Global

Rotavirus Vaccine Solutions

This fact sheet provides a technical perspective of PATH's work on rotavirus vaccines for children in the developing world. It includes an overview of PATH's efforts to increase access to and effectiveness of existing rotavirus vaccines, as well as an in-depth review of its vaccine development portfolio and research activities to support the development of effective and affordable new rotavirus vaccines.

Publication date: July 2011

Region: Global

Part of series: Diarrheal disease fact sheets

Building a Protected Sharps Barrel

This document explains how to correctly build a protected sharps barrel for the disposal of waste.

Author: Berman A

Publication date: 2006

Region: Global

Building a Protected Sharps Pit

This document explains how to correctly build a protected sharps pit for the disposal of waste.

Author: Berman A

Publication date: 2006

Region: Global

New Design of the Ceramic Water Pot

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes PATH's work on a new ceramic water pot designed to filter water for consumers in low-resource settings.

Publication date: August 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

Citra Diri Training for ASUH Midwives

Description of Citra Diri Training in Indonesia.

Publication date: 2003

Region: Asia

Clean Delivery Kit Workshop Manual

Publication date: 2000

Region: Global

Clean Delivery Kit Workshop Report Introduction

Publication date: 2000

Region: Global

Clean-Delivery Kits: Guidelines for Their Use in Programmatic Settings

This two-page document outlines basic programmatic guidelines for the use of clean-delivery kits in international settings. It includes a discussion of kit contents, an overview of research on the effectiveness of kits, principles of clean delivery, issues related to production of local kits, and information about ordering preassembled kits.

Author: Wood S; Coffey P

Publication date: 2006

Region: Global

Counseling on Dual Protection: STD/HIV and Pregnancy - A Guide for Program Staff, Community Health Outreach Works (CHOWs) and Peer Educators (PEs)

This publication is a job aid designed to be used by community health outreach workers to counsel youth on dual protection (STD/HIV and pregnancy prevention).

Author: Bruce L; Borromeo M; Aquino M

Publication date: 2003

Region: Asia

Delivery Kit

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes delivery kit work at PATH.

Publication date: July 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

Discussion Guides for Peer Educators

These discussion guides were developed for IMPACT project peer educators. The series of seven discussion guides provides systematic, step-by-step guidance for peer educators on HIV and AIDS; covering infection, transmission, living with HIV and the difference between HIV and AIDS.

Author: Gopinath CY; Kiranga M; Obyerodhambo O; Schmidt K

Publication date: 2002

Region: Africa

STD Management for HIV and AIDS Prevention: The AIDS Surveillance and Education Project in the Philippines

Author: Aquino C; D'Agnes L; Castro J; Borromeo M; Schmidt K; Gill K

Publication date: 2003

Region: Global

RotaFlash

RotaFlash is an e-news alert that provides breaking scientific news and updates on progress made by PATH and partners toward increasing global access to vaccines against rotavirus, the leading cause of severe and fatal diarrhea in young children worldwide. PATH distributes RotaFlash as part of our work to help expand access to rotavirus vaccines around the world by increasing understanding of the public health burden of rotavirus disease and the effectiveness of rotavirus vaccines to prevent childhood deaths and hospitalizations. Sign up for RotaFlash.

Publication date: 2014

Region: Global

Part of series: E-newsletters

MVP News Digest

MVP News Digest provides a quarterly update of activities at the Meningitis Vaccine Project, a partnership between the World Health Organization and PATH. The Meningitis Vaccine Project works to eliminate epidemic meningitis as a public health problem in sub-Saharan Africa through the advancement of a meningococcal conjugate vaccine. The digest offers news on vaccine development, clinical and surveillance activities, epidemiologic research, and vaccine introduction.

Publication date: 2014

Region: Africa

Part of series: E-newsletters

EMPOWER fact sheets

These fact sheets describe a PATH project focused on expanding prevention options for women.

Publication date: 2002

Region: Global

Making Malaria History Newsletter

The Making Malaria History newsletter is a periodic update on activities of the Malaria Control and Evaluation Partnership in Africa, which works to rapidly scale up proven malaria control interventions to achieve impact on health and economic indicators. Distributed three times per year, the newsletter includes updates on emerging malaria control insights, as well as perspectives from Zambia and our regional and global partners.

Publication date: 2014

Region: Africa

Part of series: E-newsletters

PATH Woman's Condom: Informational Updates

This document provides historical information on the PATH-designed Woman's Condom, which could help couples around the world reduce their risk of HIV, other sexually transmitted infections, and unintended pregnancy.

Publication date: 2005

Region: Global

Shaping a Strategy to Introduce HPV Vaccines in India

This document presents formative research results from PATH's HPV Vaccines: Evidence for Impact project in India. PATH is working with ministries of health and other country partners to develop strategies for introducing vaccines against human papillomavirus (HPV), the primary cause of cervical cancer.

Publication date: March 2009

Region: Asia

Encouraging Healthy Sexual and Reproductive Health Behaviors (Outlook, vol. 22, no. 3)

This issue of Outlook focuses on using behavior change communication (BCC) to encourage healthy individual and societal behaviors related to sexual and reproductive health. It also addresses the challenges and importance of monitoring and evaluating BCC programs.

Author: Shane B

Publication date: August 2006

Region: Global

Part of series: Outlook

Evaluation of a Needle-Remover Device and Sharps Barrel in Health Posts in Senegal: Final Report

This publication provides a final report on the evaluation of needle-remover devices and sharps barrels in health posts in Senegal.

Publication date: 2006

Region: Africa

Evaluation of a Disposable Needle-Removal Device in Uganda: A HealthTech Report

This report summarizes a three-month evaluation of a disposable needle removal device in Uganda in an effort to collect information on injection safety in the context of delivery of injectable contraceptives.

Publication date: 2005

Region: Africa

Validation of a Retinol-Binding Protein-Enzyme Immunoassay (RBP-EIA), Using Serum Specimens Collected From the Guinea-Bissau Health Project

This document shares data from Guinea-Bissau that provide validation of the retinol-binding protein enzyme immunoassay (RBP-EIA) test from serum samples, while also providing initial data on the feasibility of using dried blood samples as a specimen type for the assessment of vitamin A deficiency in the field.

Publication date: 2006

Region: Africa

Games for Adolescent Reproductive Health: An International Handbook

Author: Hendrix-Jenkins A; Clark S; Gerber W; LeFevre J; Quiroga R

Publication date: 2002

Region: Global

HPV and Cervical Cancer: Unique Challenges and Opportunities for Disease Prevention

HPV and cervical cancer

Author: Herdman C

Publication date: 2005

Region: Global

Immunization and Child Health Materials Development Guide

Author: Younger E; Wittet S; Hooks C; Lasher H

Publication date: 2001

Region: Global

Immunizing Children Against Haemophilus influenzae type B (Hib): A Training Module for Vaccinators.

This document can be adapted for specific national programs. In addition to key technical content--including sections on using monovalent, quadrivalent, or pentavalent Hib vaccine formulations--it features quizzes, role plays and creative ideas for trainers. One of the appendices is a handout for parents.

Author: Wood S; Steinfeld R; Wittet S

Publication date: 2003

Region: Global

Immunizing Children Against Hepatitis B: A Training Module for Doctors, Nurses, and Other Immunization Providers

Author: Wood S; Lasher H; Wittet S

Publication date: 2002

Region: Global

Disposable-Syringe Jet Injectors

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes PATH's work on designing the next generation of jet injectors.

Publication date: January 2014

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

Maintaining a Needle Remover

In this document you will find a set of guidelines on how to correctly maintain a needle remover for extended use.

Author: Berman A

Publication date: 2006

Region: Global

Nepal Clean Home Delivery Kit: Evaluation of the Health Impact

Author: Tsu V

Publication date: 2000

Region: Asia

Out-of-cold-chain Delivery of the Hepatitis B Birth Dose in Four Districts of Vietnam

This document summarizes the results of a study of out-of-the-cold-chain approaches for improving on-time delivery of birth doses of the hepatitis B vaccine in four districts of Vietnam.

Publication date: 2006

Region: Asia

Practical, Local Solutions for Safely Managing Contaminated Syringes and Other Medical Waste

Author: Wittet S; Bhattari M; Chaudray A

Publication date: 2004

Region: Global

Part of series: CVP Occasional Papers

Youth and Responsibility Go Hand-in-Hand: A Peer Education Program at Guangzhou University

Guangzhou University is a pilot site of the China Youth Reproductive Health project. This case study describes a peer education program in the university and documents the lessons learned, including the program’s impact, successes, challenges, and students’ reactions. It also provides suggestions for sustaining the program.

Publication date: June 2005

Region: Asia

Reproductive Health and Rights: Reaching the Hardly Reached

This important book brings together a public health and human rights focus on the reproductive health and rights of women and men who are the most disadvantaged and underserved: the "hardly reached." Each article fills a significant gap in our understanding of the health needs of those least served by existing reproductive health programs, including survivors of gender-based violence, refugees, sexual minorities, indigenous women, adolescents and young girls and women who have been trafficked.

Author: Murphy E; Hendrix-Jenkins A

Publication date: 2002

Region: Global

Re-examining the Role of Cervical Barrier Devices (Outlook, vol. 20, no. 2)

Author: Ellertson C; Burns M

Publication date: February 2003

Region: Global

Part of series: Outlook

Sparking Dialogue: Initiating Community Conversations on Safe Abortion

This guide maps out the steps in building a dialogue-based BCC strategy and the importance of stakeholder involvement during the strategy design process. The purpose of this guide is to give policymakers and program implementors an idea of how communication strategies can be developed in order to increase access to safe abortion.

Publication date: 2005

Region: Global

Status Report on Uniject Prefilled Injection Device

Author: Fleming J

Publication date: 2003

Region: Global

Training Health Workers in the Management of Sharps Waste

This training manual is available for downloading in four sectioons: first, the guide for facilitation; second, the guide for training injection providers; third, the guide for training waste handlers; and fourth, resources.

Author: Berman A; Nelson C

Publication date: 2005

Region: Global

Using a Needle Remover

This document provides the user with guidelines on how to use a Balcan type needle remover safely.

Author: Berman A

Publication date: 2006

Region: Global

Using a Protected Sharps Barrel

This document provides a set of guidelines for correctly using a protected sharps barrel.

Author: Berman A

Publication date: 2006

Region: Global

Using a Protected Sharps Pit

This document provides a list of steps to follow for correctly using a protected sharps pit.

Author: Berman A

Publication date: 2006

Region: Global

Vaccine Vial Monitors

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes PATH's work on vaccine vial monitors.

Publication date: February 2014

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

Investing in Vaccines for the Developing World

This fact sheet on investing in vaccines for the developing world details the cost of developing and distributing vaccines, and it outlines the innovative funding solutions designed to address these issues.

Publication date: May 2013

Region: North America and Europe

A Moving Warehouse Delivers Vaccines and Essential Health Supplies in Senegal

In March 2011, the government of Senegal began using a "moving warehouse" to transport vaccines and vaccine supplies from regional stores directly to district stores and health posts on a monthly basis in the Saint-Louis region. This photo set explains how the moving warehouse works and shares results from a project Optimize–supported pilot demonstration of the moving warehouse from 2010 to 2012.

Publication date: April 2013

Region: Africa

Part of series: Project Optimize photo sets

Surveillance and Control of Seasonal and Avian Influenza in Humans: Guidelines for Public Health Services in Ukraine (second edition)

Outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza are occurring in domestic fowl in many countries, posing a considerable human public health risk. Based on the latest World Health Organization (WHO) standards and recommendations, this manual provides comprehensive recommendations to help Ukrainian health care workers establish sentinel site surveillance and promptly identify, report, confirm, and classify potential cases of avian influenza in humans. In addition, the document includes guidance on the basic parameters for surveillance data analysis, investigation of trigger cases and outbreaks, improvement of other aspects of an early warning system for humans, and communication with the public and infection-control professionals. The guidelines are most appropriate for the current and the next stages of pandemic preparedness (phases 3 and 4 of the WHO Pandemic Alert Period) and are designed primarily for health care personnel working at rayon and regional sanitary-epidemiological stations.

Publication date: July 2008

Region: Eastern Europe

Understanding Vaccines

This fact sheet on understanding vaccines describes how vaccines work and lists the different types of vaccines.

Publication date: May 2013

Region: Global

Influenza Vaccine Strategies for Broad Global Access

Influenza viruses present one of the major infectious disease threats to the human population, with the recently emerging, highly pathogenic avian influenza strain, H5N1, causing particular concern. A virulent influenza pandemic has the potential to kill more than 100 million people worldwide. This paper analyzes the current supply of influenza vaccines, the predicted demand for influenza vaccines in case of a pandemic, and new vaccine technologies that could provide for the world’s demand in a pandemic situation.

Author: Oliver Wyman

Publication date: October 2007

Region: Global

Directions in Global Health (Volume 4, Issue 2)

This special issue of Directions in Global Health features PATH's work in women's health. Featured projects include Sure Start; the Maternal and Newborn Health Technology Initiative; the Prevention of Postpartum Hemorrhage Initiative; Global Campaign for Microbicides; SILCS diaphragm; the PATH Woman's Condom; microbicide applicators; AIDS, Population, and Health Integrated Assistance II Western Province; and Spring Bud Healthy Development.

Publication date: September 2007

Region: Global

Part of series: Directions in Global Health

*Advocacy to Improve Global Health: Strategies and Stories From the Field

By influencing the priorities and actions of those in power, PATH works to create a policy environment that supports good health. This workbook provides examples of how PATH uses ten key steps for strategic advocacy to achieve lasting policy change. The collection of stories are intended to serve as a resource to help global health implementers and advocates more deliberately develop strategies to achieve policy goals.

Author: Wilson R, Cokelet E

Publication date: March 2009

Region: Global

Before and After: How an Online Immunization Registry has Benefitted Health Workers in Albania

Starting in 2009, the Albanian Institute of Public Health collaborated with project Optimize to implement an online immunization information system (IIS) that can schedule and record all child immunizations in the country, as well as manage vaccine stock and storage. The “before” pictures describe how health workers used the previous paper-based registry, while the “after” pictures describe how they are now using the online IIS.

Publication date: April 2013

Region: Eastern Europe

Part of series: Project Optimize photo sets

Woman's Condom: Comfortable and Confident Protection for Women and Men

The Woman’s Condom is a new female condom designed to protect women and couples from unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections and to be highly pleasurable. This document describes product features and the steps that PATH and our manufacturing partner, Shanghai Dahua Medical Apparatus Company, are taking to raise awareness and build demand. The Woman’s Condom is branded O’lavie™ in China.

Publication date: April 2013

Region: Global

Woman's Condom: Summary of Clinical Evaluation

The Woman's Condom is a new female condom that has been evaluated for acceptability, performance, and safety in clinical studies across five countries. This document summarizes key findings from completed clinical studies and provides updates on clinical studies in process.

Publication date: February 2013

Region: Global

SILCS Launches in Early Markets

The SILCS diaphragm is a single-size contraceptive barrier designed to fit a broad range of women. This document describes product features and the steps that PATH and our commercialization partner, Kessel Marketing & Vertriebs GmbH, are taking as we build toward the introduction of SILCS in low-resource settings.

Publication date: June 2013

Region: Global

Diarrheal Disease Messaging

PATH developed these messages for use by anyone interested in communicating the impact of diarrhea on the health and development of children and families around the world. This is also a guide to communicating the value of a coordinated approach to diarrheal disease control and the proven, cost-effective solutions available today.

Publication date: April 2013

Region: Global

Non-Pneumatic Antishock Garment: Establishing High-Quality, Affordable Manufacturing and Distribution

At the 2013 Women Deliver Conference in Kuala Lumpur, Elizabeth Abu Haydar—a PATH public health specialist—presented an overview of PATH’s work activities on the non-pneumatic antishock garment in a workshop discussing local manufacturing and logistics.

Publication date: May 2013

Region: Global

2012 Annual Report: Innovation in Motion

PATH’s health solutions touched the lives of more than 118 million people around the world in 2012. Our 2012 annual report highlights our milestones in three focus areas: diarrheal disease and pneumonia; family health; and malaria. It also features innovations in technology development and country-based health programs, a financial summary, and information about our donors, leadership, and global presence.

Publication date: May 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Annual reports

The China Youth Reproductive Health Project Training Manual: Youth-Friendly Services

This handbook is an English translation of the Chinese manual created for the China Youth Reproductive Health Project. It includes modules to train counselors in youth-friendly services.

Publication date: February 2004

Region: Asia

Pharmacy Provision of Youth-Friendly Services: A Toolbox with Resources for On-the-Job Training of Pharmacy Staff in Cambodia

A resource for on-the-job training of pharmacy staff that reinforces knowledge about STIs, EC, and regular contraceptive methods as well as provision of youth-friendly services.

Author: Srimuangboon H; Hutchings J; Weldin M

Publication date: 2005

Region: Asia

Annotated Bibliography on Delivery Kits

This annotated bibliography provides a brief summary and citation information for published materials that are relevant to clean-delivery kits.

Author: Wood S

Publication date: 2002

Region: Global

Autodisposable Syringes and Sharps Disposal Containers with DMPA

Publication date: 2001

Region: Global

Becoming a Man During AmaXhosa Ceremonial Rites of Initiation: A Manual for Teaching Traditional Surgeons and Attendants About Safe Circumcision and Social and Sexual Responsibility

This manual is designed for teaching traditional surgeons/circumcisers (ingcibis) and attendants (amakhankatha) about safe male circumcision (MC) practices and how to talk to initiates about social and sexual responsibility during the amaXhosa ceremonial rites of initiation (ulwaluko) into manhood. It is used as part of a training program in the Eastern Cape of South Africa that provides extended post-MC education to young initiates during ulwaluko. In the program, ingcibis and amakhakatha learn key messages of social and sexual responsibility that are intended to be passed on to young initiates as they heal from their circumcision and go through their traditional initiation rites.

Publication date: 2005

Region: Africa

Best Practices in HIV/AIDS Prevention Education: The AIDS Surveillance and Education Project in the Philippines

Author: Aquino C; D'Agnes L; Castro J; Borromeo M; Gill K; Schmidt K

Publication date: 2003

Region: Asia

Bringing Youth and Adults Together to Improve Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health in Uganda

This case study describes the African Youth Alliance's youth-adult partnerships to improve adolescent sexual and reproductive health in Uganda. It includes a description of PATH's behavior change communication intervention in association with the Making Positive Living Attractive to Youth (Ma-PLAY) group that leveraged adults' important role and young people's imagination, wisdom, and power to create a "culture of health" among Kampala's youth.

Publication date: 2005

Region: Africa

Case Study: Andhra Pradesh -- Introducing and Scaling Up a Sharps Waste Management Program

Publication date: 2006

Region: Asia

Childhood Immunization: What You Need to Know - A Handbook for Health Workers and Parents

Publication date: 2004

Region: Global

China Youth Reproductive Health Project Impact Evaluation Studies

This document provides an overview of seven impact evaluation studies conducted for the China Youth Reproductive Health Project. Summaries of these results for each of the individual studies are also available, as are the full evaluation documents.

Publication date: 2006

Region: Asia

Ciclopiroxolamine: A Vaginal Product with Microbicide Potential

This poster was presented by PATH's India Microbicide Project at the Microbicides 2004 Conference in London. It describes ciclopiroxolamine, a vaginal product with microbicide potential. Ciclopiroxolamine is a unique microbicide candidate with a long history of proven safety in clinical use as a vaginal and skin product with anti-infective properties. It is already formulated, manufactured, and marketed worldwide in vaginal products. (This project was active from January 2002 to June 2006. It is on hold pending support to obtain additional data on anti-HIV activity.)

Author: Zaneveld LJ; Waller D; Sellors J; Camus-Bablon F

Publication date: 2004

Region: Asia

Clean Delivery Kit: a Timeline of PATH's Involvement

This document provides a timeline of the Clean Delivery Kit project at PATH.

Publication date: 2007

Region: Global

Cleaning and Disinfection of Thermal Cautery Equipment

This job aid discusses cleaning and disinfection of thermal cautery equipment for vasectomy.

Author: Y. Seamans

Publication date: 2005

Region: Global

Cold Chain Technologies

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes the current project on cold chain technologies at PATH.

Publication date: August 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

Communications Booklet for Parents of Scouts and Interested Adults

Publication date: 2003

Region: Africa

Community Outreach and Peer Education for HIV and AIDS Prevention: The AIDS Surveillance and Education Project in the Philippines

Author: Aquino C; D'Agnes L; Castro J; Borromeo M; Schmidt K; Gill K

Publication date: 2003

Region: Global

Contraceptive Choices for Young People (job aid) [Vietnamese]

Developed as part of a project aimed at strengthening the provision of reproductive health services for young people at pharmacies, this job aid aims to remind pharmacy staff of key points about ongoing contraceptive methods for their discussions with young clients.

Publication date: 2004

Region: Asia

Implementing HPV Vaccination Programs: Practical Experience From PATH

This document offers practical information to countries that plan to pilot, expand, or scale up human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination programs. The main focus is on issues specific to HPV vaccination, such as working with a young adolescent target population in school settings and developing community support for HPV vaccination programs.

Publication date: 2011

Region: Global

Correspondence Between RBP and Retinol From DBS Specimens Prepared From Capillary Blood: Evidence From Zimbabwe

This document provides evidence from a study in Zimbabwe that demonstrates the correspondence between serum retinol and retionol-binding protein in estimating the prevalence of and screening for vitamin A deficiency.

Publication date: 2006

Region: Africa

Developing an Introduction Strategy For Needle Removers

This document briefly describes the core components needed to introduce and use needle removers in a safe and sustainable manner.

Author: Berman A

Publication date: 2007

Region: Asia

Demonstrating Needle Remover Use to Improve Sharps Waste Management in Vietnam

PATH and Vietnam's National Expanded Program on Immunization pilot tested the use of a needle-remover device in rural Vietnam. This fact sheet reports on health workers' experience that needle removers were easy to operate, safe, and effective for treating contaminated syringes at health centers and in the community.

Publication date: 2007

Region: Asia

Drug Demand Reduction Education Programme: Trainers Reference Manual

Publication date: 2003

Region: Africa

Effects of Freezing on Vaccine Potency: Literature Review

This document is part of a series that describes the serious risk of freezing vaccines and provides tools to reduce freezing in the cold chain. The materials contain current WHO-recommended freeze-prevention strategies targeted toward all levels of storage and transport of vaccines.

Publication date: 2003

Region: Global

Emergency Contraception (job aid) [Vietnamese]

Developed as part of a project aimed at strengthening the provision of reproductive health services for young people at pharmacies, this job aid aims to remind pharmacy staff of the indications for the use of emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs), and to suggest steps in providing ECPs for young clients in Thanh Hoa.

Publication date: 2004

Region: Asia

Emergency Contraceptive Pills (Leaflet) (Vietnamese)

Developed as part of a project aimed at strengthening the provision of reproductive health services for young people at pharmacies, this leaflet aims to provide necessary information on emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs), and increase youth's awareness about EC service at pharmacies.

Publication date: 2004

Region: Asia

Ensuring Privacy and Confidentiality in Reproductive Health Services: A Training Module and Guide for Service Providers

A growing body of research supports that protection of privacy and confidentiality is a priority factor in whether clients access RH information, counseling, and services. When clients experience violations of privacy or confidentiality they are more likely to drop out of services. This manual is designed to enable clinic staff at all levels to better support and protect the right of clients to privacy and confidentiality. It includes a training module; job aids; and supporting documents (that includes a list of resources related to privacy and confidentiality).

Author: Bruce L

Publication date: 2003

Region: Global

Essential Medicines for Reproductive Health: Guiding Principles for Inclusion on National Medicines Lists

WHO, UNFPA, and other agencies have collaborated to establish a common nonproprietary list of essential reproductive health medicines. This introductory guide is a companion to that work and provides an overview of the process for including reproductive health medicines on national essential medicines lists at the country level based on the essential medicines concept. The guide also presents the rationale for including these medicines on national essential medicines lists.

Publication date: 2006

Region: Global

Evaluation of a Needle Remover Demonstration Project: A Study From Huong Khe District, Ha Tinh Province, Vietnam

PATH and the Vietnam Ministry of Health implemented a six-month demonstration project in Huong Khe District, Ha Tinh Province, Vietnam, to assess the acceptability, performance, and impact on waste disposal of a manual needle remover introduced at commune health centers. The results of this demonstration project will enable the Vietnam National Immunization Program to explore alternative methods that may be more effective and appropriate than current practices for managing medical waste at the commune level. This report provides background, methodology, results, discussion, and references associated with an evaluation of the project.

Publication date: 2007

Region: Asia

Evidence of Vaccine Freezing in the Cold Chain

This document is part of a series that describes the serious risk of freezing vaccines and provides tools to reduce freezing in the cold chain. The materials contain current WHO-recommended freeze-prevention strategies targeted toward all levels of storage and transport of vaccines.

Publication date: 2003

Region: Global

Examination of Venous and Capillary Blood Specimens for Assessment of Vitamin A Deficiency (Thailand Study)

This study provided the first evidence of the biological comparability between serum retinol levels estimated from venous blood and capillary blood. This critical observation provides empirical evidence that this important indicator of vitamin A status may be measured from capillary blood, which has important implications for nonclinical population-based research.

Author: Gorstein J; Dary O; Pongtorn; Shell-Duncan B; Quick T; Hix J; Kandavasee; Wasanwisut E

Publication date: 2005

Region: Asia

The Female Condom: Significant Potential for STI and Pregnancy Prevention (Outlook, vol. 22, no. 2)

This issue of Outlook provides new information about the female condom as presented at the September 2005 Global Consultation on the Female Condom. Topics include evidence of the female condom's effectiveness for prevention of STIs and pregnancy, issues related to expanding access and use, and gaps in the knowledge base. Successful program examples and a detailed table of female condoms currently available or under development are also presented.

Author: Shane B

Publication date: May 2006

Region: Global

Part of series: Outlook

Female Condom: A Powerful Tool for Protection

More than 100 experts from 15 countries met in Baltimore, Maryland, in September 2005 at the Global Consultation on the Female Condom (GCFC) to discuss the status of the female condom worldwide and to develop a plan of action to build support for the method. This document answers key questions about the female condom and builds on the momentum created at the GCFC by presenting evidence of the female condom's effectiveness and impact, identifying current challenges to wider use, and indicating the steps that need to be taken now to develop strong female condom programs worldwide.

Publication date: 2006

Region: Global

Female Genital Mutilation in Africa: An Analysis of Current Abandonment Approaches

This report explores female genital mutilation (FGM) practices, evaluates approaches to abandoning the practice, describes the roles of various stakeholders in the abandonment process, and shares lessons learned from FGM abandonment programs.

Author: Mateshi J; Sass J

Publication date: 2005

Region: Africa

Final Report: Cold Chain Workshop

This document provides a final report, including summary and recommendations, on a regional workshop to discuss cold chain management issues, particularly regarding their impact on vaccine availability and effectiveness. The workshop was organized by PATH and UNICEF's Regional Office for Latin America & the Caribbean; it was held May 31 through June 2, 2006, in Panama City.

Publication date: 2006

Region: Asia

Giving Safe Injections: Introducing Auto-Disable Syringes: Training Manual

Author: Catlin M; Crook B

Publication date: 2000

Region: Global

Prevention of Postpartum Hemorrhage Job Aids

The USAID-funded Prevention of Postpartum Hemorrhage Initiative has six developed job aids to help educate individuals about the harmful effects of postpartum hemorrhage and the proper use of active management of the third stage of labor. Prevention and Initial Management of Postpartum Hemorrhage is available as one large file and two smaller files for easier downloading.

Author: Prevention of Postpartum Hemorrhage Initiative (POPPHI)

Publication date: December 2008

Region: Global

Interpersonal Communication and Counseling for Clients on Tuberculosis and HIV and AIDS

This training curriculum for tuberculosis (TB) health care workers introduces principles of interpersonal communication and counseling of clients on TB and HIV and provides practical experience in TB and HIV counseling skills in a three-day workshop. The training package also includes PowerPoint presentations on parts 1, 2, and 4 for the trainers; and handouts for the participants.

Publication date: September 2009

Region: Eastern Europe

A Guide to Participatory Monitoring of Behavior Change Communication for HIV/AIDS: Getting the Community and Program Staff Involved in Assessing and Improving Programs

This guide was designed to help managers and behavior change communication specialists support program staff, particularly those in the field, by providing a step-by-step process for how to develop a monitoring system that is responsive to the needs of local partners, program staff, and managers.

Author: Gill K; Emah E; Fua I

Publication date: 2005

Region: Global

Has Your Vaccine Been Damaged by Freezing? Shake Test Instructions

Poster describing how to conduct the shake test to determine whether a vaccine has been frozen. This document is part of a series that describes the serious risk of freezing vaccines and provides tools to reduce freezing in the cold chain. The materials contain current WHO-recommended freeze-prevention strategies targeted toward all levels of storage and transport of vaccines.

Publication date: 2003

Region: Global

Has Your Vaccine Been Damaged by Freezing? Shake Test Instructions for Uniject

Poster describing how to conduct the shake test to determine whether a vaccine in Uniject has been frozen. This document is part of a series that describes the serious risk of freezing vaccines and provides tools to reduce freezing in the cold chain. The materials contain current WHO-recommended freeze-prevention strategies targeted toward all levels of storage and transport of vaccines.

Publication date: 2003

Region: Global

A HealthTech Historical Profile: HIV Dipstick

Historical profile on the PATH development and advancement of the HIV dipstick.

Publication date: June 2005

Region: North America and Europe

A HealthTech Historical Profile: Lateral-Flow, Point-of-Care Diagnostic Tests for Infectious Disease

Historical profile on the PATH development and advancement of point-of-care diagnostic tests.

Publication date: June 2005

Region: North America and Europe

HIV Dipstick

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes the HIV dipstick project at PATH.

Publication date: May 2009

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

Hormonal Contraception and HIV: New Findings, but Policies Remain Unchanged (Outlook, vol. 22, no. 1)

This issue of Outlook describes the latest research findings regarding whether there is a relationship between hormonal contraception and HIV acquisition, transmission, or progression. It also explores the effects of hormonal contraception on women living with HIV/AIDS and discusses how reproductive health programs can respond to emerging information.

Author: Weil B

Publication date: March 2006

Region: Global

Part of series: Outlook

HPV Testing: Promise and Challenges

Publication date: 2003

Region: Global

Immunizing Children Against Japanese Encephalitis Using Inactivated, Mouse-brain Derived Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine: A Training Module for Vaccinators

Author: Lasher H; Jacobson J

Publication date: 2003

Region: Global

Protecting Aluminum-Adjuvanted Vaccines From Freeze Damage

This overview describes how PATH has developed a low-cost and straightforward technology for protecting aluminum-adjuvanted liquid vaccines from the irreversible damage that results from freezing. Many current vaccines of importance to global health contain an aluminum salt adjuvant or its equivalent (such as aluminum hydroxide, aluminum phosphate, or calcium phosphate) and would benefit from the technology.

Publication date: October 2012

Region: Global

Vaccines for the Future

Vaccines for the Future provides quarterly updates on our efforts to accelerate the development of innovative, safe, effective, and affordable vaccines against pneumonia (pneumococcal disease) and diarrheal disease (rotavirus, Shigella, enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli), as well as new vaccines for the global population against influenza, meningitis, polio, and respiratory syncytial virus. It includes updates on our progress, partnerships, and specific activities related to these projects.

Publication date: 2014

Region: Global

Part of series: E-newsletters

Impact of a Comprehensive Youth Reproductive Health Intervention Among Vocational Students in Shanghai

These documents report on a study to evaluate the impact of life-planning skills training, peer education, and youth-friendly services on the sexual and reproductive health knowledge and attitudes of vocational school students in China. A full report is provided in English, with summaries in both English and Chinese.

Publication date: June 2005

Region: Asia

Evaluation of the Impact of Life-Planning Skills Training in the Harbin City Education System

These documents report on a study to evaluate the impact of the ChinaYouth Reproductive Health Project implemented in Harbin City. The study included (1) documenting cooperation with the Education Bureau and institutionalization of life-planning skills (LPS) training in schools, (2) documenting the process of facilitator training, the effect of the training, and the role of trained facilitators in the project, and (3) assessing the impact of LPS education on school students. A full report is provided in English, with summaries in both English and Chinese.

Publication date: March 2005

Region: Asia

Evaluation of the Impact of Life-Planning Skills Training Among Senior High School Students in Shangcai County

These documents describe a study to evaluate the impact of sexual and reproductive health education using life-planning skills training among senior high school students in Shangcai, a county with high HIV prevalence in China. A full report is provided in English, with summaries in both English and Chinese.

Publication date: August 2005

Region: Asia

Improving Access to Quality Care in Family Planning: WHO Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use [Russian]

The World Health Organization (WHO) , in collaboration with medical experts and women's reproductive health advocates from around the world, has developed medical eligibility criteria that give sound guidance on the safety of contraceptive methods for various categories of users. With WHO's permission, PATH translated this document into Russian. These evidence-based criteria are designed to increase access to contraceptive use for appropriate candidates, while maintaining required levels of safety. The document provides recommendations for appropriate medical eligibility criteria based on the latest clinical and epidemiological data and is intended to be used by policy makers, family planning program managers, and the scientific community. PATH accepts full responsibility for the quality of the translation. The English version can be found on the WHO website.

Publication date: 2000

Region: Eastern Europe

Improving Condom Utilization Among Young People in Ukraine

Ukraine project descriptions

Author: Bishop A

Publication date: 2005

Region: Eastern Europe

Improving Immunization Through Supportive Supervision

This fact sheet describes PATH's training of 70 immunization program supervisors in Vietnam's Ha Tinh Province to use supportive supervision methods, leading to immediate and significant improvements in performance.

Publication date: 2007

Region: Asia

Increasing Access to Reproductive Health Services Through Pharmacists (Outlook, vol 21, no. 2)

This issue of Outlook looks at the role pharmacists and pharmacy staff play in providing health care services, particularly those related to reproductive health. The issue addresses a number of important topics related to this theme, including accessibility, pharmacists as primary health care providers, reproductive health needs, health care referrals, social marketing, training, building pharmacist capacity through innovative programs, pharmacists and youth, pharmacists and EC, and critical considerations.

Author: Beitz J

Publication date: September 2004

Region: Global

Part of series: Outlook

Increasing Hepatitis B Vaccine Coverage Rates by Implementing an Out-of-the-Cold-Chain Strategy

In areas such as Southeast Asia with a high incidence of mother-to-child transmission of hepatitis B, WHO recommends a birth dose of the vaccine for all children. Hepatitis B vaccine is typically kept refrigerated, within the cold chain. This fact sheet reports on an effort by PATH and Vietnam's National Expanded Program on Immunization to increase coverage rates for the vaccine in Thanh Hoa Province through a new strategy?storing the vaccine outside of the cold chain and using vaccine vial monitors to confirm that the vaccine continued to confer effective protection.

Publication date: 2007

Region: Asia

Increasing Women's Access to and Use of HIV Mother-to-Child Transmission Prevention Interventions in Ukraine

In this publication you will find a fact sheet that describes the Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission (PMTCT) Project in Ukraine.

Author: Gamazina K; Mogilevkina I; Bishop A

Publication date: 2006

Region: Eastern Europe

Information, Education, and Communication Materials and Caring for People Living with HIV/AIDS

This document reports on a qualitative assessment of the information, education, and communication (IEC) materials that are available on the subject of care and support of PLWHA in Vietnam. The assessment included a review of existing home-based care-giving activities and the roles that professional and nonprofessional caregivers (e.g., family members) play in addressing the day-to-day needs of PLWHA. This report provides detailed information about existing government and international responses to this problem, shares the responses of PLWHA to questions about a range of related issues, and comments in detail on the IEC resources that exist to support care for PLWHA.

Publication date: 2004

Region: Asia

Violence Against Women: The Health Sector Responds

Violence Against Women: The Health Sector Responds provides a strategy for addressing this complex problem and concrete approaches for carrying it out. It was developed for those on the front lines and for decision-makers who are developing policies and resources. The book should motivate health providers and leaders to more directly confront the issue of gender-related violence and ensure support to affected women. The document is available as one large file or, for faster downloading, four smaller files.

Author: Velzeboer M, Ellsberg M, Clavel Arcas C, García-Moreno C

Publication date: 2003

Region: Global

Woman's Condom

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes the Woman's Condom project at PATH.

Publication date: July 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

Basic Delivery Kit Guide

This comprehensive manual provides information about multiple aspects of delivery kit projects. Detailed discussions and practical work tools help programs decide whether they should develop a basic delivery kit project -- and, if so, how they can plan, assemble, distribute, and promote the kits. The guide is available for downloading as one large file or as seven smaller files.

Author: Crook B

Publication date: 2001

Region: Global

Building Connections: Understanding Relationships and Networks to Improve Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health Programs

Building Connections describes the structures and dynamics of relationships and networks, and of program approaches that influence youth behaviors. It is designed for field application by program practitioners, researchers, and academics interested in familiarizing themselves with the concepts and practice of social network research. The document is available for downloading as one large file or two smaller files.

Author: Bond K

Publication date: 2003

Region: Global

Capacity-Building Resources in Youth Sexual and Reproductive Health

This set of capacity-building resources is designed to help organizations integrate youth sexual and reproductive health (YSRH) into ongoing programs, or to introduce YSRH as a new program area. Content is designed to encourage programmers to consider "new generation" approaches that respond to the evolving needs of young people, strengthen skills in key program areas, and build partnerships and network that result in a critical mass of development staff who can effectively respond to young people's need. Due to the document's size, the material is available for downloading as one large file or as as six smaller files.

Author: Bond K; Levack A; Pownall C; Gerber W; Savage W

Publication date: 2003

Region: Asia

Designing Safe Syringe Disposal Systems for Immunization Services: A Guide for Program Managers

Author: Lloyd J; Wittet S; Lasher H

Publication date: 2003

Region: Global

Developing Materials on HIV/AIDS/STIs for Low-Literate Audiences: A Guide

This publication is a comprehensive discussion of developing print materials for programs to use to reduce the incidence of sexually transmitted infections, including HIV. It is available for downloading as one large file or as five smaller files.

Author: Zimmerman M; Larivee C; Quiroga R; Gopinath CY; Ringheim K; Wood S; Wilson A; Daunas P; Bruce L; Sedlak P

Publication date: 2002

Region: Global

EC and Beyond, Issue #1

The four issues of this newsletter address emergency contraception (EC) and reproductive health (RH) topics of interest to health care providers, program managers, and decision-makers in the Eastern Europe and Newly Independent States region. The content is based in part (with permission) on the Emergency Contraception Newsletter published twice a year by the International Consortium for Emergency Contraception and the American Society for Emergency Contraception. Topics include questions and answers, international EC news, regional EC and RH news, research results and technical updates, recent publications, meetings and events listings, and links to further resources. Available in English and Russian.

Publication date: 2004

Region: Eastern Europe

EC and Beyond, Issue #2

The four issues of this newsletter address emergency contraception (EC) and reproductive health (RH) topics of interest to health care providers, program managers, and decision-makers in the Eastern Europe and Newly Independent States region. The content is based in part (with permission) on the Emergency Contraception Newsletter published twice a year by the International Consortium for Emergency Contraception and the American Society for Emergency Contraception. Topics include questions and answers, international EC news, regional EC and RH news, research results and technical updates, recent publications, meetings and events listings, and links to further resources. Available in English and Russian.

Publication date: 2005

Region: Eastern Europe

EC and Beyond, Issue #3

The four issues of this newsletter address emergency contraception (EC) and reproductive health (RH) topics of interest to health care providers, program managers, and decision-makers in the Eastern Europe and Newly Independent States region. The content is based in part (with permission) on the Emergency Contraception Newsletter published twice a year by the International Consortium for Emergency Contraception and the American Society for Emergency Contraception. Topics include questions and answers, international EC news, regional EC and RH news, research results and technical updates, recent publications, meetings and events listings, and links to further resources. Available in English and Russian.

Publication date: 2005

Region: Eastern Europe

EC and Beyond, Issue #4

The four issues of this newsletter address emergency contraception (EC) and reproductive health (RH) topics of interest to health care providers, program managers, and decision-makers in the Eastern Europe and Newly Independent States region. The content is based in part (with permission) on the Emergency Contraception Newsletter published twice a year by the International Consortium for Emergency Contraception and the American Society for Emergency Contraception. Topics include questions and answers, international EC news, regional EC and RH news, research results and technical updates, recent publications, meetings and events listings, and links to further resources. Available in English and Russian.

Publication date: 2005

Region: Eastern Europe

Researching Violence Against Women: A Practical Guide for Researchers and Activists

Produced by PATH and the World Health Organization, this guide draws on the experience of researchers from more than 40 countries and presents methods for performing surveys and qualitative research on gender-based violence in low-resource settings. It covers all aspects of the research process, from study design to training field workers. It also describes ways to use findings to influence decision-makers. Most important, it presents clear guidelines for protecting the safety of women participating in the research. The guide is available as one large file or as 16 smaller files for easier downloading.

Author: Ellsberg M, Heise L

Publication date: 2005

Region: Global

Just Had Sex? Afraid of Pregnancy?

This wallet-sized brochure provides basic information about emergency contraception for women and men. The online versions are intended to be printed out double-sided, trimmed, and folded. Packets of 100 copies of the printed editions also may be purchased from this website by using the "Order form for PATH's emergency contraception materials."

Publication date: May 2012

Region: North America and Europe

A Guide to Developing Materials on HIV/AIDS and STIs

The focus of this guide is on developing educational materials for use in programs to reduce the incidence of sexually transmitted infections, including HIV/AIDS. The primary audience comprises public and private agencies and individuals working in STI and HIV prevention education in Eurasian countries. The recommended methodologies described in this guide are applicable to print materials as well as audiovisual or mass media materials for almost any population group. The Russian version edition was adapted from several previous publications, namely, the Immunization and Child Health Materials Development Guide (PATH, 2001) and Developing Materials on HIV/AIDS and STIs for Low-Literate Audiences (FHI/PATH, 2002).

Publication date: 2003

Region: Eastern Europe

I Want Something Different for My Daughter (brochure)

This is a trifold brochure for the Entre Amigas project, which works with girls 10 to 14 years old. Entre Amigas helps them take on responsibility for their own lives (particularly in the areas of sexuality and reproduction) and fosters a suitably enabling environment.

Publication date: 2004

Region: Latin America

I Want Something Different for My Daughter

This brochure is intended for mothers involved in the Entre Amigas project. Entre Amigas works with girls 10 to 14 years old, to help promote responsibility for their own lives (particularly in the areas of sexuality and reproduction) and foster a suitably enabling environment.

Publication date: 2004

Region: Latin America

Instructions for Health Workers: Nevirapine Infant-Dose Pouch

This illustrated job aid provides a quick reference for providers using the nevirapine infant-dose pouch in programs for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT).

Author: Berman A; Brooke S

Publication date: 2006

Region: Global

Integrating Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health Programming Into Vocational Education and Training in Zanzibar: AYA's Advocacy for Policy Formation and Support for Pilot Implementation

This case study describes PATH's work in Zanzibar with the African Youth Alliance (AYA). AYA played a crucial role in ensuring that adolescent sexual and reproductive health concerns be included in the government?s national vocational education and training (VET) policy. AYA staff members also provided ongoing technical and financial support to the country?s government, nongovernmental organizations, and its private sector facilitating the pilot integration of a Life Planning Skills curriculum into VET centres. In doing so, AYA staff built local capacity and set the stage for scaling-up and institutionalizing youth-focused policy implementation, to ultimately ensure a broad, positive, and sustainable impact on the lives of Zanzibari youth.

Publication date: 2005

Region: Africa

Investing in Youth as Project and Community Leaders to Improve Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health: AYA and Ghetto Artists Productions of Francistown, Botswana

This case study describes the African Youth Alliance's support of Botswana's Ghetto Artists Productions (GAP). In 2001, program staff selected GAP as a member of the partnership; and after project design and budget negotiations, GAP began work to reach young people in and around Francistown.GAP has contributed to positive behavior change among young people in the Francistown area and has had a larger impact in the community, proving to political leaders, religious leaders, headmasters, teachers, and parents that young people can play a significant leadership role in positive community change, and that their contribution is key to improving sexual and reproductive health, including the fight against HIV/AIDS.

