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Subject: Emerging and epidemic diseases > HIV and AIDS

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Directions in Global Health (Volume 8, Issue 2)

This issue of Directions in Global Health features PATH’s work to address noncommunicable diseases, such as diabetes and cancer. It also covers efforts to improve health in Kenya, build global and country capacity for influenza control, improve gender equity in China, and integrate health services for better outcomes.

Publication date: December 2011

Region: Global

Part of series: Directions in Global Health

Meeting the Global Need for Nutrients: PATH Uses Innovative Approaches and Strong Partnerships to Combat Malnutrition

This fact sheet outlines PATH's work to use innovative approaches and strong partnerships to combat malnutrition in developing countries. Topics include ensuring optimal nutrition for young children, using technologies to improve nutrition, and linking nutrition with other sectors.

Publication date: December 2011

Region: Global

Part of series: Areas of focus fact sheets

PATH in Tanzania: Using Integrated Approaches to Expand Solutions for Tuberculosis, HIV, and Other Health Challenges

This brochure describes PATH's work in Tanzania, including how we improve services for tuberculosis and HIV, protect communities from malaria, expand cervical cancer options for women, and address other pressing health issues.

Publication date: December 2011

Region: Africa

Part of series: Country brochures

PATH in Kenya: Innovation and Partnership to Improve Health

This brochure outlines PATH's work to help Kenya's health care sector improve services and strengthen community networks while empowering Kenyans to adopt healthier lifestyles. PATH offers novel approaches and technical expertise to address a range of health challenges, and we manage projects that reach millions of Kenyans.

Publication date: November 2011

Region: Africa

Part of series: Country brochures

ProVIC Success Story: Community Leadership Fosters Behavior Change Around HIV/AIDS and Mobilizes Communities

In the Democratic Republic of Congo, PATH leads a consortium of partners to help communities find sustainable ways to actively participate in the fight against HIV/AIDS through the ProVIC project. Through the Champion Community approach, communities themselves take the lead in promoting behavior change to reduce stigma for children orphaned or affected by the disease.

Publication date: November 2011

Region: Africa

ProVIC Success Story: Improving Access to HIV Prevention Services and Reducing Stigma Through Mobile Voluntary Counseling and Testing

In the Democratic Republic of Congo, PATH leads a consortium of partners to help communities find sustainable ways to actively participate in the fight against HIV/AIDS through the ProVIC project. ProVIC is expanding and improving HIV prevention services through innovative approaches like mobile HIV counseling and testing clinics, which circulate day and night to reach the most vulnerable groups.

Publication date: November 2011

Region: Africa

PATH in South Africa: A Comprehensive Approach to Improving Maternal and Child Health

This brochure outlines PATH's work to improve health in South Africa by bringing effective interventions to the people who need them most. Our interventions make birth safer, enhance infant and young child health, combat HIV/AIDS, strengthen health systems, and support improved sanitation.

Publication date: October 2011

Region: Africa

Part of series: Country brochures

Join Up, Scale Up: How Integration Can Defeat Disease and Poverty

Co-authored by Action Against Hunger, Action for Global Health, End Water Poverty, PATH, Tearfund, and WaterAid, this report highlights examples across 17 countries of how bringing different development approaches together—or integration—is working to help tackle poverty and disease, and calls on the international community, including donor and developing-country governments, to prioritize and invest in these joined-up programs.

Publication date: September 2011

Region: Global

Management of the HIV Epidemic in Nicaragua: The Need to Improve Information Systems and Access to Affordable Diagnostics

This article, published in the Bulletin of the World Health Organization, discusses the need for better information systems and diagnostics for HIV in Nicaragua, a country with a growing epidemic among young people.

Author: Espinoza H, Sequeira M, Domingo G, Amador JJ, Quintanilla M, de los Santos T

Publication date: August 2011

Region: Latin America

Microfinance and Women's Health: What Do We Know? (Outlook, vol. 28, no. 1)

This issue of Outlook reviews the evidence base for microfinance approaches to improve and address women’s health. It begins with background on the microfinance sector and links between microfinance and health. Interventions and approaches focused on family planning, women’s health services utilization and access (including health financing mechanisms), and HIV prevention are discussed. The issue concludes with suggested operational considerations for integration and priorities for future research. Some positive experiences with microfinance and women’s health signify that this area merits increased attention, yet more evidence of impact is needed.