Publication date: 2005

Region: Africa

Japanese Encephalitis Vaccines at a Glance

This fact sheet provides a side-by-side comparison of internationally available vaccines against Japanese encephalitis, including information on dosage, cost, and supply.

Author: Hills S

Publication date: 2007

Region: Asia

Key Facts About Emergency Contraception

This one-page flyer provides clear and essential information about emergency contraception. The document can be downloaded in the languages below. Packets of 100 copies also may be purchased from this website by using the "Order form for PATH's emergency contraception materials."

Author: Hutchings J

Publication date: May 2012

Region: North America and Europe

Key Steps for Meeting Women's Needs

This fact sheet describes issues relating to women's cultural, emotional, and practical needs pertaining to cervical cancer prevention.

Publication date: 2002

Region: Global

Lights of Hope: A National Communication Strategy for Fighting Tuberculosis in Kenya

This publication describes Lights of Hope, a stand-alone National Tuberculosis Communication Strategy for use in Kenya in the fight against tuberculosis (TB). It is based on a study of health-seeking behaviours among Kenyans, strategy design workshops with stakeholders, and meetings with frontline TB workers.It presents a strategy for reducing the impact of TB in Kenya through communication strategies aimed at behavior change.

Publication date: 2005

Region: Africa

Directions in Global Health (Volume 5, Issue 3)

This issue of Directions in Global Health describes PATH's work to control and prevent diarrheal disease, reach out to young scouts in Kenya and Uganda with HIV/AIDS information, assess the impact of malaria control efforts in Zambia, conduct DHS surveys, and shape HPV vaccine introduction in Peru.

Author: PATH

Publication date: December 2008

Region: Global

Part of series: Directions in Global Health

Managing Sharps Waste in Andhra Pradesh: Introduction and Scale-Up of a Sharps Waste Management Program.

This case study reports on the five-year collaboration between PATH and the Government of Andhra Pradesh, India, as we worked to find solutions for appropriate, legal, and effective solutions for disposing of immunization waste from Andhra Pradesh?s 1,400 primary health centers and 12,500 health subcenters.

Publication date: 2007

Region: Asia

Game Board and Manual for the Entre Amigas Adolescent Sexual & Reproductive Health Game

Game board and manual for the translated and adapted version of PATH's "Safari of Life" game on adolescent sexual and reproductive health. The manual is available as one large file and as seven smaller files for easier downloading.

Publication date: 2004

Region: Latin America

Preadolescent Girls: The Hidden Population: Findings from the Entre Amigas Project Baseline

This report, carried out under PATH's Entre Amigas project, describes the methodology and results of qualitative study and qualitative survey carried out as a baseline study on a population of 600 girls ages 10-14 years, living in Ciudad Sandino, Managua, Nicaragua. The baseline findings informed the Entre Amigas program strategy and interventions.

Publication date: 2004

Region: Latin America

Marketed Vaginal Products as Microbicides: A Strategy in India

This poster was presented by PATH's India Microbicide Project at the Microbicides 2004 Conference in London. It describes PATH's innovative approach to microbicide development, including (1) starting with products already marketed in India to determine whether any could be used to prevent HIV and/or common microbial infections, and (2) introducing a microbicide using an "escalating claim" strategy. (This project was active from February 2002 to June 2006.)

Author: Camus-Bablon F; Vail J; Zaneveld LJ; Waller D

Publication date: 2004

Region: Asia

Medical abortion in Vietnam: a cost study

In Vietnam, abortion is widely available and used. This fact sheet describes a study conducted by PATH and the Vietnamese Ministry of Health to provide cost information to decision-makers looking to expand access to a choice of safe abortion methods, including medical abortion (using the drugs mifepristone and misoprostol).

Publication date: 2007

Region: Asia

Messages From Key People in the Partnership Project Between the Government of Andhra Pradesh and PATH

Publication date: 2006

Region: Asia

Monitoring and Evaluation of Indicators of Diagnosis and Treatment of Tuberculosis (TB) Cases Using Cohort Analysis

This manual provides information on using cohort analysis.

Author: Dadu A

Publication date: 2006

Region: Eastern Europe

Needs Assessment Report on Mobility and Cross-Border HIV/AIDS Transmission in Lang Son and Lao Cai, Vietnam

HIV/AIDS and its cross-border transmission in the Mekong region is a growing problem. In response to this problem, PATH, supported by the United States Department of State, implemented the project entitled "Catalyzing Cross-Border HIV/AIDS Prevention in the Southern China Border Region." The project aimed to attract the attention of different stakeholders on both sides of the border to develop The Action Plan to deal with this epidemic. There was a lack of clear understanding of local situations to develop a comprehensive action plan that was locally and culturally appropriate, feasible, and effective. Three cross-border sites, therefore, were selected to conduct the needs assessment: Vietnam, China, and Myanmar. This report presents the findings from Lao Cai and Lang Son provinces in Vietnam.

Publication date: 2005

Region: Asia

Needs of HIV-Positive Women in Ukraine

This poster presentation describes the research conducted using four focus group discussions to analyze information about the needs of HIV-positive pregnant women and mothers in Ukraine. The focus groups consisted of a total of 27 HIV-positive mothers who delivered babies in the previous two years in Sevastopol and Mykolayiv, Ukraine. This poster was presented at the XVI AIDS conference in Toronto, August 13-18, 2006.

Author: Okromeshko S; Zaika N; Mogilevkina I; Bishop A; Stekhin K

Publication date: 2006

Region: Eastern Europe

Path to Growth: A Life-Planning Skills Training Manual

This handbook is an English translation of the Chinese manual created for the China Youth Reproductive Health Project. It includes modules for facilitators to conduct life-planning skills training for young people.

Publication date: February 2004

Region: Asia

Options for Unintended Pregnancies (job aid) [Vietnamese]

Developed as part of a project aimed at strengthening the provision of reproductive health services for young people at pharmacies, this job aid aims to strengthen the knowledge of pharmacy staff of the options to offer clients for managing unintended pregnancies, and provides a list of youth friendly services in Thanh Hoa.

Publication date: 2004

Region: Asia

PATH's Safe Water Project in Cambodia: Household Water Treatment and Storage: Findings From a Distribution Channel Analysis

Commercial markets are a viable model for selling some products to the very poor in Cambodia. But can household water treatment and storage products be provided in the same way? This fact sheet discusses the results of an analysis of distribution and marketing channels in Cambodia, conducted by PATH, to help answer that question.

Publication date: September 2009

Region: Asia

PATH's Framework for Product Introduction

This paper focuses on PATH's product introduction activities. It also outlines the lessons learned and principles used to measure the impact of our efforts to reach underserved populations and improve global health.

Author: Goodyear L; Harner-Jay C; Burns M

Publication date: 2007

Region: Global

PATH's Safe Water Project: Partnerships for Commercialization of Household Water Treatment

This document outlines PATH's work with private-sector partners to make appropriate household water treatment and storage products accessible and affordable for low-income families.

Publication date: September 2009

Region: Asia

A Pilot Introduction of the Nevirapine Infant-Dose Pouch in Kenya in Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission (PMTCT) Programs

This document provides a summary of the pilot introduction project in Kenya to provide nevirapine syrup to mothers prior to delivery to assist with the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV.

Publication date: October 2006

Region: Global

Preventing HIV Among High-Risk Populations in Georgia

This publication provides a fact sheet on the STI and HIV Prevention (SHIP) Project in Georgia.

Author: Gamazina K; Wood S; Bishop A

Publication date: 2006

Region: Eastern Europe

Preventing Vaccine Freezing in the Cold Chain

This zipped set of materials includes background information on the freezing problem (two literature reviews and a PowerPoint presentation), posters and stickers ready for use in the vaccine store and clinic, and a sample protocol for a vaccine freeze study and the results of a study in Indonesia.

Publication date: 2003

Region: Global

Printing Template for the Nevirapine Infant-Dose Pouch Label

These labels for the nevirapine infant-dose pouch give instructions for handling and administering the medication; they include a place for health workers to record the expiration date. These labels are available in the following formats: English-language for A4-sized label stock, English-language for 8 ? x 11-inch label stock, and Kiswahili-language for A4-sized label stock.

Author: Berman A; Brooke S

Publication date: 2006

Region: Global

Product Introduction Case Profile: Vaccine Vial Monitors

This case profile of the vaccine vial monitor (VVM) is the first in a series of profiles intended to illustrate the product introduction process.

Author: Kristensen D; Burns M

Publication date: 2007

Region: Global

Protecting Children for a Healthy Tomorrow: Lessons Learned from the Andhra Pradesh Partnership Project on Immunization

Publication date: 2006

Region: Asia

Protecting India's Children From Japanese Encephalitis

This fact sheet provides information about the partnerships and commitments that helped the Government of India introduce a landmark strategy to vaccinate children at highest risk of Japanese encephalitis. Campaigns in 2006 reached more than 9 million children, and the target population in 2007 exceeds 23 million.

Author: Phillips D

Publication date: 2007

Region: Asia

Protocol for Evaluating Freezing in the Vaccine Cold Chain

This document is part of a series that describes the serious risk of freezing vaccines and provides tools to reduce freezing in the cold chain. The materials contain current WHO-recommended freeze-prevention strategies targeted toward all levels of storage and transport of vaccines.

Publication date: 2003

Region: Global

Rapid Strip Test for Malaria

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes PATH's work to develop a rapid, easy-to-read, low-cost test for malaria.

Publication date: May 2009

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

Rapid Tests for Cervical Cancer

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes PATH's work to develop rapid tests for cervical cancer.

Publication date: July 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

RBP-EIA: Collecting, Processing, and Handling Venous, Capillary, and Blood Spot Samples (Job Aid)

This document serves as a guide to phlebotomists and a training aid in the proper methods of obtaining blood samples for analysis by the retinol-binding protein enzyme immunoassay (RBP-EIA) used in testing for vitamin A deficiency.

Publication date: 2005

Region: Global

Exploring Enterprise-Based Life-Planning Skills Training

This case study documents the implementation from November 2001 to September 2005 of the China Youth Reproductive Health project by the Guangdong Provincial Highway Company, a division of the Guangdong Transportation Group. Project processes, outcomes, and challenges related to implementation of life-planning skills training and other project activities are shared.

Publication date: June 2005

Region: Asia

Life-Planning Skills Training: Experiences from a School-Based Program

Beijing was one of 14 China Youth Reproductive Health project sites. This case study describes the collaborative efforts of the Beijing Family Planning Association and the department of education in various schools. It also summarizes the lessons learned from the school-based training course in life-planning skills.

Publication date: June 2005

Region: Asia

Evaluation of Youth-Friendly Services in Shanghai

These documents describe a study to evaluate youth-friendly service centers at different levels under the China Youth Reproductive Health Project. The study evaluated the centers' service provision and service utilization, analyzed the needs of adolescents, and identified improvements needed in Shanghai's youth services. A full report is provided in English, with summaries in both English and Chinese.

Publication date: May 2005

Region: Asia

InterCambios Website

Launched in 2007, this Spanish-language website provides information, news, and resources to help health sectors in Latin America and the Caribbean respond to gender-based violence.

Publication date: 2014

Region: Latin America

Part of series: Websites

New Water Filters for Low-Income Households

This fact sheet describes the partnership between PATH and three water treatment device manufacturers who have created new water filters based on PATH's prototype.

Publication date: December 2012

Region: Global

An Overview of GEOVAC: A Software Application to Monitor Immunization Performance in Georgia

The GEOVAC software application is a tool designed to help personnel of regional level centers of public health and the National Center for Disease Control in Georgia process a large flow of immunization-related data in much less time than the previous (manual) system. This document illustrates GEOVAC functions, relating them to the features of the upgraded Georgian immunization information system and demonstrating what it can offer immunization managers in the decision making process. It is designed primarily for policymakers in countries planning to strengthen their immunization and/or surveillance systems, donor organizations that can support such reforms, and agencies working in these technical areas.

Author: Luchitsky A; Romanyuk G

Publication date: 2004

Region: Eastern Europe

Assessment of Vaccine Preventable Disease Surveillance Systems in Georgia

This comprehensive assessment of the Georgian vaccine-preventable disease (VPD) surveillance system identifies major problems in the Georgian health system that limit the ability of current surveillance efforts to provide quality information to guide public health actions.

Publication date: 2002

Region: Eastern Europe

Guidelines for Implementing Supportive Supervision: A Step-by-Step Guide with Tools to Support Immunization

Publication date: 2003

Region: Global

Helping Young People Become Youth Advocates for Immunization

Author: Smith T; Wittet S

Publication date: 2000

Region: Global

Part of series: CVP Occasional Papers

Malaria Control in Zambia (MACEPA Perspectives 1)

Dr. Chilandu Mukuka, the deputy coordinator of the Zambia Ministry of Health's National Malaria Control Programme, reflects on the stresses inherent to rapidly making the range of malaria interventions available at the national level and the remarkable progress being made on malaria control in Zambia.

Author: Herdman C

Publication date: July 2007

Region: Africa

PATH and Tuberculosis Control

This four-page brochure describes PATH's work in tuberculosis, including our project portfolio, project locations, and key partners.

Publication date: November 2007

Region: Global

Order form for PATH's emergency contraception materials

Use this form to purchase bulk quantities of the "Key Facts" and "Just Had Sex?" brochures about emergency contraception.

Publication date: June 2005

Region: North America and Europe

Summary Report: Evaluation of Retractable Syringes in a Measles-Rubella Immunization Campaign in Peru

In 2006, UNICEF, the Peruvian Ministry of Health, and PATH performed an evaluation in Peru to assess perceptions of acceptability and safety of automatic retractable syringes in an immunization setting and their affect on waste disposal. The evaluation showed that retractable syringes were seen as a reliable, easy-to-use, preferred alternative to standard disposables in the campaign setting. The evaluation also found that retractable syringes have the potential to improve the safe management of sharps waste.

Publication date: October 2008

Region: Global

Directions in Global Health (Volume 4, Issue 3)

This issue of Directions in Global Health profiles five aspects of PATH's work: our regional efforts to control tuberculosis, the development of and new applications for the Uniject device, a study evaluating storage of hepatitis B vaccine outside of the cold chain, promotion of condom use among young people, and PATH's procurement team.

Publication date: January 2008

Region: Global

Part of series: Directions in Global Health

Strengthening Private-Sector Involvement in TB and HIV in Vietnam

This factsheet introduces PATH’s work in Vietnam to design and implement approaches to working with private-sector providers as a way to increase access to existing TB and HIV case detection, treatment, and prevention services.

Publication date: July 2008

Region: Asia

Scaling Up Integrated TB and HIV Services in Kenya

PATH, with support from the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), the Global Fund, and the Capacity Project, is currently working in Kenya to scale up tuberculosis and HIV activities in 15 districts and at the national level. This fact sheet details PATH's achievements in the field, with a special focus on community involvement.

Author: Kembe J

Publication date: November 2007

Region: Africa

PATH Tanzania TB/HIV Project

PATH's TB/HIV Project in Tanzania spearheads the scale-up of tuberculosis (TB) and HIV services in four different regions of the country. The project works in collaboration with the National TB and Leprosy Programme, the National AIDS Control Programme, the Association of Private Health Facilities in Tanzania, the US Agency for International Development, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and other stakeholders. This article is a snapshot of PATH's TB/HIV work in Tanzania.

Author: Makame M

Publication date: November 2007

Region: Africa

PATH’s Ukraine TB and TB/HIV Projects

PATH has worked successfully in tuberculosis control in Ukraine in close collaboration with local, national, and international partners since its work as a subcontractor to the World Health Organization (WHO). With support from the US Agency for International Development, PATH is now expanding comprehensive activities to expand DOTS in eight regions of the country. This article outlines project goals, accomplishments, and partners.

Author: Gamazina K, Okromeshko S

Publication date: November 2007

Region: Eastern Europe

Private Health Care Sector Involvement in Provision of TB/HIV Collaborative Services in Tanzania

This poster provides an overview of PATH’s work to scale up detection, treatment, and prevention of tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS in Tanzania.

Author: Makame M

Publication date: November 2007

Region: Africa

Procurement Primer for Health and Family Planning Programs in Bangladesh

This highly illustrated manual provides a complete orientation to procuring goods and services for health and family planning programs in Bangladesh. It describes the key steps of procurement and includes an overview of the World Bank's role in financing programs, a list of resources, a list of acronyms, a glossary, and summaries of the HPSP Development Credit Agreement and World Bank procurement guidelines.

Author: Woodle D, Dickens T, Fox J

Publication date: June 2003

Region: Asia

Bangladesh Bidder's Guide

This highly illustrated manual is designed to help suppliers and consultants understand the documents and procedures they will encounter when they compete for Bangladesh Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MOHFW) contracts financed wholly or in part by the World Bank's International Development Association.The manual explains the contracting sequence for goods and services, explains how to prepare bids or proposals, and describes procedures for awards and financial arrangements. The manual includes important background information about the World Bank, a list of resources, a list of acronyms, and a glossary.

Author: Woodle D, Dickens T, Fox J

Publication date: June 2003

Region: Asia

Enhancing Health for Mothers and Children: PATH Delivers Innovative Solutions to Save Lives and Support Strong Families

This fact sheet provides an overview of PATH's work in maternal and child health.

Publication date: December 2011

Region: Global

Part of series: Areas of focus fact sheets

Reducing the Burden of Disease: PATH Provides Tools and Expertise to Address Global Health Threats

This fact sheet summarizes PATH's work to curb emerging and epidemic diseases such as HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria. Topic areas include advancing technologies to improve prevention, diagnosis, and treatment; strengthening health systems; encouraging healthy behaviors; and mobilizing and supporting our partners.

Publication date: September 2012

Region: Global

Part of series: Areas of focus fact sheets

An Overview of PATH’s Injection Safety Work: 1999–2009

In the field of safe injection, PATH has served for more than 20 years in a global leadership role, championing improved approaches to injection safety for the developing world. This document summarizes PATH's safe injection work over the past 10 years and includes information related to the development of policies and standards for injection safety as well as a list of safe injection technology evaluations conducted by PATH. This document also contains a list of PATH reports, peer-reviewed journal articles, and technical resources published over the past ten years.

Publication date: December 2009

Region: Global

Improving Reproductive Health Through Innovation: PATH Increases Access to Products, Services, and Information

This fact sheet highlights PATH's work to address family planning needs, provide better methods of protection against sexually transmitted infections and HIV, and improve diagnosis and treatment of women's cancers in low-resource settings.

Publication date: October 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Areas of focus fact sheets

Increasing Access to Lifesaving Vaccines: PATH Closes the Immunization Gap Through Innovation and Collaboration

This fact sheet outlines PATH's work on vaccines and immunization. Topic areas include developing affordable vaccines, designing innovative vaccine technologies, and expanding uptake of existing vaccines. These efforts reduce the burden of malaria, meningitis, diarrheal disease, Japanese encephalitis, pneumococcal disease, influenza, rotavirus, polio, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), and other infectious diseases in developing countries.

Publication date: December 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Areas of focus fact sheets

Technology Solutions to Improve Global Health: PATH Advances Appropriate, Affordable, and Lifesaving Technologies Tailored to Developing Countries

This fact sheet provides an overview of PATH's work to adapt, design, develop, and advance health technologies to improve global health.

Publication date: December 2011

Region: Global

Part of series: Areas of focus fact sheets

The PATH Rotavirus Vaccine Program: Equal Protection Against a Childhood Threat

This fact sheet provides an update on the activities of the PATH Rotavirus Vaccine Program, which aims to dramatically reduce the typical 10- to 15-year timeline between introduction of new vaccines in wealthy countries and their availability in the developing world. Activities include measuring disease burden, determining vaccine efficacy and safety in developing countries, communicating the value of rotavirus vaccines, and generating information on the health economics of rotavirus vaccination.

Author: Phillips D

Publication date: April 2007

Region: Global

Zinc Treatment for Diarrhea

This fact sheet aims to raise awareness about zinc, a new treatment for diarrhea. One in a set of introductory resources, it provides stakeholders and policymakers in the world’s poorest countries with crucial information on a new tool to fight diarrheal disease.

Publication date: May 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Diarrheal disease fact sheets

Rotavirus Vaccines

This fact sheet aims to raise awareness about two new vaccines against rotavirus, a major cause of diarrheal disease. One in a set of introductory resources, it provides stakeholders and policymakers in the world’s poorest countries with crucial information on new tools to fight diarrheal disease.

Publication date: January 2008

Region: Global

Part of series: Diarrheal disease fact sheets

Breastfeeding and Diarrhea

This fact sheet aims to raise awareness about breastfeeding to prevent and treat diarrhea. One in a set of introductory resources, it provides stakeholders and policymakers in the world’s poorest countries with crucial information on a proven intervention in the fight against diarrheal disease.

Publication date: September 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Diarrheal disease fact sheets

Oral Rehydration Therapy/Oral Rehydration Solution

This fact sheet aims to raise awareness about oral rehydration therapy to rehydrate people—particularly infants and children—who have lost fluids because of diarrhea. One in a set of introductory resources, it provides stakeholders and policymakers in the world’s poorest countries with crucial information on a proven intervention in the fight against diarrheal disease.

Publication date: May 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Diarrheal disease fact sheets

Innovations in Cervical Cancer Screening

This fact sheet summarizes the work being done by PATH to develop two new tests to detect infection with cancer-causing human papillomavirus. Designed by the private sector—in partnership with PATH—for use in low-resource settings, these molecular and biochemical screening tools are an innovative answer to the challenge of preventing cervical cancer in the developing world.

Author: Lim J, Sellors J

Publication date: December 2007

Region: Global

Indian Regulatory Systems for Product Approval

Available on CD-ROM, this interactive tool addresses the Indian regulatory systems for product approval in the areas of drugs, vaccines, biopharmaceuticals, medical devices and diagnostics, and biofortified foods. It compares the Indian and US Food and Drugs approval processes; lists key institutions and individuals in India involved in regulatory approvals; lists organizations, committees, and groups that are part of the regulatory system; and provides a database of referenced extracts of key legislations, forms, and templates. This interactive tool allows users to build and analyze various scenarios of product approval applications. Easy-to-navigate and hyperlinked flowcharts provide indicative timelines for approvals, so users can map the various stages in the approval process.

Publication date: November 2007

Region: Asia

Strengthening Access to Sexual and Reproductive Health Services for People With HIV and for People at Risk of HIV

This policy brief describes the study objectives, methodology, and findings from the PATH Convergence Project in India. The brief includes recommendations for developing a national policy in India to converge HIV and reproductive health services for people with HIV and for those most at risk.

Publication date: January 2008

Region: Asia

Chlorhexidine for Umbilical Cord Care

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes PATH's work on the use of chlorhexidine for umbilical cord care.

Publication date: July 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

Simple and Affordable Testing for Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes PATH's work to develop a simple, affordable test for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis.

Publication date: July 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

Safe Water: A Market-Based Approach

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes PATH's work in safe water, specifically on household drinking water and storage products.

Publication date: April 2012

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

Strengthening Regional Work on Gender-Based Violence: A Meeting of Activists, Practitioners, and Researchers from the Horn, East and Southern Africa, Kampala, Uganda, November 8-9, 2006

In November 2006, more than 100 community activists, advocates, researchers, service providers, health care professionals, and practitioners gathered in Kampala, Uganda, for a first-of-its-kind meeting on strengthening regional work on gender-based violence. Participants from 15 countries discussed innovative interventions, unexpected challenges, and lessons learned from their collective experiences in the field.The meeting was a collaborative initiative of PATH, Raising Voices, the Gender-Based Violence Prevention Network, the Interagency Gender Working Group, and the East Africa Regional Office of the US Agency for International Development. This report synthesizes the workshops, presentations, and discussions that were held over the two days.

Publication date: January 2008

Region: Africa

Practical Selection of Neonatal Resuscitators, Version 3: A Field Guide

PATH has evaluated a variety of reusable neonatal resuscitators, including both bag-and-mask and tube-and-mask designs. This guide is divided into two sections: the first identifies resuscitators that are priced at less than US$30 each, and the second identifies those that are priced at more than $30 each. It also describes the criteria used during the device evaluation, evaluation results for each device, and suggestions for choosing a resuscitator. The guide is available in two formats: one for booklet-style printing and one for onscreen viewing.

Publication date: May 2010

Region: Global

An Integrated Approach to Confronting Diarrheal Disease

This briefing paper provides an overview of the tools and interventions involved with an integrated approach to diarrheal disease control, including vaccines, oral rehydration, breastfeeding, and zinc treatment. The document also advocates for renewed commitment at global, regional, and national levels.

Publication date: July 2011

Region: Global

Part of series: Diarrheal disease fact sheets

Cold Chain Equipment Manager (CCEM)

The Cold Chain Equipment Manager (CCEM) is a Microsoft Access–based software tool. It is accompanied by a user manual, data collection questionnaires, a surveyor’s guide to these questionnaires, and an equipment identification guide. CCEM also comes with practice files, providing new users with practice data to demonstrate how CCEM will analyze cold chain equipment data and facilitate multiyear equipment planning. CCEM version 2.1 is available for download (see below) or, to request a copy on CD, email CCEMinfo@path.org.

Publication date: January 2012

Region: Global

Strengthening Health Systems Through Procurement

This two-page fact sheet details the procurement systems strengthening work that PATH has done over two decades in over 30 countries.

Publication date: June 2008

Region: Global

HIV-SRH Convergence: Policy and Practice Update 3

This newsletter provides an overview of programs within and outside of India that are converging or integrating sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and HIV/AIDS services. It also shares some of the successes, challenges, and best practices emerging from these programs. It is available in two formats: one for onscreen viewing and one for booklet-style printing.

Publication date: April 2009

Region: Asia

Part of series: HIV-SRH Convergence newsletters

The Growing Chronic Disease Burden: Implications for Reproductive Health (Outlook, vol. 26, no. 1)

This issue of Outlook discusses the emerging chronic disease burden in developing countries with a focus on cardiovascular conditions, diabetes, and the risk factor of obesity. The newsletter addresses relationships between chronic diseases and reproductive health, such as hypertension and diabetes in pregnancy, and contraceptive choice for women with cardiovascular conditions and risk factors.

Author: Drake JK

Publication date: July 2009

Region: Global

Part of series: Outlook

HPV Vaccine Adoption in Developing Countries: Cost and Financing Issues

Financing the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine and mobilizing resources to support new delivery mechanisms will constitute some of the most significant challenges to achieving widespread HPV vaccination in the developing world. Country decision-makers will need to weigh the value of HPV vaccines against other national health priorities, against other vaccines entering the market, and, for some countries, against expanding coverage of existing vaccines. With these cost and financing obstacles resolved, developing countries would be able to build robust programs to immunize adolescents and thus dramatically reduce the incidence of cervical cancer.

Publication date: December 2007

Region: Global

Advancing New Technologies Against Influenza

This fact sheet highlights PATH's work to advance the development of new vaccines against influenza that are affordable and accessible for the developing world.

Publication date: October 2013

Region: Global

Introduction of Rotavirus Vaccine with Support from the GAVI Alliance: Information to Assist the National Decision-Making and Application Process

This guide summarizes considerations for rotavirus vaccine introduction in Eastern European countries eligible for support from the GAVI Alliance.

Publication date: December 2007

Region: Eastern Europe

Challenging Assumptions: Breastfeeding and HIV/AIDS

This two-page policy brief discusses the benefits of breastfeeding in light of the risk of perinatal HIV transmission. Recommendations include increasing adoption of recent World Health Oragnization guidelines on infant feeding and HIV and extending support to cover the first two years of life.

Publication date: March 2008

Region: Global

A Comprehensive Approach to Rotavirus Vaccines

This fact sheet highlights PATH's work to address rotavirus, the leading cause of severe diarrheal disease. It includes general information about our efforts to increase access to and effectiveness of existing vaccines, as well as to develop new vaccines.

Publication date: July 2011

Region: Global

Part of series: Diarrheal disease fact sheets

Commercial Approaches to Providing Safe Water in India: A Literature Review

This is part of a series of project briefs discussing the activities, research findings, and field experiences of PATH’s Safe Water Project. The briefs are available in two formats: one for onscreen viewing and one for booklet-style printing.

Author: Kols A

Publication date: January 2008

Region: Global

Part of series: Safe water briefs

Activities and Stakeholders in the Global Water Sector: A Preliminary Analysis

This is part of a series of project briefs discussing the activities, research findings, and field experiences of PATH’s Safe Water Project. The project briefs are available in two formats: one for onscreen viewing and one for booklet-style printing.

Author: Snyder B

Publication date: January 2008

Region: Global

Part of series: Safe water briefs

The Road to Safe and Effective Vaccines: Clinical Trials and Their Role in Providing Lifesaving Vaccines

This fact sheet highlights the development of new vaccines through clinical trials and their role in providing safe and effective vaccines.

Publication date: May 2013

Region: Global

Fighting Malaria Today and Tomorrow: PATH Works With Developing Countries to Achieve a Malaria-Free World

This fact sheet describes PATH's work to eliminate malaria, including expanding the use of lifesaving tools, identifying and developing better diagnostics and drugs, devising new strategies for malaria control, and accelerating the development of malaria vaccines.

Publication date: May 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Areas of focus fact sheets

Directions in Global Health (Volume 5, Issue 1)

This issue of Directions in Global Health profiles our effort to expand access to safe water, particularly in India; a project to improve nutrition for infants and young children; our thermostable vaccine work; surveillance activities for Japanese encephalitis; and our work under the Reproductive Health Supplies Coalition.

Publication date: May 2008

Region: Global

Part of series: Directions in Global Health

Supportive Supervision to Sustain Health Worker Capacity in Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam and North Sumatera

This document summarizes PATH’s work in Indonesia to sustain best practices among health workers in project provinces through a supportive supervision program.

Publication date: April 2008

Region: Global

Innovative Solutions Saving Mothers’ Lives

This fact sheet provides information about the use of the hormone oxytocin in the Uniject device to prevent postpartum hemorrhage. It summarizes the benefits of using this innovative solution and also provides a success story based on a pilot study conducted in Mali.

Publication date: November 2009

Region: Global

Active Management of Third Stage of Labour: A Clinical Tutorial

PATH's Maternal and Newborn Health Technology Initiative, in collaboration with South Africa's KwaZulu Natal Department of Health, produced this essential training video on active management of the third stage of labor. Using real clinical footage, this video presents the information, skills, and practices that birth attendants need to routinely provide this life-saving intervention and prevent postpartum hemorrhage. To obtain free copies of the video on CD-ROM, please email a request to publications@path.org. For optimal viewing of the low-resolution versions posted here, save the files to your hard drive by right-clicking on the links below and selecting “Save target as." Please note: the Clinical Tutorial and Core Topics files require Windows Media Player, available as a free download from Microsoft.

Publication date: January 2008

Region: Global

Life Planning Skills: A Curriculum for Young People in Africa, Botswana Version

This curriculum is designed to help youth in Botswana face the challenges of growing up. The set includes a facilitator’s manual and a workbook for participants. The curriculum provides activities that facilitators can use to help young people gain information about themselves and their sexuality (including preventing pregnancy and avoiding sexually transmitted infections and HIV); learn about preparing for the world of work; better understand their feelings about growing up, gender roles, risk taking, sexual behavior, and friendship; and practice making decisions, setting goals, communicating clearly, negotiating for their own health, and not giving into negative peer pressure. The facilitator's manual is available as one large file or as four smaller files for easier downloading.

Publication date: 2003

Region: Africa

Life Planning Skills: A Curriculum for Young People in Africa, Ghana Version

This curriculum is designed to help youth in Ghana face the challenges of growing up. The set includes a facilitator’s manual and a workbook for participants. The curriculum provides activities that facilitators can use to help young people gain information about themselves and their sexuality (including preventing pregnancy and avoiding sexually transmitted infections and HIV); learn about preparing for the world of work; better understand their feelings about growing up, gender roles, risk taking, sexual behavior, and friendship; and practice making decisions, setting goals, communicating clearly, negotiating for their own health, and not giving into negative peer pressure. The facilitator's manual is available as one large file or as four smaller files for easier downloading.

Publication date: 2003

Region: Africa

Life Planning Skills: A Curriculum for Young People in Africa, Uganda Version

This curriculum is designed to help youth in Uganda face the challenges of growing up. The set includes a facilitator’s manual and a workbook for participants. The curriculum provides activities that facilitators can use to help young people gain information about themselves and their sexuality (including preventing pregnancy and avoiding sexually transmitted infections and HIV); learn about preparing for the world of work; better understand their feelings about growing up, gender roles, risk taking, sexual behavior, and friendship; and practice making decisions, setting goals, communicating clearly, negotiating for their own health, and not giving into negative peer pressure. The facilitator's manual is available as one large file or as four smaller files for easier downloading.

Publication date: 2003

Region: Africa

Life Planning Skills: A Curriculum for Young People in Africa, Tanzania Version

This curriculum is designed to help youth in Tanzania face the challenges of growing up. The set includes a facilitator’s manual and a workbook for participants. The curriculum provides activities that facilitators can use to help young people gain information about themselves and their sexuality (including preventing pregnancy and avoiding sexually transmitted infections and HIV); learn about preparing for the world of work; better understand their feelings about growing up, gender roles, risk taking, sexual behavior, and friendship; and practice making decisions, setting goals, communicating clearly, negotiating for their own health, and not giving into negative peer pressure. The facilitator's manual is available as one large file or as four smaller files for easier downloading.

Publication date: 2003

Region: Africa

Using Oxytocin in the Uniject™ Injection System (10 IU in 1 ml)

This job aid provides written and pictoral instruction for health workers for the administration of oxytocin in the Uniject™ injection system.

Publication date: August 2011

Region: Global

Vaccine Resource Library Website

PATH’s Vaccine Resource Library (VRL) seeks to gather the world’s best immunization resources in a single, easy-to-use website. The VRL offers a wide variety of high-quality, scientifically accurate documents and links on specific diseases and topics in immunization. It is geared for health professionals in the developing and industrialized worlds, as well as for journalists, policymakers, community leaders, parents, and others interested in vaccine-related resources. The resources found on the VRL are collected from a variety of sources, including news media, scientific journals, and leaders in public health.

Publication date: 2014

Region: Global

Part of series: Websites

Measles Vaccine Immunogenicity After Coadministration With Live Attenuated Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine Shows Equivalence to That of Measles Vaccine Given Alone

This study by PATH's Japanese encephalitis (JE) project evaluated whether measles vaccine and the live, attenuated JE vaccine can be safely co-administered with no effect on the immunogenicity of either.

Author: Gatchalian S, Jacobson J, Kelly K, Sutee Y, Yaïch M, Yao Y, Zhang L, Zhou B

Publication date: December 2006

Region: Asia

Long-Term Immunogenicity of Measles Vaccine After Coadministration With Live Attenuated Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine

This document summarizes the results of a study among children in the Philippines who received both measles and Japanese encephalitis vaccines at nine months of age. Data for this follow-up study were collected one year post-vaccination.

Author: Gatchalian S, Jacobson J, Kelly K, Sutee Y, Yaïch M, Yao Y, Zhang L, Zhou B

Publication date: November 2007

Region: Asia

Framework for Conducting a Self-Assessment of National Progress in Injection Waste Management, Version 1

This tool was developed to provide a simple, efficient framework for conducting a self-assessment of health care waste-management (HCWM) planning at the national level. By collecting data on key achievements, knowledge, and practices at the district and national levels, the framework allows programs to quickly aggregate data, highlight trends, and identify gaps. A national-level workshop then provides the opportunity to outline next steps for moving the revised HCWM planning agenda forward.

Publication date: May 2008

Region: Global

Personal Protective Equipment and Segregation Supply Specifications for Health Care Waste Management

This document provides specifications for personal protective equipment for medical waste handlers and incinerator operators. It is intended to help with the selection and purchase of locally available equipment and can be adapted to local policies and product availability.

Publication date: January 2010

Region: Global

Developing New Vaccines Against Pneumonia and Other Pneumococcal Diseases

This fact sheet outlines PATH's pneumococcal vaccine project from a technical perspective. It includes an overview of PATH's vaccine development portfolio and partners to support the development of vaccines against pneumonia and other pneumococcal diseases that can be effective and affordable for children in the developing world.

Publication date: February 2014

Region: Global

Achieving Effective Sharps Waste Management in GAVI Host Countries

This document presents an analysis of safer sharps-waste management activities, including practical options using available or emerging technologies. The analysis includes an estimate of the baseline burden of disease from unsafe injection practices, the proposed solutions' potential impact on burden of disease, and a cost-effectiveness analysis of the proposed solutions.

Publication date: June 2006

Region: Global

Expanding Vaccine Solutions Against Influenza

This fact sheet highlights PATH's multifaceted approach to expanding vaccine solutions against influenza that are optimal for the developing world. It describes our efforts to advance the development of promising new influenza vaccines, gain a better understanding of influenza vaccine performance in children in low-resource countries, and help emerging-country manufacturers produce influenza vaccines for pandemic preparedness.

Publication date: October 2013

Region: Global

Making Cervical Cancer Vaccines Widely Available in Developing Countries: Cost and Financing Issues

Financing the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine and mobilizing resources to support new delivery mechanisms will constitute some of the most significant challenges to achieving widespread HPV vaccination in the developing world. This brief summarizes the main findings of the longer research publication, HPV Vaccine Adoption in Developing Countries: Cost and Financing Issues.

Publication date: December 2007

Region: Global

Africa User Research in Water & Sanitation—Tanzania

To increase access to safe drinking water and reduce the incidence of waterborne diseases, PATH’s Safe Water Project has been exploring the potential of market-based approaches to provide clean water for low- and middle-income households. The goal of the project's product development work has been to understand user needs and preferences around household water treatment and storage, foster widespread demand for and availability of new and/or improved products, and raise the bar for the affordability, quality, value, and performance of these products. This report focuses on the results of user research in Tanzania.

Publication date: January 2013

Region: Africa

Part of series: Africa User Research in Water & Sanitation reports

ProVIC Champion Communities: Preventing Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV in the Democratic Republic of Congo

In the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), PATH and our partners are implementing the DRC Integrated HIV/AIDS Project (ProVIC), which uses a community-based approach called “champion communities” for reaching mothers to provide them with comprehensive HIV services. This case study examines the landscape of HIV in the DRC and the approach, strategies, challenges, successes, and recommendations of the ProVIC project.

Author: Saul K

Publication date: November 2012

Region: Africa

Guiding Principles for Managing Medical Waste

This document provides a brief overview of key considerations for developing a medical waste-management plan at the facility, district, and national levels.

Publication date: February 2005

Region: Global

Treatment Alternatives for Medical Waste Disposal

This document describes technology options for treating infectious medical waste, including incineration, chemical treatment, autoclaving, microwaving, and shredding/compacting. Performance issues, environmental impact, and perspectives from several developing countries are described.

Publication date: October 2005

Region: Global

Funding Innovation: PATH’s Use of Flexible Funding in 2007

This report shares highlights of PATH's use of flexible funding in 2007, including our work to bring lifesaving projects to mothers and children in India, win support for HIV prevention in South Africa, and prepare to turn back a rising tuberculosis epidemic.

Publication date: May 2008

Region: Global

Part of series: Reports to contributors

Medical Waste Management for Primary Health Centers in Indonesia

In 2003 and 2004, PATH worked with the Indonesian Ministry of Health to build awareness and provide policy guidance to the country's decision-makers. This report describes the process and lessons learned implementing pilot waste-management systems in three districts of Yogyakarta province. The report was used to guide development of waste-management policy in Indonesia and could serve as a useful model for other countries.

Publication date: October 2005

Region: Global

Evaluation of a Retractable Syringe in South Africa: Acceptability, Safety, and Cost Implications

In 2006 and 2007, PATH assessed the acceptability, perception of safety, effect on waste management, and cost implications of using retractable syringes in immunization and curative settings in KwaZulu Natal, South Africa. The research included focus group discussions and individual interviews, observations, an anonymous questionnaire, and a spreadsheet-based model to estimate costs, benefits, and cost-effectiveness.

Publication date: September 2007

Region: Global

Final Report: Evaluation of Three Reuse-Prevention Feature Reconstitution Syringes in Three Districts of Indonesia

In 2007, UNICEF asked PATH to conduct a field evaluation of three World Health Organization prequalified reuse-prevention feature syringes used for vaccine reconstitution during a measles campaign on Lombok, Indonesia. The evaluation sought to identify the training and introduction requirements of these syringes and establish an understanding of their acceptability, performance, and safety during field use.

Publication date: November 2007

Region: Global

Protecting Children From Diarrheal Disease: PATH Takes a Comprehensive Approach to Combating This Leading Cause of Child Deaths

This fact sheet provides an overview of PATH's work in protecting children from diarrheal disease.

Publication date: September 2012

Region: Global

Part of series: Areas of focus fact sheets

Field Evaluation of the Acceptability and Feasibility of Syringe Melters in Indonesia

In 2006, PATH conducted a field evaluation of three syringe melters temporarily placed in five health centers in Kulon Progo District, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. The evaluation assessed the performance of the devices, acceptability by health workers, fit into the existing waste-management system, and potential design modifications. The evaluation demonstrated that, while feasible, the introduction of syringe melting into an existing health care waste management system may require significant shifts in waste-management practices. 

Publication date: May 2007

Region: Global

Ears to the Ground: An Exploration of African Culture and Health

This book contains descriptions of selected CHAPS projects from Egypt, Kenya, Nigeria, and South Africa. CHAPS aimed to improve health, well being, and gender relations of communities by identifying, revising, and promoting cultural practices and beliefs through a small grants program. The stories contained in this book are more than project descriptions; they provide an opportunity to discuss and reflect on culture and health.

Publication date: December 2007

Region: Africa

Personal Protective Equipment for Waste Handlers and Incinerator Operators

This training aid was developed as part of Training Health Workers in the Management of Sharps Waste. The aid includes a graphical representation of the equipment needed to help protect waste handlers and incinerators during the collection, treatment, and final disposal of health care waste.

Publication date: July 2006

Region: Global

Small-Scale Incinerator Construction: Recommendations from the Rwanda Experience

This report documents a partnership in Rwanda to support infrastructure and systems development to ensure the safe handling, treatment, and final disposal of infectious medical waste.

Publication date: 2007

Region: Global

Key Steps in Sharps Waste Disposal

This training aid was developed as part of Training Health Workers in the Management of Sharps Waste. The aid includes a graphical representation of the key steps involved in the safe management of health care waste: segregation, containment, handling and storage, transport, treatment or destruction, and disposal.

Publication date: June 2006

Region: Global

Directions in Global Health (Volume 5, Issue 2)

This special issue of Directions in Global Health describes PATH's work on HIV/AIDS. Featured projects focus on implementing interactive communication techniques that promote healthier behaviors, strengthening health systems to address the dual epidemics of HIV and tuberculosis, protecting youth against HIV, challenging gender norms to reduce the spread of HIV, and advancing innovative technologies for the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of HIV/AIDS.

Publication date: August 2008

Region: Global

Part of series: Directions in Global Health

Segregation of Medical Waste

This training aid was developed as part of Training Health Workers in the Management of Sharps Waste. The aid includes a graphical representation of the segregation of medical waste into three categories: non-infectious, infectious, and sharps. Over the last few years, a number of countries have adapted the basic concepts and developed country-specific versions of this aid for training and for display in health facilities. The document available here is a link to an example adapted for Kenya.

Publication date: June 2006

Region: Global

Innovating to Improve Health: PATH Develops and Delivers Novel Solutions for Those Who Need Them Most

This fact sheet provides an overview of PATH's work to develop and deliver innovative health solutions for those who need them most. These solutions range from developing and introducing affordable, appropriate technologies to creating conditions that lead to widespread use of proven methods.

Publication date: April 2012

Region: Global

Meeting the Needs of People with Tuberculosis (TB) and HIV: Assessing TB-HIV Service Collaboration in Ukraine

This poster was prepared for the XVII International AIDS Conference in Mexico.

Publication date: July 2008

Region: Eastern Europe

Role of the Primary Care Providers in Early Detection and Response to Avian Influenza in Humans

This brochure provides recommendations for primary care providers on early detection and response to avian influenza in humans.

Publication date: June 2008

Region: Eastern Europe

Cervical Cancer, Human Papillomavirus (HPV) and HPV Vaccines: Key Points for Policy-Makers and Health Professionals

This booklet summarizes and updates the World Health Organization (WHO) document Human Papillomavirus and HPV Vaccine: Technical Information for Policy-Makers and Health Professionals and the WHO/UNFPA guidance note Preparing for the Introduction of HPV Vaccines—Policy and Programme Guidance for Countries. They are available in the STIs/RTIs section of the WHO website.

Publication date: 2007

Region: Global

Findings From Investigation of User Experience With Household Water Treatment and Storage Products in Andhra Pradesh, India

This is part of a series of project briefs discussing the activities, research findings, and field experiences of PATH’s Safe Water Project. The briefs are available in two formats: one for onscreen viewing and one for booklet-style printing.

Author: Kols A

Publication date: July 2008

Region: Global

Part of series: Safe water briefs

Tuko Pamoja: A Guide for Peer Educators

This guide was developed by PATH as part of the Kenya Adolescent Reproductive Health Project (KARHP) Tuko Pamoja ("We are together") series. It is intended to be used by peer educators facilitating discussion groups with in- and out-of-school youth. The guide will help peer educators share information and lead discussions with their peers on addressing physical and emotional changes during adolescence, staying healthy, planning for the future, making good decisions, and preventing pregnancy and HIV and AIDS. It can also be used as a reference for peer educators to learn more about the different topics. The guide is available as one large file or as multiple smaller sections for ease of downloading.

Author: Martin S

Publication date: July 2007

Region: Africa

PATH's Safe Water Project in Vietnam and Cambodia

Safe drinking water is essential to good health and quality of life. However, in resource-poor settings like Vietnam and Cambodia, water often comes from unsafe sources and carries dangerous pathogens. This fact sheet outlines the work that PATH is implementing in Vietnam and Cambodia to enable commercial enterprises to produce, distribute, sell, and maintain good-quality household water treatment and storage products for low-income populations.

Publication date: July 2008

Region: Asia

PATH's Maternal and Newborn Health Technology Initiative

This brochure describes PATH’s work in KwaZulu Natal, South Africa, through the Maternal and Newborn Health Technology Initiative (MNTI).

Author: Gundry, D

Publication date: June 2008

Region: Africa

*Ten Steps to Developing a Strategic Advocacy Agenda

This document outlines ten steps that programs may find helpful as they determine their advocacy goals and activities.

Author: Wilson, Rachel

Publication date: December 2007

Region: Global

Vaccine Technologies at PATH

PATH and our partners have been advancing innovative vaccine technologies for more than 30 years. This report outlines our approach and capabilities. It also describes a number of individual vaccine technologies at various stages of development and market introduction to put this work in context. 

Publication date: September 2010

Region: Global

Project GLOW Health and Life Planning Skills Curriculum

This curriculum targets adolescent girls 14 to 18 years old in China's Yi community. It consists of 54 participatory sessions that aim to equip and empower Yi adolescent girls with the life skills and health knowledge needed to develop healthy behaviors and move beyond the challenges of urban migration and the growing HIV/AIDS epidemic. The document is available as one large file or as multiple smaller sections for easier downloading.

Publication date: 2008

Region: Asia

PATH’s Experience in Strengthening Health Systems

Strengthening health systems is a core component of PATH’s overall mission to improve the health of people around the world. We pursue deliberate and measurable outcomes related to service management, policy, financing, supply systems, human resources, and information and monitoring systems. This document describes PATH’s experience in strengthening health systems.

Publication date: August 2008

Region: Global

Cervical Cancer Prevention Initiatives at PATH: Two Decades of Progress Toward a World Free of HPV-Related Cancers

PATH’s key areas of work in cervical cancer prevention are described in depth in this 12-page publication.

Publication date: August 2008

Region: Global

Improving Health in Vietnam: Celebrating 30 Years of Partnership

PATH’s work in Vietnam began in 1980 with a focus on contraceptive technologies. In 1997, we opened a permanent office in Hanoi. Today, our work addresses a range of health issues, including vaccines and immunization, reproductive health, maternal and child health, health technologies, and emerging and epidemic diseases.

Publication date: December 2010

Region: Asia

Shaping a Strategy to Introduce HPV Vaccines in Uganda

This document presents new research results from PATH's HPV Vaccines: Evidence for Impact project in Uganda. PATH is working with ministries of health and other country partners to develop strategies for introducing vaccines against human papillomavirus (HPV), the primary cause of cervical cancer.

Publication date: March 2009

Region: Africa

Africa User Research in Water & Sanitation—Mali

To increase access to safe drinking water and reduce the incidence of waterborne diseases, PATH’s Safe Water Project has been exploring the potential of market-based approaches to provide clean water for low- and middle-income households. The goal of the project's product development work has been to understand user needs and preferences around household water treatment and storage, foster widespread demand for and availability of new and/or improved products, and raise the bar for the affordability, quality, value, and performance of these products. This report focuses on the results of user research in Mali.

Publication date: January 2013

Region: Africa

Part of series: Africa User Research in Water & Sanitation reports

Shaping a Strategy to Introduce HPV Vaccines in Peru

This document presents new research results from PATH's HPV Vaccines: Evidence for Impact project in Peru. PATH is working with ministries of health and other country partners to develop strategies for introducing vaccines against human papillomavirus (HPV), the primary cause of cervical cancer.

Publication date: March 2009

Region: Latin America

Africa User Research in Water & Sanitation—Ethiopia

To increase access to safe drinking water and reduce the incidence of waterborne diseases, PATH’s Safe Water Project has been exploring the potential of market-based approaches to provide clean water for low- and middle-income households. The goal of the project's product development work has been to understand user needs and preferences around household water treatment and storage, foster widespread demand for and availability of new and/or improved products, and raise the bar for the affordability, quality, value, and performance of these products. This report focuses on the results of user research in Ethiopia.

Publication date: January 2013

Region: Africa

Part of series: Africa User Research in Water & Sanitation reports

Small-Scale Autoclaves to Manage Medical Waste: A Buyer’s Guide to Selecting Autoclaves Manufactured in India

This guide provides technical information on small-scale affordable autoclaves manufactured in India that can be used for medical waste treatment. It includes issues to consider when purchasing an autoclave, technical specifications of some devices, and a list of Indian manufacturers of autoclaves. The guide is intended to be used to aid in decision-making for purchase of autoclaves for medical waste treatment. It is available in single-page format as well as booklet style.

Publication date: September 2008

Region: Global

Reducing Unmet Need for Family Planning: Evidence-Based Strategies and Approaches (Outlook, vol. 25, no. 1)

The 25th anniversary issue of Outlook, made possible by support from UNFPA, presents innovative, evidence-based strategies and approaches for addressing unmet need for family planning in developing countries. The issue also reviews the link between family planning and achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), including improving maternal and child health, promoting gender equality, and combating HIV/AIDS. Addressing unmet need can help tackle some of the most intractable health and development challenges facing the world today.

Author: Kols A

Publication date: November 2008

Region: Global

Part of series: Outlook

Introduction of Fortified Rice Using the Ultra Rice® Technology: Frequently Asked Technical Questions

This document provides important details on technical aspects of the Ultra Rice® technology.

Publication date: October 2008

Region: Global

Helping Babies Grow up Healthy and Strong (Lesotho)

This two-page success story profiles a volunteer health worker who learned about the benefits of good breastfeeding practices during an Infant and Young Child Nutrition Project training workshop in rural Lesotho. The story highlights the project’s work to improve nutrition for infants and young children in developing countries by training community volunteers who counsel mothers on optimal nutrition practices.

Publication date: November 2008

Region: Global

Are You Experienced? Using the Lessons Learned From Marketing Research on Consumer Experience to Improve the Research and Development of New HIV Prevention Technologies

This paper was commissioned for the aids2031 Science and Technology Working Group as part of a series of working papers under the aids2031 initiative.  This paper examines the process of research and development for new HIV prevention technologies and their eventual adoption by consumers of such technologies.

Author: Ruiz M

Publication date: November 2008

Region: Global

Part of series: aids2031 working papers

Increasing Vaccine Supply to Protect Against Influenza

This fact sheet describes a project that PATH is implementing in collaboration with the Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority within the US Department of Health and Human Services. The project is supporting the enhancement of sustainable influenza vaccine production in Vietnam. PATH is collaborating with various groups in Vietnam to facilitate the production and clinical evaluation of safe and effective influenza vaccines and synergizing activities with work already under way in Vietnam through the World Health Organization.

Publication date: October 2013

Region: Asia

HIV Eradication: Is it Feasible?

This paper was commissioned for the aids2031 Science and Technology Working Group as part of a series of working papers under the aids2031 initiative. This paper explores the scientific feasibility of finding a cure for HIV/AIDS, and charts opportunities for areas where scientific progress is both possible and likely.

Author: Deeks S

Publication date: November 2008

Region: Global

Part of series: aids2031 working papers

Course in Visual Methods for Cervical Cancer Screening: Visual Inspection With Acetic Acid and Lugol's Iodine

This manual is designed for trainers of clinicians who perform vaginal speculum examination and screening methods to prevent cervical cancer. Please note that the online version is a preview. The complete CD-ROM may be ordered by emailing rho@path.org.

Author: Sellors J

Publication date: December 2004

Region: Global

Spurring Innovation for the Development of HIV/AIDS Technologies

This paper was commissioned for the aids2031 Science and Technology Working Group as part of a series of working papers under the aids2031 initiative. This paper discusses mechanisms that promote innovation in early stage discovery science for HIV and, in particular, those that target existing gaps in research.

Author: International AIDS Vaccine Initiative

Publication date: November 2008

Region: Global

Part of series: aids2031 working papers

Incinerator Operator Guidelines

This job aid was developed to support training of small-scale incinerator operators and summarizes safe and effective operation. Key steps are outlined, including preheating and optimal loading instructions. By following these steps, incinerator operators can help ensure the unit operates optimally, reaching desired temperatures and ensuring waste is safely treated.

Publication date: April 2010

Region: Global

Antiretroviral Products for HIV Prevention: Looking Toward 2031

This paper was commissioned for the aids2031 Science and Technology Working Group as part of a series of working papers under the aids2031 initiative. This paper explores issues surrounding the use of antiretroviral products for the prevention of HIV, including how antiretrovirals might be used to prevent infection and potential issues emerging from such use.

Author: Mastro T, Cates W, Cohen M

Publication date: November 2008

Region: Global

Part of series: aids2031 working papers

Incinerator Maintenance Checklist

This job aid was developed to support training of small-scale incinerator operators and provides key message about how to perform regular maintenance. Regular maintenance is critical to ensuring the incinerator functions optimally for the projected life of the unit.

Publication date: April 2010

Region: Global

Community Engagement in HIV Prevention Trials: Evolution of the Field and Opportunities for Growth

This paper was commissioned for the aids2031 Science and Technology Working Group as part of a series of working papers under the aids2031 initiative. The paper explores progress made in engaging communities in biomedical research and highlights areas where continued progress is needed.

Author: West Slevin K, Ukpong M, Heise L

Publication date: November 2008

Region: Global

Part of series: aids2031 working papers

Understanding Influenza Vaccine Effectiveness in Senegal

This fact sheet describes a phase 4, post-licensure influenza vaccine effectiveness study that PATH and its partners are conducting in Senegal. The study seeks to better understand the extent of the influenza disease burden in tropical Africa, as well as the potential of current seasonal influenza vaccines to reduce influenza-related deaths in the developing world. Ultimately, study data could help public health officials decide how to best use influenza vaccines in Senegal and in similar tropical countries.

Publication date: May 2011

Region: Africa

Emerging Trends in HIV Pathogenesis and Treatment

This paper was commissioned for the aids2031 Science and Technology Working Group as part of a series of working papers under the aids2031 initiative. This paper explores issues that could be included in a future research agenda to enhance drug development for HIV/AIDS, including the optimal time to begin antiretroviral therapy, appropriate dosing of antiretrovirals, possible implications of HIV on advanced aging, and an exploration of recent challenges in drug development.

Author: Becker S

Publication date: November 2008

Region: Global

Part of series: aids2031 working papers

Tackling the Biggest Maternal Killer: How the Prevention of Postpartum Hemorrhage Initiative Strengthened Efforts Around the World

The Prevention of Postpartum Hemorrhage Initiative (POPPHI), funded by USAID, developed this document to summarize the projects and activities that took place over its five-year history. The report focuses on the challenge of postpartum hemorrhage and the mechanisms developed by POPPHI to address it. It also provides an overview of the tools, including resources and policy changes, that were accomplished. Finally, the document also highlights specific work done by PATH, its partners, and the POPPHI team in scale-up and small grant countries. The report is available as one large file or as four smaller files for easier downloading.

Publication date: November 2009

Region: Global

Increased Access to Diagnostic Tests for HIV Case Management

This paper was commissioned for the aids2031 Science and Technology Working Group as part of a series of working papers under the aids2031 initiative. In line with thinking about the future development of new tools for diagnosis of HIV infection, this paper presents an analysis of issues related to diagnostic tests for HIV case management and explores four possible scenarios in which these tests could be performed.

Author: Gerlach J, Boyle D, Domingo G, Weigl B, Free M

Publication date: November 2008

Region: Global

Part of series: aids2031 working papers

Integration of Sexual and Reproductive Health and HIV/AIDS Services

This fact sheet provides an overview of sexual and reproductive health and HIV/AIDS service integration and PATH’s experience in this area.

Publication date: December 2008

Region: Global

Country-Specific Approaches for Infant Feeding and HIV Activities

This fact sheet summarizes the Infant & Young Child Nutrition Project's approach to designing and implementing infant feeding and HIV activities.

Publication date: November 2009

Region: Global

Where the Standard Makes the Difference in the Real World of Malnutrition: Analysis of 10 Countries With DHS Data

This report presents findings from ten Demographic and Health Surveys to compare the prevalence of stunting, wasting, underweight, and overweight in children under 5 years by two international standards: the 1977 International Growth Reference and the 2006 Child Growth Standards. The findings have implications for evaluating children’s nutritional status and for analyzing trends.

Author: Kothari M, Rutstein S, Sangha J

Publication date: September 2009

Region: Global

Procurement Capacity Toolkit: Tools and Resources for Procurement of Reproductive Health Supplies, Version 2

As more developing countries take on responsibility for purchasing health commodities, requisite capabilities—such as decision-making, planning, and technical skills—often require strengthening. To address this need, PATH developed the comprehensive Procurement Capacity Toolkit for those responsible for and involved in the supply of reproductive health products. The toolkit is available as one large file or, for faster downloading, 17 smaller files.

Publication date: November 2009

Region: Global

Meeting Family Planning Needs: PATH Provides Solutions to Expand Access to Products and Services

This fact sheet describes PATH's work to expand access to family planning products and services in low-resource settings.

Publication date: December 2011

Region: Global

Part of series: Areas of focus fact sheets

A HealthTech Reference List: Key References and Resources for the Introduction of Oxytocin in the Uniject™ Device

This compilation contains key references and resources to aid program planners in the introduction of oxytocin in the Uniject™ prefilled injection device.

Publication date: September 2009

Region: Global

Ensuring the Availability of Reproductive Health Supplies

This case profile highlights a suite of supply-chain projects in reproductive health that serve as examples of PATH's efforts in strengthening health systems. Key issues related to the availability, affordability, and quality of reproductive health supplies are summarized along with PATH’s efforts to improve manufacturing, purchasing, and distribution of reproductive health supplies globally.

Publication date: December 2008

Region: Global

Integrating Tuberculosis and HIV Services in Tanzania

This case profile highlights a project in Tanzania as an example of PATH's efforts to deliver critical services while strengthening health systems. Key issues related to the delivery of integrated TBHIV services in low-resource settings are summarized along with PATH’s efforts to deliver innovative service models, address human resource constraints, and improve management of these diseases in the region.

Publication date: December 2008

Region: Global

Introducing Oxytocin in the Uniject™ Device: An Overview for Decision-Makers

This overview has been developed for program planners considering introduction and/or expansion of the use of oxytocin, and in particular oxytocin packaged in the Uniject™ device, to reduce the incidence of postpartum hemorrhage as a component of their maternal and child health programming. Administering oxytocin is just one component of active management of third stage labor.

Publication date: September 2008

Region: Global

Malaria Vaccine Technology Roadmap

Scientists have been working for decades to develop a preventive malaria vaccine. While they have successfully demonstrated that such a vaccine is possible, many challenges continue to impede progress on the road to an effective malaria vaccine. As a result, the Malaria Vaccine Advisory Committee to the World Health Organization (WHO), coordinated by the WHO Initiative for Vaccine Research, called for a collective effort to explore and address the challenges. This effort resulted in the Malaria Vaccine Technology Roadmap process.

Publication date: August 2006

Region: Global

Development of a Freeze-Stable Formulation for Vaccines Containing Aluminum Salt Adjuvants

This article was published in Vaccine, Volume 27, Issue 1, Jones Braun L, Tyagi A, Perkins S, et al, Development of a freeze-stable formulation for vaccines containing aluminum salt adjuvants, pp. 72-79, Copyright Elsevier (2009). The journal may be accessed at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/0264410X

Author: Jones Braun L, Tyagi A, Perkins S, et al

Publication date: January 2009

Region: Global

Making Advocacy, Communication, and Social Mobilization (ACSM) Work for TB Control: A Facilitator's Guide to an ACSM Action Planning Workshop

This is the facilitator’s guide for the Advocacy, Communication, and Social Mobilization (ACSM) action planning workshop. Its primary goal is to assist the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria recipient countries in developing ACSM strategic action plans to scale up, enhance, and integrate ACSM activities into ongoing tuberculosis control work.

Publication date: January 2009

Region: Global

Improving Nutrition for Mothers and Children

This fact sheet provides a brief overview of the Infant & Young Child Nutrition Project.

Publication date: July 2009

Region: Global

Infant and Young Child Nutrition (IYCN) Project Website

The Infant & Young Child Nutrition (IYCN) Project website offers nutrition information and resources for global health professionals. It provides training tools, publications, and other resources on maternal nutrition, breastfeeding, complementary feeding, infant feeding within the context of HIV, and infant feeding during and after illness. The website is no longer updated, but it remains available to host the wealth of materials developed by the project and other organizations.

Publication date: 2012

Region: Global

Part of series: Websites

Optimize Strategy: 2009-2012

This document provides a brief overview of the Optimize project’s strategy for developing delivery systems that are as advanced and innovative as the vaccines they support. Project Optimize, a collaboration between the World Health Organization and PATH, has been given a unique mandate to think far into the future: to put technological and scientific advances to work, helping define the ideal characteristics and specifications for health products; and to create a vaccine supply chain that is flexible and robust enough to handle an increasingly large and costly portfolio of vaccines.

Publication date: October 2009

Region: Global

Supply and Demand for Household Water Treatment Products in Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, and Maharashtra, India

This document is part of a series of project briefs discussing the activities, research findings, and field experiences of PATH’s Safe Water Project. The briefs are available in two formats: one for onscreen viewing and one for booklet-style printing.

Author: Kols A

Publication date: January 2009

Region: Asia

Part of series: Safe water briefs

Home-Based Administration of depo-subQ provera 104™ in the Uniject™ Injection System

This literature review details the key findings on the feasibility and acceptability of home delivery of depo-subQ provera 104™ in the Uniject™ injection system  (depo-subQ in Uniject). The review focused on self-injection and looked specifically at subcutaneous depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) compared to the intramuscular formulation; considerations for home administration of injectable contraception, particularly in low-resource settings; and identified research needs for home administration, including self-injection, of depo-subQ in Uniject. A six-page briefing summary of this review is also available.

Author: Keith BM

Publication date: July 2011

Region: Global

Thogomelo Project

This project brief describes the Thogomelo project, which is designed to build South Africa's capacity to care for its community caregivers and protect children left vulnerable by the AIDS pandemic.

Publication date: February 2009

Region: Africa

Sayana® Press: Pilot Introduction and Evaluation

These fact sheets describe PATH's pilot introduction project to deliver the injectable contraceptive Sayana® Press (depot medroxyprogesterone acetate or DMPA) to women in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. The fact sheets also provide clinical information about Sayana® Press.

Publication date: 2013

Region: Global

MDR-TB Planning Toolkit

The MDR-TB Planning Toolkit is designed to help countries develop or strengthen a multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) component within their national TB strategy or plan. Eight tools contain worksheets to assist the user through key planning steps. The toolkit is available as a Microsoft Word file (for users who wish to modify it) and as an Adobe PDF file (recommended for printing). The worksheets can be filled out on the screen using the full toolkit or the worksheets-only version. The Excel version of Tool 2 has built-in formulas that also generate graphs to show a country’s baseline performance and targets for MDR-TB case detection, enrollment, and successful treatment. (The 2009 MDR/XDR-TB Assessment and Monitoring Tool can be found here.)

Author: Royce S, Islam T, Jakubowiak W, Garcia Baena I, Mueller L, Reed L, Richardson D

Publication date: September 2012

Region: Global

Analysis of WHO Policy Development Process for a New Intervention

The PATH Malaria Vaccine Initiative commissioned this analysis to begin elucidating the World Health Organization (WHO) process for developing policy guidelines for a malaria vaccine. The analysis considered past WHO recommendations on new interventions and assessed potential implications for a malaria vaccine.

Author: Milstien J, Brooks A, Cardenas V, Cheyne J

Publication date: May 2008

Region: Global

Directions in Global Health (Volume 10, Issue 1)

This issue of Directions in Global Health features work by OneWorld Health, PATH’s drug development program, to lead development of innovative methods to enhance the supply of artemisinin, a key ingredient in malaria treatments. It includes a commentary by Dr. Ponni Subbiah, who directs PATH’s drug development efforts. Other articles cover work to improve cervical cancer screening, protect infants from respiratory syncytial virus, increase access to family planning, and strengthen and expand use of human milk banking.

Publication date: May 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Directions in Global Health

Shaping a Strategy to Introduce HPV Vaccines in Vietnam

This document presents formative research results from PATH's HPV Vaccines: Evidence for Impact project in Vietnam. PATH is working with ministries of health and other country partners to develop strategies for introducing vaccines against human papillomavirus (HPV), the primary cause of cervical cancer.

Publication date: March 2009

Region: Asia

Common Virus and Senseless Killer: A Briefing Paper on Rotavirus

This briefing paper underscores the burden of rotavirus and highlights the promise of vaccines to combat the virus as the global health community prepares for worldwide introduction.  

Publication date: September 2009

Region: Global

IYCN Update

IYCN Update was a periodic email newsletter from USAID’s Infant and Young Child Nutrition (IYCN) Project that offered updates on maternal, infant, and young child nutrition for global health professionals. It was distributed four times per year and included research highlights, new resources, and IYCN Project news.

Publication date: 2012

Region: Global

Healthy Mothers and HIV-Free Babies: Preventing Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV in South Africa's Eastern Cape Province

This document describes the work of the Khusela project, which focuses on integrating services for family planning, reproductive health, and prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV.

Publication date: February 2010

Region: Africa

Adaptation of Immunoassays for Multiplexed Diagnosis of a Diverse Panel of Pathogens Associated With Acute Febrile Illness

This poster summarizes PATH’s recent activities as part of a consortium lead by the University of Washington to develop the DxBox, a system comprising a portable instrument and low-cost disposable cards. The prototype is being developed to diagnose typhoid fever, dengue fever, rickettsial diseases, malaria, measles, and influenza. PATH’s contributions are immunoassay development, field studies, and user needs assessment. Presented at The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene (ASTMH), November 12, 2006; Atlanta, GA.

Author: Gerlach JL, Singhal MC, Watts K, et al

Publication date: November 2006

Region: Global

Ukraine Health Services Response to Pandemic Influenza: Provisional Guidelines for Ukraine's Health Services to Plan and Organize Measures to Combat Pandemic Influenza

This document provides the overall framework and specific operational procedures for Ukraine’s health sector response to an influenza pandemic. Its prime objectives are to reduce the health impact of a pandemic and minimize disruption to health and other essential services while maintaining business continuity and reducing the disruption to society.

Publication date: July 2009

Region: Global

Developing a Point-of-Care Multiplexed Diagnostic System for Low-Resource Settings in Developing Countries

A report on the selection and evaluation of target markers for a multiplex diagnostic platform under development. Based on the DxBox platform being developed as part of a public-private consortium lead by the University of Washington. Presented at the Molecular Medicine Tri-Conference, March 25, 2008; San Francisco, CA.

Author: Gerlach JL, Anyona S, Koros J, et al

Publication date: March 2008

Region: Global

Improving Maternal and Child Health in South Africa: PATH's Project Portfolio Addresses the Intersection of HIV and Vulnerable Mothers and Children

This brief provides a description of PATH's work in South Africa. Projects focus on advancing health technologies for mothers and children, preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV, caring for caregivers of orphans and vulnerable children, advocating for sound microbicides research in Africa, supporting midwives who work on HIV and AIDS, and strengthening tuberculosis infection prevention and control.

Publication date: February 2010

Region: Africa

Detection and Characterization of Acute Febrile Illness in Western Kenya

This poster presents a study to collect and characterize specimens from febrile patients who were suspected to have malaria, pedigree specimens against a panel of nucleic acid and serological markers, and draw early insights into data that would be generated by a multiplex diagnostic platform. Presented at The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, December 7, 2008; New Orleans, LA.

Author: Gerlach JL, Waitumbi J, Koros J, et al

Publication date: December 2008

Region: Global

Efficacy of Standard Methods for Water Testing at a Range of Nonstandard Temperature

Fifteen strains of Escherichia coli from various geographical areas, animal, and soil sources were tested on standard and nonstandard detection assays at temperatures from 23°C to 45°C to test the viability of currently available E. coli tests in low-resource settings. Presented at the American Society for Microbiology Conference, June 1, 2008; Boston, MA.

Author: Allen E, Dillman L, Weigl B

Publication date: June 2008

Region: Global

Family Planning and the Environment: Connected Through Human and Community Well-Being (Outlook, vol. 27, no. 1)

This issue of Outlook provides an overview of the family planning/environment relationship, including lessons learned for integrated programs and case studies of tested approaches for extending family planning into remote rural areas. These communities suffer disproportionately from environmental degradation and associated poor health consequences.

Author: Gaffikin L

Publication date: March 2010

Region: Global

Part of series: Outlook

Simple and Rapid Method for Detection of Enteric Pathogens in Stool Samples for Low-Resource Settings

Demonstration of the PATH enteric flow-through assay as a rapid and cost effective method for detecting pathogenic bacteria in stool samples in low-resource settings. Presented at the American Association for Clinical Chemistry Oak Ridge Annual Conference, April 17, 2006; San Jose, CA.

Author: Dillman L, Fichtenholtz A, Weigl B

Publication date: April 2006

Region: Global

Device for Automated Capture of E. coli O157:H7 From Feces: Feasibility for Point-of-Care Detection

This poster reports progress incorporating magnetic beads within a unique lab card that permits efficient capture and enrichment of E. coli O157:H7 from feces. Presented at the 106th General Meeting of the American Society for Microbiology, May 21, 2006; Orlando, FL.

Author: Gerdes JC, Weigl BH, Yager P

Publication date: May 2006

Region: Global

Dry-Reagent Storage for Disposable Lab-on-Card Diagnosis of Enteric Pathogens

An exploration of one technique for drying reagents onto a microfluidics card. Reagents needed for immunocapture, lysis, and PCR for pathogen capture can be stored in trehalose or trehalose dextran. Presented at the 1st Distributed Diagnosis and Home Healthcare Conference, April 2, 2006; Arlington, VA.

Author: Ramachandran S, Weigl BH, Gerdes JC, et al

Publication date: April 2006

Region: Global

Lab-on-a-Card Assay for Enteric Pathogens

We describe the functional elements of a diagnostic instrument and disposable enteric card system under development that rapidly identifies and differentiates Shigella, E. coli, Campylobacter, and Salmonella in stool samples. These elements, currently realized as microfluidic subcircuits on individual cards, are: (1) pathogen capture and lysing, (2) nucleic acid capture, (3) on-chip rapid PCR, and (4) lateral flow detection of amplicons. Presented at the Solid State Sensor, Actuator and Microsystems Workshop, June 4, 2006; Hilton Head Island, SC.

Author: Weigl BH, Gerdes JC, Tarr P, et al

Publication date: June 2006

Region: Global

Chemically-Heated Non-Instrumented Nucleic-Acid Amplification Assay Platform

An overview of a diagnostic platform that PATH is developing based on nucleic-acid amplification that will require no instrumentation. It has the dual purpose of providing molecular diagnostics at the point of care as well as stabilizing nucleic-acid specimens for further analysis via a centralized surveillance system. Presented at the American Association for Clinical Chemistry 40th Annual Oak Ridge Conference, April 17, 2008; San Jose, CA.

Author: Weigl B, Domingo G, Gerlach J, et al

Publication date: April 2008

Region: Global

Enhancing Equity and Sustainability of Public-Sector Family Planning

These fact sheets provide an overview of the rationale, framework, and key concepts of PATH's Enhancing Equity and Sustainability of Public-Sector Family Planning projects. This reproductive health work aims to strengthen country-led, public-sector decision-making for family planning within a total market context.

Publication date: July 2013

Region: Global

Summary of Vaccine Stability Data

These documents provide stability data as of November 2012 on commonly used, licensed vaccines and stability data as of May 2012 from available data on novel, investigational vaccine formulations. Data are sorted by vaccine in a table format.

Publication date: November 2012

Region: Global

Bicycle Model Yields Rich Learning Despite Limited Results: Microentrepreneurs Try to Sell New Water Treatment Product in Rural India

PATH’s Safe Water Project is implementing innovative methods to enable commercial enterprises to produce, distribute, sell, and maintain effective household water treatment and storage (HWTS) products for low-income populations in multiple developing countries around the world. This project brief and fact sheet summarize the findings of the bicycle entrepreneur distribution model—the first of a number of pilot projects that PATH and its partners undertook in India and other countries to overcome distribution and marketing barriers that make it difficult for HWTS manufacturers to reach lower-income households and rural markets.

Author: Lasher H

Publication date: July 2011

Region: Asia

Part of series: Safe water briefs

Safe Water Situation in Four Countries: 2007 Findings in Brief

This is part of a series of working draft documents that discuss key questions and preliminary findings of PATH’s Safe Water Project. These reports will be used to inform follow-on research, identify potential partners, and contribute to the development of pilot activities. This particular document reports on “snapshot” research that PATH commissioned in 2007 on the safe water situation in Cambodia, Ghana, Tanzania, and Vietnam.

Author: Adrienne Kols

Publication date: April 2009

Region: Global

Landscape Analysis: Cool Chain Technologies

Technologies related to the temperature control of vaccines during the distribution process are essential to the cool chain. This project Optimize report provides a landscape analysis of these technologies and their appropriateness for use with vaccines in the developing world.

Publication date: June 2008

Region: Global

Landscape Analysis: Analysis of EVSM Indicators

The Effective Vaccine Stores Management (EVSM) assessment tool was created to help countries and agencies evaluate critical components of the country’s primary vaccine store. To date, 57 countries have completed the EVSM assessment. This project Optimize report evaluates 42 EVSM assessment spreadsheets.

Publication date: June 2008

Region: Global

Landscape Analysis: Trends in Vaccine Availability and Novel Vaccine Delivery Technologies: 2008–2025

This project Optimize landscape analysis identifies trends in the availability of vaccines and novel vaccine delivery technologies that are and will be of relevance to low- and middle-income countries from present through 2025. The document is available as one large file or as three smaller sections for easier downloading.

Publication date: July 2008

Region: Global

Strengthening Understanding of Femicide: Using Research to Galvanize Action and Accountability

This publication provides an overview of a conference on femicide convened  jointly by PATH, the Inter-American Alliance for the Prevention of Gender-based Violence, the Medical Research Council of South Africa, and the World Health Organization in Washington, DC, April 14–16, 2008. The conference brought together activists, researchers, and forensic professionals from 13 countries, with the aim of identifying common ground for strengthening research and galvanizing global action to prevent femicide and end the impunity so often granted to perpetrators.

Publication date: May 2009

Region: Global

Bringing Online Immunization Registries to Low-Resource Countries

Today, most health workers at the service‐delivery level in developing countries use paper‐based systems to track the individuals who have been vaccinated and the vaccines and other resources used during the process. Project Optimize, a World Health Organization and PATH collaboration, is working with the Albanian Institute of Public Health to develop and implement an immunization information system that will provide the type of high-quality, granular data that policymakers need.

Publication date: July 2012

Region: Global

Directions in Global Health (Volume 6, Issue 1)

This special issue of Directions in Global Health highlights PATH’s work to advance technologies to improve global health. Featured technologies include low-cost tests to screen for cervical cancer, a new vaccine to protect against meningitis in Africa, products to prevent diarrheal disease, and Ultra Rice food fortification technology. The issue also includes a summary of PATH’s approach to developing and introducing innovative health technologies.

Publication date: May 2009

Region: Global

Part of series: Directions in Global Health

Saving Children Through Program and Policy Integration: A Peek Into PATH’s Coordinated Approach to Curbing Pneumonia and Diarrhea in Cambodia

PATH and our partners implemented the Enhanced Diarrheal Disease Initiative in 2011 to tackle the leading killers of Cambodian children under five years old: pneumonia and diarrheal disease. The program successfully strengthened policies related to diarrheal disease and pneumonia and implemented a new integrated package of services within rural communities. This document is a condensed version of the case study Tackling Pneumonia and Diarrheal Disease Through Program and Policy Coordination.

Publication date: February 2013

Region: Asia

Diarrheal Disease: Solutions to Defeat a Global Killer

Diarrheal Disease: Solutions to Defeat a Global Killer presents scientific evidence to support strategies to scale up use of interventions, including safe water, improved sanitation and hygiene, breastfeeding and optimal complementary feeding, rotavirus vaccines, zinc treatment, and oral rehydration therapy/oral rehydration solution. In addition, the report features case studies of on-the-ground programs that bring these tools to communities that need them most. The document is available as one large file or as three smaller files for easier downloading.

Publication date: May 2009

Region: Global

Bringing New Health Technologies Within Reach for Everyone

This document describes PATH’s approach to maximizing the availability, accessibility, and affordability of technologies through private-sector collaboration. A condensed version can be found here.

Publication date: May 2009

Region: Global

Preventing Prevention Trial Failures: A Case Study and Lessons for Future Trials from the 2004 Tenofovir Trail in Cambodia

Between August 2004 and February 2005, the HIV prevention world was rocked by the suspension and cancellation of PrEP effectiveness trials in Cambodia and Cameroon. Acknowledging that no single version of the events constitutes the “real story,” the case studies are built from extensive interviews with researchers, policymakers, other government officials, donors, nongovernmental organization staff, and advocates to reconstruct often incompatible accounts of what eventually led to government intervention that halted the research. The case studies capture the political context and backdrop against which the controversies arose, the underlying and unaddressed conflicts that led to the costly collapse of two trials, and the lessons they provide for current and future research.

Author: Forbes A, Mudaliar S

Publication date: February 2009

Region: Global

Research Rashomon: Lessons from the Cameroon Pre-exposure Prophylaxis Trial Site

From August 2004 to February 2005, the HIV prevention world was rocked by the suspension and cancellation of PrEP effectiveness trials in Cambodia and Cameroon. Acknowledging that no single version of the events constitutes the “real story,” the case studies in this document are built from extensive interviews with many stakeholders to reconstruct accounts of what eventually led to government intervention that halted the research. The case studies capture the political context and backdrop, the underlying and unaddressed conflicts that led to the costly collapse of two trials, and the lessons they provide for current and future research.

Author: McGrory E, Irvin A, Heise L

Publication date: February 2009

Region: Global

Mapping the Standards of Care at Microbicide Clinical Trial Sites

In 2006, the Global Campaign for Microbicides embarked on an exercise to map the standards of care and prevention provided to participants in late-stage microbicide trials. The resulting report provides an independent assessment of the health care and prevention services provided to women in the trials (and to some extent, their partners, family, and surrounding community), explores the factors that inform care-related decisions at trial sites, and offers recommendations to strengthen the HIV prevention research field’s ability to respond to care-related challenges in the future.

Author: Heise L, Shapiro K, West Slevin K

Publication date: November 2008

Region: Global

Global Resources for Health Care Waste Management

This table was developed under the Making Medical Injections Safer project, which PATH partners on in the areas of health care waste management (HCWM) and procurement technical assistance. The table provides brief summaries and contact information on many of the organizations that are actively engaged in HCWM throughout the developing world. It is intended to be a resource for country programs and governments seeking funding to support HCWM activities at the country level.

Publication date: June 2009

Region: Global

Quantifying Infectious Waste Produced by HIV/AIDS, Malaria, and Tuberculosis Programs and the Needs for Injection Safety Equipment

This document is intended to start discussions around quantifying the need for safe injection equipment and the amount of infectious sharps waste produced by testing and treatment programs for diseases such as HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria. The analysis was developed to support advocacy efforts to integrate injection safety as an essential element of all health care programs.

Publication date: June 2009

Region: Global

Formative Household Research in Andhra Pradesh

This document is part of a series of project briefs discussing the activities, research findings, and field experiences of PATH’s Safe Water Project. The project briefs are available in two formats: one for onscreen viewing and one for booklet-style printing.

Author: Kols A

Publication date: June 2009

Region: Asia

Part of series: Safe water briefs

Sure Start: Helping Mothers and Newborns Thrive

Sure Start is an initiative intended to catalyze sustainable improvements in maternal and newborn health through effective community action in selected districts of Uttar Pradesh and urban sites of Maharashtra, India. The Sure Start project has been designed to complement and support the Government of India’s commitment to improving maternal and newborn health. This fact sheet gives an overall picture and progress of the project to date.

Publication date: July 2009

Region: Asia

Part of series: Sure Start publications

Directions in Global Health (Volume 6, Issue 2)

This issue of Directions in Global Health showcases PATH’s global presence. It highlights work related to influenza in Africa, HIV and AIDS in Eastern Europe,  Japanese encephalitis in Asia, gender-based violence in Latin America and the Caribbean, and diagnostic technologies in North America. The back cover features a map and summary information on PATH’s work around the world.

Publication date: August 2009

Region: Global

Part of series: Directions in Global Health

Global Survey on Management of the Third Stage of Labor Reports

These studies aim to provide ministries of health and their partners with data about the actual practice of active management of the third stage of labor (AMTSL), including policy, provider support, and supplies and logistics, along with the descriptive information necessary to assess AMTSL practices and identify barriers to its use in their country.

Publication date: 2006

Region: Global

The First 55 Steps: Report of the Microbicide Development Strategy’s Civil Society Working Group

This report provides an overview of the status of civil-society engagement in each phase of microbicide research, development, and introduction and identifies the resources and specific action steps needed to move from the current level of engagement to where we need to be. .

Author: Forbes A, Sylla L, Yassky R

Publication date: February 2008

Region: Global

Rethinking the Ethical Roadmap for Clinical Testing of Microbicides: Report on an International Consultation

On October 23–24, 2003, the Global Campaign for Microbicides brought together 64 people from 12 countries to rethink the issues and ethical dilemmas facing the field of microbicide development. The consultation comprised a broad range of stakeholders, including advocates, ethicists, clinical investigators, community members, drug regulatory authorities, and past participants in microbicide clinical trials. The report is available as one large file and as multiple smaller files for easier downloading.

Publication date: March 2005

Region: Global

A Heat-Stable Hepatitis B Vaccine Formulation

This article, published in Human Vaccines (Human Vaccines 5:8, 1-7; August 2009), details a collaborative effort between PATH, Arecor, and the University of Colorado Denver School of Pharmacy that has resulted in a new formulation for recombinant hepatitis B vaccine that demonstrates improved stability at elevated temperatures. The formulation exhibited 9-week stability at 55°C and was also shown to be stable at both 37°C and 45°C for at least six months. This new vaccine formulation has the potential to be stored at room temperature for part of its shelf life and will help ensure the potency of the vaccine in areas where the cold chain is insufficient.

Author: Jezek J, Chen D, Watson L, et al.

Publication date: August 2009

Region: Global

Active Management of the Third Stage of Labor (AMTSL) Learning Materials

The USAID-funded Prevention of Postpartum Hemorrhage Initiative developed a learning package on the prevention of postpartum hemorrhage consisting of a reference manual, participant’s notebook, and facilitator’s guide. This learning package was developed for use by nurses, midwives, and doctors providing childbirth and immediate postpartum care. Information about implementing active management of the third stage of labor is featured in this reference manual as well as the corresponding participant’s notebook and facilitator’s guide. The reference manuals and facilitators' guides are available as one large file and also in smaller sections for easier downloading.

Author: Prevention of Postpartum Hemorrhage Initiative (POPPHI)

Publication date: 2007

Region: Global

New and Underused Reproductive Health Technologies

The Caucus on New and Underused Reproductive Health Technologies is a community of practice established under the auspices of the Reproductive Health Supplies Coalition, for which PATH serves as Secretariat. Caucus members developed this series of peer-reviewed briefs on underused reproductive health technologies. Responsibility for the selection and contents of the briefs rests solely with the Caucus and does not imply endorsement of any single technology by the Coalition or its wider membership. The briefs are available in one combined file as well as separately. For more information on the Caucus, please visit http://rhsupplies.org/index.php?id=894 or contact secretariat@rhsupplies.org.

Publication date: May 2012

Region: Global

Where Child Meets Survival: Healthy Start for Child Survival in Indonesia

This report describes a project that sought to improve maternal health and child survival in Indonesia by strengthening Lombok's existing birth-centered system by delivering preventive health services to postpartum women and infants at or within one week of birth.

Publication date: June 1998

Region: Asia

Opportunities and Challenges of Developing Thermostable Vaccines

This article, published in Expert Reviews (Expert Rev. Vaccines 8(5), 547-557; May 2009), reviews approaches being used to develop thermostable vaccine formulations that are resistant to damage caused by freezing or excessive heat and could reduce dependence on the cold chain. The article discusses the challenges associated with the implementation of these novel formulations as well as the potential benefits of protecting vaccines from damage caused by breaks in the cold chain.

Author: Chen D, Kristensen D

Publication date: May 2009

Region: Global

SRH-HIV Convergence Newsletter (Volume 1, Issue 1)

This document is the first in a series of periodic policy and practice updates about work undertaken by PATH on the convergence of HIV services and sexual and reproductive health services (SRH) in India.

Author: Sellers T, Saha A, Panda M, Pauchauri A

Publication date: April 2006

Region: Asia

Part of series: HIV-SRH Convergence newsletters

Kill or Cure? Meningitis

Filmed during the 2007 epidemic in Burkina Faso, the documentary offers a poignant and revealing account of the devastating impact meningitis epidemics have on individuals and communities. The film also takes viewers to Mali, where the Meningitis Vaccine Project (a collaboration between PATH and the World Health Organization) and the Serum Institute of India Limited are testing a new vaccine that offers hope for eliminating epidemics as a public health problem in sub-Saharan Africa.

Publication date: 2007

Region: Africa

Part of series: Kill or Cure? videos

Optimize Phase I Summary Report: Evaluating the Vaccine Supply Chain in Preparation for Demonstrating Future Options in Vietnam

Project Optimize is collaborating with the Vietnamese National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology on a series of activities designed to assess the opportunities and needs for strengthening the immunization system in Vietnam. This document reports the results of assessments of the vaccine supply chain in Vietnam, completed in March 2010.

Publication date: March 2010

Region: Asia

Kill or Cure? The Real Lady Killer

This film in the BBC World’s Kill or Cure? series uncovers the challenges of preventing and treating cervical cancer in Africa and highlights exciting new opportunities for dramatically reducing the toll of disease. The BBC crew follows Sarah Nyombi—Ugandan member of parliament, trained midwife, and women's health advocate—as she explores the landscape of cervical cancer. The film is available in two versions: 25 minutes and 12 minutes.

Publication date: July 2009

Region: Global

Part of series: Kill or Cure? videos

PATH's Safe Water Project in Cambodia: Household Water Treatment and Storage: Findings From a Qualitative Consumer Research Study

PATH conducted a qualitative study of consumers in four regions of Cambodia to inform potential interventions to increase access to household water treatment and storage products through the country's commercial sector. This fact sheet summarizes the findings from this consumer research study.

Publication date: September 2009

Region: Asia

PATH in Ukraine and the Region

Brochure of PATH's activities in the region.