Author: Drake JK

Publication date: August 2011

Region: Global

Part of series: Outlook

PATH Today (Spring 2011)

Featured in this issue of PATH Today are stories and photos from the historic launch of a new meningitis vaccine in Burkina Faso. Also included are updates on projects receiving support from the Catalyst Fund, announcement of a seventh consecutive top rating from Charity Navigator, and a spotlight on Breakfast for Global Health sponsor CB Richard Ellis.

Publication date: May 2011

Region: Global

Part of series: PATH Today

APHIA II Western Project: Best Practices and Promising Interventions

This report is a review of the USAID-funded AIDS, Population, and Health Integrated Assistance (APHIA II Western) Project, which operated at the provincial level in Western Kenya from December 2006 to December 2010. The project focused primarily on increasing the use of HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis health services, the adoption of healthier behaviors, the promotion of family planning and reproductive health services, and maternal and child health. The report is available as one large file or several smaller files.

Publication date: March 2011

Region: Africa

Formative Assessment of Infant and Young Child Feeding Practices at the Community Level in Zambia

This report reveals the results of formative research conducted to fill gaps in understanding of caregivers’ infant and young child feeding practices, following on the results of the 2007 Zambia Demographic and Health Survey. In particular, the study explores factors that influence a mother’s ability to exclusively breastfeed for the first six months of an infant’s life and factors that influence appropriate complementary feeding for children 6–23 months of age.

Publication date: November 2010

Region: Global

Promoting Gender Equity for HIV and Violence Prevention: Results From the PEPFAR Male Norms Initiative Evaluation in Namibia

Findings from the evaluation of the Male Norms Initiative indicate that interventions to promote gender-equitable norms can successfully influence young men’s attitudes toward gender norms and lead to healthier relationships. The study also provides empirical evidence that a community-based intervention focused on combating inequitable and risk-supporting gender norms is associated with reductions in partner violence and improvements in risk outcomes for HIV and sexually transmitted infections.

Author: Pulerwitz J, Widyono M, Mehta M, Shityuwete J, Verani F, Keulder C

Publication date: October 2010

Region: Global

Breaking Gender Barriers in Kenya: Discussion Guide for Supporters and Actors of Gender Equity (SAGE) Groups

This guide was designed to be used by trained facilitators to provide gender-related discussion topics for community groups through Supporters and Advocates of Gender Equity (SAGE) teams. Working in partnership with the Kenya Scouts Association, PATH used existing networks of scout leaders, scouts, and community groups in target communities to address gender norms through a combination of dialogue groups, scouting activities, and theater. The activities were intended to help change negative gender attitudes and behaviors.

Publication date: September 2010

Region: Africa

Infant and Young Child Feeding and Gender: A Training Manual for Male Group Leaders

The Infant and Young Child Nutrition Project prepared this manual for men's group activities being implemented by PATH through the APHIA II Western project. Content for the manual was adapted from several key infant and young child feeding and male-engagement publications.

Publication date: September 2010

Region: Africa

Selected Abstracts on HIV and Infant Feeding From the XVIII International AIDS Conference

This report is a compilation of abstracts on HIV and infant feeding presented at the XVIII International AIDS Conference in Vienna, Austria. The collection is organized by theme.

Publication date: September 2010

Region: Global

Strengthening Communities' Responses to HIV/AIDS in Ethiopia

The Strengthening Communities’ Responses to HIV/AIDS project is a 3-year contract funded by USAID, with two 1-year option periods. PATH is the prime contractor and is joined by four international partners and several local partners. The goal of the project is to strengthen the capacity of civil-society organizations to improve access and quality of HIV care and support services, including counseling and testing and treatment-adherence activities within communities, so that health outcomes for HIV-positive Ethiopians and their dependents are improved.

Publication date: August 2010

Region: Africa

Acceptability of a Modified Nipple Shield Device to Reduce Breast Milk Transmission of HIV in Developing Countries: A Qualitative Study

Presented at the XVIII International AIDS Conference in 2010, this poster summarizes the results of a PATH and FHI analysis of the hypothetical acceptability of a modified nipple shield device (MNSD). This novel, low-cost MNSD is based on a conventional nipple shield that could be used discreetly by HIV-positive mothers to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV during breastfeeding.

Author: Israel-Ballard K, Hart C, Thungu F, Joanis C, Baniecki ML, Sokal D

Publication date: July 2010

Region: Africa

Improving Child Health and HIV-Free Survival: A Review of Current Research on Risks and Benefits of Infant Feeding Options for HIV-Positive Moms

This is a handout of a poster presented at the International AIDS Conference in Vienna, Austria, in July 2010. The document presents evidence concerning the effect of breastfeeding avoidance and early cessation on child mortality and HIV-free survival in developing countries.

Publication date: July 2010

Region: Global

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