Publication date: December 2008

Region: Eastern Europe

In Women’s Hands: A Film on Women, HIV, and Hope

Filmed in several locations across the world, this short documentary is a tool for organizing and creating awareness around the increasing rates of HIV and sexually transmitted infections among women and the importance of advocacy for microbicides. The personal stories portrayed in In Women’s Hands speak to the need for microbicides and the importance for leadership on this issue.

Publication date: 2004

Region: Global

The Case for Preventing Malnutrition Through Improved Infant Feeding and Management of Childhood Illness

This poster and accompanying handout, presented by the IYCN Project at the 10th Commonwealth Association of Paediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition Congress on Diarrhoea & Malnutrition in August 2009, make a case for investing in prevention of severe acute malnutrition (SAM) rather than in the universal introduction of SAM treatment.

Publication date: September 2009

Region: Global

Improving Infant Feeding to Protect Babies From HIV (Zambia)

This success story profiles Patricia Nawa, an HIV-positive mother from Zambia, who used good infant feeding practices to help protect her baby from HIV.

Publication date: September 2009

Region: Global

Health Care Waste Management: Sharing the Responsibility

PATH and John Snow, Inc., developed these brief talking points on health care waste management to support advocacy efforts in order to raise awareness about why health care waste management is important and how programs can improve current practices.

Publication date: January 2010

Region: Global

Solutions That Save Lives: Health Technologies Give Mothers and Children the Chance for a Healthy Future

This fact sheet discusses the development and implementation of technologies to improve the health of women and children in poor and remote areas around the world. It provides examples of PATH’s work in this area.

Publication date: September 2011

Region: Global

Intradermal Delivery of Vaccines: A Review of the Literature and the Potential for Development for Use in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

Produced by project Optimize and the vaccine technologies team at PATH, this report: (1) summarizes the clinical evidence supporting the intradermal route for vaccine administration and the devices being developed for this purpose; (2) determines whether intradermal delivery broadly holds promise for vaccine applications for low- and middle-income countries in the future; and (3) begins to prioritize vaccine targets and device strategies that best fit the public health needs in these countries and likely merit further investigation. The document is available as one large file or as four smaller files for easier downloading.

Publication date: August 2009

Region: Global

PATH's Smart Electrochlorinator Project: Safe Water for Small Communities

This document outlines PATH and Cascade Designs, Inc.'s work in optimizing electrochlorination technology for water treatment in small, low-income communities.

Publication date: December 2010

Region: Africa

PATH's Safe Water Project in Vietnam: Household Water Treatment and Storage: Findings From a Qualitative Consumer Research Study

PATH conducted a qualitative study of consumers in four regions of the country to inform potential interventions to increase access to household water treatment and storage products through the commercial sector in Vietnam. This fact sheet summarizes the findings from this consumer research study.

Publication date: September 2009

Region: Asia

PATH's Safe Water Project in Vietnam: Household Water Treatment and Storage: Findings From a Distribution Channel Analysis

Commercial markets are a viable model for selling some products to the very poor in Vietnam. But can household water treatment and storage products be provided in the same way? This fact sheet discusses the results of an analysis of distribution and marketing channels in Vietnam that PATH conducted to help answer that question.

Publication date: September 2009

Region: Asia

Reading Time-Temperature Indicators With the Uniject™ Injection System: Job Aid

This job aid illustrates how to read time-temperature indicators with the Uniject™ injection system.

Publication date: August 2011

Region: Global

Reading Time-Temperature Indicators With the Uniject™ Injection System: Worksheet

This worksheet can be used during trainings to help health workers learn how to read time-temperature indicators with the Uniject™ injection system.

Publication date: August 2011

Region: Global

Meeting the Global Need for Nutrients: PATH Uses Innovative Approaches and Strong Partnerships to Combat Malnutrition

This fact sheet outlines PATH's work to use innovative approaches and strong partnerships to combat malnutrition in developing countries. Topics include ensuring optimal nutrition for young children, using technologies to improve nutrition, and linking nutrition with other sectors.

Publication date: December 2011

Region: Global

Part of series: Areas of focus fact sheets

Cool Innovations for Vaccine Transportation and Storage

Keeping heat-sensitive vaccines and other drugs at the right temperature is crucial yet often difficult in areas with limited or no electrical power. In response to this challenge, a group of public- and private-sector partners is working with project Optimize to evaluate a range of transportation and storage containers for heat-sensitive drugs and vaccines that operate in environments with or without access to reliable power.

Publication date: July 2012

Region: Global

Ultra Rice Technology Research Summary Table

The Ultra Rice technology has been intensively studied to ensure it is efficacious, shelf stable, and acceptable to consumers. This table outlines the 30 studies conducted to date that form the growing evidence base for the Ultra Rice fortification technology.

Publication date: October 2013

Region: Global

Fortified Rice for the Midday Meal: A Case Study of Ultra Rice in a Naandi Kitchen in Andhra Pradesh

This case study highlights PATH's work with the Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition and the Naandi Foundation to introduce rice fortified with iron-enriched grains into the government of India's Mid-day Meal Scheme in Vishakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh. The fortified rice was served daily for one school year to 60,000 children under the government-sponsored Mid-day Meal Scheme. A peer-reviewed study found that school children in India between the ages of 5 and 12 years who ate fortified rice had a significant increase in iron stores.

Publication date: June 2009

Region: Global

Kenya Infant Feeding Assessment: Eastern and Western Provinces

This report describes a 2008 study conducted in Kenya's Eastern and Western Provinces. The study assessed the experiences of HIV-infected mothers and their infants during the time they were stopping breastfeeding.

Publication date: September 2009

Region: Africa

PATH’s Integrated Approach to Reducing Diarrheal Disease in Cambodia: Combining Prevention and Treatment

This fact sheet summarizes the PATH Safe Water Project's work in Cambodia to integrate prevention and treatment options for diarrheal disease. By harnessing successes from one prevention-focused project (microfinance loans for household water filters) and one treatment-focused program (oral rehydration solution and zinc), the project streamlined community strategies and increased overall efficiency for better results. Key to this effort were the local, village health volunteers whom PATH trained to educate and empower Cambodian women to successfully protect their families from the dangers of diarrheal disease.

Publication date: November 2012

Region: Asia

Tackling the Deadliest Diseases for the World's Poorest Children

In the past decade, global investments have led to great progress toward improving the health of children in developing countries. Yet pneumonia and diarrhea still cause nearly one-third of all child deaths. This infographic makes the case for controlling pneumonia and diarrhea simultaneously to achieve the greatest impact.

Publication date: December 2012

Region: Global

PATH in India: Harnessing Innovation to Improve Health in India and Around the World

This brochure outlines PATH's work in India, where we're addressing a range of health problems while leveraging the country’s growing capacity to innovate and contribute to global health solutions.

Publication date: December 2013

Region: Global

Helping PEPFAR Partners Manage Health Care Waste: Practical Approaches and Lessons Learned From Uganda and Nigeria

Under the Making Medical Injections Safer project, PATH has supported ministries of health and environment to develop the systems needed for effective health care waste management. This paper describes the process, tools, and strategies used to successfully engage PEPFAR partners in Uganda and Nigeria to improve health care waste management.

Publication date: October 2009

Region: Africa

Consumer and Market Research on Household Water Treatment Products in Vietnam

PATH’s Safe Water Project is implementing an innovative safe water project with the goal of enabling commercial enterprises to produce, distribute, sell, and maintain effective household water treatment and storage products for low-income populations in Vietnam and other developing countries. This project brief summarizes the results of three studies—a consumer study, a product scan, and an analysis of distribution channels—that were conducted from April to December 2008 to inform the development and implementation of a safe water pilot project in Vietnam.

Author: Kols, A

Publication date: April 2010

Region: Asia

Innovations for Maternal and Newborn Health: PATH's Maternal and Child Health Technology Initiative Works to Reduce Mortality in South Africa's KwaZulu Natal Province

This document describes PATH's Maternal and Child Health Technology Initiative and its work to reduce maternal mortality in South Africa's KwaZulu Natal Province.

Publication date: February 2010

Region: Africa

Engaging Men to Increase Support for Optimal Infant Feeding in Western Kenya

This handout is based on a poster presented by the Infant and Young Child Nutrition Project and AIDS, Population, and Health Integrated Assistance II Western Program at the 5th Breastfeeding and Feminism Symposium. It describes a pilot activity that aimed to integrate infant and young child nutrition into current community-level male involvement activities.

Publication date: March 2010

Region: Africa

PATH in China: Joining With Diverse Partners to Create Sustainable Health Solutions

This brochure outlines PATH's work in China, with emphasis on public-private partnerships for product development. Areas of focus include vaccines and immunization, health technologies, and women's health.

Publication date: November 2012

Region: Asia

Innovation in Action: Policies to Accelerate Development and Delivery of Global Health Tools

This report, the first annual policy report of the Global Health Technologies Coalition, makes recommendations for Congress and the Obama Administration to ensure that the United States maximizes its investment in global health and continues as a leader in global health research and development. The report makes recommendations in three areas: public financing, regulatory pathways, and incentives and innovative financing.

Publication date: 2010

Region: North America and Europe

Part of series: GHTC's annual policy reports

Progress in Preventing Cervical Cancer: Updated Evidence on Vaccination and Screening (Outlook, vol. 27, no. 2)

This issue of Outlook provides an update on opportunities for preventing cervical cancer through vaccination and screening. It summarizes recent evidence on the safety and efficacy of human papillomavirus vaccines as well as successful approaches for screening and treatment in low-resource areas. Other topics include cost-effectiveness, communication and training, and implications for policy and programs.

Author: Murray M

Publication date: May 2010

Region: Global

Part of series: Outlook

Tackling Pneumonia and Diarrheal Disease Through Program and Policy Coordination: A Case Study of PATH's Integrated Approach in Cambodia

This case study highlights how PATH's Enhanced Diarrheal Disease Initiative can serve as a model for an integrated advocacy and implementation approach to childhood pneumonia and diarrheal disease, which could be replicated in other districts of Cambodia and other countries across the world. This case study is a comprehensive version of the shorter Saving Children Through Program and Policy Integration.

Publication date: January 2013

Region: Asia

PATH's Japanese Encephalitis Project: Collaboration and Commitment to Protect Asia's Children

This report summarizes the activities and achievements of PATH's Japanese encephalitis project (2003–2009), which aimed to accelerate availability of a safe and efficacious vaccine to vulnerable communities throughout Asia. Technical fact sheets bundled with the report provide guidance on disease surveillance, cost-effectiveness, advocacy, vaccine introduction, and more. The report is available as one large file or as four smaller files for easier downloading.

Publication date: October 2010

Region: Asia

Saving Lives With Multipurpose Prevention Technologies: Turning Ideas Into Solutions for Sexual and Reproductive Health

This publication describes the public health potential of multipurpose prevention technologies -- that is, technologies that prevent unintended pregnancy; sexually transmitted infections, including HIV; and/or other reproductive tract infections. While a few such technologies exist, greater collaboration and resources are needed to accelerate research and development efforts and bring new technologies into widespread use.

Author: Holt BY, Kilbourne-Brook M, Cohen J, Burns M

Publication date: May 2010

Region: Global

Directions in Global Health (Volume 7, Issue 1)

This issue of Directions in Global Health features PATH’s work to improve maternal and newborn health around the world. Articles cover innovative technologies to save newborns, better nutrition for mothers and children, methods to make childbirth safer, and women’s access to more options for family planning.

Publication date: May 2010

Region: Global

Part of series: Directions in Global Health

Improving Health for Families Everywhere: PATH Reaches Mothers, Children, and Communities With Key Innovations for Strong Futures

PATH has worked to improve maternal and child health, nutrition, and family planning in developing countries for more than 30 years. This brochure describes our integrated approach to reach mothers, children, and communities with key innovations for strong futures.

Publication date: May 2010

Region: Global

Temperature Recording System in National Vaccine Stores of Khartoum, Sudan, and Tehran, Iran

Both Iran and Sudan utilize an alarm-based temperature recording system to monitor the performance of their national immunization cold stores. To better the utility and application of such systems in other countries, this project Optimize report documents the benefits, challenges, and advantages of both Iran’s and Sudan’s systems.

Author: Haghgou, M

Publication date: May 2010

Region: Global

Improving the Affordability of Inactivated Poliovirus Vaccines (IPV) for Use in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: An Economic Analysis of Strategies to Reduce the Cost of Routine IPV Immunization

This report from the vaccine technologies team at PATH presents results from an economic model that calculates the costs involved in delivering IPV vaccine in Indian immunization clinics according to three strategies: (1) intradermal delivery of reduced volumes of vaccine per dose, (2) use of adjuvants to allow a reduced IPV antigen content per dose, and (3) reduction of the number of doses per IPV immunization schedule. The strategies include delivery by standard technique and with alternative delivery devices.

Author: Hickling J, Jones R, Nundi N, Zehrung D

Publication date: April 2010

Region: Global

Addressing Gender and Gender-Based Violence to Improve Health

This fact sheet highlights PATH's gender work.

Publication date: July 2012

Region: Global

Standards of Prevention in HIV Prevention Trials

This report covers a 2009 consultation in Kampala, Uganda, that was convened by the Global Campaign for Microbicides, the Joint UN Programme on HIV/AIDS, and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It includes recommendations related to key ethical and practical questions on the design and implementation of clinical trials.

Author: McGrory E, Philpott S, Hankins C, Paxton L, Heise L

Publication date: May 2010

Region: Global

Communications Handbook for Clinical Trials

This handbook is a practical guide developed for site-level microbicide researchers, communicators, advocates, and others working on HIV prevention trials in developing countries. It includes context-specific case studies and practical insights from actual clinical trial communications initiatives. It is being updated to include work sheets and slide sets. To apply for a complimentary copy, please email Jacqueline Borodan at jacqueline@avac.org for detailed instructions.

Author: Robinson E, Baron D, Heise L, Moffett J, Harlan SV

Publication date: May 2010

Region: Global

PATH Safe Water Program: An Overview of PATH’s Sanitation Efforts

This is part of a series of project briefs discussing the activities, research findings, and field experiences of PATH’s Safe Water Project.

Publication date: February 2010

Region: Global

Part of series: Safe water briefs

Lung Support for Newborns

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes PATH's work on low-cost respiratory support devices for newborns.

Publication date: May 2010

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

Cryotherapy for Cervical Cancer Prevention

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes PATH's work on cryotherapy for cervical cancer prevention.

Publication date: April 2012

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

What if Everyone Had an Equal Chance at a Healthy Life?

This four-page organizational brochure gives a quick overview of why PATH is dedicated to improving health for everyone.

Publication date: June 2009

Region: Global

Community Access to Zinc Becomes a Reality in Kenya

In 2012, the Kenyan Poisons and Pharmacy Board reclassified zinc from a prescription medicine to an over-the-counter treatment. This policy change allows caregivers to quickly access treatment when a child shows signs of diarrheal disease—the second leading killer of children under five years old in Kenya.

Publication date: November 2012

Region: Africa

Safeguarding Pregnant Women With Essential Medicines: A Global Agenda to Improve Quality and Access

One woman dies every two minutes from pregnancy-related complications around the world. Access to maternal health medicines is too often a hidden part of the solution. This report offers a global agenda for action to improve the health of women worldwide by increasing the quality and accessibility of oxytocin, misoprostol, and magnesium sulfate. The infographic from the main report is available below as a separate file.

Author: Kade K, Moore L

Publication date: September 2012

Region: Global

The Post-2015 Global Development Agenda: Ensuring Innovation in Health for Maximum Impact

This policy brief outlines PATH's priorities and recommendations to ensure that the post-2015 development agenda includes key health targets to maximize development opportunities and impacts.

Publication date: March 2013

Region: Global

US Department of Defense and PATH: Collaborations Enhance Health for the World's Poorest People

This fact sheet describes how PATH and the US Department of Defense (DOD) collaborate to enhance the health of the world’s poorest people and presents a sampling of PATH projects that are DOD-funded.

Publication date: April 2013

Region: North America and Europe

Landscape for Safe Injection, Phlebotomy, and Waste Management

This document provides guidelines for implementing a procurement policy for safe injection and brings together issues that countries should consider when developing and implementing the procurement aspect of a national injection safety policy. The document points out issues to consider in transitioning from policy to implementation, regulatory factors, public-sector considerations, and the need to sensitize private-sector manufacturers. It also includes a landscape of manufacturers of safe injection equipment.

Publication date: January 2010

Region: Global

The Incinerator Guidebook: A Practical Guide for Selecting, Purchasing, Installing, Operating, and Maintaining Small-Scale Incinerators in Low-Resource Settings

This guidebook captures lessons learned by PATH over the course of the Making Medical Injections Safer project, in both Centers for Disease Control and USAID countries, on selecting, procuring, and installing a small-scale incinerator for health care waste management.

Publication date: March 2010

Region: Global

Procurement Guidance for Countries: A User's Guide for Resources on Procuring Safe Injection Equipment

This document provides practical illustrations on how to use key global resources related to the procurement of safe-injection equipment. It is intended for use by country decision-makers responsible for selecting and procuring good-quality safe-injection equipment.

Publication date: March 2010

Region: Global

Guidelines for Implementing a National Procurement Policy to Integrate Safe-Injection Equipment

This document identifies key steps and information relevant to the development and implementation of a national procurement policy on safe-injection equipment. The intention is to increase patient and health worker safety, and especially to avoid medical transmission of bloodborne infections such as HIV, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C.

Publication date: April 2010

Region: Global

Making Progress Against HIV/AIDS and Tuberculosis: PATH Combines Wide-Ranging Expertise With Effective Strategies to Meet Urgent Global Challenges

This brochure provides an overview of PATH's work to reduce the burden of HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis around the world. It outlines PATH's overall approach, key strategies, and core competencies.

Publication date: July 2010

Region: Global

Menstrual Hygiene Management: Developing an Affordable Sanitary Pad

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes PATH's work to develop and advance appropriate, affordable options for women and girls to manage menstruation in low-resource settings.

Publication date: May 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

Intradermal Adapter

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes PATH's work on an intradermal adapter, which makes it easier to administer intradermal injections.

Publication date: September 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

Strengthening Communities' Responses to HIV/AIDS in Ethiopia

The Strengthening Communities’ Responses to HIV/AIDS project is a 3-year contract funded by USAID, with two 1-year option periods. PATH is the prime contractor and is joined by four international partners and several local partners. The goal of the project is to strengthen the capacity of civil-society organizations to improve access and quality of HIV care and support services, including counseling and testing and treatment-adherence activities within communities, so that health outcomes for HIV-positive Ethiopians and their dependents are improved.

Publication date: August 2010

Region: Africa

Improving Child Health and HIV-Free Survival: A Review of Current Research on Risks and Benefits of Infant Feeding Options for HIV-Positive Moms

This is a handout of a poster presented at the International AIDS Conference in Vienna, Austria, in July 2010. The document presents evidence concerning the effect of breastfeeding avoidance and early cessation on child mortality and HIV-free survival in developing countries.

Publication date: July 2010

Region: Global

Market Assessment of Household Water Treatment Products in Eight African Countries

PATH’s Safe Water Project is implementing an innovative project to enable commercial enterprises to produce, distribute, sell, and maintain effective household water treatment and storage products for low-income populations in multiple developing countries. This project brief summarizes the findings and implications of an initial market assessment conducted in 2009 across eight African countries. It is available in two formats: one for onscreen viewing and one for booklet-style printing.

Author: Kols A

Publication date: August 2010

Region: Africa

Part of series: Safe water briefs

Promoting Gender Equity for HIV and Violence Prevention: Results From the PEPFAR Male Norms Initiative Evaluation in Ethiopia

This document presents findings from the evaluation of the PEPFAR Male Norms Initiative, which indicate that interventions to promote gender-equitable norms can successfully influence young men’s attitudes toward gender norms and lead to healthier relationships. The study provides empirical evidence that a community-based intervention focused on combating inequitable and risk-supporting gender norms is associated with reductions in partner violence and improvements in risk outcomes for HIV and sexually transmitted infections.

Author: Pulerwitz J, Martin S, Mehta M, Castillo T, Kidanu A, Verani F, Tewolde S

Publication date: July 2010

Region: Global

Connecting Communities With Health Care Facilities to Prevent Malnutrition (Lesotho)

This document tells the story of Mabeata, an IYCN-trained community health worker, and Adelina, a nurse, who meet monthly at the Litsoeneng Health Centre in Lesotho to make sure children in their community grow well and stay healthy.

Publication date: December 2009

Region: Africa

USAID and PATH: Working Together to Improve Global Health

PATH and USAID work together to improve global health around the world. This fact sheet highlights the many PATH projects—some with a global reach and some working within specific regions—that are supported by USAID.

Publication date: April 2013

Region: Global

Community Health Volunteers Update: A Newsletter From the APHIA II Western Project (Issue 1)

In an effort to support community interventions and health service utilization, APHIA II Western produces the Community Health Volunteers Update to help reinforce HIV and AIDS, reproductive health, tuberculosis, diarrhea, maternal and child health, and malaria messages passed through community outreach activities and health facilities; stimulate public discussions; reinforce behavior change; and promote use of health services.

Publication date: October 2008

Region: Africa

Part of series: APHIA II Western Community Health Volunteers Update

The Border (Vol. 1)

This comic series is a joint initiative of two PATH projects, Scouting for Solutions and APHIA II Western. The comic book is designed to foster positive attitudes and perspectives that will help youth consider the quality of relationships they make, and make safe sexual choices to prevent HIV and AIDS and early pregnancy, fight gender discrimination and violence, and encourage involvement of parents in the lives of their children.

Publication date: 2010

Region: Africa

Part of series: The Border

Extended User Testing of Water Treatment Devices in Andhra Pradesh

PATH’s Safe Water Project is implementing an innovative safe water project with the goal of enabling commercial enterprises to produce, distribute, sell, and maintain effective household water treatment and storage products for low-income populations in multiple developing countries around the world. This project brief summarizes the findings and implications of user testing conducted for five household water treatment and safe storage devices in Andhra Pradesh, India, in 2009.

Author: Kols A

Publication date: August 2010

Region: Asia

Part of series: Safe water briefs

Acceptability of a Modified Nipple Shield Device to Reduce Breast Milk Transmission of HIV in Developing Countries: A Qualitative Study

Presented at the XVIII International AIDS Conference in 2010, this poster summarizes the results of a PATH and FHI analysis of the hypothetical acceptability of a modified nipple shield device (MNSD). This novel, low-cost MNSD is based on a conventional nipple shield that could be used discreetly by HIV-positive mothers to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV during breastfeeding.

Author: Israel-Ballard K, Hart C, Thungu F, Joanis C, Baniecki ML, Sokal D

Publication date: July 2010

Region: Africa

Leveraging Research in Foreign Assistance

This fact sheet from the Global Health Technologies Coalition examines the role of innovation in international development and makes recommendations to elevate global health research in the foreign aid reform process.

Publication date: July 2010

Region: North America and Europe

Sustaining Progress: Creating US Policies to Spur Global Health Innovation

The third annual policy report from the Global Health Technologies Coalition outlines actions the United States can take to help reduce deaths, extend lives, and secure healthier futures by supporting research for new health tools.

Publication date: 2012

Region: North America and Europe

Part of series: GHTC's annual policy reports

Global Health Technologies Coalition

This brochure provides an introduction to the Global Health Technologies Coalition, including its membership, activities, and advocacy issues.

Publication date: November 2012

Region: Global

DefeatDD Website

DefeatDD.org is an interactive website aimed at informing and inspiring advocates committed to joining their voices and raising awareness about diarrheal disease. The website hosts a weekly blog about advances in diarrheal disease control and provides key documents and links to information on simple, lifesaving interventions that have the potential to significantly impact diarrhea incidence worldwide.

Publication date: 2014

Region: Global

Part of series: Websites

Jua Afya Yako: Community Health Newsletter (Issue 2)

In an effort to support community interventions and health service utilization, APHIA II Western produces Jua Afya Yako, a community health newsletter, to help reinforce HIV and AIDS, reproductive health, tuberculosis, diarrhea, maternal and child health, and malaria messages passed through community outreach activities and health facilities; stimulate public discussions; reinforce behavior change; and promote use of health services.

Publication date: 2010

Region: Africa

Part of series: Jua Afya Yako: Community Health Newsletter

Using Oxytocin in the Uniject™ Injection System for the Prevention of Postpartum Hemorrhage: A Training Presentation for Health Workers

This presentation is a tool for training health workers on how to use oxytocin in the Uniject™ injection system. The tool is editable so that facilitators can tailor it to their program's needs. It is available in English and Spanish.

Publication date: August 2011

Region: Global

APHIA II Western Newsletter (Issue 2)

This is the newsletter of APHIA II Western, a USAID-funded project that aims to promote the adoption of healthier behaviors, increase the use of HIV and AIDS health services, and promote family planning/reproductive, maternal and child health, tuberculosis, and malaria prevention services in Western Kenya. It also aims to work with communities to enhance access to health services for pregnant mothers, comprehensive care for orphans and vulnerable children, and fight HIV-related stigma and discrimination and gender-based violence.

Publication date: 2009

Region: Africa

Part of series: APHIA II Western Newsletter

Jua Afya Yako: Community Health Newsletter (Issue 1)

In an effort to support community interventions and health service utilization, APHIA II Western produces Jua Afya Yako, a community health newsletter, to help reinforce HIV and AIDS, reproductive health, tuberculosis, diarrhea, maternal and child health, and malaria messages passed through community outreach activities and health facilities; stimulate public discussions; reinforce behavior change; and promote use of health services.

Publication date: 2009

Region: Africa

Part of series: Jua Afya Yako: Community Health Newsletter

APHIA II Western Newsletter (Issue 1)

This is the newsletter of APHIA II Western, a USAID-funded project that aims to promote the adoption of healthier behaviors, increase the use of HIV and AIDS health services, and promote family planning/reproductive, maternal and child health, tuberculosis, and malaria prevention services in Western Kenya. It also aims to work with communities to enhance access to health services for pregnant mothers, comprehensive care for orphans and vulnerable children, and fight HIV-related stigma and discrimination and gender-based violence.

Publication date: 2008

Region: Africa

Part of series: APHIA II Western Newsletter

APHIA II Western Newsletter (Issue 3)

This is the newsletter of APHIA II Western, a USAID-funded project that aims to promote the adoption of healthier behaviors, increase the use of HIV and AIDS health services, and promote family planning/reproductive, maternal and child health, tuberculosis, and malaria prevention services in Western Kenya. It also aims to work with communities to enhance access to health services for pregnant mothers, comprehensive care for orphans and vulnerable children, and fight HIV-related stigma and discrimination and gender-based violence.

Publication date: 2010

Region: Africa

Part of series: APHIA II Western Newsletter

Vaccine Vial Monitor (VVM) Availability and Use in the African, Eastern Mediterranean, Southeast Asian, and Western Pacific Regions

Commissioned by project Optimize, a collaboration of PATH and the World Health Organization, a study of vaccine vial monitor (VVM) availability and use in developing countries in four regions was undertaken. The study had three aspects: the total proportion of vaccines with VVMs in the regions with detailed information by country, in-depth information on policies and practices, and knowledge and attitudes in a selected sample of countries.

Author: Milstein J

Publication date: August 2010

Region: Global

Community Health Volunteers Update: A Newsletter From the APHIA II Western Project (Issue 2)

In an effort to support community interventions and health service utilization, APHIA II Western produces the Community Health Volunteers Update to help reinforce HIV and AIDS, reproductive health, tuberculosis, diarrhea, maternal and child health, and malaria messages passed through community outreach activities and health facilities; stimulate public discussions; reinforce behavior change; and promote use of health services.

Publication date: July 2009

Region: Africa

Part of series: APHIA II Western Community Health Volunteers Update

Community Health Volunteers Update: A Newsletter From the APHIA II Western Project (Issue 3)

In an effort to support community interventions and health service utilization, APHIA II Western produces the Community Health Volunteers Update to help reinforce HIV and AIDS, reproductive health, tuberculosis, diarrhea, maternal and child health, and malaria messages passed through community outreach activities and health facilities; stimulate public discussions; reinforce behavior change; and promote use of health services.

Publication date: January 2010

Region: Africa

Part of series: APHIA II Western Community Health Volunteers Update

The Border (Vol. 2)

This comic series is a joint initiative of two PATH projects, Scouting for Solutions and APHIA II Western. The comic book is designed to foster positive attitudes and perspectives that will help youth consider the quality of relationships they make, and make safe sexual choices to prevent HIV and AIDS and early pregnancy, fight gender discrimination and violence, and encourage involvement of parents in the lives of their children.

Publication date: 2010

Region: Africa

Part of series: The Border

The Border (Vol. 3)

This comic series is a joint initiative of two PATH projects, Scouting for Solutions and APHIA II Western. The comic book is designed to foster positive attitudes and perspectives that will help youth consider the quality of relationships they make, and make safe sexual choices to prevent HIV and AIDS and early pregnancy, fight gender discrimination and violence, and encourage involvement of parents in the lives of their children.

Publication date: 2010

Region: Africa

Part of series: The Border

Selected Abstracts on HIV and Infant Feeding From the XVIII International AIDS Conference

This report is a compilation of abstracts on HIV and infant feeding presented at the XVIII International AIDS Conference in Vienna, Austria. The collection is organized by theme.

Publication date: September 2010

Region: Global

Common Requirements for Logistics Management Information Systems

This document focuses on a method for producing descriptions, models, and figures that accurately represent the views and needs of global health professionals. The document can be used by global health practitioners to inform software development related to health systems.

Publication date: September 2010

Region: Global

Solutions to Reduce Negative Health Impacts of Household Air Pollution

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes PATH's work to address the health effects of indoor air pollution for the more than one-third of the world's population that uses biomass to cook and heat their homes.

Publication date: August 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

Global Technology Landscape of Household Water Treatment and Safe Storage Products

PATH's Safe Water Project works to catalyze changes within the household water treatment and storage product category, specifically to benefit low-income populations. This matrix portrays a global landscape of technologies both presently existing and under development by numerous researchers and manufacturers.

Publication date: October 2010

Region: Global

Part of series: Safe water briefs

Price-Performance Model: Household Water Treatment and Safe Storage Devices: Critical Opportunities for Product Improvement

PATH’s Safe Water Project is exploring the potential for commercial enterprises to reach low-income populations with household water treatment and storage devices. This document describes the household water treatment and storage market and low-income user needs to guide current or potential manufacturers’ decisions about where it is most or least fruitful to try to increase end-user satisfaction.

Publication date: January 2011

Region: Global

Part of series: Safe water briefs

Research and the Millennium Development Goals: How Research and Development for New, Innovative Health Tools Can Help Reach Global Health Targets

This fact sheet from the Global Health Technologies Coalition examines how research for new global health tools can help achieve the Millennium Development Goals.

Publication date: September 2010

Region: Global

Use of Vaccines Outside of the Cold Chain: A Literature Review

This project Optimize study is a compilation of the literature available on the use of vaccines outside of the cold chain. Most of the studies analyzed in this review focus on hepatitis B, with one exception—a study examining meningococcal C vaccine.

Author: Villadiego S

Publication date: August 2008

Region: Global

Monitoring Ambient and Cold Chain Temperatures During Delivery of Human Papillomavirus Vaccine in Vietnam and Uganda: Summary Report

As part of project Optimize, a five-year human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine demonstration project is under way in Vietnam, Uganda, India, and Peru to generate evidence for government decision-making about successful vaccine delivery strategies to provide HPV vaccine to young adolescent girls. HPV vaccine is a strong candidate for storage and transport in a controlled temperature chain at temperatures higher than the standard 2° to 8°C cold chain storage.

Publication date: September 2010

Region: Global

Monitoring Ambient Temperatures Experienced During Delivery of Human Papillomavirus Vaccine in Uganda

As part of project Optimize, a five-year human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine demonstration project is under way in Uganda and three other countries to demonstrate how existing health systems can be adapted to successfully provide HPV vaccine to young adolescent girls. HPV vaccine is a strong candidate for storage and transport in a controlled temperature chain at temperatures higher than the standard 2º to 8ºC cold chain storage.

Author: Robertson J, Mugisha E, Kumakech E, LaMontagne D, Janmohamed A, Kristensen D, Seruyange R, Bamwine J, Ssekito G, Newland S

Publication date: April 2010

Region: Global

Cold Chain Temperature Monitoring in Vietnam: Monitoring Ambient and Cold Chain Temperatures During Delivery of Human Papillomavirus Vaccine

Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine is intended to prevent cervical cancer. As part of project Optimize, a two-year HPV vaccine demonstration project is being conducted to demonstrate how existing delivery systems can be adapted to successfully provide HPV vaccine to young adolescent girls. HPV vaccine is a strong candidate for out-of-the-cold-chain use given its characteristics of high heat stability and freeze sensitivity.

Author: Robertson J, Vu H, Le N, et al.

Publication date: July 2010

Region: Global

Promoting Gender Equity for HIV and Violence Prevention: Results From the PEPFAR Male Norms Initiative Evaluation in Namibia

Findings from the evaluation of the Male Norms Initiative indicate that interventions to promote gender-equitable norms can successfully influence young men’s attitudes toward gender norms and lead to healthier relationships. The study also provides empirical evidence that a community-based intervention focused on combating inequitable and risk-supporting gender norms is associated with reductions in partner violence and improvements in risk outcomes for HIV and sexually transmitted infections.

Author: Pulerwitz J, Widyono M, Mehta M, Shityuwete J, Verani F, Keulder C

Publication date: October 2010

Region: Global

PATH's Japanese Encephalitis Project: Accomplishments and Lessons Learned

This set of fact sheets details technical activities of PATH's Japanese encephalitis project, with an aim to inform future efforts and programs. The fact sheets were developed as a supplement to PATH's Japanese Encephalitis Project: Collaboration and Commitment to Protect Asia's Children. Topics covered include surveillance of disease burden and disability, cost-effectiveness analysis, diagnostics, advocacy, vaccine development, and vaccine introduction.

Publication date: December 2009

Region: Global

Leveraging the Capacity of Pharmacies to Improve Health Outcomes in Vietnam

This fact sheet provides an overview of PATH's work to enhance the capacity of pharmacies to strengthen community health throughout Vietnam. Through trainings and supportive supervision, PATH is working to strengthen a vital source of health information and services in Vietnam.

Publication date: October 2009

Region: Asia

A Catalyst for Innovation: PATH's Use of Flexible Funding in 2009

This report shares highlights of PATH's use of flexible funding in 2009, featuring our work to improve nutrition using sweet potatoes in rural Africa, to encourage gender equality and healthy behavior among children in Nicaragua, and to save women’s lives by using oxytocin in the BD Uniject® device in Argentina.

Publication date: September 2010

Region: Global

Part of series: Reports to contributors

Reconstitution Technologies

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes PATH's work on technologies to make the reconstitution of critical vaccines simpler, safer, and more economical. Streamlined reconstitution processes also help reduce medical wastage.

Publication date: September 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

A Novel and Sensitive Rapid Diagnostic Test for Chagas Disease

The PATH-Lemos Chagas rapid test has great potential as a highly sensitive diagnostic test for Chagas disease, suitable for use at the point-of-care.  Presented at: AACC 42nd Annual Oak Ridge Conference, April 22, 2010; San Jose, CA.

Author: Barfield CA, Barney RS, Crudder CH, et al

Publication date: April 2010

Region: Global

Safe Water for Small Communities

This poster describes the Smart Electrochlorinator 200 (SE200). The SE200, developed by Cascade Design, Inc. in collaboration with PATH, is a small, community-scale electrochlorination system. Using salt, water, and the resources of a car battery, it creates and dispenses enough chlorine to treat up to 200 liters of water.

Publication date: October 2010

Region: Global

A Review of the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Vaccine Management Business Improvement Project

In this document, project Optimize reviews the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC’s) Vaccine Management Business Improvement Project, which represents an end-to-end reengineering of the US public-sector vaccine supply chain—from vaccine budgeting through storage and distribution. The CDC’s overarching goal was to ensure that vaccine was flowing to the right places at the right time.

Author: Wasserman N

Publication date: November 2010

Region: Global

Catalyzing Healthier Labor Migration: Working on Health and Development in Source Communities in Cambodia and Destinations in Thailand

Through PROMDAN, agencies in Thailand and Cambodia responded to the issue of uninformed labor migration. The project aimed to increase access to health services and make labor migration beneficial for migrants and their families. This report documents the development, implementation, and impact of the project.

Publication date: March 2010

Region: Asia

Improving Labor Migration Processes and Protection of Migrant Workers From Cambodia and Thailand: Issues and Recommendations

Through PROMDAN, agencies in Thailand and Cambodia responded to the issue of uninformed labor migration. The project aimed to increase access to health services and make labor migration beneficial for migrants and their families. This fact sheet outlines issues and recommendations for stakeholders.

Publication date: March 2010

Region: Asia

Controlling Diarrheal Disease in Vietnam

This fact sheet summarizes PATH's projects in Vietnam that aimed to reduce childhood illness and death from diarrhea. Efforts included collaborations to update guidelines for health workers, clinical trials of rotavirus vaccines, and household water treatment and storage activities.

Publication date: May 2012

Region: Asia

Part of series: Diarrheal disease fact sheets

Formative Assessment of Infant and Young Child Feeding Practices at the Community Level in Zambia

This report reveals the results of formative research conducted to fill gaps in understanding of caregivers’ infant and young child feeding practices, following on the results of the 2007 Zambia Demographic and Health Survey. In particular, the study explores factors that influence a mother’s ability to exclusively breastfeed for the first six months of an infant’s life and factors that influence appropriate complementary feeding for children 6–23 months of age.

Publication date: November 2010

Region: Global

The Detection of HIV-1 Proviral DNA in Less Than 20 Minutes

Recombinase Polymerase Amplification (RPA) assays were designed to detect pol from HIV-1BRU proviral DNA using real-time or immunochromatographic strip detection of RPA amplicons. Presented at: AACC 41st Annual Oak Ridge Conference, April 16, 2009; Baltimore, MD.

Author: Boyle DS, Lehman DA, Overbaugh J, et al

Publication date: April 2009

Region: Global

Barriers to the Development of a Field Tool to Determine Anemia, Iron Deficiency, Inflammation, and Malaria

Target specifications for an anemia diagnostic were determined by surveying personnel in nutritional programs, and methods and analytes were derived from a literature review. Presented at: Second International Micronutrient Forum, Bejing, China.

Author: Crudder C, Metzler M, Garrett D, Boyle DS, Levin C

Publication date: May 2009

Region: Global

Non-Instrumented Nucleic Acid Amplification (NINA): Instrument-Free Molecular Diagnostics for Low-Resource Settings

PATH has demonstrated the use of CaO for heat and a proprietary engineered phase change material (EPCM) to maintain an assay mixture within a narrow temperature range suitable for isothermal amplification. We are currently working to develop, integrate, and validate components of this NAAT kit. Presented at: AACC 42nd Annual Oak Ridge Conference, April 22, 2010; San Jose, CA.

Author: LaBarre P, Beddoe A, Gerlach J, et al

Publication date: April 2010

Region: Global

LAMP Without Electric Heat: A Chemically-Heated, Non-Instrumented Nucleic-Acid Amplification Assay Platform for Point-of-Care Use

A demonstration of the feasibility of loop-mediated isothermal amplification, supported by exothermic chemical reactions as the basis of a new, low-cost, disposable diagnostic platform that can be used for detection of a wide variety of infectious diseases. Presented at: AACC 41st Annual Oak Ridge Conference, April 16, 2009; Baltimore, MD.

Author: LaBarre P, Gerlach J, Wilmoth J, Beddoe A, Singleton JL, Weigl BH

Publication date: April 2009

Region: Global

HOT Diagnostic Technologies: Low-Cost, Point-of-Care Nucleic Acid Amplification Using Chemical Heat to Replace Traditional Heat Sources

Demonstration of the feasibility of exothermic chemical heating as a component of a new, low-cost, disposable diagnostic platform that can be used for detection of a wide variety of infectious diseases. Presented at: 6th Annual World Health Care Congress, April 12, 2009; Washington, DC.

Author: LaBarre P, Gerlach J, Wilmoth J, Beddoe A, Singleton JL, Weigl BH

Publication date: April 2009

Region: Global

Simple, Inexpensive Pro-Viral DNA Preparation at the Point-of-Care

The pro-viral DNA capture card maintains the fundamental value provided by dried blood spots (ease of collection and transport from remote settings) while reducing the costs and time of performing pediatric HIV testing in the laboratory. Presented at: AACC 42nd Annual Oak Ridge Conference, April 22, 2010; San Jose, CA.

Author: Stevens DS, Barfield CA, Emery S, Overbaugh J, Gerlach J

Publication date: April 2010

Region: Global

Affordable Point-of-Care Viral RNA Specimen Processing for Low-Resource Settings

PATH conducted a detailed cost analysis in Nicaragua to understand the costs of each step required to perform viral load testing, beginning at the patient’s house and continuing to when the viral load testing result is actually communicated back to the patient’s antiretroviral therapy care provider. Using this information, PATH has developed a low-cost technology to extract HIV viral RNA at the point of care and stabilize it, removing the need for cold chain preservation of the specimen. Presented at: AACC 42nd Annual Oak Ridge Conference, April 22, 2010; San Jose, CA.

Author: Stevens DS, Beddoe AG, Hubbard L, et al

Publication date: April 2010

Region: Global

Molecular Diagnostics Component Processes

A visual chart of the components of molecular diagnostics, using non-instrument and instrumented processing and signal detection. Presented at: PATH, December 1, 2009; Seattle, WA.

Author: Weigl B, LaBarre P

Publication date: December 2009

Region: Global

Extending the Reach of Molecular Diagnostics

A visual display charting some diagnostic technologies (e.g., PCR, ELISA, Lumora, TwistDx, and nonintstrumented nucleic acid amplification (NINA) on axes of performance and reach (the ability to function in low-resource areas).  Presented at PATH, January 10, 2010; Seattle, WA.

Author: Weigl B

Publication date: November 2009

Region: Global

Bacterial Etiology of Enteric Infections in Children Attending at Outpatient Clinics in Northeastern Brazil

A report on work aimed to determine the main bacterial enteric pathogens causing diarrhea in children treated in emergency rooms in Fortaleza, Ceara, Brazil. Presented at: 6th World Congress of the World Society for Pediatric Infectious Diseases, November 21, 2009; Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Author: Lima I, Soares AM, Silva-Filho JQ, Weigl BH, Rey LC, Lima A

Publication date: November 2009

Region: Global

Collection, Processing, Storage, and Transport of Dry Blood Spots for the Assessment of Vitamin A Deficiency in the Uganda Demographic and Health Survey 2006

As part of the Uganda Demographic and Health Survey 2006, this study collected results of Vitamin A deficiency tests from a representative sample of women aged 15–49 and children aged 6–59 months. Presented at: First International Micronutrient Forum, April 16, 2007; Istanbul, Turkey.

Author: Baingana R, Kasozi D, Garrett D, Fort A

Publication date: April 2007

Region: Global

Microfluidics for the Developing World

A visual introduction to the potential advantages of microfluidics as a platform for diagnostic tests in low-resource settings.

Author: Barclay AR

Publication date: May 2007

Region: Global

A Comparative Performance Evaluation of Flocked Swabs Versus Dacron® Swabs for Use With an Immunodiagnostic STI Assay in a Population of High Risk Women in Bolivia

This study assessed the impact of a new sampling device on the performance of a rapid immunochromatographic strip test for chlamydia under development at PATH. The results of endocervical samples collected on flocked swabs were compared to results from those collected with Dacron® swabs. Presented at: 17th Meeting of the International Society for Sexually Transmitted Diseases Research (ISSTDR), July 29, 2007; Seattle, WA

Author: Barfield C, Tinajeros F, Revollo R, et al

Publication date: July 2007

Region: Global

Diagnosis of Plasmodium Falciparum Malaria in the Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR) Using Rapid Diagnostic Assays

This study evaluated the performance of PATH’s rapid diagnostic assay detecting histidine rich protein 2 (HRP-2) antigen when used by local health care providers in a rural field setting in Lao PDR and examined rapid diagnostic assays as a strategy to identify participants for in vivo treatment trials in a rural field site.

Author: Labbé AC, Pillai DR, Hongvangthong B, et al

Publication date: January 1999

Region: Global

Developing a Point-of-Care Multiplexed Diagnostic System for Low-Resource Settings in Developing Countries: Challenges in Understanding Market and User Requirements

A report on appropriate product specifications and the challenges of introducing a point-of-care multiplexed diagnostic platform in low-resource settings in developing countries. Based on the DxBox platform being developed as part of a public-private consortium lead by the University of Washington. Presented at: Molecular Medicine Tri-Conference, March 25, 2008; San Francisco, CA.

Author: de los Santos T, Crudder C, Metzler M, Gerlach J, Steele M, Domingo GJ

Publication date: March 2008

Region: Global

A New HPV-DNA Test for Developing Countries

Demonstration of a new 48-well HPV DNA batch test showing analytical sensitivity to 5000 copies of HPV DNA and other test characteristics that may be suitable for use in low-resource settings. Presented at: 22nd International Papillomavirus Conference, April 30, 2005; Vancouver, BC.

Author: Eder P, Nazarenko I, Peck R, Weigl B, Sellors J, Lorincz A

Publication date: May 2005

Region: Global

Smart Polymer Preconcentration to Enhance the Sensitivity of Chlamydia Trachomatis Immunoassays

An overview of a method of sample preparation by smart polymers for detection in an immunoassay, demonstrated as part of a diagnostics test for Chlamydia trachomatis. Presented at: 38th Annual American Association of Clinical Chemistry (AACC) Oakridge Conference, April 21, 2006; San Jose, CA.

Author: Kulkarni S, Peck R, Barfield C, et al

Publication date: April 2006

Region: Global

Cost Analysis of Rapid Strip Tests for the Detection of Maternal Syphilis in Mozambique and Bolivia

Summary of a study to estimate the clinical and economic impact of prenatal syphilis screening with the rapid plasma reagin test and the immunochromatographic strip test in low-resource settings. Presented at: International Conference on Global Health: Global Health Council, May 30, 2006; Washington, DC.

Author: Levin C, Steele M, Atherly D

Publication date: May 2006

Region: Global

A New Immunochromatographic Strip Test for Neisseria Gonorrhoeae

The development of a rapid and simple immunochromatographic strip test using the L7/L12 Neisseria gonorrhoeae, testing using clinical samples. Presented at: 15th Biennial Congress, International Society of Sexually Transmitted Diseases Research, July 27, 2003; Ottawa, Canada.

Author: Matsyshen D, Svanas G, Maynard J, Tam M, Burgess Hay DC

Publication date: July 2003

Region: Global

Non-Instrumented Nucleic Acid Amplification

A report on selecting and testing phase change materials for their ability to maintain a temperature range for duration sufficient to drive a PCR reaction.  Presented at: Microfluidics, BioMEMS, and Medical Microsystems VI, January 22, 2008; San Jose, CA.

Author: Tang D, LaBarre P, Weigl BH, Stayton PS

Publication date: January 2008

Region: Global

Affordable Point-of-Care Specimen Processing: A Viral RNA Extraction and Stabilization Platform

A description of a viral RNA extraction and stabilization platform. Presented at: The 5th Annual World Healthcare Innovation and Technology Congress (WHIT v.5.0), November 8, 2009; Alexandria, VA.

Author: Beddoe AG, Hubbard L, Stevens D, et al

Publication date: November 2009

Region: Global

E6 Based Rapid Diagnostic Test for Cervical Pre-Cancer and Cancer

A pilot clinical study suggests that E6 is an appropriate biomarker for diagnosis of cervical pre-cancer and cancer in a novel oncoprotein-based rapid diagnostic assay for cervical pre-cancer and cancer. Presented at: International Papillomavirus Conference 2009, May 8, 2009; Malmo, Sweden.

Author: Schweizer J, Berard-Bergery M, Bisht A, et al

Publication date: May 2009

Region: Global

Evaluation of the PATH GC-Check Rapid Test for the Detection of Gonococcal Infection Among Female Sex Workers in Benin

A report on the comparison of results from the PATH GC-check rapid test for gonococcal infection to the 16SrRNA PCR test conducted in a laboratory. Presented at: International Society for Sexually Transmitted Diseases Research (ISSTDR), July 10, 2005; Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Author: Michel A, Aïna G, Ndour M, et al

Publication date: July 2005

Region: Global

Developing a Lateral Flow Strip Test for E6 Oncoprotein to Identify Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia (CIN) at Increased Risk of Progression to Cervical Cancer

This poster outlines the evaluation of two immunochromatographic strip test platforms for the best limit of detection: one uses an antibody colloidal gold conjugate which is visually interpreted yielding qualitative results, and the other uses an antibody paramagnetic particle conjugate which is read by an instrument yielding quantitative results. The resulting limits of detection of these two methods are compared to the target limit of detection for an E6 assay of ~50 pg. Presented at: 23rd Papillomavirus Conference and Clinical Workshop, September 1, 2006; Prague, Czech Republic.

Author: Peck R, Weigl BH, Schweizer J, et al

Publication date: September 2006

Region: Global

A Test for Detection of HPV-16 E6

Demonstration of the use of a magnetic immunochromatographic strip (ICS) assay with a reader to detect recombinant HPV-16 E6. The magnetic ICS assay was able to detect as little as 2.6ng of protein. Presented at: 38th Annual Oak Ridge Conference, April 20, 2006; San Jose, CA.

Author: Peck R, Schweizer J, Weigl B, et al

Publication date: April 2006

Region: Global

Evaluation of Syndromic Management for Chlamydia Trachomatis in STI Clinics in Bolivia

A comparison of the sensitivity and specificity of syndromic management for diagnosis of chlamydia to PCR-based reference methods in a large sample of women in Bolivia. Presented at: International Society for STD Research (ISSTDR), July 26, 2007; Seattle, WA.

Author: Steele M, Tinajeros F, Cohen J, et al

Publication date: July 2007

Region: Global

Detection of High-Risk HPV-E6 Oncoprotein in Low and High-Grade Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia (CIN): Emerging Evidence for Predictive Validity

This poster demonstrates the predictive validity of an assay developed by Arbor Vita and PATH. For this study, cervical swab specimens collected from women screened, diagnosed, and managed in rural settings in China were tested for the presence of HPV-16 DNA then examined for HPV16-E6 expression. Results confirmed E6 is a potential diagnostic marker. Presented at: 23rd Papillomavirus Conference and Clinical Workshop, September 1, 2006; Prague, Czech Republic.

Author: Schweizer J, Somoza C, Mahoney C, et al

Publication date: September 2006

Region: Global

Development of a Diagnostic Assay Based on the Binding of High-Risk HPV-E6 Oncoproteins to PDZ

A prototype of a novel diagnostic assay for cervical pre-cancer and cancer has been developed in both a sandwich ELISA-based and a lateral flow–based format (“strip test”). The test specifically detects presence of high-risk HPV-E6 and therefore promises to be of higher predictive value for cervical pre-cancer and cancer than other assays detecting merely presence of HPV. Presented at: 22rd International Papillomavirus Conference and Clinical Workshop, September 1, 2006; Vancouver, Canada.

Author: Schweizer J, Somoza C, Peck R, et al

Publication date: September 2006

Region: Global

An E6 Oncoprotien Based Diagnostic Test for Cervical Pre-Cancer and Cancer

This poster describes the AV Avantage HPV E6 Test and the results from a small clinical pilot study. The AV Avantage HPV E6 Test uses high affinity mAb for the specific capture and detection of high-risk HPV-E6 oncoproteins in a lateral flow–based format. Presented at: 26th International Papillomavirus Conference, July 3, 2010; Montreal, Canada.

Author: Berard-Bergery M, Bisht A, Ho M, et al

Publication date: July 2010

Region: Global

Infant and Young Child Feeding and Gender: A Training Manual for Male Group Leaders

The Infant and Young Child Nutrition Project prepared this manual for men's group activities being implemented by PATH through the APHIA II Western project. Content for the manual was adapted from several key infant and young child feeding and male-engagement publications.

Publication date: September 2010

Region: Africa

The Arise Program: Enhancing HIV Prevention Programs for At-Risk Populations

Through funding from the Canadian International Development Agency, PATH is working to address the information gap on how to best tailor and scale up proven HIV prevention strategies among at-risk populations  through cost-effective interventions in India, Senegal, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.

Publication date: May 2013

Region: Global

Directions in Global Health (Volume 7, Issue 2)

This issue of Directions in Global Health features a conversation with Chris Elias on the occasion of his ten-year anniversary as PATH’s president and CEO. It also highlights work to pave the way for a total market approach to family planning in Nicaragua and Vietnam, capitalize on the transformation potential of point-of-care tests, address gender’s impact on health, and design better health information systems for developing countries.

Publication date: December 2010

Region: Global

Part of series: Directions in Global Health

Albania: Demonstrating the Benefits of an Online Immunization Registry

This document describes how project Optimize is collaborating with the Albanian Institute of Public Health to transform the way immunization data and vaccine stock are managed. The two-year collaboration aims to evaluate the benefits of a supply chain that uses an online immunization registry, remotely connected temperature monitoring devices, and a distribution system organized for optimum efficiency.

Publication date: August 2012

Region: Global

An Integrated Approach to Health Information Systems in Guatemala

This project Optimize document describes an effort by the World Health Organization, PATH, the Pan American Health Organization, and the Guatemala Ministry of Public Health and Social Services to address challenges related to vaccine introduction. The goal is to develop an information system that will enable the digital recording and transmission of immunization data.

Publication date: November 2010

Region: Global

Senegal: Integrating and Streamlining Health Supply Chains

This document describes how project Optimize is collaborating with the Senegalese Ministry of Health to demonstrate innovations in the supply chain that can help to increase efficiency and improve performance, preparing the country for the introduction of new vaccines in the future.

Publication date: August 2012

Region: Global

Tunisia: Demonstrating Innovative Health Supply Chain Solutions

This document describes how project Optimize and the Tunisian Ministry of Public Health are collaborating to explore new logistics and supply chain solutions that can optimize the vaccine supply chain.

Publication date: July 2012

Region: Africa

Vietnam: Demonstrating Innovative Health Supply Chain Solutions

This document describes how project Optimize is collaborating with Vietnam’s National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology to demonstrate innovations in the supply chain that can help to meet the demands of an increasingly large and costly portfolio of vaccines.

Publication date: July 2012

Region: Asia

Collaborating With Countries to Improve Supply Chains

Project Optimize—a collaboration between the World Health Organization and PATH—aims to employ technological and scientific advances in the immunization field. This document describes efforts to define ideal specifications for health products and create a flexible and robust vaccine supply chain that can handle an increasingly large and costly portfolio of vaccines.

Publication date: November 2010

Region: Global

Hope for Less Than 50 Cents a Dose: A Revolutionary Model for Developing Low-Cost Vaccines

This fact sheet describes the model employed by the Meningitis Vaccine Project to develop a safe, affordable, and long-lasting vaccine with the potential to end Group A meningococcal epidemics in Africa, as well as the contributions of many key partners who made the development of MenAfriVac™ such a success story.

Publication date: September 2011

Region: Global

Interpersonal Communication for Action on HIV (InterAct IPC): A Guide to Dialogue-Based Communication Methods to Help Key Populations Put HIV Messages Into Practice in India

This toolkit aims to provide interpersonal communication methods to help key population communities identify and address barriers to putting HIV prevention messages into practice in their own lives and within their own contexts. This toolkit was developed by PATH for nongovernmental and community-based organizations and for government health care providers working with key populations on targeted interventions. The methods can also be adapted for use by organizations working on HIV care, support, and treatment.

Publication date: 2008

Region: Asia

Magnet Theatre in India: A Guide to Using Theatre to Reduce HIV Risk and Promote an Enabling Environment for HIV Prevention, Care, and Treatment

This toolkit aims to help key population communities use Magnet Theatre to reduce their risk of HIV and promote an enabling environment for HIV prevention, care, and treatment. This toolkit was developed by PATH for key population troupes trained in Magnet Theatre to use as a reference for their rehearsals and performances. It is also intended for organizations that provide technical and financial support to Magnet Theatre troupes.

Publication date: 2007

Region: Asia

Participatory Site Assessment: A Guide to Generating Information to Design Community-Based Interventions for HIV Prevention in India

This toolkit aims to help key population communities mobilize themselves for HIV prevention and to generate information to design HIV prevention interventions and services. This toolkit was developed by PATH for nongovernmental and community-based organizations that intend to implement HIV risk-reduction projects and targeted interventions with key populations.

Publication date: 2007

Region: Asia

Protecting Newborns From Hepatitis B in Vietnam: Expanding Coverage of the Hepatitis B Vaccine Birth Dose

This fact sheet describes PATH's activities to increase the coverage and timeliness of hepatitis B birth dose vaccination in Vietnam.

Publication date: February 2014

Region: Asia

About PATH

This fact sheet provides an overview of PATH's mission, global presence, areas of focus, partners, funding, and recent awards. It is available in English, French, Russian, and Spanish.

Publication date: November 2012

Region: Global

Picturing the Customer: Developing Consumer Personas From Research on Household Water Use in Andhra Pradesh, India

PATH's Safe Water Project undertook a household research study in Andhra Pradesh, India, interviewing 1,000 respondents about their water sources, perceptions of water quality, definitions of "safe" water, and water treatment behaviors. This publication presents the five consumer personas that were created from the data to exemplify various aspects of water values.

Publication date: December 2010

Region: Global

Part of series: Safe water briefs

PATH in Cambodia: A Longstanding Commitment to Better Health

PATH has been a partner in Cambodia's public health efforts since 1995. We are helping to support the reconstruction of the health system—largely destroyed during the 1970s—and build capacity across the public, private, and civil-society sectors. This brochure describes our work in childhood immunization, reproductive and child health, and tuberculosis, malaria, and HIV/AIDS.

Publication date: December 2010

Region: Asia

Public-Private Mix for TB-HIV Control

This fact sheet provides an overview of PATH's work in Vietnam to control tuberculosis and HIV by enhancing referrals from the private sector to existing public-sector prevention and treatment services, thus improving case detection.

Publication date: September 2012

Region: Asia

Chagas Immunochromatographic Strip Test

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes PATH's work to develop a rapid, easy-to-read, low-cost test for Chagas disease.

Publication date: July 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

Pull Mechanisms for Value-Added Technologies for Vaccines: An Evaluation of the Issues Influencing Vaccine Producer Willingness to Advance, Adopt, and Commercialize Value-Added Technologies for Vaccines for Low-Income and Lower-Middle-Income Country Markets

The Optimize project, a collaboration between PATH and the World Health Organization, commissioned this white paper to examine the issues influencing vaccine producer willingness to advance, adopt, and commercialize value-added technologies for vaccines for low-income and lower-middle-income country markets.

Author: Gilchrist S

Publication date: November 2009

Region: Global

Building Effective, Sustainable Systems for Procuring Essential Reproductive Health Supplies

This white paper highlights the value of a comprehensive approach to procurement capacity development in developing countries.

Author: Cohen J, Reeh C, Neroutsos K

Publication date: January 2011

Region: Global

Piloting a Malaria Public-Private Mix Model in Cambodia

This fact sheet describes PATH's work to improve malaria diagnosis, treatment, and referral practices in the private sector to contain drug-resistant parasites in Cambodia.

Publication date: January 2011

Region: Asia

The Cornerstone of Public Health

This fact sheet makes the case for why vaccines are a critical, cost-effective investment for improving global health and saving children's lives.

Publication date: May 2013

Region: Global

Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine Introduction in Cambodia

This fact sheet describes PATH's partnership with Cambodia's Ministry of Health to conduct sentinel surveillance on Japanese encephalitis and introduce a vaccine in 2009.

Publication date: December 2010

Region: Asia

Immunization Logistics and Supply Systems: From Vision to Action

In July 2010, project Optimize held workshops in Washington, DC, and Seattle, WA, to engage stakeholders from a wide variety of organizations. The workshops discussed developing-country immunization systems and sought participant perspectives on the desired future state of the systems. This document provides a summary of the workshops.

Publication date: July 2010

Region: Global

Op.ti.mize

The Op.ti.mize e-newsletter was a quarterly publication that highlighted advances and innovations in health care logistics, technologies, and policy. Developed by project Optimize, a collaboration between PATH and the World Health Organization, this newsletter provided an overview of Optimize’s activities and areas of focus.

Publication date: 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: E-newsletters

Malaria Control: Our Best Investment for Saving Lives in Africa Today

This fact sheet provides an overview of the impact that global and national investment have had in the fight against malaria, with an emphasis on the importance of US support for the President’s Malaria Initiative and the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria.

Publication date: February 2011

Region: Africa

The Nicaraguan Health System: An Overview of Critical Challenges and Opportunities

This report provides an overview of Nicaragua's health system and diagnostic needs. It is supported by individual case studies on Chagas disease, dengue, and malaria in Nicaragua. These studies focus on several factors influencing the health care system in Nicaragua, including recent trends, regional and national control strategies, financing and partnerships, and the unmet clinical needs associated with each illness.

Author: Sequeira M, Espinoza H, Amador JJ, Domingo G, Quintanilla M, de los Santos T

Publication date: February 2011

Region: Latin America

Microneedle Patches

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes PATH's work, in collaboration with the Georgia Institute of Technology and Emory University, to evaluate and create a microneedle patch that will allow people to self-administer influenza vaccine.

Publication date: August 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

The Case for Investment in Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli Vaccines

This market assessment aims to increase the awareness of biotechnology and pharmaceutical companies worldwide about the opportunities and potential markets that exist for low-cost and effective vaccines against enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC). In addition, it provides donors and commercial investors with a better understanding of the potential risks, rewards, and gaps in knowledge relative to these opportunities as they consider their own investment strategies. The resulting analysis demonstrates that ETEC vaccines may represent a moderate opportunity for industry investment with an estimated annual revenue potential of more than US$600 million ten years after global launch.

Publication date: March 2011

Region: Global

User Testing of Household Water Treatment and Storage Products in Andhra Pradesh, India

PATH’s Safe Water Project is implementing an innovative project with the goal of enabling commercial enterprises to produce, distribute, sell, and maintain effective household water treatment and storage products for low-income populations in multiple developing countries around the world. This report shares the findings from user testing conducted for five such products in Andhra Pradesh, India, in 2009.

Publication date: March 2011

Region: Asia

Promoting Home Water Treatment Through Antenatal Clinics in Malawi: Qualitative Research Findings

PATH’s Safe Water Project joined a number of partners in an effort to monitor and better understand the increased use of a water-treatment product, WaterGuard, among groups of new mothers in Malawi. The chlorine-based water treatment product was made available to pregnant women at antenatal care clinics as part of a hygiene kit. Uptake and use of the product rose sharply, not only among these women, but also among friends and relatives. PATH conducted qualitative research involving in-depth interviews to better understand why this uptake occurred.

Publication date: March 2011

Region: Africa

Assessing Demand for depo-subQ in Uniject: A Five-Country Modeling Exercise

This brief summarizes the strategic demand models developed by PATH and the Futures Institute for the injectable contraceptive depo-subQ provera 104™ in the Uniject™ injection system (depo-subQ in Uniject) in Kenya, Malawi, Pakistan, Rwanda, and Senegal. These models will help inform global and country introduction planning for depo-subQ in Uniject.

Publication date: February 2011

Region: Global

Logistics and Waste Management Benefits of depo-subQ in Uniject

This brief describes results from an analysis conducted by PATH comparing the current intramuscular version of depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) injectable contraceptive compared with a new formulation packaged in the Uniject injection system. The analysis focused on waste management implications, identifying key quantitative and qualitative differences between the two products.

Publication date: February 2011

Region: Global

The Uniject Injection System: Multi-country Experience and Evidence

This brief summarizes key findings from a literature review conducted by PATH to identify published and gray literature reporting international experiences with the Uniject injection system. The findings shed light on user acceptability and highlight potential cost savings in terms of training time, waste management, and reduction in drug wastage when Uniject is used instead of a standard autodisable syringe. This document synthesizes the experience and evidence on the use of Uniject worldwide with medicines such as the injectable contraceptive Cyclofem®, hepatitis B and tetanus toxoid vaccines, as well as the drug oxytocin, which is used to prevent postpartum hemorrhage.

Publication date: February 2011

Region: Global

Mucosal Immunization Technologies

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes PATH's work on mucosal immunization technologies.

Publication date: September 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

Directions in Global Health (Volume 8, Issue 1)

This issue of Directions in Global Health features PATH’s work related to vaccines and immunization. Articles cover the development and introduction of a vaccine to eliminate epidemic meningitis in Africa, use of vaccines and other interventions to prevent cervical cancer, transformation of vaccine distribution systems, expansion of access to rotavirus vaccines, and advancements in vaccine technologies.

Publication date: May 2011

Region: Global

Part of series: Directions in Global Health

Sparking Innovation to Save Lives: How the US Can Advance Global Health Through New Technologies

This second annual policy report from the Global Health Technologies Coalition—a group of almost 40 nonprofit organizations working to increase awareness of the urgent need for vaccines, diagnostics, drugs, microbicides, and other products that save lives in the developing world—outlines some of the steps that will help curb unnecessary deaths, extend lives, and secure healthier futures. Serving as a guide for policymakers, the report documents promising policy actions taken over the past year in the areas of US investments in global health and international development, regulatory pathways to ensure the safety and efficacy of health tools, and incentives and innovative financing mechanisms to spur global health product development. This report offers recommendations for how US policymakers can continue to have a lead in improving health worldwide.

Publication date: 2011

Region: North America and Europe

Part of series: GHTC's annual policy reports

HPV Vaccination in Latin America: Lessons Learned From a Pilot Program in Peru

This report summarizes the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination program implemented in Peru by PATH, Instituto de Investigación Nutricional, and Ministerio de Salud de Peru, Estrategia Sanitaria Nacional de Inmunizaciones through the HPV Vaccines: Evidence for Impact project. HPV vaccine was made available to all girls aged nine years or older in grade 5 in selected parts of the country. The purpose of the study was to investigate operational issues related to HPV vaccination of young adolescent girls, aimed at identifying effective and cost-effective strategies. The publication will be useful for policymakers and program managers around the world, and especially in Latin America, who are designing public-sector HPV vaccination programs. To see other reports in this series, visit the RHO Cervical Cancer website.

Publication date: December 2010

Region: Global

Part of series: HPV vaccination project lessons learned reports

Gentamicin in Uniject

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes the gentamicin in Uniject project at PATH.

Publication date: May 2012

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

Improving Health With Your Support: PATH's Use of Flexible Funding in 2010

This report shares highlights of PATH's use of flexible funding in 2010, featuring the stories of Nokuthula, an HIV-positive mother in South Africa, and Johana, a   13-year-old schoolgirl in Peru, as well as a pilot project on using mobile technology to manage tuberculosis in Tanzania.

Publication date: May 2011

Region: Global

Part of series: Reports to contributors

Pilot Introduction of Oxytocin in Uniject® During Active Management of the Third Stage of Labor (AMTSL) at the Institutional Level in Guatemala

This report shares the results of a pilot introduction of oxytocin in the Uniject® device for use with active management of the third stage of labor that was conducted at the institutional level in Guatemala in 2009. Results include details on the feasibility of introducing oxytocin in Uniject in this context as well as the acceptability of this technology among health care providers and facility managers. The cost analysis can be found here.

Publication date: March 2010

Region: Latin America

Developing a Vision for Immunization Supply Systems in 2020: Landscape Analysis Summaries

Facilitated by project Optimize and conducted by a multidisciplinary group of partners, these landscape analyses highlight ongoing work related to five priority areas that comprise the vision for immunization supply systems in 2020. The analyses also highlight critical gaps that need to be addressed to achieve the vision. The five priority areas are vaccine and related products, supply system design, environmental impact, information systems, and human resources. The document is available as one large file or as six smaller files for easier downloading.

Publication date: June 2011

Region: Global

Developing Health and Family Planning Materials for Low-Literate Audiences: A Guide

This manual describes techniques for communicating information to illiterate and low-literate audiences. The essence of the materials development process described in this guide is interaction with representatives of the groups for whom the materials are developed. Members of target audiences are the “experts” about the messages that need to be conveyed as well as how best to communicate these messages. This methodology may be applied to develop materials beyond the scope of health and family planning to other issues, such as water and sanitation, agriculture, and nutrition.

Author: Zimmerman M, Newton N, Frumin L, Wittet S

Publication date: 1996

Region: Global

Delivering on the Promise of Information Technology to Strengthen Health Systems: PATH's Approach to Enterprise Architecture Addresses Common Challenges of Health Systems

From tracking tuberculosis in Africa to providing better maternal and child health care in India, PATH's work in health information systems is bridging the gap between global health and information and communication technology using a different approach—a user-driven enterprise architecture and technology that addresses user requirements.

Publication date: June 2011

Region: Global

Promoting Treatment of Water at Home Through Antenatal Clinics: Evaluating the Hygiene Kit Program in Malawi

PATH’s Safe Water Project is implementing innovative methods to enable commercial enterprises to produce, distribute, sell, and maintain effective household water treatment and storage products for low-income populations in multiple developing countries around the world. This project brief summarizes the findings of PATH's work with the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to investigate the effects of an innovative program that promoted a chlorine disinfectant for treatment of water at home to pregnant women seeking antenatal care.

Author: Kols A

Publication date: July 2011

Region: Africa

Part of series: Safe water briefs

HPV Vaccination in Africa: Lessons Learned From a Pilot Program in Uganda

This report summarizes the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination program implemented in Uganda by PATH, the Uganda National Expanded Program on Immunization of the Ministry of Health, and the Child Health and Development Centre, through the HPV Vaccines: Evidence for Impact project. HPV vaccine was made available to almost 10,000 girls in select parts of the country. The purpose of the study was to investigate operational issues related to HPV vaccination of young adolescent girls, aimed at identifying effective and cost-effective strategies. This report interprets the results and summarizes helpful lessons for policymakers and program managers, especially those in sub-Saharan Africa, looking to shape their own HPV vaccination programs. To see other reports in this series, visit the RHO Cervical Cancer website.

Publication date: January 2011

Region: Global

Part of series: HPV vaccination project lessons learned reports

The Meningitis Vaccine Project: Frequently Asked Questions

This document provides answers to frequently asked questions about the Meningitis Vaccine Project, including facts about meningococcal meningitis, the MenAfriVac™ vaccine, and next steps for the project.

Publication date: June 2011

Region: Africa

Staying the Course? Malaria Research and Development in a Time of Economic Uncertainty

This report details malaria research and development funding from 2004 to 2009, including how much funding went to each product area, who provided the funding, and how investments flowed from funders to recipients. The report assesses progress against the Global Malaria Action Plan funding goals to identify what is needed in the next decade.

Publication date: June 2011

Region: Global

Developing the Smart Electrochlorinator: A Low-Cost Solution to Safe Water for Small Communities

PATH is working to provide safe water at the community level. The Smart Electrochlorinator 200 (SE200) is a device that allows communities to take ownership of the safety of their drinking water while potentially creating income opportunities for local entrepreneurs. This project brief summarizes PATH's work facilitating the development and implementation of the SE200.

Author: Kols A

Publication date: July 2011

Region: Global

Part of series: Safe water briefs

Screening and Treatment to Reduce the Risk and Incidence of Cervical Cancer

This fact sheet provides an overview of PATH's work to prevent cervical cancer in Vietnam through the piloting of a "screen and treat" model in three provinces.

Publication date: May 2011

Region: Asia

Incentives and Innovative Financing for Global Health Product Development

This fact sheet from the Global Health Technologies Coalition explores different incentives and innovative financing mechanisms and their role in global health product development.

Publication date: October 2010

Region: North America and Europe

The Transformative Power of Global Health Research: Leadership in Innovation Saves Lives and Provides Economic Benefits to the US

This fact sheet from the Global Health Technologies Coalition examines how US leadership in global health research helps to saves lives worldwide and provides domestic economic benefits.

Publication date: March 2011

Region: North America and Europe

Recent Evidence on Cervical Cancer Screening in Low-Resource Settings

This Alliance for Cervical Cancer Prevention fact sheet summarizes evidence published since 2009 on cervical cancer screening approaches for low-resource settings.

Publication date: May 2011

Region: Global

Microfinance and Women's Health: What Do We Know? (Outlook, vol. 28, no. 1)

This issue of Outlook reviews the evidence base for microfinance approaches to improve and address women’s health. It begins with background on the microfinance sector and links between microfinance and health. Interventions and approaches focused on family planning, women’s health services utilization and access (including health financing mechanisms), and HIV prevention are discussed. The issue concludes with suggested operational considerations for integration and priorities for future research. Some positive experiences with microfinance and women’s health signify that this area merits increased attention, yet more evidence of impact is needed.

Author: Drake JK

Publication date: August 2011

Region: Global

Part of series: Outlook

Progress in Cervical Cancer Prevention: The CCA Report Card

This report assesses global readiness to fight cervical cancer using new approaches and new technologies, especially in regions where the disease is a common killer. It underscores the urgent need for the global community to prioritize cervical cancer prevention and control on global health and development agendas.

Publication date: April 2011

Region: Global

Towards the Elimination of FGM: Communication for Change

This curriculum was designed for trainers of public health workers, community organizers, youth advocates, and teachers. It draws on materials developed by many organizations and represents the culmination of several years of study, program implementation, and evaluation in the area of female genital mutilation (FGM). Its basic premise is that the discontinuation of FGM must be addressed at the community level. Its purpose is to introduce community workers to the concept of “communication for change” and to inspire and transfer skills for community-based approaches to problem-solving. The curriculum was field-tested in Kenya and Somalia. It is available as one large file or as several smaller files for easier downloading.

Publication date: 1998

Region: Africa

Ability and Willingness to Pay for Family Planning in Vietnam

This study offers policy analysis of data previously collected on the ability and willingness to pay for family planning in Vietnam. PATH is helping the government of Vietnam to design a total market approach to family planning, which calls for a coordinated response by the full range of family planning service providers to meet a population’s diverse needs.

Author: Winfrey W

Publication date: November 2010

Region: Asia

Innovation for Global Health

Innovation for Global Health is the Global Health Technologies Coalition's e-newsletter focusing on the development and delivery of lifesaving health tools to people in need worldwide. The newsletter provides updates on the latest research and policy developments on innovative tools to prevent, diagnose, and treat diseases. It includes news from US agencies, Congress, the current administration, and the global health community at large.

Publication date: 2014

Region: North America and Europe

Part of series: E-newsletters

Strengthening Human Milk Banking

PATH is working to promote human milk banking to improve nutrition for infants who are especially vulnerable, such as those in resource-limited settings who are pre-term, low birthweight, severely malnourished, born to HIV-positive mothers, or orphaned. These briefs provide an overview of why human milk banking is important and how it can be integrated within breastfeeding strategies.

Publication date: July 2011

Region: Africa

Addressing the Emerging Diabetes Epidemic in Low-Resource Settings

This fact sheet provides an overview of PATH’s efforts to develop evidence-based programs focused on diabetes prevention and control. Sixty percent of all deaths worldwide each year are due to chronic disease, mostly in low- and middle-income countries, where people develop the diseases at younger ages, suffer longer, and die earlier in life.

Publication date: May 2013

Region: Global

Advancing a New Diagnostic Test for Onchocerciasis in Africa

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes PATH's work to develop and make available a rapid test to detect onchocerciasis, or river blindness.

Publication date: August 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

PATH's Water Filter: A New Standard for Household Water Treatment

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes PATH's work, in collaboration with our partners, to design a household water treatment and storage device specifically for the developing-world consumer.

Publication date: August 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

Non-Instrumented Isothermal Nucleic Acid Amplification Device

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes PATH's work to develop technologies that facilitate electricity-free, instrument-free nucleic acid amplification.

Publication date: November 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

Mobile Midwife Platform

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes PATH and our partners’ work to provide minimally trained health care providers in developing countries with a tool designed to improve postnatal maternal and newborn care in rural clinic- and home-based settings. The tool, which runs on a mobile device, provides midwives with localized guidance on clinical decisions, patient record management, and instructional support.

Publication date: April 2012

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

An Improved Passive Vaccine Carrier

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes PATH’s work to address the problem of vaccines freezing during transport by incorporating an inner vaccine box made of phase-change material into vaccine carriers.

Publication date: April 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

Cold Chain Equipment Inventories

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes PATH’s work to develop and deploy a software tool called Cold Chain Equipment Manager to help vaccination programs manage equipment requirements, forecast equipment needs, and generate procurement lists. It includes a function that enables countries to view the cost and logistical implications of potential programmatic changes through “what if” scenarios such as procedural changes or the introduction of a new vaccine.

Publication date: November 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

Chlorine Test Strips

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes PATH’s work, in collaboration with our partners, to refine a simple test strip for accurate chlorine dosing of water in low-income settings.

Publication date: July 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

PATH’s Commercialization Toolkit for Small- and Medium-Sized Enterprises: Executive Summary

This commercialization toolkit offers guiding principles, tools, and case studies to demonstrate how PATH has helped partners through the commercialization process for household water treatment and storage products in several developing countries.

Publication date: September 2011

Region: Global

Diarrheal Disease and Childhood Pneumonia in Cambodia

Childhood pneumonia and diarrheal disease are the two leading causes of preventable deaths among children under the age of five in Cambodia and around the world. This fact sheet gives an overview of how PATH is working on an integrated approach to the prevention and treatment of these two illnesses in Cambodia.

Publication date: August 2011

Region: Asia

Intranasal and Pulmonary Delivery Devices

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes PATH's work on intranasal and pulmonary delivery devices to administer vaccines.

Publication date: October 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

Technologies for Oral Delivery of Vaccines

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes PATH's approach to technologies for oral delivery of vaccines.

Publication date: April 2012

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

Newly Designed Ceramic Water Pot for Low-Income Households

PATH’s Safe Water Project is implementing innovative methods to enable commercial enterprises to produce, distribute, sell, and maintain effective household water treatment and storage products for low-income populations in multiple developing countries around the world. This project brief summarizes PATH's product development process, in partnership with Hydrologic, a Cambodian manufacturer, to improve the ceramic water purifier for low- and middle-income families.

Author: Murray M

Publication date: September 2011

Region: Asia

Part of series: Safe water briefs

Our End-Users as Co-Designers: Development of the Safe Water Project Reference Design and Design Guidelines

PATH’s Safe Water Project is implementing innovative methods to enable commercial enterprises to produce, distribute, sell, and maintain effective household water treatment and safe storage (HWTS) products for low-income populations in multiple developing countries around the world. This project brief summarizes PATH's product development process to design an HWTS device that specifically meets the needs of low- and middle-income families. This brief also describes PATH's efforts to create a set of design guidelines for HWTS devices.

Author: Wittet S

Publication date: September 2011

Region: Global

Part of series: Safe water briefs

Three Water Filters Interchange the Rules: Working Together to Increase Access to Safe Water for Low-Income Families

PATH’s Safe Water Project is implementing innovative methods to enable commercial enterprises to produce, distribute, sell, and maintain effective household water treatment and safe storage (HWTS) products for low-income populations in multiple developing countries around the world. This poster summarizes PATH's product development process to design and commercialize an HWTS device that specifically meets the needs of low- and middle-income families. This poster was presented at the Water and Health: Where Science Meets Policy conference hosted by the University of North Carolina Water Institute in October 2011.

Author: Lennon P, Beddoe A, Zwisler G

Publication date: October 2011

Region: Global

Going With the Flow: Understanding the Nuances of the HWTS Consumer Market

PATH’s Safe Water Project is implementing innovative methods to enable commercial enterprises to produce, distribute, sell, and maintain effective household water treatment and safe storage (HWTS) products for low-income populations in multiple developing countries around the world. This poster summarizes PATH's market segmentation efforts to understand the various consumer groups for HWTS products in parts of Cambodia and Vietnam. This poster was presented at the Water and Health: Where Science Meets Policy conference hosted by the University of North Carolina Water Institute in October 2011.

Author: Guy M, Elliott T

Publication date: October 2011

Region: Asia

Understanding Why Women Adopt and Sustain Home Water Treatment: Insights From Qualitative Research in Malawi

PATH’s Safe Water Project is implementing innovative methods to enable commercial enterprises to produce, distribute, sell, and maintain effective household water treatment and safe storage products for low-income populations in multiple developing countries around the world. This poster summarizes the findings of PATH's work with the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to investigate the effects of an innovative program that promoted a chlorine disinfectant for treatment of water at home to pregnant women seeking antenatal care. This poster was presented at the Water and Health: Where Science Meets Policy conference hosted by the University of North Carolina Water Institute in October 2011.

Author: Foster J, Wood S

Publication date: October 2011

Region: Africa

Newborn Thermal Care Devices: Establishing a Value Proposition for Low-Resource Settings

Interventions to regulate the temperature of a newborn are critical. They must be simple, easy to use, easy to maintain, culturally appropriate, and effective. This report details PATH’s exploration of newborn thermal care devices and evaluates them for particular health settings. The report includes a product inventory, device evaluation matrices, and recommendations for future development of thermal care devices.

Publication date: December 2009

Region: Global

NIFTY™ Infant Feeding Cup

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes PATH's work, in collaboration with our partners, to develop a prototype cup to deliver expressed breast milk or formula to infants unable to breastfeed in low-resource countries.

Publication date: May 2012

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

US Department of Health and Human Services and PATH: Partnering to Protect and Improve Global Health

PATH and the US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) work together to improve global health around the world. This fact sheet highlights the PATH projects—some with a global reach and some working within specific regions—that are supported by HHS.

Publication date: April 2013

Region: Global

APHIA II Western Project: Best Practices and Promising Interventions

This report is a review of the USAID-funded AIDS, Population, and Health Integrated Assistance (APHIA II Western) Project, which operated at the provincial level in Western Kenya from December 2006 to December 2010. The project focused primarily on increasing the use of HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis health services, the adoption of healthier behaviors, the promotion of family planning and reproductive health services, and maternal and child health. The report is available as one large file or several smaller files.

Publication date: March 2011

Region: Africa

Outsourcing the Vaccine Supply Chain and Logistics System to the Private Sector: The Western Cape Experience in South Africa

Facilitated by project Optimize, a World Health Organization and PATH collaboration, this review was conducted in the Western Cape of South Africa whereby the Biovac Institute (a third-party, private-sector company) took over the roles of vaccine procurement, warehouse management, inventory management, and vaccine distribution directly to health centers.

Author: Lydon P

Publication date: October 2011

Region: Africa

Practical Selection of Neonatal Resuscitators: Southern African Development Community

PATH conducted a market study in 2008 to identify neonatal resuscitators available in the Southern African Development Community region. These resuscitators are included in this region-specific version of Practical Selection of Neonatal Resuscitators. All resuscitators identified were bag-and-mask designs. Also included are two devices that offer a tube-and-mask design. This guide presents the criteria used during the device evaluation, evaluation results for each device, and suggestions for choosing a resuscitator. The guide is available in two formats: one for booklet-style printing and one for onscreen viewing.

Publication date: June 2010

Region: Africa

PATH's Framework for Health Services Integration

Integration of health services—within communities, health organizations, broader health systems, and across sectors—is one way PATH works to improve global health. This overview brochure describes PATH's framework for health services integration, while four case studies provide specific examples of PATH's integration work.

Publication date: July 2011

Region: Global

An Assessment of Vaccine Supply Chain and Logistics Systems in Thailand

Health Systems Research Institute, in partnership with project Optimize, a PATH and World Health Organization collaboration, commissioned a study led by the Faculty of Pharmacy, Mahidol University, to better understand the vaccine supply chain system in Thailand and the challenges of implementing a streamlined vendor-managed inventory system.

Publication date: September 2011

Region: Asia

Balloon Tamponade

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes PATH's work to develop, test, and introduce a low-cost balloon tamponade that can be used in low-resource settings to control postpartum hemorrhage.

Publication date: November 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

Designing Communication Strategies That Work: Implementing the SIM Process

This guide introduces a new approach to developing communication strategies at PATH. The SIM process—derived from strategy development, intervention redesign, and monitoring and evaluation—represents a first attempt to systematize three concurrent and interlinked strands of activity in the start-up phase of PATH communication-for-social-change projects. The SIM process is the result of learning from more than a decade of communication programming in the Kenya Country Program, refined and augmented through consultations with communications professionals in other PATH projects worldwide.

Author: Bingham A, Brawley M, Gopinath CY

Publication date: September 2009

Region: Global

Developing a Total Market Plan for Family Planning in Vietnam: An Innovative Public and Private Collaboration to Enhance Equity and Sustainability

Since 2009, PATH has been working with government family planning officials to engage stakeholders and apply evidence to develop a total market plan for family planning in light of funding shortfalls. This case study in Vietnam is intended to highlight lessons learned and recommendations for those considering similar initiatives in other settings. It is a sister document to the Nicaragua case study, Developing Total Market Strategies for Family Planning in Nicaragua.

Author: Drake JK

Publication date: 2011

Region: Asia

Overcoming Barriers to TB Control: The Role of Advocacy, Communication, and Social Mobilization (ACSM)

This curriculum is designed for training tuberculosis (TB) control professionals and civil-society activists at national and local levels who are involved in advocacy, communication, and social mobilization (ACSM) efforts. It is designed to provide country-level staff with the specific knowledge and skills to plan, implement, and evaluate effective ACSM interventions linked to specific TB control objectives. The document consists of four files: the curriculum itself, plus annexes for trainer's guides, handouts, and work sheets.

Publication date: August 2011

Region: Global

Washington Global Health 2011 Strategic Mapping Portfolio

This report, commissioned by the Washington Global Health Alliance, identifies the global impact of 59 global health organizations in the state of Washington. Highlights from the report include the number of partnerships, number of projects, and number of employees in the global health sector. The report includes detailed graphics and project examples from many of the organizations.

Publication date: September 2011

Region: North America and Europe

Global Health Market Opportunity Assessment and Road Map for Washington State: 2011 Final Report

This report, commissioned by the Washington Global Health Alliance, contains findings from interviews about entering and participating in global health. It includes two case studies of businesses entering global health. The report concludes with recommendations for supporting collaboration and growing the global health sector.

Publication date: September 2011

Region: North America and Europe

Market Opportunities: How Washington Businesses Can Engage With the Global Sector

This four-page folio from the Washington Global Health Alliance and the City of Seattle's Office of Economic Development is directed toward businesses interested in developing global health technologies or supporting technologies. It contains case examples and factors for consideration.

Publication date: September 2011

Region: North America and Europe

PATH in Kenya: Innovation and Partnership to Improve Health

This brochure outlines PATH's work to help Kenya's health care sector improve services and strengthen community networks while empowering Kenyans to adopt healthier lifestyles. PATH offers novel approaches and technical expertise to address a range of health challenges, and we manage projects that reach millions of Kenyans.

Publication date: November 2011

Region: Africa

PATH in South Africa: A Comprehensive Approach to Improving Maternal and Child Health

This brochure outlines PATH's work to improve health in South Africa by bringing effective interventions to the people who need them most. Our interventions make birth safer, enhance infant and young child health, combat HIV/AIDS, strengthen health systems, and support improved sanitation.

Publication date: October 2011

Region: Africa

A HealthTech Report: Oxytocin in Uniject: Market Landscape Analysis

This study was an external analysis of the viability of supporting oxytocin in the Uniject™ injection system as a niche product in both the public and private sectors globally. A major component of this analysis was to conduct separate market analyses of 30 countries identified by the US Agency for International Development as priority countries for maternal health interventions.

Publication date: June 2011

Region: Global

A Trainer's Guide for a Workshop on Tuberculosis for Pharmacy Staff in Cambodia

This guide is based on widely used global training curricula for pharmacy staff developed and tested by PATH. The guide is intended for distribution to the tuberculosis trainers in Cambodia's municipal health departments, provincial health departments, and operational districts as well as the Pharmacy Association of Cambodia who have attended a trainer of trainers' course. The full guide contains two complete sections: one in Khmer and one in English. It is also available divided into each language.

Publication date: September 2011

Region: Asia

Improving Availability and Increasing Access to Oxytocin in the Uniject™ Injection System

Globally, the leading cause of maternal death is postpartum hemorrhage (PPH). In the absence of a skilled birth attendant, the World Health Organization recommends that a uterotonic drug, preferably oxytocin, be given to prevent PPH. This fact sheet describes how oxytocin in the Uniject™ injection system is one of the tools that programs in Latin America can use to expand access to oxytocin for prevention and treatment of PPH.

Publication date: September 2011

Region: Latin America

A HealthTech Report: Assessment of Willingness to Pay for Oxytocin in the Uniject™ Injection System Among Private Midwives in Indonesia

This report details a study of willingness to pay for oxytocin in the Uniject™ injection system among private midwives in Indonesia. The study also helped to reveal the preferred brands and use of oxytocin, assess the perception of oxytocin in Uniject™ with or without a time-temperature indicator, and identify possible challenges and barriers to market introduction and adoption of oxytocin in Uniject™ in Indonesia.

Publication date: September 2011

Region: Asia

Oxytocin in the Uniject® Prefilled Injection Device: Guatemala Pilot Introduction: Cost Analysis of Replacing Oxytocin in Ampoules With Oxytocin in the Uniject® Prefilled Injection Device for Active Management of the Third Stage of Labor at the Institutional Level in Guatemala

The purpose of this cost analysis study conducted at six health facilites was to determine the costs of replacing the existing delivery method with oxytocin in Uniject® for the prevention of postpartum hemorrhage. This study complements a larger study on acceptability and feasibility, Pilot Introduction of Oxytocin in Uniject® During Active Management of the Third Stage of Labor (AMTSL) at the Institutional Level in Guatemala.

Publication date: March 2010

Region: Latin America

Oxytocin in the Uniject™ Injection System Summary of Research: 1998–2011

This document summarizes all major pending and completed research that has been conducted with oxytocin in the Uniject™ injection system between 1998 and 2011.

Publication date: November 2011

Region: Global

Supporting Progress on Advocacy, Communication, and Social Mobilization for Tuberculosis Control: A Report on Outcomes of Regional ACSM Workshops for Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria Recipient Countries

This report describes lessons learned and recommendations from regional advocacy, communication, and social mobilization (ACSM) workshops for Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria recipient countries. The report describes the follow-on ACSM activities and outputs that have been generated at the country level as a result of participation in the workshops and makes recommendations for next steps in the development of effective ACSM interventions to support tuberculosis control goals and objectives.

Publication date: February 2009

Region: Global

PATH Safe Water Project's Monitoring and Evaluation Framework: Testing Market-Based Solutions in Four Countries

PATH’s Safe Water Project is implementing innovative methods to enable commercial enterprises to produce, distribute, sell, and maintain effective household water treatment and storage products for low-income populations in multiple developing countries around the world. This technical brief summarizes the monitoring and evaluation framework that was used to analyze the success of various market-based approaches that PATH tested in India, Cambodia, Vietnam, and Kenya.

Author: Kols A

Publication date: November 2011

Region: Global

Part of series: Safe water briefs

New Diarrhea Guidelines Look Toward a Healthy Future for Vietnam’s Families

This briefing paper details PATH's partnership with officials and health leaders in Vietnam to develop and distribute new clinical guidelines on the prevention and treatment of diarrhea. The document also summarizes PATH's pilot project to roll out and evaluate the new guidelines.

Publication date: November 2011

Region: Asia

Part of series: Diarrheal disease fact sheets

Strategic Planning and Situation Assessment for Cervical Cancer Prevention: Practical Experience From PATH

This document helps decision-makers and program planners focus on key “big picture” questions about cervical cancer prioritization and on opportunities and challenges for improved cancer prevention, including vaccination of girls and precancer screening and treatment of adult women.

Publication date: 2011

Region: Global

Directions in Global Health (Volume 8, Issue 2)

This issue of Directions in Global Health features PATH’s work to address noncommunicable diseases, such as diabetes and cancer. It also covers efforts to improve health in Kenya, build global and country capacity for influenza control, improve gender equity in China, and integrate health services for better outcomes.

Publication date: December 2011

Region: Global

Part of series: Directions in Global Health

PATH in Ethiopia: Driving Transformative Innovation to Address Maternal and Child Health and Infectious Disease

This brochure outlines PATH's work in Ethiopia to improve health. We work side by side with Ministry of Health officials, nongovernmental organizations, multilateral agencies, and other development-sector partners to mobilize partners, resources, and communities to reach the most vulnerable. Our alliances and relationships across every level of Ethiopia's health system allow us to strengthen health care services, build stronger health infrastructure, and reach families and communities with lifesaving interventions.

Publication date: October 2013

Region: Africa

Promoting Household Water Treatment Through Local Health Workers in Vietnam

This publication details PATH's pilot project to support distribution of effective household water treatment and safe storage products for low-income populations via local health workers. The pilot took place in two districts in Can Tho, Vietnam.

Publication date: November 2011

Region: Asia

Charting the Course for Integrated Diarrhea Control in Malawi: A Way Forward for Policy Change

This document outlines a landscape policy analysis that identified challenges and opportunities for prioritizing diarrheal disease in Malawi.

Publication date: November 2011

Region: Africa

Join Up, Scale Up: How Integration Can Defeat Disease and Poverty

Co-authored by Action Against Hunger, Action for Global Health, End Water Poverty, PATH, Tearfund, and WaterAid, this report highlights examples across 17 countries of how bringing different development approaches together—or integration—is working to help tackle poverty and disease, and calls on the international community, including donor and developing-country governments, to prioritize and invest in these joined-up programs.

Publication date: September 2011

Region: Global

Household Water Treatment and Safe Storage in Vietnam: Exploring Commercial Strategies to Market Safe Water Products

This publication details PATH's projects to improve household water treatment and storage in Vietnam, including findings and lessons learned from research and demonstration projects.

Author: Robertson J

Publication date: October 2011

Region: Asia

Part of series: Safe water briefs

PATH in Tanzania: Using Integrated Approaches to Expand Solutions for Tuberculosis, HIV, and Other Health Challenges

This brochure describes PATH's work in Tanzania, including how we improve services for tuberculosis and HIV, protect communities from malaria, expand cervical cancer options for women, and address other pressing health issues.

Publication date: December 2011

Region: Africa

Delivering Health Solutions to Those in Need: Our Work in Malaria Control, Child Nutrition, and HIV Prevention Builds Healthier Communities

This fact sheet provides an overview of PATH's work in Zambia, including our work to support data-driven malaria control measures, improve child health and nutrition, prevent HIV infection, and create better information management systems.

Publication date: December 2011

Region: Africa

Rotavirus Disease and Vaccines in Haiti

This fact sheet provides an overview of rotavirus disease and vaccines in Haiti. It includes information about the tremendous burden of rotavirus diarrhea in Haitian children, rotavirus diarrhea treatment and prevention strategies, and the effectiveness of rotavirus vaccines. It also lists countries that have introduced rotavirus vaccines into their national immunization programs.

Publication date: April 2013

Region: Latin America

Part of series: Rotavirus disease and vaccines fact sheets

Harnessing Solar Energy for Health Needs

Many health facilities in remote areas operate without grid electricity, have unreliable electricity, or find that using electricity is too costly. In these settings, solar energy is a promising solution for powering the storage and transportation of vaccines and heat‐sensitive drugs at controlled temperatures. Project Optimize, a collaboration between the World Health Organization and PATH, has been working with public and private partners on several solar technologies tailored to the following local electrical power conditions: unavailable or unreliable power, intermittent power, and reliable power.

Publication date: July 2012

Region: Global

Reducing the Need for Parallel Supply Chains

Project Optimize, a collaboration between the World Health Organization and PATH, aims to provide national immunization programs with recommendations to build integrated health supply systems, including strategic linkages with the parastatal and private sector. Ultimately, integration will allow public health programs to reduce uncertainties and risks, achieve economies of scale, shorten delivery lead times, improve procurement, provide better incentives for health workers, and improve quality of service to clients.

Publication date: July 2012

Region: Global

Point-of-Service Data to Drive Vaccine Supply Chains

This fact sheet outlines the different approaches that project Optimize, a World Health Organization and PATH collaboration, is testing to demonstrate that a consumption‐based system that uses service-delivery-level data can have a beneficial impact on inventory management, stock levels, and vaccine wastage.

Publication date: July 2012

Region: Global

Temperature Monitoring for Vaccine Quality

In collaboration with the Albanian Ministry of Health, project Optimize has installed a short message service–based system that monitors and logs temperature conditions in peripheral cold chain equipment. The team aims to assess the benefits of remote alarm systems over nonconnected temperature loggers.

Publication date: July 2012

Region: Global

Taking Advantage of the True Heat Stability of Vaccines

Project Optimize, a World Health Organization and PATH collaboration, is working to enable immunization programs to take advantage of the true stability of vaccines by labeling them for use at ambient temperatures in a controlled temperature chain for limited periods of time as appropriate to the stability of the antigen.

Publication date: July 2012

Region: Global

Vaccine Vial Monitors: FAQs

Vaccine vial monitors (VVMs) are small stickers that adhere to vaccine vials and change color as the vaccine is exposed to heat, letting health workers know whether the vaccine can be safely used for immunization. This fact sheet answers the most frequently asked questions regarding VVMs.

Publication date: January 2011

Region: Global

Assessment of a Remote Alarm System for Vaccine Storage in Albania

Between March and December 2010 this project Optimize study assessed the marginal managerial advantages of using a global system for mobile communications/short message service messaging to transmit the temperature data in 24 health centers of the district of Shkodra, Albania.

Publication date: July 2011

Region: Global

Breakeven Analysis for Various Human Papillomavirus Vaccine Presentations in Vietnam and Uganda

The study highlighted in this project Optimize report uses a breakeven cost analysis to compare potential prices, wastage rates, and cold chain requirements for various human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine presentations.

Publication date: August 2010

Region: Global

Assessment of the Vaccine Supply Chain for Fee-Based Immunization in Hanoi Capital and Ho Chi Minh City

The objective of this project Optimize assessment was to understand the structure, scope, and quality of the vaccine supply chain for fee-based immunization services and to provide recommendations for strengthening management and monitoring the quality of the vaccine supply chain for fee-based immunization.

Publication date: April 2011

Region: Asia

Results From a Survey of Immunization Stakeholders in Vietnam Regarding the Presentation, Packaging, and Distribution of Human Papillomavirus Vaccines

The purpose of this project Optimize survey was to obtain input from stakeholders within the Expanded Programme on Immunization in Vietnam about issues and perceptions related to the storage, distribution, and delivery of the current and potential options for human papillomavirus vaccine presentation and packaging.

Publication date: December 2009

Region: Asia

Evaluation Summary: Changing Gender Norms of Kenyan Scouts

PATH led the implementation and evaluation of a merit-based educational program aimed at changing inequitable gender norms among Kenyan boy and girl scouts in Coast Province in order to decrease the risk of HIV infection and gender-based violence among participants.

Publication date: January 2012

Region: Africa

Incremental Costs of Introducing Jet Injection Technology for Delivery of Routine Childhood Vaccinations: Comparative Analysis From Brazil, India, and South Africa

Disposable-syringe jet injectors have the potential to deliver vaccines safely and affordably. However, there are complex cost considerations that must be taken into account with any new technology. This article, published in Vaccine, estimates the incremental costs of transitioning from needles and syringes to delivering childhood vaccines with disposable-syringe jet injectors in Brazil, India, and South Africa.

Author: Griffiths UK, Santos AC, Nundy N, Jacoby E, Matthias D

Publication date: October 2010

Region: Global

Integration of Services for HIV/AIDS and Sexual and Reproductive Health: Pilot Projects in India Have Paved the Way for Wider Use of Effective Models, Strategies, and Tools

The HIV/AIDS pandemic has compelled the fields of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and HIV/AIDS to better leverage their strengths. This report outlines the feasibility of convergence through an examination of the potential opportunities and existing barriers to different types of linkages between SRH and HIV services in India.

Publication date: January 2012

Region: Asia

Microfinancing Boosts Uptake of Water Filters: PATH Partners With Indian Household Water Treatment and Safe Storage Manufacturer and Microfinance Organization to Expand Use of Water Filters That Can Reduce Diarrheal Disease

PATH’s Safe Water Project is implementing innovative methods to enable commercial enterprises to produce, distribute, sell, and maintain effective household water treatment and safe storage products for low-income populations in multiple developing countries around the world. This fact sheet summarizes PATH's work with Hindustan Unilever to explore the viability of distributing household water treatment devices through a microfinance model in India.

Publication date: January 2012

Region: Asia

Study of Sales of Kenyan Water Filters Shows Promise: PATH Partners With Local Agency to Explore New Ways to Offer Residents Water Filters

PATH’s Safe Water Project is implementing innovative methods to enable commercial enterprises to produce, distribute, sell, and maintain effective household water treatment and safe storage products for low-income populations in multiple developing countries around the world. This fact sheet summarizes PATH's work with the Safe Water and AIDS Project to explore the viability of distributing household water treatment devices through a basket-of-goods sales model in Kenya.

Publication date: January 2012

Region: Africa

Sparking Demand for Household Water Treatment Products: Lessons From Commercial Projects in Four Countries

PATH’s Safe Water Project is implementing innovative methods to enable commercial enterprises to produce, distribute, sell, and maintain effective household water treatment and safe storage products for low-income populations in multiple developing countries around the world. This project brief summarizes PATH's demand generation activities to encourage correct and consistent use of household water treatment solutions in Cambodia, Kenya, India, and Vietnam.

Author: Kols A

Publication date: January 2012

Region: Global

Part of series: Safe water briefs

Malaria Funding & Resource Utilization: The First Decade of Roll Back Malaria

This report, the first in the Roll Back Malaria Progress & Impact Series, confirms that investment in malaria control is rapidly saving lives and reaping far-reaching benefits for countries. The report demonstrates that without sustained and predictable long-term funding, the significant contribution of malaria control toward achievement of the five Millennium Development Goals that are closely tied to malaria control, as well as progress toward achieving the 2010 Abuja target of universal intervention coverage, could be reversed.

Author: Johansson EW, Cibulskis R, Steketee R

Publication date: March 2010

Region: Africa

Part of series: Roll Back Malaria Progress & Impact Series

World Malaria Day 2010: Africa Update

The second report in the Roll Back Malaria Progress & Impact Series benchmarks the remarkable progress and momentum that are building toward halting malaria in Africa.

Author: Johansson EW, Steketee R

Publication date: April 2010

Region: Africa

Part of series: Roll Back Malaria Progress & Impact Series

Saving Lives With Malaria Control: Counting Down to the Millennium Development Goals

The third report of the Roll Back Malaria Progress & Impact Series analyzes the impact of malaria control scale-up on child mortality over the last decade in 34 malaria-endemic African countries. Using the Lives Saved Tool, this report demonstrates the dramatic progress made toward achieving the Millennium Development Goals related to malaria and child survival—and the potential consequences of decreasing our commitment to fighting the disease.

Author: Eisele T, Larsen D, Walker N, Steketee R, Cibulskis R

Publication date: September 2010

Region: Africa

Part of series: Roll Back Malaria Progress & Impact Series

Focus on Senegal

The first country report in the Roll Back Malaria Progress & Impact Series, published in collaboration with Senegal’s National Malaria Control Programme, describes how Senegal achieved a spectacular drop in its malaria burden in just five years.

Author: Mouzin E, Thior PM, Diouf MB, Sambou B

Publication date: November 2010

Region: Africa

Part of series: Roll Back Malaria Progress & Impact Series

Mathematical Modelling to Support Malaria Control and Elimination

​This report, part of the Roll Back Malaria Progress & Impact Series, provides an overview of mathematical modelling, explains its history in relation to epidemiology and malaria, and details its implications and uses for global and national malaria control and elimination planning. The report aims to expand the dialogue within the global malaria community—and among public health decision-makers in particular—on when and how mathematical modelling can help inform malaria control programs and policies.

Author: Chitnis N, Schapira A, Smith DL, Smith T, Hay SI, Steketee R

Publication date: November 2010

Region: Africa

Part of series: Roll Back Malaria Progress & Impact Series

Focus on Zambia

This report, part of the Roll Back Malaria Progress & Impact Series, shows how Zambia has built up a strong disease-control program, with well-defined goals and organizational plans.

Author: Mouzin E, Mukonka V, Kamuliwo M, et al

Publication date: April 2011

Region: Africa

Part of series: Roll Back Malaria Progress & Impact Series

Business Investing in Malaria Control: Economic Returns and a Healthy Workforce for Africa

This report in the Roll Back Malaria Progress & Impact Series examines how private-sector investment in malaria control has improved cost-effectiveness at companies operating in malaria-endemic regions in Africa.

Author: Mouzin E, Sedlmayr R, Miller J, et al

Publication date: May 2011

Region: Africa

Part of series: Roll Back Malaria Progress & Impact Series

A Decade of Partnership and Results

Part of the Roll Back Malaria Progress & Impact Series, this report demonstrates the dramatic successes achieved by the malaria community over the past ten years. As a result of greater commitment and increased resources being made available to national malaria control programs, interventions have reached vulnerable populations and thousands of lives have been saved. The report details the evolution and effectiveness of the Roll Back Malaria Partnership over the years, demonstrating how a strong, well-organized community can help deliver broad health benefits while relieving overburdened health systems.

Author: White Johansson EW, Newby H, Carvajal L, et al

Publication date: September 2011

Region: Global

Part of series: Roll Back Malaria Progress & Impact Series

Eliminating Malaria: Learning From the Past, Looking Ahead

This report in the Roll Back Malaria Progress & Impact Series details previous malaria elimination and eradication efforts to date and summarizes ongoing progress in all malaria-endemic areas of the world.

Author: Rietveld A, Kurdova-Mintcheva R

Publication date: October 2011

Region: Global

Part of series: Roll Back Malaria Progress & Impact Series

Cambodia Country Program Website

This website about PATH’s Cambodia country program provides an overview of the program and its featured projects. See other PATH program websites.

Publication date: 2014

Region: Asia

Part of series: Program websites

China Country Program Website

This website about PATH’s China country program provides an overview of the program and its featured projects. See other PATH program websites.

Publication date: 2014

Region: Asia

Part of series: Program websites

Ethiopia Country Program Website

This website about PATH’s Ethiopia country program provides an overview of the program and its featured projects. See other PATH program websites.

Publication date: 2014

Region: Africa

Part of series: Program websites

India Country Program Website

This website about PATH’s India country program provides an overview of the program and its featured projects. See other PATH program websites.

Publication date: 2014

Region: Asia

Part of series: Program websites

Kenya Country Program Website

This website about PATH’s Kenya country program provides an overview of the program and its featured projects. See other PATH program websites.

Publication date: 2014

Region: Africa

Part of series: Program websites

South Africa Country Program

This website about PATH’s South Africa country program provides an overview of the program and its featured projects. See other PATH program websites.

Publication date: 2014

Region: Africa

Part of series: Program websites

Tanzania Country Program Website

This website about PATH’s Tanzania country program provides an overview of the program and its featured projects. See other PATH program websites.

Publication date: 2014

Region: Africa

Part of series: Program websites

Ukraine Country Program Website

This website about PATH’s Ukraine country program provides an overview of the program and its featured projects. See other PATH program websites.

Publication date: 2014

Region: Eastern Europe

Part of series: Program websites

Vietnam Country Program Website

This website about PATH’s Vietnam country program provides an overview of the program and its featured projects. See other PATH program websites.

Publication date: 2014

Region: Asia

Part of series: Program websites

Zambia Country Program Website

This website about PATH’s Zambia country program provides an overview of the program and its featured projects. See other PATH program websites.

Publication date: 2014

Region: Africa

Part of series: Program websites

HIV/AIDS and Tuberculosis Global Program Website

This website about PATH’s HIV/AIDS and Tuberculosis global program provides an overview of the program and its featured projects. See other PATH program websites.

Publication date: 2014

Region: Global

Part of series: Program websites

Malaria Control and Evaluation Partnership in Africa Global Program Website

This website about PATH’s Malaria Control and Evaluation Partnership in Africa (MACEPA) global program provides an overview of the program and its featured projects. See other PATH program websites.

Publication date: 2014

Region: Global

Part of series: Program websites

Malaria Vaccine Initiative Global Program Website

This website about PATH’s Malaria Vaccine Initiative (MVI) global program provides an overview of the program and its featured projects. See other PATH program websites.

Publication date: 2014

Region: Global

Part of series: Program websites

Maternal and Child Health and Nutrition Global Program Website

This website about PATH’s Maternal and Child Health and Nutrition global program provides an overview of the program and its featured projects. See other PATH program websites.

Publication date: 2014

Region: Global

Part of series: Program websites

Meningitis Vaccine Project Global Program Website

This website about PATH’s Meningitis Vaccine Project (MVP) global program provides an overview of the program and its featured projects. See other PATH program websites.

Publication date: 2014

Region: Global

Part of series: Program websites

Reproductive Health Global Program Website

This website about PATH’s Reproductive Health global program provides an overview of the program and its featured projects. See other PATH program websites.

Publication date: 2014

Region: Global

Part of series: Program websites

Vaccine Development Global Program Website

This website about PATH’s Vaccine Development global program provides an overview of the program and its featured projects. See other PATH program websites.

Publication date: 2014

Region: Global

Part of series: Program websites

Technology Solutions Global Program Website

This website about PATH’s Technology Solutions program provides an overview of the program and its featured projects. See other PATH program websites.

Publication date: 2014

Region: Global

Part of series: Program websites

Vaccine Access and Delivery Global Program Website

This website about PATH’s Vaccine Access and Delivery global program provides an overview of the program and its featured projects. See other PATH program websites.

Publication date: 2014

Region: Global

Part of series: Program websites

Tackling Tuberculosis and HIV in Tanzania: A Story of Hope

Throughout Tanzania, PATH helps to bring tuberculosis (TB) and HIV services together in one place so that patients are able to access critical testing and medications more easily. This is the story of how PATH’s work to integrate the delivery of TB and HIV services helped save the life of a farmer in rural Tanzania. It is one of a series of success stories that showcase some of the ways that PATH’s work in TB is having an impact on people’s lives in a variety of settings around the world. This work was made possible through generous funding from the US Agency for International Development.

Publication date: February 2012

Region: Africa

Part of series: Tuberculosis success stories

Eka's Story: Laying the Foundation for Success to Stop Tuberculosis in Georgia

This is the story about the journey of a courageous doctor in the country of Georgia who received training from PATH in advocacy, communication, and social mobilization (ACSM) to link together national- and community-level efforts to fight tuberculosis (TB). The ACSM approach helps communities learn how to mobilize political commitment and resources for TB and educate people about TB and its cure, to improve case detection and treatment adherence. These interventions are critical to combating stigma and discrimination and empowering people affected by TB. This story is one of a series of success stories that showcase some of the ways that PATH’s work in TB is having an impact on people’s lives in a variety of settings around the world. This work was made possible through generous funding from the US Agency for International Development.

Publication date: February 2012

Region: Eastern Europe

Part of series: Tuberculosis success stories

Preventing the Spread of Tuberculosis in India: Improving Infection Control in Health Facilities

PATH is working across the spectrum of the health care system to strengthen infection control in high-risk settings across India. This is the story of how PATH’s work to upgrade health facilities in India helped ensure that the Chowdawaram Community Health Center in the state of Andhra Pradesh was able to protect patients and health care workers from the airborne transmission of tuberculosis (TB) within the facility. It is one of a series of success stories that showcase some of the ways that PATH’s work in TB is having an impact on people’s lives in a variety of settings around the world. This work was made possible through generous funding from the US Agency for International Development.

Publication date: February 2012

Region: Asia

Part of series: Tuberculosis success stories

Strengthening Lifesaving Tuberculosis Laboratories in India

This is the story of how PATH’s work to upgrade tuberculosis (TB) laboratories in India helps ensure that laboratories have the equipment, training, and procedures in place to diagnose TB, including drug-resistant forms, so that people who are sick can access the lifesaving treatment they need as quickly as possible. It is one of a series of success stories that showcase some of the ways that PATH’s work in TB is having an impact on people’s lives in a variety of settings around the world. This work was made possible through generous funding from the US Agency for International Development.

Publication date: February 2012

Region: Asia

Part of series: Tuberculosis success stories

Engaging All Health Care Providers in Tuberculosis Control: Public-Private Partnership in Cambodia

This is the story of how PATH’s work to involve local pharmacists and other private-sector health providers in Cambodia in the early detection of tuberculosis (TB) cases helps to find people with TB faster and get them the treatment they need, using all of the country’s health care resources. This approach also helps ensure that all health care providers are knowledgeable about the correct drugs needed for TB and know how to refer patients to facilities for appropriate drugs when needed. This story is one of a series of success stories that showcase some of the ways that PATH’s work in TB is having an impact on people’s lives in a variety of settings around the world. This work was made possible through generous funding from the US Agency for International Development.

Publication date: February 2012

Region: Asia

Part of series: Tuberculosis success stories

Access for All: The Secretariat of the Reproductive Health Supplies Coalition Annual Report 2010

The Reproductive Health Supplies Coalition is a global partnership dedicated to making essential reproductive health products available in low- and middle-income countries. As the Coalition’s administrative and operative arm, the Secretariat works to ensure that our partnership functions smoothly and achieves its goals. This report highlights key successes achieved in 2010.

Publication date: 2011

Region: Global

Reproductive Health Commodity Security: Leading From Behind to Forge a Global Movement

It is widely recognized today that ensuring a reliable supply of quality contraceptives is essential to reproductive health programs. The tagline "No product? No program" is known, understood, and embraced by those working to support reproductive health in the developing world. But this was not always the case. This paper tells the story of how what was once seen only as a technical issue became a global movement.

Author: Solo J

Publication date: 2011

Region: Global

Strengthening the Quality of Abortion Services in Vietnam

This fact sheet provides an overview of PATH's work to improve the quality of and access to medical abortion services, including post-abortion family planning, at the district level in Vietnam.

Publication date: March 2013

Region: Asia

Supporting Tuberculosis Control in Vietnam: Building Bridges to Reduce TB Burden

This fact sheet provides an overview of PATH's support to the government of Vietnam on tuberculosis control activities, including the public-private mix referral mechanism and advocacy, communications, and social mobilization strategy.

Publication date: February 2013

Region: Asia

Oral Rehydration Solution Re-formulated: A New and Improved Lifesaving Solution

This fact sheet highlights PATH's efforts to reduce deaths caused by diarrheal disease by improving the current formulation of oral rehydration solution (ORS) so that it not only reverses dehydration, but also treats diarrheal symptoms. By adding a treatment agent to ORS, PATH and our partners hope to increase ORS utilization in low-resource countries where deaths due to diarrheal disease are the highest.

Publication date: January 2014

Region: North America and Europe

Community Health Workers' Manual

PATH developed this manual for community health workers to facilitate and support the implementation of the AIDS, Population, and Health Integrated Assistance (APHIA) II project’s community-based activities in Eastern, Nyanza, and Western provinces of Kenya. The manual was developed with funding from the US Agency for International Development. It is available as one large file or as 17 smaller files.

Publication date: July 2007

Region: Africa

Spring Infusor Pump for Antibiotic Treatment of Osteomyelitis

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes PATH's work to assess the value and sustainability of using a simple, affordable spring infusor pump for long-term outpatient administration of antibiotics for the treatment of osteomyelitis in low-resource settings.

Publication date: March 2012

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

Combining Forces in Cambodia to Overcome Childhood Diarrhea and Pneumonia

This fact sheet provides an overview of PATH's ongoing work in Cambodia to integrate diarrhea and pneumonia control. At the national level, PATH collaborated with the Cambodia Ministry of Health to strengthen policy so that effective interventions and appropriate and reliable supplies are made available throughout the public- and private-health sectors as well as in the community to reduce the burden of diarrheal disease and pneumonia among children in Cambodia. PATH also worked on a district-level demonstration project to put policy into practice and inform expansion throughout the country. Through this integrated approach to community health, Cambodia is addressing the two most dangerous threats to its children and is already making a significant and lasting impact.

Publication date: March 2012

Region: Asia

Software for National-Level Vaccine Cold Chain Equipment Management

In collaboration with experts from the World Health Organization (WHO), UNICEF, the Clinton Health Access Initiative, the University of Washington, and the national immunization programs of Uganda, Kenya, and Malawi, PATH developed the Cold Chain Equipment Manager (CCEM)—an inventory and planning tool that utilizes Microsoft Access–based software and analytic tools to help with data collection and analysis. Planning algorithms, data visualization, system modeling, and report-generation by CCEM adhere to national immunization policies and WHO/UNICEF standards. This poster, first presented in March 2012 at the Fifth Annual International Conference on Information Communication Technologies and Development, outlines the role and potential positive impact of the CCEM in lead up to the introduction of new pneumococcal and rotavirus vaccines.

Author: Anderson R, Lloyd J, Newland S

Publication date: March 2012

Region: Global

Collaborating to Control Tuberculosis

In collaboration with the Foundation for Innovative New Diagnostics and the Hong Kong Supranational Reference Laboratory, PATH assists the Chinese National Tuberculosis Reference Laboratory with determining the operational feasibility, cost-effectiveness, and impact of new tuberculosis diagnostics in order to help the Chinese Ministry of Health decide whether to introduce and scale up these technologies. This fact sheet is presented in English on one side and simplified Chinese on the other.

Publication date: March 2012

Region: Asia

Small Steps, Big Leap

This document is a compilation of Sure Start project experiences in Maharashtra, India. The stories provide a glimpse of community health workers in Maharashtra who reached out to women among the urban poor offering information, practical solutions, and emotional support. The project helped to improve maternal and newborn health care in the states of Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh, India.

Publication date: January 2012

Region: Asia

Part of series: Sure Start publications

Sure Start: Ensuring the Health and Safety of Mothers and Newborns in India Through Behavior Change and Community Action

Sure Start was a seven-year project to improve birth outcomes and ensure the health of mothers and newborns in two states of India. This fact sheet outlines community-based interventions that expanded access to skilled birth attendants, established support groups for women, and introduced communications approaches to change behaviors.

Publication date: March 2012

Region: Asia

Part of series: Sure Start publications

Sure Start Brochure (Zindagi Aayi Khushiyan Laayi: Sure Start Ke Sang)

This brochure provides a detailed description of the Sure Start project, a seven-year initiative in Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra, India, that focused on improving maternal and newborn health care. The document outlines the strategies employed by community workers in rural areas of Uttar Pradesh and urban slum areas of Maharashtra.

Publication date: April 2012

Region: Asia

Part of series: Sure Start publications

Suggested Urban Health Post Model and Sure Start Maharashtra Framework

This document presents a suggested model for urban intervention in maternal and newborn health after the successful implementation of the Sure Start project in urban slums of Maharashtra, India. In addition, the document provides a diagrammatic representation of the strategy and approach adopted by Sure Start in Maharashtra for demand generation and system linkages.

Publication date: March 2012

Region: Asia

Part of series: Sure Start publications

Sure Start in Maharashtra, India

A snapshot of the Sure Start initiative in seven cities of Maharashtra, India, this document presents a concise overview of the improvements in maternal and health practices in the intervention areas.

Publication date: February 2012

Region: Asia

Part of series: Sure Start publications

Sure Start: Saving Lives of Mothers and Newborns in Maharashtra: City-Specific Intervention Models

This document summarizes the models employed by Sure Start in urban slum areas of Maharashtra, India, to ensure good-quality care and medical assistance to expectant mothers and newborns: volunteerism, public-private partnership, quality of care, community-based health insurance, convergence of maternal and newborn health and HIV services, and an emergency health fund and prepaid card.

Publication date: 2012

Region: Asia

Part of series: Sure Start publications

Non-Pneumatic Antishock Garment

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes PATH's work to make the non-pneumatic antishock garment—an effective tool for the management of postpartum hemorrhage—affordable, available, and accessible in low-resource settings.

Publication date: April 2012

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

Diarrhoea Dialogues: From Policies to Progress

Diarrhoea Dialogues: From Policies to Progress reviews national policies and strategies to control diarrhea in three African countries: Ethiopia, Mali, and Zambia. The report provides recommendations based on research findings and calls for global and national decision-makers to take coordinated action to overcome challenges and address diarrhea by engaging in dialogue and working together to save lives.

Publication date: April 2012

Region: Global

Sanitation: A Strategic Approach

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet provides an overview of PATH’s sanitation strategy, which addresses access and sustainability in four key areas: market approaches, technology and products, financing, and an overall sanitation framework focused on end users in low-resource settings.

Publication date: May 2012

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

Vaccine Regional Distribution Center Cost Assessment

Project Optimize, a collaboration between the World Health Organization and PATH, assessed the cost implications of leveraging a regional distribution center for the international transportation of vaccines. This report outlines the economic issues that need to be addressed for such a solution to be acceptable to country decision-makers, vaccine manufacturers, and private-sector warehouse and distribution companies.

Publication date: December 2011

Region: Global

PATH Today (Spring 2013)

This issue of PATH Today describes PATH's multipronged approach to eliminating malaria in Africa and the development of semisynthetic artemisinin, a key ingredient in malaria treatment. It includes updates on PATH's work to prevent diarrhea in Cambodia and to diagnose cervical cancer. It also contains a profile of Dean Allen, CEO of McKinstry and PATH's board treasurer.

Publication date: May 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: PATH Today

Safety Management System for Human Milk Banks

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes PATH's work to ensure the safe pasteurization of human breast milk in homes and resource-limited health care facilities. Our work is based on a platform called FoneAstra.

Publication date: June 2012

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

Digital Public Health Platform

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes PATH’s work to develop the Digital Public Health platform as a way for local health workers in low-resource settings to deliver community-led, culturally appropriate videos to patients during household visits and community gatherings.

Publication date: May 2012

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

Noninvasive Technology for Anemia Detection

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes PATH’s work to advance an accurate, noninvasive device that could be used to screen for anemia in low-resource settings at the point of care by minimally trained health workers.

Publication date: November 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

Directions in Global Health (Volume 9, Issue 1)

This issue of Directions in Global Health features PATH’s Sure Start project, which helped to improve maternal and newborn health in India. Other articles cover strategies to eliminate malaria, advocacy and communications to improve tuberculosis control, a landmark vaccine introduction in Ghana, and a new child-health initiative in southern Africa.

Publication date: May 2012

Region: Global

Part of series: Directions in Global Health

Treading a New Path: Stories From the Sure Start Project in Uttar Pradesh

Sure Start was a seven-year project in India to help improve birth outcomes and ensure the health and safety of mothers and newborns. This report shows how health workers in Uttar Pradesh offered information, practical solutions, and emotional support, enabling women to take charge of their health and that of their newborns.

Publication date: May 2012

Region: Asia

Part of series: Sure Start publications

Evaluation Summary: Changing Gender Norms Among Young Men and Reducing Violence in Chongqing, China

This evaluation summary outlines the methodology and key findings of the Nike Foundation–funded Breaking Gender Barriers project with male factory workers and vocational students in Chongqing, China.

Publication date: June 2012

Region: Asia

Paper Microbicide Applicators: A Low-Cost Solution to Increase Access to HIV Prevention Methods

Since 2003, PATH has conducted a wide range of activities to inform and advance the development of novel microbicide-delivery methods that are safe, acceptable, affordable, and appropriate for use in low-resource settings. This fact sheet describes how PATH identified a paper, user-filled applicator as an important, practical option that could help reduce cost per dose, thereby improving access to microbicide products in impoverished regions most affected by HIV.

Publication date: June 2012

Region: Global

Breaking Gender Barriers, Kenya Scouts Activity Packs 1 and 2

The Breaking Gender Barriers project in Kenya used several behavior change interventions, including activity packs, to provide information and build the skills of young people. These activity packs were important tools for engaging scouts in in-depth and interactive discussions with scout leaders, their peers, and parents/guardians around the issues of values, gender, gender-based violence, life skills, and healthy relationships.

Publication date: April 2010

Region: Africa

Breaking Gender Barriers in Kenya: Discussion Guide for Supporters and Actors of Gender Equity (SAGE) Groups

This guide was designed to be used by trained facilitators to provide gender-related discussion topics for community groups through Supporters and Advocates of Gender Equity (SAGE) teams. Working in partnership with the Kenya Scouts Association, PATH used existing networks of scout leaders, scouts, and community groups in target communities to address gender norms through a combination of dialogue groups, scouting activities, and theater. The activities were intended to help change negative gender attitudes and behaviors.

Publication date: September 2010

Region: Africa

Gender and Health Project With Young Men in Chongqing, China: Facilitator Manual

The Gender and Health Project With Young Men curriculum provides instructions for facilitating participatory and interactive discussions with young people on issues related to changing gender norms to be more gender equitable. The curriculum includes eight sessions: gender and power (two sessions), sexuality, men and health, healthy relationships, HIV/AIDS and condom use, gender roles and fatherhood, and violence.

Publication date: May 2010

Region: Asia

Combating HIV/AIDS in the Democratic Republic of Congo

In the Democratic Republic of Congo, PATH is working with local groups from the ground up to link people with integrated HIV prevention, care, and support services through the ProVIC project. The five-year project, funded by the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief through the US Agency for International Development, has adapted the Champion Community approach to engage individuals, families, and entire communities, especially high-risk groups, in the fight against HIV/AIDS.

Publication date: June 2012

Region: Africa

PATH and HIV/AIDS: Applying a Range of Strategies Across Multiple Populations to Achieve Measurable Impact

PATH has worked to reduce the global impact of HIV and AIDS since the epidemic’s inception. Our collaborative approach to leadership and our technical approach to programming align closely with the US Global Health Initiative framework to promote strong health systems. This capability statement summarizes how we've conducted HIV-related activities covering a broad array of populations in 35 countries in Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe, and Latin America.

Publication date: February 2012

Region: Global

Protecting Child Health for a Promising Future

This fact sheet provides a snapshot of our programs that tackle the leading causes of childhood illness and death: diarrheal disease, pneumonia, and malaria. It profiles our work on new and innovative vaccines, medicines, diagnostics, and devices, as well as cross-cutting approaches that lead to healthy behaviors and lasting improvements to health systems.

Publication date: November 2012

Region: Global

ProVIC: Integrated HIV/AIDS Project in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

In the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), PATH and our partners are working from the ground up to better link people to HIV and other health services through the five-year ProVIC project. Our programmatic approach includes working through “champion communities” to link people with integrated HIV prevention, care, and support services. This flyer has two sides: one in English and the other in French. It is also available divided into each language.

Publication date: April 2012

Region: Africa

ProVIC Success Story: Improving Access to HIV Prevention Services and Reducing Stigma Through Mobile Voluntary Counseling and Testing

In the Democratic Republic of Congo, PATH leads a consortium of partners to help communities find sustainable ways to actively participate in the fight against HIV/AIDS through the ProVIC project. ProVIC is expanding and improving HIV prevention services through innovative approaches like mobile HIV counseling and testing clinics, which circulate day and night to reach the most vulnerable groups.

Publication date: November 2011

Region: Africa

ProVIC Success Story: Community Leadership Fosters Behavior Change Around HIV/AIDS and Mobilizes Communities

In the Democratic Republic of Congo, PATH leads a consortium of partners to help communities find sustainable ways to actively participate in the fight against HIV/AIDS through the ProVIC project. Through the Champion Community approach, communities themselves take the lead in promoting behavior change to reduce stigma for children orphaned or affected by the disease.

Publication date: November 2011

Region: Africa

Management of the HIV Epidemic in Nicaragua: The Need to Improve Information Systems and Access to Affordable Diagnostics

This article, published in the Bulletin of the World Health Organization, discusses the need for better information systems and diagnostics for HIV in Nicaragua, a country with a growing epidemic among young people.

Author: Espinoza H, Sequeira M, Domingo G, Amador JJ, Quintanilla M, de los Santos T

Publication date: August 2011

Region: Latin America

Building Next-Generation Vaccine Supply Systems: Supply Chain Modeling and Optimization

This fact sheet describes how project Optimize and our partners, Agence de Médecine Préventive, United Nations Children’s Fund, and the Vaccine Modeling Initiative at University of Pittsburgh, are working with countries to model the impact of changes to vaccine logistics and supply systems on vaccine availability, using a powerful new modeling tool called HERMES.

Publication date: May 2012

Region: Global

Directions in Global Health (Volume 9, Issue 2)

This issue of Directions in Global Health highlights PATH’s work to reduce the global burden of HIV/AIDS. It describes how PATH strengthens community-based responses; addresses gender norms to reduce HIV risk; integrates services for maximum effectiveness against HIV, tuberculosis, and other health challenges; advances needed technologies; and evaluates project impact. In addition, Dr. Julie Pulerwitz offers her perspective on turning the tide against AIDS.

Publication date: July 2012

Region: Global

Part of series: Directions in Global Health

Piloting Retail and Direct Sales Models for Household Water Treatment Products in Cambodia: PATH Partners With Hydrologic and VisionFund to Increase Household Water Treatment

PATH’s Safe Water Project is implementing innovative methods to enable commercial enterprises to produce, distribute, sell, and maintain effective household water treatment and safe storage products for low-income populations in multiple developing countries around the world. This fact sheet summarizes PATH's work in partnership with Hydrologic Social Enterprise and VisionFund to explore the viability of distributing household water treatment devices through retail and direct sales models.

Publication date: June 2012

Region: Asia

Sanitation: A Strategic Approach: PATH's Current Efforts to Improve Sanitation in Low-Resource Settings

This fact sheet describes PATH's strategic approach to improving sanitation in low-resource settings.

Publication date: June 2012

Region: Global

Integrating Early Childhood Development Project

This fact sheet describes PATH’s Integrating Early Childhood Development (I-ECD) Project in Kenya and Mozambique, which is funded by the Conrad N. Hilton Foundation. I-ECD works with existing PATH projects to integrate and strengthen ECD services in communities and facilities and support multi-sectoral linkages and collaboration.

Publication date: April 2012

Region: Africa

The Facts: Female Genital Mutilation

This fact sheet provides statistics on female genital mutilation (FGM) worldwide. It summarizes who is affected, reasons for FGM, where it is practiced, the four types of FGM as defined by the World Health Organization, and global efforts to stop FGM.

Author: Reymond L, Mohamud A, Ali N

Publication date: December 1997

Region: Global

Strengthening National Regulatory Capacity: PATH Supports Countries to Ensure Health Products Are Safe, Effective, and Swiftly Delivered

Global investments to strengthen regulatory capacity in developing countries help ensure desperately needed medical products are delivered, thereby improving health and equipping countries with the expertise and infrastructure to make important health decisions for years to come.

Publication date: July 2012

Region: Global

Meeting the Global Challenge of HIV/AIDS: Our Strategies and Expertise Help Communities Reduce Risk and Provide Access to Lifesaving Services

PATH is committed to collaborating with partners around the world to improve and expand effective HIV/AIDS prevention, diagnosis, care, and treatment services. Using evidence-based, integrated, and innovative approaches, our work reaches communities across Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe, and Latin America.

Publication date: July 2012

Region: Global

Advanced Adjuvants for Novel Vaccines: Expanding Access to Technology in the Fight Against Infectious Disease

This fact sheet describes the positive impact that adjuvants can have on vaccine efficacy and, potentially, immunization program costs. It also describes PATH’s work to expand global access to proprietary and non-proprietary adjuvants as well as relevant formulations technologies to facilitate their successful exploration and use by product development partnerships and developing-country vaccine manufacturers.

Publication date: June 2012

Region: Global

Advancing Vaccine Formulations of Importance to Developing Countries Using New and Existing Adjuvant Technologies

The positive impact of adjuvants on vaccination can be functional and practical. A handful of adjuvants are currently licensed for human vaccination, and a number of new adjuvants have reached advanced development stages. However, access to these and other adjuvants is limited. Presented at the 2012 Conference on Modern Vaccines Adjuvants and Delivery Systems, this poster outlines PATH’s work to expand access to proprietary and non-proprietary adjuvants as well as relevant formulations technologies to facilitate their successful exploration and use by product development partnerships and developing-country vaccine manufacturers.

Author: Blum J, Chen D, Cummings R

Publication date: June 2012

Region: Global

Rotavirus Disease and Vaccines in Asia

This fact sheet provides an overview of rotavirus disease and vaccines in Asia. It includes information about the tremendous burden of rotavirus diarrhea in Asian children, rotavirus diarrhea treatment and prevention strategies, and the effectiveness of rotavirus vaccines. It also lists countries that have introduced rotavirus vaccines into their national immunization programs.

Publication date: October 2012

Region: Asia

Part of series: Rotavirus disease and vaccines fact sheets

Rotavirus Disease and Vaccines in Africa

This fact sheet provides an overview of rotavirus disease and vaccines in Africa. It includes information about the tremendous burden of rotavirus diarrhea in African children, rotavirus diarrhea treatment and prevention strategies, and the effectiveness of rotavirus vaccines. It also lists countries that have introduced rotavirus vaccines into their national immunization programs.

Publication date: September 2013

Region: Africa

Part of series: Rotavirus disease and vaccines fact sheets

10 Tips for Successful Malaria Vaccine Advocacy

This booklet presents advocacy tips, success stories, and examples of efforts to bridge the worlds of science and policymaking and to help ensure that policymakers at national, regional, and international levels have the information needed to make timely and informed decisions as soon as a first malaria vaccine becomes available for use.

Publication date: February 2012

Region: Africa

Country Planning for Health Interventions Under Development: Lessons From the Malaria Vaccine Decision-Making Framework and Implications for Other New Interventions

This paper describes research into the anticipated processes and data needed to inform decision-making on malaria vaccines, the most advanced of which is still in phase 3 trials.

Author: Brooks A, Ba-Nguz A

Publication date: February 2012

Region: Africa

The PATH Malaria Vaccine Initiative

The PATH Malaria Vaccine Initiative (MVI) is a vaccine development program of PATH. This fact sheet provides an overview of MVI's history, mission, vision, and work.

Publication date: November 2012

Region: Global

Clinical Trials: Steps in Malaria Vaccine Development

Clinical trials are a critical source of data for decisions around vaccine development. This fact sheet provides information about the phases of clinical trials.

Publication date: October 2009

Region: Global

First Results of Phase 3 Trial of RTS,S/AS01 Malaria Vaccine in African Children

A malaria vaccine, deployed in combination with current malaria-control tools, could play an important role in the future control and eventual elimination of malaria in Africa. This article, published in the New England Journal of Medicine, reports the initial results of an ongoing phase 3 trial of RTS,S/AS01 being conducted at 11 centers in seven African countries.

Publication date: November 2011

Region: Africa

Producing a Successful Malaria Vaccine: Innovation in the Lab and Beyond

Late-stage trials of an advanced malaria vaccine candidate—which, if approved, would become the world’s first malaria vaccine—are under way. This article, published in Health Affairs, recounts the pivotal roles played by collaborations of nonprofit organizations, pharmaceutical companies, private and public donors, and countries whose citizens would benefit most directly from a vaccine.

Author: Loucq C, Birkett A, Poland D, Botting C, Nunes J, Ethelston S

Publication date: June 2011

Region: Africa

Community Perceptions of Malaria and Vaccines in the South Coast and Busia Regions of Kenya

Malaria is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in children younger than five years in Kenya. Within the context of planning for a vaccine to be used alongside existing malaria control methods, this study, published in Malaria Journal, explores sociocultural and health communications issues among individuals who are responsible for or influence decisions on childhood vaccination at the community level.

Author: Ojakaa DI, Ofware P, Machira YW, et al

Publication date: May 2011

Region: Africa

Strengthening the Role of Pharmacies: Building Pharmacists' Capacity as Primary Health Care Providers

This fact sheet describes PATH's work to strengthen the capacity of staff in almost 1,000 pharmacies across Vietnam to deliver primary health care services.

Publication date: August 2012

Region: Asia

Echoing Success: Expanding Promotion of Home Water Treatment Through the Antenatal Water and Hygiene Kit Program in Malawi

Since 2006, PATH has investigated how commercial market forces can help extend access to safe water in developing countries and reduce waterborne disease. Promoting household water treatment and storage products targeted to low-income consumers is a key part of the strategy. This project brief summarizes PATH's work in Malawi working with the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to assess the effects of an innovative program that promoted chlorine disinfectants for household water treatment to pregnant women seeking antenatal care.

Author: Kols A, Wood S, Schlanger K

Publication date: September 2012

Region: Africa

Part of series: Safe water briefs

The FDA's Role in Global Health: Helping Safe, Effective Health Tools Reach People in Need Worldwide

This fact sheet from the Global Health Technologies Coalition outlines the FDA's role in global health and offers recommendations for how the FDA can continue to play an important role in efforts to ensure the safety of health tools to prevent, diagnose, and treat infectious diseases that affect millions of people worldwide every year.

Publication date: July 2013

Region: North America and Europe

Ingredients of a Successful Public-Private Partnership: A Case Study of the Landmark Vaccine Vial Monitor Partnership

This document describes the partnership that created the vaccine vial monitor, providing a useful example to policymakers, funders, nongovernmental and multilateral organizations, and product developers of how the public and private sectors can better address today’s greatest global health needs through dynamic, long-term partnerships.

Publication date: September 2012

Region: North America and Europe

Building Pharmacy Capacity in Vietnam: Improving Knowledge and Skills in Primary Health Care

This project brief describes PATH's work to strengthen the capacity of staff in almost 1,000 pharmacies across Vietnam to deliver primary health care services.

Publication date: August 2012

Region: Asia

Paving the Way for Respiratory Syncytial Virus Prevention: Vaccine Development Against a Widespread Cause of Respiratory Illness in Infants and Young Children

This fact sheet highlights PATH's work to develop a vaccine against respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) for use in a maternal immunization strategy in the developing world that can protect infants in the critical early months of life.

Publication date: September 2013

Region: Global

Outsourcing Vaccine Supply Chain and Logistics to the Private Sector

This project Optimize evidence brief provides supply chain managers in low- and middle-income countries with an overview of the potential benefits of outsourcing components of their vaccine logistics systems to the private sector. It also provides practical advice on determining whether outsourcing is a viable option.

Publication date: September 2012

Region: Global

Part of series: Project Optimize evidence brief series

Achieving the Global Vision for Future Immunization Supply and Logistics Systems: Action Plans

Developed in collaboration with national and international partners and coordinated by project Optimize, these action plans describe specific activities and strategies designed to help achieve the 2020 vision for immunization supply and logistics systems. The vision and action plans are divided into five priority areas: vaccine products and packaging, immunization supply system efficiency, environmental impact of immunization supply systems, immunization information systems, and human resources for immunization logistics.

Publication date: September 2012

Region: Global

John Taolo Gaetsewe District Profile: Ensuring Healthier Futures for Mothers and Children

This document describes the Window of Opportunity project's efforts to improve the health and development of mothers and children in John Taolo Gaetswe District, South Africa. The Window of Opportunity project is a five-year initiative led by PATH, with support from BHP Billiton Sustainable Communities, that focuses on improving the health and development of children younger than two years in South Africa and Mozambique.

Publication date: September 2012

Region: Africa

Part of series: Window of Opportunity project: district profiles

Nkangala District Profile: Reaching Mothers and Children to Improve Health and Development

This document describes the Window of Opportunity project's efforts to improve the health and development of mothers and children in Nkangala District, South Africa. The Window of Opportunity project is a five-year initiative led by PATH, with support from BHP Billiton Sustainable Communities, that focuses on improving the health and development of children younger than two years in South Africa and Mozambique.

Publication date: September 2012

Region: Africa

Part of series: Window of Opportunity project: district profiles

Sedibeng District Profile: Supporting Enhanced Child Health Services

This document describes the Window of Opportunity project's efforts to enhance child health services in Sedibeng District, South Africa. The Window of Opportunity project is a five-year initiative led by PATH, with support from BHP Billiton Sustainable Communities, that focuses on improving the health and development of children younger than two years in South Africa and Mozambique.

Publication date: September 2012

Region: Africa

Part of series: Window of Opportunity project: district profiles

Uthungulu District Profile: Integrating Health and Development Services for Mothers and Children

This document describes the Window of Opportunity project's efforts to integrate health and development services for mothers and children in Uthungulu District, South Africa. The Window of Opportunity project is a five-year initiative led by PATH, with support from BHP Billiton Sustainable Communities, that focuses on improving the health and development of children younger than two years in South Africa and Mozambique.

Publication date: September 2012

Region: Africa

Part of series: Window of Opportunity project: district profiles

Developing Drugs for Neglected Diseases: PATH Advances High-Quality, Affordable Treatments for the Developing World

This fact sheet describes PATH's drug development program, including our work to develop new treatments for malaria, kala-azar (visceral leishmaniasis), and diarrheal disease.

Publication date: September 2012

Region: Global

Part of series: Areas of focus fact sheets

PATH's Program for Small and Disadvantaged Businesses

PATH endeavors to use small businesses, minority-owned firms, and women’s business enterprises in our business transactions whenever possible and practical. This fact sheet details PATH's actions to further these goals.

Publication date: September 2012

Region: North America and Europe

MDR/XDR-TB Assessment and Monitoring Tool

The MDR/XDR-TB Assessment and Monitoring Tool was designed to help national tuberculosis program staff, consultants, and donors conduct a baseline assessment for use in preparing a plan or funding application, monitoring progress, or identifying needs for technical assistance. It addresses two key questions: are there high-priority gaps in the DOTS program that must be corrected to prevent the development of cases of multidrug-resistant/extensively drug-resistant (MDR/XDR-TB), and what high-priority areas should be addressed to improve diagnosis and treatment of MDR/XDR-TB? The tool is available in English, Russian, and Spanish as a Microsoft Word file (for users who wish to modify it) and as an Adobe PDF file (recommended for printing). This 2009 tool informed the 2012 MDR-TB Planning Toolkit, which can be found here.

Author: Migliori GB, Richardson D

Publication date: February 2009

Region: Global

Keeping Track of Vietnam's Vaccines

Project Optimize, a collaboration between the World Health Organization and PATH, is helping national immunization programs prepare for the future. This fact sheet describes how project Optimize worked in Vietnam with national, regional, and local partners to help introduce VaxTrak, a software program that allows users at various levels of the health system to track vaccine stock and report monthly immunization activity.

Publication date: October 2012

Region: Asia

Summary of Optimize Activities Conducted With Vietnam's National Expanded Programme on Immunization

Between 2010 and 2012, project Optimize collaborated with Vietnam’s National Expanded Program on Immunization to demonstrate innovations in the vaccine supply chain that can help to meet the demands expected as Vietnam’s immunization program continues to grow. This report describes the activities undertaken in Vietnam as part of the collaboration. For a full report on Optimize’s activities in Vietnam, see Optimize: Vietnam Report.

Publication date: October 2012

Region: Asia

Perspectives: Commercial Approaches to Delivering Household Water Treatment and Safe Storage Products and Solutions to Low-Income Households

Since 2006, PATH's Safe Water Project has investigated how commercial market forces can help extend access to safe water in developing countries and reduce waterborne disease. This publication is a single-issue magazine which serves as the final read-out from PATH's Safe Water Project. Perspectives highlights the most valuable nuggets of learning from the Safe Water Project.

Publication date: October 2012

Region: Global

Vesikari Clinical Severity Scoring System Manual

This manual provides a suggested standardized methodology for implementing the Vesikari Clinical Severity Scoring System across rotavirus vaccine studies. It provides details on scoring system parameters, identifies implementation challenges, and presents instructions for collecting symptom information and using the accompanying template Case Report Form and diary cards.

Author: Lewis K

Publication date: May 2011

Region: Global

Breakthroughs: A Blog From the GHTC

GHTC is a group of 40 nonprofit organizations committed to increasing awareness of the urgent need for health technologies that save lives around the world. Breakthroughs highlights the news and stories that are driving the work we do to advance innovation to save lives.

Publication date: 2014

Region: North America and Europe

Part of series: Blogs

DefeatDD Blog

DefeatDD’s weekly blog features posts from PATH staff and partners about the burden of diarrheal disease and the solutions to defeat it, including trends in child health, success stories, news, and personal perspectives.

Publication date: 2014

Region: Global

Part of series: Blogs

PATH Blog

By telling the stories behind our work, our organization’s blog shows how PATH, our partners, and our colleagues are bringing health within reach for people no matter where they live. Our bloggers are mainly PATH staff members with occasional posts from guests.

Publication date: 2014

Region: Global

Part of series: Blogs

Empowering Schools and Communities in Kenya: A School-Based Water Treatment, Hygiene, and Education Program Using Electrochlorination

This poster summarizes PATH's work to pilot tools for water treatment and education about water, sanitation, and hygiene in three primary schools in Western Province, Kenya. The poster was presented at the Water and Health: Where Science Meets Policy conference hosted by the University of North Carolina Water Institute in October 2012.

Author: Forsyth J, Ochola A, Odengo R, et al

Publication date: October 2012

Region: Africa

"WaterGuard is the Smell of Safety": A Qualitative Exploration of Home Water Treatment Behaviors in an Antenatal Safe Water Program—Machinga, Malawi, 2011

Since 2006, PATH has investigated how commercial market forces can help extend access to safe water in developing countries and reduce waterborne disease. Promoting household water treatment and storage products targeted to low-income consumers is a key part of the strategy. This poster summarizes PATH's work in Malawi working with the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to assess the effects of an innovative program that promoted chlorine disinfectants for household water treatment to pregnant women seeking antenatal care. The poster was presented at the Water and Health: Where Science Meets Policy conference hosted by the University of North Carolina Water Institute in October 2012.

Author: Schlanger K, Woods S, Routh J, et al

Publication date: October 2012

Region: Africa

Rotavirus Disease and Vaccines in Malawi

This fact sheet provides an overview of rotavirus disease and vaccines in Malawi. It includes information about the tremendous burden of rotavirus diarrhea in Malawian children, rotavirus diarrhea treatment and prevention strategies, and the effectiveness of rotavirus vaccines. It also lists countries that have introduced rotavirus vaccines into their national immunization programs.

Publication date: October 2012

Region: Africa

Part of series: Rotavirus disease and vaccines fact sheets

Home and Self-Injection of Sayana® Press in Ethiopia: Qualitative Study

This qualitative study investigated the perceptions and policy implications of home and self-injection of Sayana® Press in Ethiopia’s Oromia region. Sayana® Press is the subcutaneous formulation of the three-month injectable depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) in the Uniject™ injection system. This study did not include actual product use in humans.

Publication date: May 2013

Region: Africa

PATH's Framework for Monitoring and Evaluation

This brochure describes PATH's approach to monitoring and evaluation, our top-level results, and how we use data to inform our work and amplify our impact. A related case study describes a PATH demonstration project in Peru, illustrating how PATH uses monitoring and evaluation data to measure our progress toward four strategic objectives.

Publication date: December 2012

Region: Global

Report to Our Contributors: The Spark for Innovation

This report shares highlights of PATH's use of flexible funding in 2011, including how support from donors helped women plan their families and survive childbirth, boost immunization rates of children in India, and treat kids with pneumonia and diarrheal disease in Cambodia.

Publication date: November 2012

Region: Global

Part of series: Reports to contributors

HPV Vaccination in Southeast Asia: Lessons Learned From a Pilot Program in Vietnam

This report summarizes the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination program implemented in Vietnam by PATH, the Vietnam National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, and the Vietnam National Center for Health Education and Communication through the HPV Vaccines: Evidence for Impact project. The purpose of the study was to investigate operational issues related to HPV vaccination of young adolescent girls, aimed at identifying effective and cost-effective strategies. This report interprets the results and summarizes helpful lessons for policymakers and program managers, especially those in Southeast Asia, looking to shape their own HPV vaccination programs. To see other reports in this series, visit the RHO Cervical Cancer website.

Publication date: November 2012

Region: Asia

Part of series: HPV vaccination project lessons learned reports

Conducting Formative Research for HPV Vaccination Program Planning: Practical Experience From PATH

This report is part of the Cervical Cancer Prevention: Practical Experience Series on the RHO Cervical Cancer website summarizing lessons learned to guide cervical cancer prevention program planning in low-resource settings. It demonstrates that formative research is a necessary component of overall planning, discusses formative research issues specific to cervical cancer, and explains how research results may be used for strategic planning within the cervical cancer context.

Publication date: 2012

Region: Global

PATH’s Guide to New Water Filters With the C1 Common Interface

In 2006, PATH launched the Safe Water Project with funding from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to investigate the potential for market-based approaches to providing clean water for low- and middle-income users with the ultimate goal of reducing disability, illness, and death related to unsafe water. PATH worked with product developers to design the C1 Common Interface—a standardized connection point between water filter devices and filter elements that allows interchangeability of parts between different household water filters. Manufacturers have designed water filter devices with this specification to enhance competition and choice for low-income households in developing settings. PATH's comprehensive guide to water filters with the C1 Common Interface includes product specifications, test results, advice on what to consider when comparing products, practical advice for the procurement and import of products, and manufacturers’ contact details.

Publication date: November 2012

Region: Global

Understanding Influenza Vaccine Performance Among Children in Senegal

This fact sheet describes a phase 2 influenza vaccine clinical study that PATH and our partners are conducting in Senegal. The study seeks to better understand the performance of seasonal influenza vaccines in a tropical, low-resource region of the country. Overall, the results from this study will provide evidence to support larger research efforts to determine the most feasible and efficient ways of protecting populations in tropical, developing Africa from influenza through the use of vaccines.

Publication date: April 2013

Region: Africa

Rotavirus Disease and Vaccines in Tanzania

This fact sheet provides an overview of rotavirus disease and vaccines in Tanzania. It includes information about the tremendous burden of rotavirus diarrhea in Tanzanian children, rotavirus diarrhea treatment and prevention strategies, and the effectiveness of rotavirus vaccines. It also lists countries that have introduced rotavirus vaccines into their national immunization programs.

Publication date: November 2012

Region: Africa

Part of series: Rotavirus disease and vaccines fact sheets

Fortified Grain Producers

PATH is creating a broad portfolio of rice fortification technologies as well as ancillary technologies to ensure effective integration of fortified grains into rice supply chains. This document provides a list of fortified grain producers around the world.

Publication date: December 2012

Region: Global

PATH’s Rice Fortification Update

Leading with the Ultra Rice technology, PATH has played a catalytic role in developing markets for fortified rice to reduce micronutrient malnutrition in the developing world. This document provides an update on PATH's rice fortification work around the world.

Publication date: December 2012

Region: Global

Rice Fortification: Ready to be Scaled Up by the Global Development Community

PATH's Ultra Rice technology offers an effective, affordable, and sustainable solution within our growing portfolio of interventions to address micronutrient malnutrition. This document describes the global introduction and scale-up efforts for the Ultra Rice technology, highlighting opportunities for implementation partners from both the public and private sectors.

Publication date: May 2012

Region: Global

Improving Vaccine Delivery Through Moving Warehouses

Project Optimize is collaborating with the Senegalese Ministry of Health to implement and validate a "moving warehouse" that will streamline the vaccine supply chain from the regional to the peripheral level. A moving warehouse is a truck composed of delivery teams that visit each health facility, check stock levels, and replenish stock as needed.

Publication date: July 2012

Region: Global

Directions in Global Health (Volume 9, Issue 3)

This issue of Directions in Global Health highlights PATH’s work to increase access to lifesaving products for women. It features a commentary by Catharine Taylor, who directs PATH’s Maternal and Child Health and Nutrition Program. Other articles cover efforts to improve health and nutrition with orange-fleshed sweetpotatoes in Kenya, increase hepatitis B vaccination for newborns in Vietnam, fight childhood tuberculosis in Tanzania, and assess a range of technologies for their potential impact in reducing maternal deaths.

Publication date: December 2012

Region: Global

Part of series: Directions in Global Health

Making Malaria History Website

This website features updates on the latest malaria research and news, resources for advocates and technical partners, evidence and progress from the global malaria community, and field tools currently being used by countries at the forefront of the fight against the disease.

Publication date: 2014

Region: Africa

Part of series: Websites

Albania Pilots an Immunization Information System

The Albanian Ministry of Health, in collaboration with project Optimize, developed a registry-based immunization information system. This fact sheet illustrates how the data the new system produces has been used to improve the management of the country's vaccination program, how it is changing the way people collaborate, how it ensures timely and equal access to immunization for all children, and how it reduces the administrative burden on staff.

Publication date: November 2012

Region: Global

Meeting Requirements for Controlled Room Temperature Storage of Medicines

Project Optimize and the Tunisian Ministry of Public Health are collaborating to explore new logistics and supply chain solutions that can optimize the vaccine supply chain. This report describes a study that project Optimize commissioned to assess the least-cost, most energy-efficient solution for pharmaceutical stores at the regional and district level.

Author: Lloyd J, McCarney S

Publication date: October 2012

Region: Africa

Domestic Refrigerators for Vaccine Storage in Tunisia: Conclusion and Recommendations

This project Optimize document summarizes a laboratory report on performance testing of four models of domestic refrigerators that are available on the Tunisian market. Project Optimize contracted the tests to demonstrate to the government the importance of prequalification of models according to World Health Organization quality, safety, and standards for the storage of vaccines.

Author: Lloyd J, McCarney S, Ouhichi R

Publication date: October 2012

Region: Africa

Optimize: Albania Report

This report presents the results of demonstration projects and other activities undertaken in Albania as part of a partnership between project Optimize (a collaboration between the World Health Organization and PATH) and the Albanian Institute of Public Health. The partnership aimed to demonstrate innovations, such as an online immunization registry and remote alarm system in the cold chain, that can help meet the demands of an increasingly large and costly portfolio of vaccines.

Author: Bino S, Nelaj E, Mesi A, Grevendonk J

Publication date: January 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Project Optimize country reports

Tackling Tuberculosis and Diabetes

In low-resource settings, diabetes and tuberculosis are common among the same populations, and they amplify each other. PATH's principles and experiences guide our work in fighting these intersecting epidemics through innovation and collaboration.

Publication date: November 2012

Region: Global

mHealth, eHealth, Reproductive Health (Outlook, vol. 29, no. 1)

This issue of Outlook explores the promise and current realities of new information technologies in service to reproductive health programming in low-resource settings (including HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment and maternal and child health interventions). The issue examines new approaches and looks to the future for current needs and potential solutions.

Author: Wittet S

Publication date: December 2012

Region: Global

Part of series: Outlook

Nicaragua Family Planning Market Segmentation Analysis

To support a total market approach to family planning in Nicaragua, PATH is helping to enhance the equity and accessibility of family planning services. This study in Nicaragua segments public- and private-sector users into different subgroups, each with its own profile, and makes recommendations about how best to meet the needs of each group. The document highlights not only demographic and economic variations but also differences in values and attitudes, all of which are key drivers of family planning demand.

Author: Winfrey W, Lacayo Y

Publication date: February 2013

Region: Latin America

Rotavirus Disease and Vaccines in Ghana

This fact sheet provides an overview of rotavirus disease and vaccines in Ghana. It includes information about the tremendous burden of rotavirus diarrhea in Ghanaian children, rotavirus diarrhea treatment and prevention strategies, and the effectiveness of rotavirus vaccines. It also lists countries that have introduced rotavirus vaccines into their national immunization programs.

Publication date: January 2013

Region: Africa

Part of series: Rotavirus disease and vaccines fact sheets

Exploring New, Non-replicating Rotavirus Vaccines

This fact sheet summarizes the technical efforts and objectives of PATH's non-replicating rotavirus vaccine (NRRV) project. It outlines the vaccine candidates under evaluation and primary partners, as well as the rationale for the NRRV approach.

Publication date: January 2013

Region: Global

Ocean Shipment of Vaccines

In consideration of the volatile global economy, the growing costs of airfreight, and the risk associated with diminished air cargo capacity, project Optimize evaluated ocean freight as a potentially secure and economic alternative method to transport vaccines. This document describes the project’s methodology, findings, and recommendations.

Publication date: January 2013

Region: Global

Messaging Framework for India: Multipurpose Prevention Technologies

This messaging framework was developed to support advocates as they raise awareness and build support for multipurpose prevention technologies (MPTs) for reproductive health in India. The framework provides a menu of messaging options that advocates can use in presentations, brochures, websites, speeches, or other outreach efforts to help advance support for MPTs in India. It is designed as a trifold brochure.

Publication date: December 2012

Region: Asia

Drug Development Global Program Website

This website about PATH’s drug development program provides an overview of the program and its featured projects. See other PATH program websites.

Publication date: 2014

Region: Global

Part of series: Program websites

Breast Health: Expanding Care to Women in Low-Resource Settings

This brief describes PATH’s contributions toward strengthening breast cancer early detection, diagnosis, treatment, and recovery in low-resource settings. Our work spans a broad range of interventions that extend beyond the traditional biomedical model to involve a substantial and often unrecognized set of psychosocial, community mobilization, and policy needs. These elements, combined with technological innovation, represent PATH’s approach to comprehensive breast health programming.

Publication date: January 2013

Region: Global

Optimize: Vietnam Report

This report presents the results of demonstration projects and other activities undertaken in Vietnam as part of a partnership between project Optimize (a collaboration between the World Health Organization and PATH) and Vietnam’s Ministry of Health. The activities aimed to demonstrate innovations in the supply chain that can help meet the demands of an increasingly large and costly portfolio of vaccines. For a summary of Optimize’s activities conducted with Vietnam’s National Expanded Program on Immunization, see Summary of Optimize Activities Conducted With Vietnam's National Expanded Programme on Immunization.

Publication date: January 2013

Region: Asia

Part of series: Project Optimize country reports

Unplugged and Keeping Cool—Testing Off-Grid Vaccine Storage Solutions in Vietnam

Keeping heat-sensitive vaccines at the right temperature is crucial yet often difficult in areas with limited or no electrical power. Project Optimize collaborated with the Vietnam National Expanded Programme on Immunization to evaluate two technologies to respond to this challenge. One was a direct-drive solar refrigerator and the other a passive cooling device. This fact sheet describes the lessons learned from the demonstration—information which can be used by other country programs considering these devices for long-term storage of vaccines.

Publication date: January 2013

Region: Asia

Delivering Vaccines: A Cost Comparison of In-Country Vaccine Transport Container Options

Project Optimize, a collaboration between PATH and the World Health Organization, undertook a cost-comparison case study of five container options for vaccine transport from the national to the regional level in Senegal. This report may be used as a starting point for other country vaccine programs weighing transport options in the face of increasing vaccine volume.

Author: Lorenson K, Mvundura M

Publication date: January 2013

Region: Global

Optimize: Senegal Report

This report presents the results of demonstration projects and other activities undertaken in Senegal from 2009 to 2012 as part of a partnership between project Optimize (a collaboration between the World Health Organization and PATH) and the Senegalese Ministry of Health. The activities aimed to demonstrate innovations in the supply chain that can help meet the demands of an increasingly large and costly portfolio of vaccines.

Publication date: February 2013

Region: Africa

Part of series: Project Optimize country reports

Vietnam’s Immunization Registries Go Online

In Vietnam, project Optimize worked with government and software partners to help introduce a digital immunization registry. This brief describes how the registry allowed the health system to better track children due for vaccination and shortened the time required for recording and reporting immunizations compared to the existing paper-based registry.

Publication date: January 2013

Region: Asia

Policy Advocacy for Health: A Workshop Curriculum on Policy Advocacy Strategy Development

Policy advocacy is an effective method to achieve global health goals by ensuring that necessary resources, policies, and political will are available to support important programs. This guide helps professionals lead workshops based on PATH’s ten-part framework to assess policy advocacy options and plan strategic goals and activities. The accompanying participant workbook includes all worksheets needed, for use during the workshop, to develop an advocacy strategy.

Publication date: February 2013

Region: Global

Developing Total Market Strategies for Family Planning in Nicaragua: Enhancing Public-Private Coordination for Equity and Sustainability

Since 2009, PATH has been working with government family planning officials to engage stakeholders and apply evidence to develop a total market plan for family planning in light of funding shortfalls. This case study in Nicaragua is intended to highlight lessons learned and recommendations for those considering similar initiatives in other settings. It is a sister document to the Vietnam case study, Developing a Total Market Plan for Family Planning in Vietnam.

Author: Drake JK

Publication date: February 2013

Region: Latin America

Global Vaccine Action Plan: 2011-2020

The Global Vaccine Action Plan (GVAP)—endorsed by the 194 Member States of the World Health Assembly in May 2012—is a roadmap to prevent millions of deaths by 2020 through more equitable access to vaccines for people in all communities. The GVAP aims to strengthen routine immunization, introduce new and improved vaccines, and advance research and development for the next generation of vaccines and technologies.

Author: Decade of Vaccines Collaboration

Publication date: May 2012

Region: Global

PATH's Work in Tuberculosis: Collaborating on Innovative and Sustainable Solutions for a TB-Free World

Since 2001, PATH has brought our global health expertise and innovative approaches to the fight against tuberculosis. We work hand in hand with global partners with a special focus on high-burden countries.

Publication date: September 2013

Region: Global

Common Requirements for Maternal Health Information Systems: Produced With the Collaborative Requirements Development Methodology

This document presents a set of requirements that translate the needs of maternal health practitioners into the language of software and systems engineering. The document can inform software development for health systems worldwide and maternal health in particular.

Author: Taylor C, Luchitsky A, Lubinski D, Peloso L, Wilson K

Publication date: December 2012

Region: Global

Guide to Monitoring and Evaluation of Advocacy, Communication, and Social Mobilization to Support Tuberculosis Prevention and Care

This guide was developed to help advocacy, communication, and social mobilization (ACSM) programs at national and subnational levels strengthen routine monitoring and evaluation of tuberculosis ACSM activities. For a training curriculum that is based on the guide, see Monitoring and Evaluation of Advocacy, Communication, and Social Mobilization Interventions to Support Tuberculosis Prevention and Care: Training Curriculum.

Publication date: March 2013

Region: Global

Monitoring and Evaluation of Advocacy, Communication, and Social Mobilization Interventions to Support Tuberculosis Prevention and Care: Training Curriculum

This training curriculum was designed to build capacity for rigorous monitoring and evaluation of advocacy, communication, and social mobilization (ACSM) activities among tuberculosis prevention and care professionals, ACSM officers, and civil-society activists at national and local levels. The curriculum is based on Guide to Monitoring and Evaluation of Advocacy, Communication, and Social Mobilization to Support Tuberculosis Prevention and Care.

Publication date: March 2013

Region: Global

Barriers to Access and Use of Public TB Diagnostic Services in Vietnam

This report dissects research results assessing access to and use of public tuberculosis (TB) diagnostic services in nine districts of Vietnam. The report identifies barriers to accessing public-sector TB diagnostic services at the individual, provider, and health system levels.

Publication date: February 2013

Region: Asia

Yellow Fever Vaccination: The Potential of Dose-Sparing to Increase Vaccine Supply and Availability

PATH commissioned this report in an effort to evaluate whether dose-sparing, possibly through the intradermal (ID) route, could improve the availability of yellow fever vaccine globally. The authors identify and discuss potential benefits, possible obstacles, and associated costs of dose-sparing as a vaccine delivery strategy. In addition, the report includes an assessment of which settings would be most appropriate and to what extent novel ID delivery devices, such as needle-free disposable-syringe jet injectors, would help to facilitate its successful implementation.

Author: Hickling J, Jones R

Publication date: April 2013

Region: Global

Vaccine Presentation Resources

This banner and these handouts serve as resources for a vaccine presentation game in the project Optimize traveling exhibit—an exhibit featuring supply chain innovations being developed and tested in different countries around the world. The banner illustrates that while vaccine price is a big part of the total cost, there are many other important costs associated with each type of vaccine presentation that are less obvious, including costs for shipping, cold chain maintenance, and training.

Publication date: August 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Supply Systems for Today and Tomorrow: Project Optimize traveling exhibit

Preventing Freezing in Vaccine Carriers

As part of the project Optimize traveling exhibit featuring immunization supply chain innovations being developed and tested in different countries around the world, this banner and these handouts emphasize the importance of, and methods for, preventing accidental freezing of heat-sensitive products in vaccine carriers. They illustrate how different configurations of ice packs affect temperature and show typical temperature readings of vaccine carriers containing frozen ice packs, conditioned ice packs, cool water packs, and no ice.

Publication date: August 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Supply Systems for Today and Tomorrow: Project Optimize traveling exhibit

A Moving Warehouse in Senegal

As part of the project Optimize traveling exhibit, this banner illustrates the concept of integrating vaccines with other health products in streamlined supply chains. It highlights Senegal’s “moving warehouse,” which was introduced to offer a better system of distribution down the chain. Rather than having health facilities collect vaccines and supplies, the moving warehouse delivery teams visit each facility, check inventory, and replenish stock as needed. Each team includes a supervisor and cold chain technician who provide supportive supervision to health care workers and ensure that equipment is operating correctly.

Publication date: April 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Supply Systems for Today and Tomorrow: Project Optimize traveling exhibit

MalariaCare—Universal Diagnosis and Treatment to Improve Maternal and Child Health

This fact sheet describes the MalariaCare partnership, a five-year effort led by PATH and funded by the US Agency for International Development and the President's Malaria Initiative. The project aims to scale up high-quality diagnosis and treatment services for malaria and other life-threatening illnesses.

Publication date: January 2014

Region: Global

*Molecular Diagnostics in a Teacup: Non-instrumented Nucleic Acid Amplification (NINA) for Rapid, Low Cost Detection of Salmonella enterica

In this article, published in Chinese Science Bulletin in April 2013, we report on the use of a novel non-instrumented platform to enable a loop mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP)–based assay for Salmonella enterica.

Author: Kubota R, LaBarre P, Weigl B, Yong L, Haydock P, Jenkins DM

Publication date: April 2013

Region: Global

*A Simple, Inexpensive Device for Nucleic Acid Amplification Without Electricity—Toward Instrument-Free Molecular Diagnostics in Low-Resource Settings

In this article, published in PLoS ONE in May 2011, we investigate the hypothesis that an electricity-free heater based on exothermic chemical reactions and engineered phase change materials can successfully incubate isothermal nucleic acid amplification assays. We assess the heater's equivalence to commercially available polymerase chain reaction instruments through the characterization of the temperature profiles produced, and a minimal method comparison. Versions of the prototype for several different isothermal techniques are presented.

Author: LaBarre P, Hawkins KR, Gerlach J, Wilmoth J, Beddoe A, Singleton J, Boyle D, Weigl B

Publication date: May 2011

Region: Global

Policy Advocacy at PATH: A Catalyst for Change: Leveraging Resources, Expertise, and Influence to Maximize Health Impacts

This fact sheet describes the vital role PATH’s advocacy is playing to ensure that policies meet the needs of the most vulnerable people and expand access to lifesaving interventions. PATH's advocacy focuses on cross-cutting issues impacting global health as well as specific health areas such as maternal, newborn, and child health; malaria; and HIV/AIDS.

Publication date: May 2013

Region: Global

Collaborating With Corporate Partners to Transform Global Health Through Innovation

PATH’s pioneering work with the private sector strengthens vulnerable communities and saves lives. This overview document explains the three primary ways PATH collaborates with the private sector to bring innovation to scale and features examples of successful PATH partnership projects.

Publication date: May 2013

Region: Global

Diagnostic Technologies Website

This website about the diagnostics work within the Technology Solutions program provides an overview of the group and its featured projects. See other PATH program websites.

Publication date: 2014

Region: Global

Part of series: Program websites

Digital Health Solutions Website

This website about the digital health solutions work within the Technology Solutions program provides an overview of the group and its featured projects. See other PATH program websites.

Publication date: 2014

Region: Global

Part of series: Program websites

Technologies for Reproductive Health Website

This website about the technologies for reproductive health work within the Technology Solutions program provides an overview of the group and its featured projects. See other PATH program websites.

Publication date: 2014

Region: Global

Part of series: Program websites

Vaccine and Pharmaceutical Technologies

This website about PATH's vaccine and pharmaceutical technologies work within the Technology Solutions program provides an overview plus more detailed information on three interrelated technical portfolios that cover our activities in product formulation and stabilization, delivery devices, and supply systems and equipment for low-resource settings. To learn more about PATH’s work in the vaccine and pharmaceutical technologies space, visit our areas of focus page. Also see other PATH program websites.

Publication date: 2014

Region: Global

Part of series: Program websites

Water Website

This website about the Safe Water Project within the Technology Solutions program provides an overview of the group and its featured projects. See other PATH program websites.

Publication date: 2014

Region: Global

Part of series: Program websites

Commercialization Toolkit Website

This website showcases a combination of approaches that were successful in making health products available to low-income households. It can be used by anyone aiming to increase access to products that can help sustain health for low-income households.  See other PATH program websites.

Publication date: 2014

Region: Global

Part of series: Program websites

Public-Private Partnerships for Global Health: PATH's Collaborations With European Partners

This policy brief highlights the essential role that public-private partnerships play in how PATH effectively develops innovations with our European partners to overcome global health challenges. These partnerships are key to ensuring the sustainability and impact of health innovations. For further information on PATH's public-private partnerships, see Public-Private Partnerships for Global Health: How PATH Advances Technologies Through Cross-Sector Collaboration.

Publication date: June 2013

Region: North America and Europe

User-Friendly Product Presentation: Amoxicillin Dispersible Tablets for the Treatment of Childhood Pneumonia

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes PATH’s work to evaluate existing package designs for amoxicillin dispersible tablets for the treatment of childhood pneumonia. The project will develop preliminary concepts for improved product design to facilitate distribution and clear instructions to facilitate treatment adherence.

Publication date: June 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

mPneumonia Application

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes PATH’s work to develop a cell phone–based application to assist with management of childhood pneumonia in resource-limited settings. Called the mPneumonia application, it will incorporate a digital version of the Integrated Management of Childhood Illness algorithm with a software-based respiratory rate counter and a pulse oximeter, providing a user-friendly diagnostic and management tool.

Publication date: June 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

Cervical Cancer Screening and Treatment in Low-Resource Settings: Practical Experience From PATH

From 2006 to 2011, PATH conducted HPV vaccination demonstration projects in India, Peru, Uganda, and Vietnam to provide evidence for decision-making about public-sector introduction of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines. This report, part of the Cervical Cancer Prevention: Practical Experience Series on the RHO Cervical Cancer website, examines the second component of a successful cervical cancer prevention program—screening and treatment of adult women for precancerous lesions.

Publication date: 2013

Region: Global

Evaluating HPV Vaccination Pilots: Practical Experience From PATH

This unit of the Cervical Cancer Prevention: Practical Experience Series on the RHO Cervical Cancer website provides methods and tools for designing and conducting an evaluation of a human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination pilot or demonstration project. It also gives practical examples of using the results to refine an HPV vaccine delivery strategy for national scale-up.

Publication date: 2012

Region: Global

New, Molecular Cervical Cancer Screening Technologies: Results From PATH's START-UP Project

This brief describes two human papillomavirus (HPV) screening methods developed and tested by PATH for low-resource settings: the careHPV™ DNA test and the OncoE6™ cervical test.

Author: PATH

Publication date: April 2013

Region: Global

Cervical Cancer Prevention at PATH: Two Decades of Progress Toward a World Free of HPV-Related Cancers

Supported by a seed grant from the World Bank, PATH began to focus on cervical cancer in 1991. Since then, our portfolio has expanded tremendously, thanks in large part to grants from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. In this report, we describe our key cervical cancer prevention initiatives.

Publication date: April 2013

Region: Global

Assessment of Respiratory Rate Counters

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes PATH's work to identify and evaluate respiratory rate counters for the diagnosis of childhood pneumonia in low-resource settings. These include existing as well as innovative technologies in development.

Publication date: June 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

Road-Mapping a Total Market Approach for Family Planning and Reproductive Health Commodity Security: Workshop Materials

To meet the challenge of sustaining reproductive health commodity security in Eastern Europe and Central Asia, the United Nations Population Fund and PATH developed workshops to increase awareness about total market approaches and develop an action plan for the region. These workshop materials are from two regional workshops that were held in April 2013. For a report describing the workshops, see Road-Mapping a Total Market Approach: Eastern Europe and Central Asia Workshops April 2013.

Author: UNFPA and PATH

Publication date: 2013

Region: Eastern Europe

Road-Mapping a Total Market Approach: Eastern Europe and Central Asia Workshops April 2013

To meet the challenge of sustaining reproductive health commodity security in Eastern Europe and Central Asia, the United Nations Population Fund and PATH developed workshops to increase awareness about total market approaches and develop an action plan for the region. This report describes two regional workshops that were held in April 2013. For workshop materials, see Road-Mapping a Total Market Approach for Family Planning and Reproductive Health Commodity Security: Workshop Materials.

Publication date: 2013

Region: Eastern Europe

Health Technologies for Women and Children Program Website

This website about the technologies for maternal and neonatal health group within the Technology Solutions program provides an overview of the group and its featured projects. See other PATH program websites.

Publication date: 2014

Region: Global

Part of series: Program websites

Rotavirus Vaccine Access and Delivery Website

This website provides an overview of our work on accelerating access to rotavirus vaccine. See other PATH program websites.

Publication date: 2014

Region: Global

Part of series: Program websites

Direct-Drive Solar Vaccine Refrigerators—A New Choice for Vaccine Storage

This evidence brief developed by project Optimize is directed toward supply chain managers in low-and middle-income countries and provides information about direct-drive solar refrigerators, which may be a good option for vaccine storage in areas with little or no electricity. It provides background about the technology and some practical guidance about weighing this option for specific situations.

Publication date: May 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Project Optimize evidence brief series

A Case for Better Immunization Information Systems

This evidence brief discusses the rationale for improving immunization information systems and describes user experiences with different types of systems. It also provides advice on feasibility in different contexts. It draws on evidence gathered during project Optimize demonstrations in Albania, Guatemala, Senegal, South Sudan, Tunisia, and Vietnam.

Publication date: May 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Project Optimize evidence brief series

Advancing Commitments to Reproductive and Maternal Health: Country Caucuses and Policy Dialogue

This document highlights the outcomes of an event at the 2013 Women Deliver Conference in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, that drew together 260 global health professionals to discuss and make plans to address key issues to improve reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health in their own countries and states.

Publication date: July 2013

Region: Global

Report to Our Contributors: Driving Transformative Innovation

This report shares highlights of PATH's use of private donations in 2012. Stories describe how support from donors helped PATH protect newborns in Vietnam from hepatitis B, provide orphaned infants in South Africa with donated breast milk, and build a new program to address the rapid rise of noncommunicable diseases in the developing world.

Publication date: August 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Reports to contributors

Sublingual, Heat-Stable Oxytocin Tablets for Postpartum Hemorrhage: A Simple, Rapid, and Needle-Free Approach to Reducing Maternal Mortality

Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH), or excessive bleeding after childbirth, is the single largest cause of maternal death worldwide. In this poster, created for the 2013 Saving Lives at Birth DevelopmentXChange, PATH proposed to develop heat-stable fast-dissolving oxytocin tablets for sublingual delivery, helping to more easily and effectively prevent and treat PPH in low-resource communities. The small, needle-free tablet format eliminates the risks associated with sharps use and disposal. Its heat stability also reduces the need for expensive cold chain transport and storage.

Publication date: July 2013

Region: Global

Protecting Global Access to Lifesaving Vaccines: PATH’s Global Advocacy Strategy During the United Nations Environment Program Mercury Treaty Negotiations

This case study highlights PATH and our partners’ successful advocacy efforts to ensure the protection of vaccines containing thiomersal—a preservative used in multi-dose vaccines. In January 2013, government delegates finalized a global environmental treaty on mercury having agreed to exclude vaccines containing the preservative thiomersal from further regulation.

Publication date: July 2013

Region: Global

Rotavirus Disease and Vaccines in The Gambia

This fact sheet provides an overview of rotavirus disease and vaccines in The Gambia. It includes information about the tremendous burden of rotavirus diarrhea in Gambian children, rotavirus diarrhea treatment and prevention strategies, and the effectiveness of rotavirus vaccines. It also lists countries that have introduced rotavirus vaccines into their national immunization programs.

Publication date: August 2013

Region: Africa

Part of series: Rotavirus disease and vaccines fact sheets

Tackling Pneumonia and Diarrhea Together: A Mapping Brief of Global Strategies for Pneumonia and Diarrheal Disease

This policy brief highlights the array of global policies related to pneumonia and diarrheal disease and how the Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Pneumonia and Diarrhea, released by the World Health Organization and UNICEF in April 2013, supports all of these efforts by providing an integrated framework for addressing both diseases.

Publication date: July 2013

Region: Global

Planning an Information Systems Project: A Toolkit for Public Health Managers

This toolkit can help public health managers plan for the implementation of information and communications technology in health information systems. It draws on lessons learned by project Optimize, a five-year collaboration between the World Health Organization and PATH, to help optimize the vaccine supply chain.

Author: Grevendonk J, Taliesin B, Brigden D

Publication date: July 2013

Region: Global

Lessons Learned From an Operations Research Assessment of New Supply Chain Demonstrations in Four Countries: A Framework for Decision-Making: Albania, Senegal, Tunisia, and Vietnam

In 2012, project Optimize completed an assessment to explore the acceptability and feasibility of the innovative vaccine supply chain interventions the project had demonstrated in four collaborating countries. The goal was to learn about future implementations and to understand the current challenges and opportunities. This report describes the lessons learned.

Author: Desmond M

Publication date: July 2013

Region: Global

Innovative Passive Cooling Options for Vaccines

This project Optimize evidence brief reports results from field demonstrations of new vaccine cold boxes that could soon be available as World Health Organization–prequalified devices for vaccine storage and/or transport. This information is intended for national Expanded Programme on Immunization managers and logisticians who are interested in learning about new technologies in the pipeline for use in the near future.

Publication date: August 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Project Optimize evidence brief series

Integration of Vaccine Supply Chains With Other Health Commodity Supply Chains: A Framework for Decision-Making

This project Optimize document provides national immunization program managers, their technical support staff, policymakers in ministries of health, and global agencies involved in vaccine and health product supply chains with a better understanding of the benefits and potential risks of integrating vaccine supply chains with other health commodity supply chains. It can also be used as a resource to guide the alignment and coordination of various international initiatives around supply chain integration.

Publication date: August 2013

Region: Global

Integrating the Supply Chains of Vaccines and Other Health Commodities

This evidence brief, developed by project Optimize, examines the benefits, challenges, and rationale for integrating vaccine supply chains with the supply chains of other health commodities. It provides agencies, donors, decision-makers, and partners with a brief overview of supply chain integration and lessons learned during project Optimize’s demonstration activities in Senegal and Tunisia.

Publication date: August 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Project Optimize evidence brief series

PATH Today (Fall 1997)

Publication date: September 1997

Region: Global

Part of series: PATH Today

PATH Today (Fall 1998)

Publication date: September 1998

Region: Global

Part of series: PATH Today

PATH Today (Fall 1999)

Publication date: September 1999

Region: Global

Part of series: PATH Today

PATH Today (Fall 2000)

Publication date: September 2000

Region: Global

Part of series: PATH Today

PATH Today (Fall 2001)

Publication date: September 2001

Region: Global

Part of series: PATH Today

PATH Today (Fall 2002)

Publication date: September 2002

Region: Global

Part of series: PATH Today

PATH Today (Fall 2003)

Publication date: September 2003

Region: Global

Part of series: PATH Today

Eliminating the Threat of Malaria

This fact sheet provides an overview of the work carried out by PATH's Malaria Control and Evaluation Partnership in Africa (MACEPA) to develop and document approaches for reducing malaria illnesses and deaths, with the long-term goal of malaria elimination.

Publication date: August 2012

Region: Africa

Rapid Reporting Systems: Tracking Data to Defeat Malaria

Rapid reporting systems help countries identify and respond to infections in real time. This fact sheet provides an overview of rapid reporting and how it is being used in the field to record and convey information quickly, aiding malaria-elimination efforts.

Publication date: October 2011

Region: Africa

PATH Today (Fall 2004)

Publication date: September 2004

Region: Global

Part of series: PATH Today

PATH Today (Fall 2005)

Publication date: September 2005

Region: Global

Part of series: PATH Today

PATH Today (Fall 2006)

Publication date: September 2006

Region: Global

Part of series: PATH Today

PATH Today (Fall 2007)

This edition of PATH Today features the article "Preventing malaria and saving lives" and includes updates on PATH's AfriComNet award for magnet theater, the PATH Journeys donor travel program, the 2007 Breakfast for Global Health, and Global Impact. The issue also includes a profile of PATH donor Erick Rabins.

Publication date: September 2007

Region: Global

Part of series: PATH Today

PATH Today (Fall 2008)

This issue of PATH Today features our Sure Start project, new study results on the Ultra Rice technology, and brief updates on PATH's Woman's Condom, the Washington Global Health Alliance, and more. The issue also includes a profile on PATH donor Jay Ingram.

Publication date: September 2008

Region: Global

Part of series: PATH Today

PATH Today (Fall 2009)

This edition of PATH Today highlights work to improve children’s health in Nicaragua and Kenya and spotlights PATH's safe water project in Korogocho, a slum near Nairobi, Kenya. It also includes brief updates on the 2009 Breakfast for Global Health, workplace giving, an influenza vaccine study in Africa, and PATH's 2008 annual report.

Publication date: September 2009

Region: Global

Part of series: PATH Today

PATH Today (Fall 2010)

This issue of PATH Today highlights new, innovative technologies coming from the lab and shop at PATH, a spotlight on the December launch of the meningitis vaccine in Western Africa, and a tuberculosis project in Tanzania. Also noted is the 1+1 Challenge, expanding PATH’s presence with new country offices in Africa, and the announcement of a new leader for PATH's India country program.

Publication date: October 2010

Region: Global

Part of series: PATH Today

PATH Today (Fall 2011)

This edition of PATH Today features our work to protect children from diarrheal disease, the use of mobile devices to diagnose tuberculosis and improve maternal health, and a profile of PATH donor Ann Hayes. The issue also provides information about our yearly reports to donors, workplace and planned giving, and the results of the meningitis vaccine campaign launch in sub-Saharan Africa.

Publication date: September 2011

Region: Global

Part of series: PATH Today

PATH Today (Fall 2012)

This issue of PATH Today features our work in Cambodia, where a two-in-one approach is reducing childhood illness from diarrhea and pneumonia. It also includes a Q&A with PATH's new president and CEO, Steve Davis; results from our hepatitis B work in Vietnam; and highlights from our 2011 annual report.

Publication date: September 2012

Region: Global

Part of series: PATH Today

PATH Today (Spring 1998)

Publication date: May 1998

Region: Global

Part of series: PATH Today

PATH Today (Spring 1999)

Publication date: May 1999

Region: Global

Part of series: PATH Today

PATH Today (Winter 1997)

Publication date: December 1997

Region: Global

Part of series: PATH Today

PATH Today (Winter 1998)

Publication date: December 1998

Region: Global

Part of series: PATH Today

PATH Today (Winter 2007)

This edition of PATH Today features a main article about the neveripine pouch, "Protecting newborns against HIV," and includes updates on the Meningitis Vaccine Project's plans to introduce a vaccine in Burkina Faso in 2008, PATH's nomination as a Laureate for the Tech Museum Awards, and the organization's recognition as a top social entreprenuer in Fast Company magazine. The issue also includes details about the Gates Partnership Challenge and other opportunities for donors to engage and learn about PATH.

Publication date: December 2007

Region: Global

Part of series: PATH Today

PATH Today (Winter 1999)

Publication date: December 1999

Region: Global

Part of series: PATH Today

PATH Today (Winter 2000)

Publication date: December 2000

Region: Global

Part of series: PATH Today

PATH Today (Spring 2000)

Publication date: May 2000

Region: Global

Part of series: PATH Today

PATH Today (Winter 2001)

Publication date: December 2001

Region: Global

Part of series: PATH Today

PATH Today (Summer 2002)

Publication date: July 2002

Region: Global

Part of series: PATH Today

PATH Today (Winter 2002)

Publication date: December 2002

Region: Global

Part of series: PATH Today

PATH Today (Winter 2003)

Publication date: December 2003

Region: Global

Part of series: PATH Today

PATH Today (Spring 2004)

Publication date: May 2004

Region: Global

Part of series: PATH Today

PATH Today (Winter 2004)

This issue of PATH Today features a film that PATH produced to prevent the spread of HIV and AIDS among migrant communities in Cambodia and Thailand. Other highlights: "Adoption" strategy increases immunization in Senegal; Women's stories, women's lives: a publication demonstrating the challenges of preventing cervical cancer in developing countries; opportunities to engage in global health.

Publication date: December 2004

Region: Global

Part of series: PATH Today

PATH Today (Spring 2005)

Publication date: May 2005

Region: Global

Part of series: PATH Today

PATH Today (Winter 2005)

Publication date: December 2005

Region: North America and Europe

Part of series: PATH Today

PATH Today (Spring 2006)

This edition of PATH Today features the articles "A laboratory on a card," "Using microfluidic tests to identify infection," and "Common proteins for common prevention," which highlights the work of John Boslego and his team on pneumococcus. It also includes a letter from donor Shannon Scopa about her family's ordeal with rotavirus.

Publication date: May 2006

Region: Global

Part of series: PATH Today

PATH Today (Spring 2007)

This edition of PATH Today features the article "Magnet theater: setting the stage for transformation," updates on the pneumococcal vaccine, May 2007 Breakfast for Global Health, Charity Navigator rating, and the spring Bottom Line breakfast event.

Publication date: May 2007

Region: Global

Part of series: PATH Today

PATH Today (Winter 2008)

This issue of PATH Today features a profile of PATH donor Diana Carey and her family, a report from PATH Journeys travelers to Vietnam, and brief updates on the 25th anniversary of Outlook, Forbes’ "most efficient charities" list, and more. The issue also highlights the year-end matching challenge.

Publication date: December 2008

Region: Global

Part of series: PATH Today

PATH Today (Winter 2006)

This edition of PATH Today features the article "Focusing on pneumonia" and updates on the Cambodia milestone in immunization coverage, new IRA rollover options for donors, Global Impact, and a profile on PATH donor Brandon Schaefer.

Publication date: December 2006

Region: Global

Part of series: PATH Today

PATH Today (Spring 2008)

This edition of PATH Today highlights the first tour of PATH Journeys, our newly established donor travel program. Also featured are PATH's Sure Start program, a thank-you to the sponsors of our 2008 Breakfast for Global Health, and information on two endeavors to protect women from disease and violence: the Global Call to Stop Cervical Cancer and the International Violence Against Women Act.

Publication date: May 2008

Region: Global

Part of series: PATH Today

PATH Today (Spring 2009)

This edition of PATH Today features our work in women's health and with the Entre Amigos project in Nicaragua and spotlights Margarita Quintanilla, PATH's Nicaragua country program leader. The issue also highlights PATH's breakthrough development of freeze-stable vaccines, an award for PATH vice president Dr. Michael Free, and the McKinstry Co. Charitable Foundation's commitment to health.

Publication date: May 2009

Region: Global

Part of series: PATH Today

PATH Today (Winter 2009)

This issue of PATH Today features a profile of PATH donor Miriam Sevy and her travels with PATH to Kenya, information about our work in Kenya, and an update on our new headquarters building in downtown Seattle. The issue also highlights Ultra Rice® winning the Tech Award, PATH's profile in a new book about the importance of individual donors, and the year-end matching challenge.

Publication date: December 2009

Region: Global

Part of series: PATH Today

PATH Today (Spring 2010)

This issue of PATH Today focuses on our work in South Africa and how support from donors has helped our South Africa programs grow. The issue also highlights the 2010 Breakfast for Global Health, a Canadian honor awarded to PATH co-founder Dr. Gordon Perkin, and the Condolympics to improve protection against HIV/AIDS in Kenya.

Publication date: April 2010

Region: Global

Part of series: PATH Today

PATH Today (Spring 2011)

Featured in this issue of PATH Today are stories and photos from the historic launch of a new meningitis vaccine in Burkina Faso. Also included are updates on projects receiving support from the Catalyst Fund, announcement of a seventh consecutive top rating from Charity Navigator, and a spotlight on Breakfast for Global Health sponsor CB Richard Ellis.

Publication date: May 2011

Region: Global

Part of series: PATH Today

PATH Today (Winter 2010)

This issue of PATH Today focuses on the launch of the MenAfriVac™ vaccine, the first meningitis vaccine created specifically for Africa. The issue includes a timeline of meningitis in Africa and the development of the vaccine, how PATH partnered with other organizations to create an affordable solution, and a glimpse of what life is like in the "meningitis belt."

Publication date: December 2010

Region: Global

Part of series: PATH Today

PATH Today (Winter 2011)

This issue of PATH Today features our work in vaccines, with a focus on how PATH is making "hidden solutions" available, and describes lifesaving changes in South Africa's infant feeding policies. It also includes news from our malaria and meningitis work, an announcement of PATH's new blog, and a profile of PATH donor Lora Kaiser.

Publication date: December 2011

Region: Global

Part of series: PATH Today

PATH Today (Winter 2012)

This issue of PATH Today leads with the Mama SASHA project, which is improving nutrition, agriculture, and prenatal health care in Kenya. PATH's work to increase access to breast cancer screening in rural Peru is also featured, and donors Bryan and Martha Kim share why contributing to PATH is a smart investment. News briefs include an update about family planning and new work in Myanmar.

Publication date: November 2012

Region: Global

Part of series: PATH Today

PATH Today (Spring 2012)

This issue of PATH Today features PATH's work improving maternal and child health in India. Stories and photos highlight the impact of the Sure Start and Saving Children's Lives Through Immunization projects. Also included are an announcement of new president and CEO Steve Davis and a profile of the Jejurikar family.

Publication date: May 2012

Region: Global

Part of series: PATH Today

Malaria Test for Life

This infographic gives a visual representation of PATH's three-step approach to test and treat malaria infections: rapid reporting, mass test and treat, and active surveillance.

Publication date: 2013

Region: Africa

Investing in Malaria Pays Off

This infographic gives a visual representation of the cost-effectiveness of malaria interventions in Africa, showing that the malaria map is shrinking and that investing in malaria pays off.

Publication date: 2013

Region: Africa

Stimulating Innovation in the Vaccine Cold Chain Equipment Industry

This document describes project Optimize’s effort to stimulate the development of two new categories of cold chain equipment—solar direct-drive refrigerators and passive-cooled cold boxes—by eliminating key market barriers and providing incentives to manufacturers to meet performance, quality, and safety specifications set by the World Health Organization.

Publication date: August 2013

Region: Global

Community-Based TB and HIV Integration Good Practice Guide

There is an urgent need to engage communities and build the capacity of community-based organizations to respond to the burden of tuberculosis (TB) on people living with HIV and to mobilize resources to fight TB. This guide and accompanying workbook provide information and guidance on TB integration in HIV programming. The workbook is provided in a Microsoft Word format so users may enter information directly into the document and change the templates as needed.

Author: Richardson D, Mburu G

Publication date: September 2013

Region: Global

Driving Transformative Innovation . . . To Save Lives

This institutional brochure provides a high-level overview of PATH's work to drive transformative innovation and shape how global health interventions save lives and strengthen communities.

Publication date: August 2013

Region: Global

PATH's Healthy Household Initiative

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes PATH's work on the Healthy Household Initiative promoting the use of latrines, water filters, clean cookstoves, solar lanterns, and bednets.

Publication date: October 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

Sequestration: The Devastating Impact on Global Health Research and Development

This fact sheet by the GHTC examines the importance of US government support in global health research and development and how indiscriminate budget cuts will unfairly target global health research and development programs that are effective, save lives, and create jobs.

Publication date: March 2013

Region: North America and Europe

Financing and Coordination of Health Research: Perspectives from Nonprofits on Accelerating Product Development and Improving Access for Low- and Middle-Income Countries

This paper is the first in a series that will demonstrate how nonprofit product development organizations work to advance research and development for poverty-related and neglected diseases and conditions in low- and middle-income countries. This series is meant to inform global policy and financing debates, including but not limited to discussions on the recommendations outlined in the 2012 report from the WHO Consultative Expert Working Group on research and development.

Publication date: May 2013

Region: Global

Breakthrough Innovations That Can Save Women and Children Now

This publication highlights ten breakthrough health innovations ready to be used in developing countries to reach the Millennium Development Goals. Paired with existing tools, these low-cost innovations have the potential to save millions of lives by addressing the greatest health threats to women, newborns, and children.

Publication date: September 2013

Region: Global

PATH Today (Fall 2013)

This issue of PATH Today shares PATH's integrated approach to tackling diarrheal disease and tells the story of Jane Wamalwa, who lost lost three children to diarrhea before becoming a community health worker. It also includes stories on PATH's work in safe water and women-initiated contraceptives, and a profile of donor Dr. Jon Younger.

Publication date: September 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: PATH Today

Rectal Delivery of Magnesium Sulfate: Simplifying Anticonvulsant Therapy for Severe Preeclampsia/Eclampsia

Magnesium sulfate is the most effective, low-cost treatment for preeclampsia/eclampsia, the second leading cause of maternal death in developing countries; yet it is widely underutilized. In this poster, created for the 2013 Saving Lives at Birth DevelopmentXChange, PATH proposed to develop a rectally delivered mucoadhesive gel containing magnesium sulfate. This will increase overall access to and the use of a critical anticonvulsant therapy for women with severe, life-threatening preeclampsia/eclampsia.

Publication date: July 2013

Region: Global

Optimize: South Sudan Report

Project Optimize, a five-year partnership between the World Health Organization (WHO) and PATH, conducted a small implementation activity in South Sudan. The goal of the activity was to test the feasibility and usefulness of implementing a mobile and cloud-based vaccine stock management information system capable of providing EPI staff at all levels timely access to vaccine stock and demand data. This report summarizes the results of the activity.

Publication date: September 2013

Region: Africa

Part of series: Project Optimize country reports

Stabilizing Influenza Vaccines

If a highly virulent pandemic strain were to emerge in today’s interconnected world, influenza has the potential to kill millions of people, especially in developing countries with limited to no resources for pandemic planning, preparedness, and outbreak response. PATH's work in developing thermostable influenza vaccines holds promise for extending product shelf life and easing logistics during introduction and rapid deployment to hard-to-reach populations—markedly improving developing-country preparedness and ability to contain the virus at its point of origin. This fact sheet describes our latest research achievements and next steps in product development.

Publication date: September 2013

Region: Global

Decade of Vaccines Special Supplement

The journal Vaccine published a special supplement on the Decade of Vaccines Global Vaccine Action Plan (GVAP) that features articles by PATH contributors and others on the GVAP strategic objectives and the opportunities and challenges associated with its implementation. The 27 articles cover a range of related topics, including vaccine development, financing, access, delivery, and health impact. More than 100 authors contributed to the supplement representing a variety of international and developing-country stakeholders, from civil society and academia to vaccine manufacturers and policymakers.

Author: Glassman A, Zoloa JI, Duran D, et al

Publication date: April 2013

Region: Global

Maximizing the Impact of Our Work: PATH's Impact Initiatives Drive Innovation and Improve Health Outcomes Through Targeted Investments

This fact sheet highlights PATH's Impact Initiatives. Through these initiatives, cross-program teams identify high-priority health areas for improvement, set institutional goals, and then mobilize resources to achieve them. Each initiative focuses on carefully selected countries and innovations.

Publication date: September 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Areas of focus fact sheets

Provider Payment Reform and Information Technology Systems: A Chicken and Egg Question for National Health Coverage Programs

This paper addresses key implementation questions raised by countries on the journey toward universal health coverage. It also provides concrete data so that policymakers and information technology (IT) professionals alike may understand the ramifications of the provider payment choice on IT systems.

Author: Wilson K, Latko B, Cashin C, et al.

Publication date: September 2013

Region: Global

A Phase 3 Trial of RTS,S/AS01 Malaria Vaccine in African Infants

This article, published in the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM), reports results from a pivotal, large-scale Phase 3 trial of RTS,S/AS01 malaria vaccine. When compared to immunization with a control vaccine, infants (aged 6 to 12 weeks at first vaccination) vaccinated with RTS,S had one-third fewer episodes of both clinical and severe malaria and had similar reactions to the injection. In this trial, RTS,S demonstrated an acceptable safety and tolerability profile. The abstract of this article is available through the NEJM by clicking on "Visit web page" below, or for free access to the full lenth article please visit malariavaccine.org and click on "Read the NEJM article."

Publication date: December 2012

Region: Africa

Optimize: Guatemala Report

This report presents the results and lessons learned in a collaborative effort between the Guatemala Ministry of Public Health and Social Assistance (MSPAS), the Pan American Health Organization, and project Optimize. The demonstration project attempted to respond to the challenge of introducing new vaccines in Guatemala by implementing an information system for managing individual vaccination records and logistics. For this purpose, two integrated modules were created in the health information system “SIGSA Web.”

Publication date: September 2013

Region: Latin America

Part of series: Project Optimize country reports

PATH and the World Health Organization: Joining Forces to Achieve Global Health Impact

This fact sheet describes how PATH and the World Health Organization have collaborated for more than three decades to improve global health. Highlights have included developing and introducing vaccines and health technologies, creating evidence-based policies, supporting improvements in reproductive health, and building regulatory capacity in Africa.

Publication date: September 2013

Region: Global

Vaccine Supply Chain Costing Methodology

Between 2009 and 2012, technical staff from project Optimize, a collaboration between PATH and the World Health Organization, worked to develop costing methodology and create an accompanying Microsoft Excel-based costing tool to help estimate the cost of the vaccine supply chain in Senegal and Vietnam. This report documents the methodology used to develop the costing tool.

Publication date: September 2013

Region: Global

Green Supply Chains: A Glimpse into the Future?

This project Optimize evidence brief discusses the rationale for introducing net-zero energy systems into vaccine supply chains and describes the experiences and lessons learned in a demonstration project in Tunisia. Opportunities and challenges are presented and evidence is provided for national and global readers involved in immunization supply chains who may be considering a similar intervention.

Publication date: September 2013

Region: Africa

Part of series: Project Optimize evidence brief series

FoneAstra Milk Pasteurization Monitor: Building Capacity of Small-Scale Human Milk Banks

This poster was presented in March 2013 at the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation's Grand Challenge Explorations awardee meeting for nutrition and agriculture. The poster describes PATH and our partners' work to ensure the safety of donated human breast milk using FoneAstra, a smart phone−based device that has been adapted to monitor temperatures during flash-heat pasteurization. PATH and our partners are evaluating the system for use in resource-limited human milk banks.

Author: Israel-Ballard K, Chaudhri R, Reimers P, et al

Publication date: March 2013

Region: Global

Rotavirus Disease and Vaccines in Ethiopia

This fact sheet provides an overview of rotavirus disease and vaccines in Ethiopia. It includes information about the tremendous burden of rotavirus diarrhea in Ethiopian children, rotavirus diarrhea treatment and prevention strategies, and the effectiveness of rotavirus vaccines. It also lists countries that have introduced rotavirus vaccines into their national immunization programs.

Publication date: October 2013

Region: Africa

Part of series: Rotavirus disease and vaccines fact sheets

Rotavirus Disease and Vaccines in Burkina Faso

This fact sheet provides an overview of rotavirus disease and vaccines in Burkina Faso. It includes information about the tremendous burden of rotavirus diarrhea in Burkinabè children, rotavirus diarrhea treatment and prevention strategies, and the effectiveness of rotavirus vaccines. It also lists countries that have introduced rotavirus vaccines into their national immunization programs.

Publication date: October 2013

Region: Africa

Part of series: Rotavirus disease and vaccines fact sheets

Scaling Up Lifesaving Commodities for Women, Children, and Newborns: An Advocacy Toolkit

This toolkit provides information about the UN Commission on Life-Saving Commodities (the Commission), 13 priority commodities, and examples of how its ten recommendations to improve access and availability are being applied globally and within countries. It also provides advocacy resources for utilizing the Commission platform to raise awareness and engage stakeholders in addressing commodity-related gaps in policy.

Author: Kade K, Kingshott E, Latimer A, Nieuwenhuyus B, Pacque M, Fox S, Lias N

Publication date: December 2013

Region: Global

Rotavirus Disease and Vaccines in Zambia

This fact sheet provides an overview of rotavirus disease and vaccines in Zambia. It includes information about the tremendous burden of rotavirus diarrhea in Zambian children, rotavirus diarrhea treatment and prevention strategies, and the effectiveness of rotavirus vaccines. It also lists countries that have introduced rotavirus vaccines into their national immunization programs.

Publication date: November 2013

Region: Africa

Part of series: Rotavirus disease and vaccines fact sheets

PATH Today (Winter 2013)

This issue of PATH Today shares a breakthrough for a vaccine against Japanese encephalitis and the story of Dr. Nekoye Otsyula, a researcher on PATH's malaria vaccine trial. PATH donors Brian Arbogast and Valerie Tarico describe their approach to giving—supporting solutions that let people take care of themselves.

Publication date: December 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: PATH Today

Directions in Global Health (Volume 10, Issue 2)

This issue of Directions in Global Health highlights PATH’s work over a decade to improve control of Japanese encephalitis and make an affordable vaccine from China widely available. It includes an editorial by Dr. Kathy Neuzil, who directs PATH’s Vaccine Access and Delivery Global Program. Other articles cover work to bring a rapid test for river blindness to market, use community-led videos to improve health, tackle diabetes and tuberculosis, and help public health managers with information systems.

Publication date: December 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Directions in Global Health

Sayana® Press Training Materials

These training materials focus on the administration of the injectable contraceptive Sayana® Press for facility- and community-based providers, and were developed as part of the Sayana Press pilot introduction and evaluation project. For the original Word and PowerPoint files to customize for your training program, please email sayanapressadmin@path.org.

Publication date: November 2013

Region: Global

Addressing Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health in a Complex World: Outlook 30th Anniversary Issue

Adolescents and their sexual and reproductive health needs are in the global health spotlight. This issue of Outlook provides an overview of the sexual and reproductive health needs of adolescents, gives examples of different approaches to addressing those needs, and highlights some of the most intractable challenges.

Author: Wells E

Publication date: December 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Outlook

UN Commission on Life-Saving Commodities Technical Reference Team Briefs

The UN Commission on Life-Saving Commodities for Women and Children (the Commission) was formed in 2012 by the UN Secretary-General as a part of the Every Woman Every Child movement. The Commission’s framework for action outlines a priority list of 13 commodities and 10 cross-cutting recommendations to rapidly increase access and use. To help carry forward the Commission’s recommendations at the global and national levels, Global Technical Reference Teams (TRT) were established. One group was formed for each of the 13 commodities and 10 recommendations, and an advocacy working group is dedicated to advancing their cross-cutting goals. The advocacy working group, convened by PATH, developed a series of briefs highlighting the major goals, challenges, and activities of each TRT.

Publication date: July 2013

Region: Global

Kenya's Munyang'anyi Primary: The WASH-Friendly School

A Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Program introduced by APHIAplus Western Kenya has considerably reduced diarrheal cases among students at Munyang’anyi Primary School in Kenya’s Bungoma County.

Publication date: November 2013

Region: Africa

Rotavirus Disease and Vaccines in Burundi

This fact sheet provides an overview of rotavirus disease and vaccines in Burundi. It includes information about the tremendous burden of rotavirus diarrhea in Burundian children, rotavirus diarrhea treatment and prevention strategies, and the effectiveness of rotavirus vaccines. It also lists countries that have introduced rotavirus vaccines into their national immunization programs.

Publication date: December 2013

Region: Africa

Part of series: Rotavirus disease and vaccines fact sheets

Integrating Diarrheal Disease and Pneumonia Control

This fact sheet describes PATH's integrated approach to tackling diarrheal disease and pneumonia, two of the leading killers of young children. This approach emphasizes overlapping protection, the scale-up of proven methods, and the development of innovative new tools including diagnostics, drugs, and vaccines.

Publication date: December 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Areas of focus fact sheets

In Our Own Hands: A Case Study on Mobilizing Demand for HIV Prevention for Women

This document offers a history of the Global Campaign for Microbicides as a global organizing effort and locates it within the history of both the women’s health movement and the AIDS movement. This history provides insights and lessons that can help inform future efforts to organize around important global issues.

Author: Forbes A, Dube S, Gottemoeller M, Irungu P, Patel B, Thambinayagam A, Webb R, and West-Slevin K

Publication date: December 2013

Region: Global

Empowering Social Enterprises: PATH’s Market Development Toolkit

PATH's Market Development Toolkit provides guidance and tools on the commercialization process of health products in low-resource settings.

Publication date: December 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

Improving Women's and Children's Health in Senegal

This fact sheet provides an overview of PATH's work in Senegal. Since 2001, PATH has worked side by side with government and community partners in Senegal to reduce the burden of infectious disease, improve family planning and reproductive health, and strengthen health systems to save lives.

Publication date: December 2013

Region: Africa

No Time to Wait: Fourteen Years of Demanding Safe, Effective HIV Prevention Options for Women

This document offers a brief history of the Global Campaign for Microbicides as a global organizing effort. This history, written primarily for fellow advocates, provides insights and lessons that can help inform future efforts to organize around important global issues.

Publication date: December 2013

Region: Global

Rotavirus Disease and Vaccines in Mali

This fact sheet provides an overview of rotavirus disease and vaccines in Mali. It includes information about the tremendous burden of rotavirus diarrhea in Malian children, rotavirus diarrhea treatment and prevention strategies, and the effectiveness of rotavirus vaccines. It also lists countries that have introduced rotavirus vaccines into their national immunization programs.

Publication date: January 2014

Region: Africa

Part of series: Rotavirus disease and vaccines fact sheets

Immunization Information Systems

This three-part banner and these handouts illustrate how better access to information can help improve the performance of vaccination programs. Software systems can help with functions including stock management, immunization registries, and equipment inventories. These materials are part of the project Optimize traveling exhibit featuring immunization supply chain innovations being developed and tested in different countries around the world.

Publication date: August 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Supply Systems for Today and Tomorrow: Project Optimize traveling exhibit

Solar Direct-Drive for Last-Mile Cooling

For health facilities lacking reliable access to electricity, solar direct-drive refrigerators are the most cost-effective option currently available when comparing similarly sized units. This banner and these handouts are part of the project Optimize traveling exhibit featuring immunization supply chain innovations being developed and tested around the world.

Publication date: August 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Supply Systems for Today and Tomorrow: Project Optimize traveling exhibit

Temperature Monitoring Devices

Maintaining proper temperatures for vaccine products is challenging, especially in places with extremely hot or cold climates, unreliable electricity, and weak transportation infrastructure. This three-part banner and these handouts display devices prequalified by the World Health Organization that assess vaccine handling quality, detect malfunctioning equipment, and prevent temperature fluctuations that can negatively impact vaccine potency and safety. These are part of the project Optimize traveling exhibit featuring immunization supply chain innovations being developed and tested around the world.

Publication date: August 2013

Region: Global

Part of series: Supply Systems for Today and Tomorrow: Project Optimize traveling exhibit

Vaccines in Fast-Dissolving Tablets: Novel Product Format to Ensure Vaccine Effectiveness, Affordability, and Ease of Use

This fact sheet provides an overview of PATH's work in developing fast-dissolving tablet vaccine formulations manufactured using a standard lyophilization process. The tablets are packaged in unit-dose blisters, offering an inexpensive, scalable, and easy-to-use presentation for live attenuated vaccines containing single or multiple bacterial strains. Further, the stackable design may minimize product volume and thus the space required for storage and transport, resulting in significant savings for health systems and cold chains.

Publication date: March 2012

Region: Global

Delivering Health Solutions Through Public-Private Partnerships

This report outlines the key themes and recommendations identified during three policy dialogues hosted by PATH and partners in 2013 that highlight ways for public-private partnerships to effectively develop, adapt, and deliver lifesaving health innovations to those most in need.

Publication date: January 2014

Region: Global

Quantification Tool for Neonatal Resuscitation Devices: Version 1

This national-level quantification tool can be used to develop estimated needs for newborn resuscitation devices. It is designed only to provide estimates of product quantities for planning and cost simulations and is not intended for planning detailed distribution. There are two Excel-based formats of the tool: The enhanced format includes simple design elements, such as graphics and navigation arrows, to guide users through the tool. The standard format retains the cell-based formatting of a traditional Excel file. Both versions contain the same information and formulas and will yield the same data. We invite users to choose the presentation that best meets their needs.

Publication date: February 2014

Region: Global

Rotavirus Disease and Vaccines in Djibouti

This fact sheet provides an overview of rotavirus disease and vaccines in Djibouti. It includes information about the tremendous burden of rotavirus diarrhea in Djiboutian children, rotavirus diarrhea treatment and prevention strategies, and the effectiveness of rotavirus vaccines.

Publication date: February 2014

Region: Africa

Part of series: Rotavirus disease and vaccines fact sheets

Rotavirus Disease and Vaccines in Zimbabwe

This fact sheet provides an overview of rotavirus disease and vaccines in Zimbabwe. It includes information about the tremendous burden of rotavirus diarrhea in Zimbabwean children, rotavirus diarrhea treatment and prevention strategies, and the effectiveness of rotavirus vaccines.

Publication date: February 2014

Region: Africa

Part of series: Rotavirus disease and vaccines fact sheets

Feasibility of Administering Sayana® Press in Clinics and Communities: Summary Findings From an Operational Assessment in Senegal

This operational assessment of Sayana® Press in Senegal examines the extent to which Sayana® Press facilitates the logistics of managing and administering injectable contraception and assesses whether providers in Senegal find benefits in this new presentation.

Publication date: April 2013

Region: Africa

Operational Assessment: Administration and Management of Sayana® Press in Clinics and Communities in Uganda

This operational assessment of Sayana® Press in Uganda examines the extent to which Sayana® Press facilitates the logistics of managing and administering injectable contraception and assesses whether providers in Uganda find benefits in this new presentation.

Publication date: May 2013

Region: Africa

OpenLMIS

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes PATH's work to develop and deploy OpenLMIS, a community-focused initiative to improve health commodity supply chains, including an open-source, electronic logistics management information system.

Publication date: February 2014

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

Freeze-Protection of Aluminum-Adjuvanted Vaccines: PATH Formulation Technology

PATH has developed a low-cost and straightforward approach for protecting aluminum-adjuvanted vaccines from irreversible damage that results from freezing. Many current vaccines of importance to global health contain an aluminum-salt adjuvant (such as aluminum hydroxide or aluminum phosphate) and could benefit from this freeze-protection technology. There is no intellectual property barrier for manufacturers wishing to adopt the technology; it has been placed in the public domain. This technical dossier summarizes the rationale for freeze protection, application of the technology to specific vaccines, the data obtained to date, and comments on the likely regulatory pathway for vaccines incorporating the technology.

Publication date: February 2014

Region: Global

HealthTech Report: Market Sizing Estimates for Neonatal Resuscitation Equipment

The UN Commission on Life-Saving Commodities for Women and Children was launched in 2012 to increase access to lifesaving commodities in the world's poorest countries, and neonatal resuscitation devices were selected as one of the lifesaving commodities. The objective of PATH’s market sizing is to estimate the total market size for newborn resuscitation commodities in eight African countries. The market size estimates reflect the total number of commodities each country will need to provide resuscitation care to newborns born in facilities.

Publication date: January 2014

Region: Global

A PATH Update: Shaping the Market for Neonatal Resuscitation Equipment

This report describes how PATH, in collaboration with partners, undertakes distinct activities at each phase of the value chain—from research to scale-up—to shape the global market for basic neonatal resuscitation equipment for developing countries, as well as some potential risks and mitigation plans going forward.

Publication date: February 2014

Region: Global

Fighting Childhood Tuberculosis in Tanzania

This is the story of how PATH and our partners have supported the development of Tanzania's national pediatric tuberculosis (TB) guidelines to help health care workers at all levels of the health system better diagnose, treat, and cure children suffering from TB. This story is one of a series of success stories that showcase some of the ways that PATH’s work in TB is having an impact on people’s lives in a variety of settings around the world. This work was made possible through generous funding from the US Agency for International Development.

Publication date: March 2014

Region: Africa

Part of series: Tuberculosis success stories

Courageous Community Leaders Go Above and Beyond to Fight Tuberculosis One Patient at a Time

This is the story of how two community members, Mr. Ritte and Mr. Kiondo, decided to team up to fight tuberculosis (TB). With PATH's training, the two men were able to improve TB case detection and treatment success in their community and in other districts, helping to foster the TB prevention, diagnosis, and treatment goals of the Tanzanian Ministry of Health and Social Welfare. This story is one of a series of success stories that showcase some of the ways that PATH’s work in TB is having an impact on people’s lives in a variety of settings around the world. This work was made possible through generous funding from the US Agency for International Development.

Publication date: March 2014

Region: Africa

Part of series: Tuberculosis success stories

Giving Back: Community Support for TB/HIV Treatment in Tanzania

In the fight against tuberculosis (TB) in Tanzania, PATH has been encouraging community members in several districts to take part in TB case detection. This story describes how one community member, Mohammed, has made a difference in Zanzibar. A former cocaine addict, Mohammed works at a recovery center for drug addicts. With training organized by PATH, he learned how to screen and refer people who may have TB; he also support patients during their treatment. Mohammed’s work is critical to the larger community, increasing diagnosis and treatment as well as awareness around TB and TB/HIV. This story is one of a series of success stories that showcase some of the ways that PATH’s work in TB is having an impact on people’s lives in a variety of settings around the world. This work was made possible through generous funding from the US Agency for International Development.

Publication date: March 2014

Region: Africa

Part of series: Tuberculosis success stories

Importance of Community-Based Tuberculosis Care and Support: Godfrey’s Story

This is the story of how a young man, suffering from tuberculosis (TB), was rescued by a friend at a community-based organization that, with support from PATH, helps identify, refer, and supervise TB treatment in Karatu, Tanzania. This story is one of a series of success stories that showcase some of the ways that PATH’s work in TB is having an impact on people’s lives in a variety of settings around the world. This work was made possible through generous funding from the US Agency for International Development.

Publication date: March 2014

Region: Africa

Part of series: Tuberculosis success stories

Spotting Tuberculosis From the Frontlines: Engaging Pharmacies in Case-Finding

One of PATH’s strategies to find and treat tuberculosis (TB) patients is to build stronger referral networks. These collaborations are important in identifying patients who might otherwise be missed. This story describes how a pharmacy worker in Tanzania referred a mother and her young child for TB diagnosis using five simple screening questions that she learned in a PATH training. This story is one of a series of success stories that showcase some of the ways that PATH’s work in TB is having an impact on people’s lives in a variety of settings around the world. This work was made possible through generous funding from the US Agency for International Development.

Publication date: March 2014

Region: Africa

Part of series: Tuberculosis success stories

Rotavirus Disease and Vaccines in Angola

This fact sheet provides an overview of rotavirus disease and vaccines in Angola. It includes information about the tremendous burden of rotavirus diarrhea in Angolan children, rotavirus diarrhea treatment and prevention strategies, and the effectiveness of rotavirus vaccines.

Publication date: March 2014

Region: Africa

Part of series: Rotavirus disease and vaccines fact sheets

Rotavirus Disease and Vaccines in Cameroon

This fact sheet provides an overview of rotavirus disease and vaccines in Cameroon. It includes information about the tremendous burden of rotavirus diarrhea in Cameroonian children, rotavirus diarrhea treatment and prevention strategies, and the effectiveness of rotavirus vaccines.

Publication date: March 2014

Region: Africa

Part of series: Rotavirus disease and vaccines fact sheets

Rotavirus Disease and Vaccines in the Republic of the Congo

This fact sheet provides an overview of rotavirus disease and vaccines in the Republic of the Congo. It includes information about the tremendous burden of rotavirus diarrhea in Congolese children, rotavirus diarrhea treatment and prevention strategies, and the effectiveness of rotavirus vaccines.

Publication date: March 2014

Region: Africa

Part of series: Rotavirus disease and vaccines fact sheets

Rotavirus Disease and Vaccines in Sierra Leone

This fact sheet provides an overview of rotavirus disease and vaccines in Sierra Leone. It includes information about the tremendous burden of rotavirus diarrhea in Sierra Leonese children, rotavirus diarrhea treatment and prevention strategies, and the effectiveness of rotavirus vaccines.

Publication date: March 2014

Region: Africa

Part of series: Rotavirus disease and vaccines fact sheets

Rotavirus Disease and Vaccines in Togo

This fact sheet provides an overview of rotavirus disease and vaccines in Togo. It includes information about the tremendous burden of rotavirus diarrhea in Togolese children, rotavirus diarrhea treatment and prevention strategies, and the effectiveness of rotavirus vaccines.

Publication date: March 2014

Region: Africa

Part of series: Rotavirus disease and vaccines fact sheets

Communications Guidance for Introducing Sayana® Press

This guide was created to support ministries of health and nongovernmental implementing partners as they develop communications strategies related to the introduction of the injectable contraceptive Sayana® Press. The document outlines communication strategies, audiences, key messages, and communications channels recommended for successful introduction of the product. For more information about the Sayana® Press Introduction and Evaluation project, visit http://sites.path.org/rh/?p=292.

Author: Lasher H

Publication date: February 2014

Region: Africa

Captain Condom and Lady Latex at War With the Army of Sex Diseases

PATH and Center for Youth Services, with assistance from youth and staff at several Washington, DC, youth programs, produced this comic on condom use and the prevention of sexually transmitted infections. Captain Condom and Lady Latex was one of several products resulting from Plain Talk, a PATH project in the mid-1980s funded by the Ford Foundation.

Publication date: 1989

Region: Global

Projecting Health: Engaging Communities Through Visual Communication

In many parts of the world, simple, proven interventions can change behaviors and improve the health of mothers and newborns. PATH’s innovative social behavior change and communication model, Projecting Health, focuses on empowering communities to use digital media to effectively improve local health knowledge and behaviors.

Publication date: March 2014

Region: Global

Joint Learning Network for Universal Health Coverage

Part of the Technology Updates series, this fact sheet describes PATH's work on the Information Technology Initiative of the Joint Learning Network for Universal Health Coverage, an innovative learning community where practitioners and policymakers from around the globe co-develop knowledge that focuses on the practical “how to” of achieving universal health coverage.

Publication date: March 2014

Region: Global

Part of series: Technology Updates

3D News: Perspectives on Defeating Diarrheal Disease

DefeatDD.org’s 3D News: Perspectives on Defeating Diarrheal Disease provides news and views for advocates, program implementers, policymakers, and anyone interested in the growing momentum for defeating the second-leading killer of children worldwide. The newsletter offers the latest on interventions and solutions, profiles of partners and success stories, summaries of recently published reports, upcoming events, and more.

Publication date: 2014

Region: Global

Part of series: E-newsletters

A Healthy Dose

A Healthy Dose from PATH’s Drug Development program gives advocates, policymakers, government and agency leaders, and anyone interested in global health a quarterly update on our work. Each issue features reports from the field, news on the latest clinical trial milestones, and resources in nonprofit drug development.

Publication date: 2014

Region: Global

Part of series: E-newsletters

MVI Update

The PATH Malaria Vaccine Initiative (MVI) provides news and updates to collaborators and partners through MVI Update. Each issue opens with a letter from the director and provides articles about MVI’s work in malaria vaccine development and in preparing for vaccine availability and accessibility.

Publication date: 2014

Region: Global

Part of series: E-newsletters

Closing the Gap to End Preventable Maternal and Newborn Deaths

Interventions across the continuum of care determine healthy outcomes for both mother and baby. This infographic highlights the critical role of access to family planning, nutrition, prenatal and obsteric care, medicines and technologies, and newborn care. The health and survival of women and newborns lays the foundation for healthy communities. A related policy brief describes the important role that donors and policymakers can play in making a significant global health impact through funding and supporting maternal and child health programs.

Publication date: March 2014

Region: Global

Vaccine and Pharmaceutical Technologies News and Updates

Vaccine and Pharmaceutical Technologies News and Updates provides semiannual briefings on PATH’s work to advance innovative technologies that help to improve vaccine and pharmaceutical products and the way they are delivered, especially in remote settings with limited access to health facilities and refrigeration equipment.

Publication date: 2014

Region: Global

Part of series: E-newsletters

Closing the Gap in Child Survival: How Supporting Newborn Health Programs Can Reap Great Rewards for Child Health

This policy brief highlights the important role that donors and policymakers play in making a significant global health impact through funding and supporting maternal and child health programs that specifically address the leading causes of newborn mortality, as well as the development, introduction, and scale-up of new, lifesaving innovations. It includes two recommendations for US government action. A related infographic illustrates the continuous cycle of care needed to ensure health for mothers and babies.

Publication date: March 2014

Region: North America and Europe

Rotavirus Disease and Vaccines in Madagascar

This fact sheet provides an overview of rotavirus disease and vaccines in Madagascar. It includes information about the tremendous burden of rotavirus diarrhea in Malagasy children, rotavirus diarrhea treatment and prevention strategies, and the effectiveness of rotavirus vaccines. It also lists countries that have introduced rotavirus vaccines into their national immunization programs.

Publication date: April 2014

Region: Africa

Part of series: Rotavirus disease and vaccines fact sheets

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